Bharuch (Gujarati: ભરૂચ, Bharūca,
listen (help·info)), formerly known as Broach,[a] is a
city at the mouth of the river
Gujarat in western India.
Bharuch is the administrative headquarters of
Bharuch District and is
a municipality of about 370,000 inhabitants. Being one of the biggest
industrial areas including
Ankleshwar GIDC, it is at times referred as
the chemical capital of India.
The city of
Bharuch and its surroundings have been settled since times
of antiquity. It was a ship building centre and sea port in the
pre-compass coastal trading routes to points West, perhaps as far back
as the days of the Pharaohs. The route made use of the regular and
predictable monsoon winds or galleys. Many goods from the Far East
(the famed Spice and Silk trade) were shipped there during the annual
monsoon winds, making it a terminus for several key land-sea trade
Bharuch was known to the Greeks, the various Persian Empires,
Roman Republic and Empire, and in other Western centres of
civilisation through the end of the European Middle Ages.
In the 3rd century,
Bharuch port was mentioned as Barugaza. Arab
Bharuch to do business. The British and
the Dutch (Valandas) noted Bharuch’s importance and established
their business centres here.
At the end of the 17th century, it was plundered twice, but resurged
quickly. Afterwards, a proverb was composed about it, “Bhangyu
Bhangyu Toye Bharuch”. As a trading depot, the limitations of
coastal shipping made it a regular terminus via several mixed trade
routes of the fabled spice and silk trading between East and West.
During the British Raj it was officially known as Broach.
Bharuch has been the home to the Gujarati
for ages. The community traces its lineage to Maharshi
and Bhagwan Parshuram who is considered to be incarnation of Lord
Bhargav community still administers a large amount of
public trusts in the city. However the present day
have migrated to Mumbai, Surat, Vadodara, Ahmedabad and other
countries like the USA, UK & Australia.
The city has textile mills, chemical plants, long staple cotton, dairy
products and much more. Gujarat's biggest liquid cargo terminal is
situated there. It also houses many multinational
companies, such as Videocon, BASF, Reliance, Safari Construction
Equipments Pvt. Ltd. and Welspun Maxsteel Ltd.
Bharuch is a shopping centre well known for its salty
peanuts. Because of the distinctive colour of its
soil (which is also ideal for cotton cultivation),
sometimes referred to as 'Kanam Pradesh' (black-soil land).[citation
2.2 Jain mythology
2.3 Buddhist mythology
2.4 Mahanubhav Pantha
3.1 BC era
3.2 Kshatraya era (c. 23–400 AD)
3.3 Gupta era (c. 415–470 AD)
3.4 Maitrak era (c. 470–788 AD)
3.5 Chaulukya era (942–1304 AD)
Middle Ages era (1293–1872 AD)
3.7 Mughal era (1605–1627 AD)
3.8 Attacks by the Marathas (1664 to 1685 AD)
3.9 Independent Nawaabs of
Bharuch (1736 to 1772 AD)
3.10 Pre-independence era
4 Geography and climate
5 Economy, commerce and industry
5.2 Present industrial City
7 Civic administration
9 Art & literature
13 Shopping and recreation
15 People from Bharuch
16 Places of interest
16.2 Surrounding area
16.2.1 Other places of interest
17 See also
20 Further reading
21 External links
According to the Skanda Purana, the sage
Bhrigu came to Bharuch
sitting on a tortoise. The tortoise is known as Kachchha
(कच्छ) in Sanskrit. Hence the place was named
Another theory states that the city derived its name from
"Bhr̥igukachchha" (Sanskrit: भृगुकच्छ, "Bhr̥gu's
riverbank"), the residence of the great saint
Bhrigu Rishi. The city
then became known as 'Bharukachch', which was later abridged to
In ancient India,
Bharuch was an important trading port with merchants
from the Arabian peninsula using this port for trading with the
lucrative Indian market.
Bharuch has been known by various names in various eras. It was known
as Bhrigukachchha (भृगुकच्छ), Bhrigupur, Bhrigutirtha,
Bhrigukshetra, Bhrigukaksha as per
Puranas and during the BC and
early AD eras and earlier Shrinagar as an abode of the goddess
Lakshmi. It was known as Barygaza (meaning
"deep-treasure"), Bargosa etc. for the Greek, and later the Romans
adopted the Greek name of this port. It was known as 'Bharukachchha'
(भरूकच्छ) in the 8th to 10th century, 'Bharuch' under
Muslim rule, 'Bhadoch' under Maratha rule, and as 'Broach' under
Sage Bhrigu's ashram is located on the
According to the Skanda Purana, before
Bhrigu Rishi came here, Bharuch
was the residence of the Goddess Lakshmi.
Bharuch derives its name from the great sage Bhrigu. The original name
Bharuch is 'Bhrigukachchha'.
Bhrigu Rishi was one of the ten sons
of Lord Brahma. There is also a story which indicates that Brighu
along with his kins asked for temporary access to
Bharuch which then
Bharuch is located on the banks of river
Narmada also known as Rudra Deha. Chanra Mauli Mahadev is the Kul
Devata of Bhargavs of
Bharuch Brighu never left the place and the
Ashram of Brighu Rishi is located on the banks of Narmada.
Bharuch was considered to be sacred among sages, and they would come
Bharuch to pray. The priests of
Bharuch were famous for their
learning in the other regions too. As per the mythological stories,
Agnihotri and Samvedi – the learned priests of Bharuch –
were famous up to the Kashi in the northern India.
In Bharuch, the celebrated
Mahabali conducted a great
sacrifice. In this sacrifice, a dwarf
incarnation of Lord Vishnu) came and interfered with the king's
sacrifice and put an end to his reign. A sage named Guru Shukracharya,
from the lineage of Maharishi Bhrigu, was the priest of King Mahabali.
Sages like Shukra, Chyavana,
Jamadagni were from the
Parshurama (sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu)
was born in the seventh generation of Bhrigu.
According to the Skanda Purana, there are 55 tirthas located in
Bharuch. Many great sages, such as Kashyapa, Kapila, Mandavya, Adi
Sankaracharya, also have performed penances in Bharuch.
Bharuch finds its mention in major
Hindu scriptures, such as Bhagavata
Purana, Shiva Purana, Skanda Purana, Kurma Purana, Matsya Purana,
Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Narmada is one of the Seven Holy Rivers of India; the other six
being the Ganges, Yamuna, Saraswati, Sindhu,
Godavari and Kaveri. It
is believed that a dip in any of these seven rivers washes away one's
sins. According to a legend, the river
Ganges is polluted by millions
of people bathing in it. To cleanse herself,
Ganges acquires the form
of a black cow and comes to the
Narmada to bath in its holy waters.
Legends also mention that the
Narmada River is older than the river
Bharuch is also a sacred tirtha for Jains.
This tirtha is situated in the
Bharuch city on the rail and road path,
in the Shrimali Pole. Here we see the idol of Muni Suvrata Swami;
black in complexion and in Padmasana posture. In the history of the
Jainas, this ancient city is important from many points of view. Guru
Gautama Swami has eulogised Muni Suvrata Swami, who is installed in
Bharuch, in his "Jagachintamani Stotra" composed on the eight tirthas,
Bhagavan Muni Suvrata Swami gave sermons to a horse here itself.
Further, many prominent Acharyas have raised temples in this tirtha
and have composed works also. In many places there are ancient pieces
of art because this is an ancient town. In Bharuch, we are shown the
Ashvavabodha tirtha of the times of Muni Suvrata Swami, Shakunika
Vihara of princess Sudarshana of Simhaladvipa and also the Vihara
which was ceremoniously raised by Acharya Hemchandra in which
Kumarapala has waved ARATI; is now converted into a mosque.
In the opinion of the archaeologists, the Jamamasjid of present
Bharuch is probably this ancient temple. It is believed that in times
of such invasions the idol of Shri Prabhu was kept at a safe spot,
and, as time passed, new temples were constructed and the old idols
were installed. To-day the idol is found in the new temple. There are
here eleven other temples besides this.
Bharuch is mentioned in various Buddhist Jatakas.
Bharuch was an
important Buddhist centre in the 7th century and considered to be
sacred among sages.
Bharuch is the Birthplace (Incarnation) of Sarvadnya Shri Chakradhar
Swami who is the Incarnation of Supreme Personality of Godhead. He
Mahanubhava panth (also known as Jai Shri Krishni Pantha)
in Maharashtra in 1267. Bhagavan Shri
Chakradhar Swami propagated a
religious movement, as well as social movement, in which all members
were accepted irrespective of their castes, and the traditional
ritualistic religion was rejected.
Bharuch is the oldest city of Gujarat. It is also the second-oldest
India having continuous inhitations, first being Kashi
Bharuch has a known history for about 8000 years. Bharuch
was ruled over by too many emperors in the princely states era.
Chandragupta Vikramaditya and other kings of the Gupta dynasty ruled
over here up to 5th century and later it was ruled over by the kings
Gurjar ancestry till 7th century. The time period of 8th to 13th
century was said to be an important and very well-known part under the
rule of Rajput Emperors. Solanki ancestry's great emperor Sidhdhraj
Jaisinh had built up Kot (fortification) and darvaja (doors) around
Bharuch which was known as 'Malbari Darvaja'. These are
renamed as 'Katopor Darvaja'and 'Zadeshwari darvaja' later. In the
first half of 16th century,
Bharuch was ruled over by Changez Khan.
Then, Mughal king Humayu ruled over in 1534 AD.
Certainly by the 6th century BC, the city was known everywhere,
and was readily accessible via land-sea routes reaching the
Arab and Ethiopian traders feeding goods westwards to the
Egyptians, Greeks, Persians, Western Romans, Carthaginians, and
eventually, the Eastern Roman Empires, and the Republic of Venice. It
is likely even the Phoenicians knew of it and so it has acted since
antiquity as a link port to the luxury goods trade from the Far East
and the interior of the Indian sub-continent to the civilisations of
South-west Asia, the Middle-East, the Mediterranean basin including
Northern Africa and Europe.
During the Prarga–
Maurya period in Gujarat, King Pradyot Mahaveer of
Pradyota dynasty of Ujjain ruled over Bhragukutchh in 550 BCE. He
was a contemporary of Gautama Buddha. The Theragatha, part of the Pali
Canon written down in
Sri Lanka in the 1st century BC, mentions Vaddha
Thera and Malitavamba Thera of Bharukaccha, as contemporaries of the
Buddha, while the
Therigatha of the same canon mentions Vaddhamta
Theri of Bharukaccha. The ancient Sri Lankan chronicle, the Dipavamsa,
mentions that the legendary king Vijaya stopped at Bharukaccha for
three months c. 500 BC.
Excavations near the banks of the river
revealed many archaeological and architectural wonders, mostly
Bharuch was part of the Mauryan Empire (322–185 BC),
the Western Satraps, the Guptas and the Gurjara-Pratiharas.
Maurya period was between 322 and 185 BC. The post-
is mentioned between 185 BC and 23 AD. Princess of Sinhal, Sudarshana
had built the Shakunika Vihara in the Bhragukutchh during the rule of
Sampati (229–220 BC), and a
Bharuch trader became responsible for
the memories of the princess. This depicts trade relations between
Laat and Ceylon.
It was known to the
Greeks and Romans as Barygaza, and probably had a
settlement of Greek traders. As one southern terminus of the
Kamboja-Dvaravati Route, it is mentioned extensively as a major
trading partner of the Roman world, in the 1st century
Periplus of the
Erythraean Sea. One of the Periploi describes numerous Greek buildings
and fortifications in the area, although mistakenly attributing them
Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great who never reached this far south, as well as
the circulation of
Indo-Greek coinage in the region:
"The metropolis of this country is Minnagara, from which much cotton
cloth is brought down to Barygaza. In these places there remain even
to the present time signs of the expedition of Alexander, such as
ancient shrines, walls of forts and great wells." Periplus, Chap. 41
"To the present day ancient Drachmae are current in Barygaza, coming
from this country, bearing inscriptions in Greek letters, and the
devices of those who reigned after Alexander the Great, Apollodotus
Periplus Chap. 47
Kshatraya era (c. 23–400 AD)
In the 1st century AD, kings of Shaka community established their rule
in Gujarat. Nabhovaahan (Nahapana), the king of Bharukutchh was very
prosperous. During the Kshatraya era
Bharuch port was very prosperous.
It was a gateway of trading through land and waters both routes. Like
other ancient ports, trading of slaves also took place at the Bharuch
During the decade of 70–80 AD, coins of Greek writing were used in
Bharuch. The activity region of Jain priest Arya Khapoot (1st century
AD) was in the Aatapata region of Bharuch. He had released the
Ashvaavabodh pilgrims in
Bharuch out of the control of the Bauddhas.
Nahapana (119 AD – 124 AD) of Kshatraya era
Seven caves have been discovered from Kadiyadungar near Jhajhapore,
near Ankleshwar, of the
Bharuch district. These caves seem as the
Bauddha Vihaaras. It seems that they were sculpted in 1st or 2nd
Gupta era (c. 415–470 AD)
During this time kings of Trekootaka dynasty ruled the north of the
Konkan and south of the Laata. Trekootaka ruled over the Surat
district but the border of their state could not be decided. In the
lines of Daspur of the weavers of Laata (South Gujarat) it has been
mentioned that Sun-Temple was built in 437.
Maitrak era (c. 470–788 AD)
According to historical accounts, the kingdom with capital at Bhinmal
(or Srimal) was established by the Gurjars (or Gujjars). The kingdom
Bharuch was the offshoot of this Kingdom.
It is known that in 540 AD which dynasty ruled over the
in 540, a Mahasamant named Sangramsinh ruled over Bharukutchh, But
nothing is known about the king. Chinese traveller
Narmada river in 640 AD and recorded that Bhrugukutch (Po Lu Ka Che
Po) had around 10 Buddhist monasteries with around 300 monks.
During this period Hakem Usmanbhai Hakem had attacked over Bharuch. In
648 AD, King Dhansen – four of
Vallabhi had put winning camp in
Bharukutchh. A Muslim traveller Al – Biladuri had written in his
notes that in 713 – 714 AD.
Governor of Sindh, Hasam Bin Amru Tughlakhi came to Gandhar port by
boat. He destroyed the idols and the temples and built Mosques in
place of them in the time of 760 AD
Arab Hakem Hisham of Sindh had
attacked the Gandhar port near Bharuch. In the post Maitrak era during
788 – 942 AD Rashtrakuta kings of south Laata ruled over Bharuch.
Chaulukya era (942–1304 AD)
Mularaja established the rule of Chaulukya (Solanki) dynasty
in Anahilvaad Patan. Till this time the importance of
Bharuch as the
trade centre was continued. It was the capital of Laata region at the
starting of the 11th century. It was the centre for the ships coming
from China and Sindh in the 12th century minister Vastupala had
established a library in Bharuch.
Chakradhar Swami of
Bharuch was during the era of Bhimdev 2nd. He
Mahanubhava community which was spread in Maharashtra.
One Madresa was built during the Solanki era in Bharuch.
Middle Ages era (1293–1872 AD)
The middle era history of
Bharuch district can be divided in three
main parts, out of which, we can say that Sultanate era (1297–1572),
Mughal era (1572–1736). Broach was a center of a prosperous merchant
community, and was one of the chief ports of
Gujarat from ancient
times to the first half of the 16th century; the Portuguese had little
contact with the port, until 1547 when Jorge de Menezes sacked Bharuch
1547, from which the city fell into insignificance. In the 17th
century the Dutch and British made it a center of their cotton
purchases in Gujarat, and commercial warehouses were established
in 1616 and 1618 by the British and Dutch (Valanda) respectively.
After that, in 1675 & 1686, it was sacked by the Maratha's. During
this time period,
Bharuch was handed over to Kutubuluddin. Mughal king
Aurangzeb demolished the fortification and the fort in 1660 by
attacking. Later on, he had built it again in 1686. In 1772, the
Britishers again attacked on
Bharuch with the help of 'Diwan
Lallubhai' and they got succeed to take the power from 'Nawab Mojubb
Khan'. Maratha era (1783–1802) were the eras of struggle. Bharuch
was ruled by
Delhi Sultanate for 94 years, Gujarat’s independent
Sultanate for 181 years, Mughal Sultanate for 164 years, independent
emirs for 36 years and Maratha rule for 19 years.
During these times, revenue was collected from
Bharuch and hundreds of
people, especially the rich people, were killed. Same way in the
cities on the banks of river Kavi in
Jambusar taluka there were many
big and rich Muslim communities. They were mainly formed by the
As part of the Sultanate of Gujarat, it was subsequently annexed by
the Mughals, and finally by the British. It is also situated near a
small City called Halderva where two Islamic priests were found
On taking a bird’s eye view of the financial structure of the whole
era of Gujarat’s sultanate, it can be seen that the area was cheaper
and prosperous also when Akbar had won over
Bharuch during Mughal era
it had 12 Paraganas. The annual growth of all 559 City of the Bharuch,
Hansot, Olpad, Mandvi, Galaa, Jambusar, Dahej, Koral,
Tadakeshwar paraganas was Rs. 7.5 million. As given in the
Tabakka – E – Akbari there is a description of severe draught and
spread of contentious epidemic in Gujarat.
Mughal era (1605–1627 AD)
On understanding the importance of
Bharuch district as the trade
centre, British had taken permission from
Jahangir for establishing
the office during this era.
Jahangir also gave permission for trade to
the British. A big office building built by the Valandas in the 18th
century, can be seen in the Kansarvaad in Bharuch. This building has a
fort around it.
Attacks by the Marathas (1664 to 1685 AD)
Marathas had plundered
Bharuch twice. Due to six droughts between 1681
and 1696, the prosperity of both the ports was ruined. By the end of
the 17th century their place was taken over due to the development of
Mumbai port. In 1772, after the control of
Bharuch was taken by the
British, Valandas also left their trade centre in Bharuch.
Independent Nawaabs of
Bharuch (1736 to 1772 AD)
During this period independent Nawaabs ruled over Bharuch. Nizamumude,
Abhesinh, Damaji Gayakawad of Vadodara,
Mirza Baig, Ahmad Baig, Hakem,
Nawab Mozumkhan, Prabhudas Seth of Bharuch, Peshwa Bajirao etc. rulers
fought and ruled over
Bharuch during this period. It can be said that
the movement for freedom struggle against foreign rulers in Bharuch
started in 1905. But before that in the struggle of 1857 also Bharuch
district had played an important role.
Bharuch had contributed in the
Swadeshi and Home Rule movements also. In which Kanaiyalal Maneklal
Bharuch also joined the national struggle.
In 1930 the movement of Satyagraha had spread in
Gujarat which had
Jambusar also. On 12 March 1930 when Gandhiji started the
Dandi March with some of his supporters, the route of Dandi Kuch in
Bharuch district was from Devaataa City of Borsad taluka via Jambusar
Amod on the other side of the river Mahi via
the other side of the river
Narmada and reaching Dandi via Surat. The
Dandi Kuch arrived in Kareli City on 20 and 22 March 1930 became a
memorial day in
Jambusar which is a proof of the history of freedom
Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi
Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi
Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi a Gujarati
Brahmin of Bharuch
district had participated in the Home Rule movement. He was imprisoned
for participating in struggles of Bardoli movement in 1938, "Savinay
Kanoon Bhang" in the 1930 and personal movement in 1940. Chunilal
Shivlal Modi, who was born in 1913 in Bharuch, participated in the
struggle of "Savinaya Kaanoon Bhang" in the 1930 at the age of 18
years. Chandrashankar Manishankar Bhatt of Amod played a leading role
in spreading the movement of "Hind Chhodo".
Dinkar Rao Nabheram Desai of
Bharuch participated in all the movements
of freedom struggle and was imprisoned for five times. Tribhuvandas
Chhaganlal Paalejwala of Palej City had played a leading role in
picketing the foreign cloths shops in
Bharuch in 1930. Manishankar
Bhatt of Panjareli City had motivated the youth of the district to
participate in the freedom struggle. Maganbhai Rugnathdas Patel of
Bhadaam City had played a leading role in the Dholera movement in
Manishankar Ranchhoddas Sukawala of
Bharuch had played an active role
in non-co-operation movement in 1920–21.
Ratuprasad Nathalal Bhatt of
Bharuch participated in all freedom
movements and was imprisoned, Vinodchandra Chunilal Shah, "Savinaya
Kaanoon Bhang" movement, Chunilal Dharamlal Shah of Amod and
Chhotubhai Mitilal Patel of Tegava village had devotedly served the
freedom fighters, Tribhuvandas Purushottamdas Luhaar ( Sundaram ) of
Matar village, non-co-operation movement in 1920, Desaibhai Bakorbhai
Patel of Kahanava village, historical Dandi Kuch, Nathuram Kashiram
Bhatt of Raima village, Yashvantray Rajaram Joshi of Malanpore village
Hansot district, Shanabhai Jhaverbhai Patel of Uber village,
Vitthalbhai Ranchhodabhai Patel of Sarbhan village, Raysangh Dabhai
Vishnu Dattatrey Bhoder of Bajodara village had
participated in all the freedom movements in the district along with
Surajben Hardev Banarasi of Aasta village of
Hansot Taluka, who was
born in 1905 and widowed at a young age, got renowned as the leading
lady freedom fighter and female worker. She was imprisoned for
participating in the freedom movement, contributed significantly in
the activities related to the uplift of the women and activities of
creative programs. Like the other districts of
district also had participated actively in various freedom struggles
and had suffered loss of property and lives of their citizens. Almost
all the talukas of
Bharuch district had enlightened their people about
political and national spirit by participating in freedom struggle
through local leadership and history is the proof of the activities of
the uplift of the people by implementing the creative programs
instructed by Gandhiji.
Geography and climate
Bharuch is located at 21°42′N 72°58′E / 21.7°N
72.97°E / 21.7; 72.97. It has an average elevation of
15 metres (49 feet).
Bharuch is a port city situated on the
banks of the
Narmada river. The damming of the
Narmada caused the
original port facilities to close, the nearest port is now in Dahej.
Bharuch district is surrounded by Vadodara (North),
and Surat (South) districts. To the west is the Gulf of Khambhat.
Bharuch has a tropical savanna climate (under Köppen's Climate
classification), moderated strongly by the Arabian Sea. The summer
begins in early March and lasts until June. April and May are the
hottest months, the average maximum temperature being 40 °C
Monsoon begins in late June and the Village receives
about 800 millimetres (31 in) of rain by the end of September,
with the average maximum being 32 °C (90 °F) during those
months. October and November see the retreat of the monsoon and a
return of high temperatures until late November. Winter starts in
December and ends in late February, with average temperatures of
around 23 °C (73 °F).
Very often heavy monsoon rain brings floods in the
Narmada basin area.
The Village had witnessed major floods in the past, but now the floods
have been controlled after the damming of the Narmada.
Economy, commerce and industry
Bharuch has always been prosperous because of its location on the
Narmada River. Although water tends to be scarce in Gujarat, one never
finds difficulty in getting water in Bharuch. As a result of this,
agriculture and other linked commercial activities have flourished in
Bharuch is also a central stopping point for many villages
spread around its boundaries. People from these small villages come to
Bharuch when they want to shop for new clothes, or make a major
purchase. Lately a lot of retiring expatriates have been returning to
Bharuch and building new houses giving the economy a boost.
Bharuch has been the centre of the peanut processing
and marketing industry with a well established brand name around the
country. Almost none of the peanuts are grown in
Bharuch itself but
the best of the crops from neighbouring regions are brought here for
processing. Mr. Ruchik Amrish Jani a local resident and businessman
holds the Intellectual Property rights for manufacturing roasted
salted peanuts in a hygienic process.
Bharuch is also the home of the
Bandhni method of clothing design and is well known for this
traditional art form.
At present, this heavily industrialised Village is renowned for its
textile mills, chemical plants, long staple cotton, dairy products and
much more. Gujarat's biggest liquid cargo terminal is situated here.
It also houses many reputed multinational companies like Videocon,
BASF, Reliance, Welspun Stahl etc.
Bharuch is a shopping centre well
known for its salty peanuts. Because of the distinctive colour of the
soil here that is ideal for cotton cultivation,
Bharuch is sometimes
referred to as 'Kanam Pradesh' (black soil land).
In the past 10 years or so, a major part of population has moved to
countries like United Kingdom, United States of America, The African
continent, & other parts of Europe. This definitely brings some
economical boost to the local businesses as people come back for
vacations & spend their earnings here.
Bharuch was a major sea port in the important pre-compass coastal
trading routes to points West, perhaps as far back as the days of the
Pharaohs, which utilised the regular and predictable
Monsoon winds or
galleys. Many goods from the Far East were trans-shipped there for the
annual monsoon winds making it a terminus for several key land-sea
trade routes and
Bharuch was definitely known to the Greeks, the
various Persian Empires and in the
Roman Republic and Empire and other
Western centres of civilisation right on through the end of the
European Middle Ages.
In the 1st century AD,
Bharuch port has been mentioned as Barigaza.
Bharuch which was prosperous and powerful port was an important port
Gujarat until the 16th century.
Arab traders used to enter Gujarat
Bharuch and do their business. British, Valandas etc. accepted the
Bharuch and established their business centre here. At
the end of the 17th century, it was plundered twice but resurged
quickly after the plunder and a proverb was also phrased for it,
"Bhangyu Bhangyu Toye Bharuch".
As a trading depot, the limitations of coastal shipping made it a
regular terminus via several mixed trade routes of the fabled spice
and silk trading between East and West.
Narmada River's inland access to central and northern
India and with a
location in the sheltered
Gulf of Khambhat
Gulf of Khambhat in the era of coastal sea
travel grew and prospered as a trading transshipment centre and ship
building port. Until very modern times the only effective way to move
goods was by water transport, and
Bharuch had sheltered waters in an
era without weather forecasting, compasses, and when shipping was
necessarily limited to coastal navigation, and the general East-West
course of the
Narmada gave access to the rich inland empires at the
upper reaches of the Narmada, including easy caravan access to the
Ganges valley and the plains of Delhi.
Present industrial City
Bharuch is one of the most heavily industrialised areas, not
Gujarat but in
India as a whole, with many large chemical
plants producing fertilisers, paints, dyes, cotton, textiles, and
Bharuch has also advantage of Gujarat's biggest liquid cargo terminal.
A very large fertiliser, chemical companies, like
GNFC Ltd. are also
Narmadanagar (a suburb of Bharuch) since 1976.
Large Indian & Multinationals, like the Torrent Group, PepsiCo
International, Guardian Corporation, Hitachi, Chukan Butsu, Heubach
Colors, Zydous Cadila, Cadila Health Care, Survival Technologies,
Videocon, China Light and Power, BASF, Reliance, Tata Group, Aditya
Birla Group, Welspun Stahl, Aventis, Wockhardt, Rallis, Pfizer, Ciba,
L&T, Bayer, Glenmark, UPL, Lupin, J B Chemicals, Gujarat
Fluorochemicals, NTPC, ONGC, GAIL, OPAL SOlvay, Breeze Intermediates
For Flavor & Fragrance Intermediates, Alliance Tyre Group,
Fireminich, Astra Specialty Compounds,
Dahej and GPEC have set up
manufacturing units in and around
Bharuch and Ankleshwar.
Petronet LNG Ltd, one of the fastest growing companies in the Indian
energy sector, has set up the country's first LNG receiving and
regasification terminal at Dahej.
Dahej nowadays is considered to be
fastest growing industrial area with companies like ONGC, GNFC,
Alliance Tyre Group, ABG Shipyard, First carbon, Indofil, Birla
copper, Adani, Reliance,
As of 2011[update]
Bharuch had a population of
168,391. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%.
Bharuch has an average literacy rate of 97.06%, much higher than the
national average of 74% ; with male literacy of 98.5% and female
literacy of 95.5%. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Bharuch is administered by the
Bharuch Nagar Seva Sadan (
Bharuch is also the administrative headquarters of Bharuch
Bharuch Nagar Seva Sadan comprises 11 election wards and 44 seats
(corporators). In the 2015,
Bharuch Municipality elections, BJP won 31
seats, Congress won 12 and one seat went to Independent. R. V. Patel
Bharatiya Janata Party
Bharatiya Janata Party is the present Mayor.
The city elects one member to the
Gujarat Vidhan Sabha, and the
district elects one member to the Lok Sabha. Dushyant Patel (BJP) is
the representative to the
Gujarat Vidhan Sabha. Mansukh Vasava (BJP)
is the representative to the Lok Sabha.
Bharuch is considered to be a stronghold of BJP, and since past 25
years BJP has been winning in
Bharuch Vidhan Sabha,
Bharuch Lok Sabha
Bharuch City would be soon getting a
There are many religions being followed by the people of this city.
Usually there is a sense of harmony and co-existence without incident.
However, there have been situations in the past in which this delicate
social fabric has broken down. Today the city is considered to be a
great example of communal equality.
Bharuch is a renowned tirtha, also known as
Bhrigu Tirtha, in many
Hindu Puranas, it is a host of huge number of temples along the
Art & literature
Bharuch has remained on top in the matters of education and culture.
Bharuch is renowned since years back because of the internationally
Omkarnath Thakur in the field of music. In the field of
literature, the literature Gurus like Dr. Kanaiyalal Munshi,
Balwantray Thakore and Sundaram has bestowed
Bharuch unique pride.
Raichand Deepchand Library was established in 1858. It is one of the
oldest library in Western India. It has a collection of about 200,000
books including some rare manuscripts.
Ganpatram Desai of the
Brahmin caste of
Bharuch wrote the
famous book "
Bharuch Shaher No Itihaas" in 1900. This classic piece of
history is an excellent reference even today. He wrote another
historical novel called "Alexander Na Samay Nu Hind" or "
India at the
Time of Alexander"
All major Indian festivals are celebrated in Bharuch.
Bharuch enjoys a
thriving cultural tradition and diverse traditions of different ethnic
and religious communities. Popular celebrations and observances
include Uttarayan—an annual kite-flying day on 14 January. The nine
Navratri are celebrated with people performing Garba—the
folk dance of Gujarat—at venues across the city. The festival of
lights—Deepavali is celebrated with the lighting of lamps in every
house, the decorating the floors with the rangoli and the bursting of
firecrackers. Other festivals such as Holi, Ganesh Chaturthi, Eid
ul-Fitr and the procession of Tajia during the Muslim holy month of
Muharram are integral parts of the city's culture. It is also well
known for the celebration of
Chandi Padvo which usually occurs around
October. This day comes after one of the two biggest full moon days of
Hindu calendar year, "Sharad Purnima". On this day, people buy
tons of Ghari.
The rain (Meghraja) festival celebrated in
Bharuch during monsoon
season is unique in the whole of India. In the whole country, the
festival depicting the importance of ancient agricultural traditions
is celebrated only here. Meghraja Festival is celebrated in the month
of Shravan. A 5.5 feet idol if Meghraj (Lord Indra) is prepared from
the soil of
Narmada river and is worshiped for 25 days. A fair (mela)
is organised during the last 4 days of this festival. This festival is
celebrated only in
Bharuch in whole of India.
Ponk sellers thrashing the stalk to release the ponk
Bharuch cuisine is similar to that of Surti cuisine. The most popular
form of meal—a typical Gujarati thali—consists of roti, dal, rice
and shaak (cooked vegetables, sometimes with curry), with
accompaniments of pickles and roasted papads.
Bharuch cuisine also
includes perennial favourites such as "Ghari" (a type of sweet),
"Malai Ghari" (a unique sweet of Bharuch), Khichu, Undhiyu, Khaman,
Nylon Khaman, Phaphada and Jalebi. Unlike cuisines in other parts of
Bharuch cuisine is quite spicy. In the cooler winter months,
people eat Ponk, a roasted cereal. Roasted salty peanuts of Bharuch
are famous worldwide.
Most of the food outlets serve only vegetarian food, as a strong
tradition of vegetarianism is maintained by the city's Jain and Hindu
communities. Roadside kiosks, called "laaris" or "rekdis", are quite
Non-vegetarian food is also available in some Muslim-dominated areas.
Novel dishes made from eggs (ghotala, kheema, half fry) are
specialties which are savoured with much gusto. Apart from this the
traditional mutton preparation of tapela, fish (patra macchi), and
lemon chicken can also be relished.
Golden Bridge Bharuch
Bharuch is well connected to the rest of
India by Indian National
Highway 8 (Mumbai to New Delhi) and by the Western Railway Division of
Golden Bridge connects
the Narmada, which connects
Ankleshwar towns, has turned
golden literally. This is the first time since independence that the
bridge has been painted golden.
Bharuch roads and buildings department
has painted the bridge golden.
Golden Bridge is a part of Bharuch's
rich history. The British, who needed a bridge across
enable easier access for trade and administration officials in Mumbai,
built the Golden Bridge, or
Narmada Bridge as it is named, in 1881.
The bridge got its name due to the massive expenditure incurred in its
construction. It was constructed seven times after being damaged
several times due to strong currents of
Narmada water. It was said
that the cost incurred was so high that with the amount spent the
bridge could be constructed in gold. The bridge has withstood many
floods and natural disasters like earthquakes and provides daily
transportation to the people of
Ankleshwar and Bharuch.
A new bridge connects to the national highway.
Local transport is provided mainly by auto rickshaws (3-wheeled
passenger taxis running on petrol or diesel). Intra-district and
Inter-state buses also serve
Bharuch frequently, and services are
available to most nearby cities within and outside Gujarat. Private
bus operators also offer local services in and around Bharuch.
Air: The nearest airports to
Bharuch are Surat and Vadodara, at a
distance of about 72 kilometres (45 mi) respectively.
Indian Airlines and other private airlines connect Surat and Vadodara
Delhi and Mumbai, with onward connections to major cities
India and abroad.
Bharuch Junction railway station
Bharuch Junction railway station is a very busy junction,
handling over 40 pairs of trains on the Mumbai-
Delhi line via
The main trains which pass through the station are Mumbai-Ahmadabad
Shatabdi Express, August Kranti Rajdhani Express, Mumbai-Vadodara
Express, Jammu Tawi-Mumbai Central Swaraj Express and Bandra-Dehradun
Daily or multiple daily trains connect
Bharuch to all major cities in
Gujarat. Daily or multiple daily trains also connect to many smaller
towns as well.
Long distance connections are available to virtually all major cities
India with multiple daily services to Mumbai and Delhi.
There are also daily (or multiple-daily) trains to Jaipur, Bikaner,
Jodhpur, Kota, Ajmer, Indore, Kolkata, Nagpur, Solapur, Raipur,
Bilaspur, Rourkela, Amritsar, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Firozepur,
Bhatinda, Ambala, Panipat, Rohtak, Faridabad, Mathura, Dehradun, Pune,
Goa, Mangalore, Kozhikode and Kochi (Ernakulam)- (and to several other
Weekly (or multiple-weekly) trains are available for Udaipur, Lucknow,
Bhubaneswar, Pury, Hyderabad, Mysore, Bangalore, Coimbatore and
Tuticorin among others.
The major railhead to the north of
Bharuch is Vadodara (71 km or
44 mi) and to the south is Surat (68 km or 42 mi).
Indian railways also runs narrow gauge train services to
Bus : National Highway 8 passes through
Bharuch and has a good
road network. The bus station in the heart of the city is one the
busiest in Western India. State transport buses and private luxury
Bharuch with various centres of Gujarat, Maharashtra,
Delhi and Rajasthan.
There are a number of schools and colleges in
Bharuch which provide
education in English and Gujarati mediums. Schools here are either
Gujarat Board, CBSE Board or the ICSE Board to name few
Sabari Vidya Peedom, Aditya Birla Public School, Amity, Queen of
Angels, Holy Angels Convents, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's, Narmada
Vidyalya, DPS, Sanskar Vidya Bhavan.
Several colleges provide education in various under-graduate and
post-graduate streams including commerce and science,
of Science & Commerce is the prominent known college since last
Narmada College of Computer Application (NCCA) in its
campus is the only college in
Bharuch District providing Master of
Computer Application (MCA) course since 1999.
There are also several engineering colleges affiliated to the Gujarat
Technical University including SVM Institute of Technology which
offers Post Graduate courses.
There are also several Pharmacy colleges and a Medical college.
Narmada Sanskrit Ved Pathashala is a 115-year-old institute that
imparts education in Sanskrit at school, graduate and post-graduate
levels. It imparts education in the fields of vedas, jyotisha,
vyakrana, nyaya, mimansa, etc.
GNFC Sports Complex has a number of modern sport facilities, which
Cricket Stadium (
Ranji Trophy matches are also held here),
Golf Course, Tennis, Table Tennis, Badminton, Skating, Swimming Pool,
Gym, community science centre, Snookers, Pool, Billiards, Chess,
Cards, Wally ball, basketball etc. and can say that all sports under
Rotary Club also has facilities for sports like Table Tennis, Swimming
Pool, Skating, Badminton and other indoor games etc.
Cricket is the most popular sport in the city. Munaf Patel and Rashid
patel both played for Indian cricket team. However, other sports are
Shri Batuknath Vyayam Shala was established in 1913 by Chhotubhai
Purani and Ambubhai Purani (propagators of Indian gymnastics/vyayam in
Shopping and recreation
There are various avenues for leisure time activities in Bharuch, and
there are a few very good parks maintained by the municipal commission
such as Narmad River Front. Privately owned parks are also there.
Among them, J. B. Modi Park and Vasu Van Nisarg Udyan are very famous.
There are river banks where people go for strolls, as well as a couple
of libraries and a few auditoriums. The auditoriums along with movie
halls make theatrical entertainment available in the city.
Bharuch is well known for textile products. Salted peanuts and sweets
Bharuch are renowned worldwide. Jabson, a well known export brand
for Peanuts is pioneer in Peanut Market.
Of late there has been a boom in the retail sector in the city and
there are new shopping malls and multiplexes opening up all over the
place. There are shopping malls like Big Bazar, Reliance Super Market,
V-Mart, Mayuri. Multiplexes like INOX & Fame are also there in
Bharuch has provided health care through hospitals and clinics. There
are hospitals run by the government, private entities as well as
It also has several clinics owned and operated by individual doctors
and medical professionals. Pharmacies are also operated and run by
People from Bharuch
Renowned mythological personalities of
Shukra, Chyavana, Chandra, Dattatreya, Durvasa, Vamana, Mahabali,
Jamadagni, Parshurama, etc.
Notable historical figures include King Nahapana, King Bharumala, King
Dadda Chalukya, Princess Shobha (Refer: Shobha
Somnath Ki), etc.
Notable personalities from recent times include K. M. Munshi,
Omkarnath Thakur, Feroze Gandhi, Sundaram, Burjorji Sorabji Godrej
Ardeshir Godrej and Pirojsha Burjorji Godrej, founders
Godrej company), Premchand Roychand, Ahmed Patel, Jaladhi Jivrajani
Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi
Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi (Gujarati: કનૈયાલાલ
માણેકલાલ મુનશી) or Kulapati Dr. K. M. Munshi
(30 December 1887 – 8 February 1971) was born in Bharuch. He was an
Indian independence movement activist, politician, writer and
educationist. A lawyer by profession, he later turned to literature
and politics. He is a well-known name in Gujarati literature. He
founded Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, an educational trust, in 1938. In
bharuch, there is running an institute namely Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's
Narmada Vidyalaya, Narmadanagar[ GNFC]. He also founded Institute of
Agriculture at Anand, Gujarat. Munshi was an active participant in the
Indian Independence Movement. After the independence of India, Munshi
was appointed diplomatic envoy and trade agent (Agent-General) to the
princely state of Hyderabad. He was on the ad hoc Flag Committee that
selected the Flag of
India in August 1947, and on the committee which
drafted the Constitution of
India under the chairmanship of B. R.
Ambedkar. He was also the main driving force behind the renovation of
the historically important
Somnath Temple. He was the first Union
Minister of Food and Agriculture of independent India. During this
tenure, he initiated the Vanmahotsav in 1950, to increase area under
forest cover. Since then Van Mahotsav a week long festival of tree
plantation is organised every year in the month of July.
Omkarnath Thakur (1897–1967) from
Bharuch was an Indian educator,
Hindustani classical singer. During the 1920s he
worked for the non-co-operation movement on a local level and in 1933
became one of the first Indian musicians to perform in Europe, which
also included a private concert for Benito Mussolini. He performed in
Europe until 1954 and received the
Padma Shri in 1955 and the Sangeet
Natak Akademi Award in 1963.
Premchand Roychand (born 1831) was the son of Roychand Dipchand, a
merchant from Bharuch/Surat. He was a 19th-century Indian businessman
known as the "Cotton King" and "Bullion King". The Roychand family
moved to Bombay when Premchand was a young boy. Recorded as the first
Indian broker to speak, read and write English, he entered the lists
as a stock broker in 1849. Apart from the capital markets, Premchand
Roychand had significant business interests in the cotton and bullion
markets along with stock market. He was the founding member of The
Bombay Stock Exchange. He reaped enormous profits from the cotton boom
that changed Bombay's economy for all times to come. He was also the
founder of the Bank of Bombay. The
Rajabai Clock Tower
Rajabai Clock Tower in the
University of Bombay, named after his mother, was built from a
donation of Indian Rupees 200,000 by him, as was the library. He once
made a single pay-in of Rs 115 million, which would equal Rs
10 billion today (as of 2008)! Such single-day transactions by a
lone broker are unheard of even in stock markets today. He is also
well known for his contribution to society and his donations to causes
and institutions that are still very much a part of
Nobody knows the extent of Premchand Roychand's gifts to education,
particularly education of the girl child.
Feroze Gandhi (Hindi: फिरोज गांधी; 12 September
1912 – 8 September 1960), belonged to a
Parsi family of Bharuch. He
was an Indian politician and journalist. He married Indira Nehru
(later known as Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India). They had two
Rajiv Gandhi (also later a prime minister) and Sanjay Gandhi.
Their ancestral home, which belonged to his grandfather, still exists
in Kotparsiwad area in Bharuch. Thus the biggest political family of
Nehru-Gandhi Family has their ancestral origins in Bharuch.
Ahmed Patel (born 21 August 1949) is a senior leader of Indian
National Congress (INC) party. He was born in the village Piraman near
the industrial city of Ankleshwar, near Bharuch. He is the present
political secretary and advisor to INC president Sonia Gandhi. He is
among the core think tank of the INC today. He is one of the crucial
leaders in the decision making process of the party at national level.
He has also worked alongside
Sonia Gandhi and was a key player in
getting the Congress Party re-elected in the 15th Lok Sabha. He is
also the Treasurer of All
India Congress Committee since October 1996.
Places of interest
Bhrigu Rishi Temple. The temple of
Bhrigu Rishi, one of the famous and
sacred temples of Gujarat, is situated on the east of the city in
Dandia Bazar area on the banks of the holy river Narmada. This temple,
being visited by a number of pilgrims, has great religious importance
to the people of Bharuch.
Bharuch which was originally called
'Bhrigukachchha' derived its name from this temple. The temple was
built in honour of the great saint Maharishi
Bhrigu who was able to
attain sainthood by reaching the perfect balance between wisdom and
activity. It was here that
Bhrigu Rishi wrote first Indian
Bhrigu Samhita. He is said to have documented five
million horoscopes, in which he wrote down the fate of every being in
Nav Nathas. There are nine
Swayambhu (self menifested) Shivalingas
located at different places in old
Bharuch city. These Shivalingas are
known as Nav Naths in Bharuch. They are Kamnath, Jwalnath, Somnath,
Bhimnath, Gangnath, Bhootnath, Pingalnath, Siddhnath and Kashi
Vishwanath. These nine shivlingas are said to be exist since time
immemorial. It was due to these shivlingas that
Bhrigu Rishi choose
Bharuch for his ashram.
Dashashwamedh Ghat. It is situated on the bank of river
Dandia Bazar. This is the place where King
Mahabali performed ten
ashwamedha sacrifices. It is at this place where Lord
Vishnu came in
the disguise of
Vamana and measured the whole universe with his three
steps. There are many old temples constructed on this ghat which
includes Ambaji Mata Temple, Umiya Mata Temple,
Narmada Mata Temple,
Vamana Temple and many others. One must not
forget to visit this ghat at early morning hours to enjoy the
spiritual peace of this place.
River Narmada. Many ghats are situated on the banks of the River
Narmada in Bharuch, which hosts a number of temples. The Narmada
happens to be one of the most sacred river of India. It is believed
that a dip in the
Narmada river washes ones sins away, and that her
divine sight alone makes one pure. According to a legend, the river
Ganges is polluted by millions of people bathing in it. To cleanse
Ganges acquires the form of a black cow and comes to the
Narmada to bathe in its holy waters. Legends also mention that the
Narmada River is older than the river Ganges.
Temples swarm the city and each holds its own religious significance.
The Swaminarayan Temple in Dandia Bazar area of city is 175 years old
and hosts a palette of colour on its walls.
Narmada Mata Temple, also
in Dandia Bazar, is 150 years old and dedicated to Goddess Narmada.
The Vaishnav Haveli enshrines an idol of Bal Krishna said to have come
Mathura in 1725. Behind the old Civil Hospital, the Khodiyar Mata
Temple overlooks the low-lying area of furja and offers one of the
best views of sunset in the city.
Other temples in old
Bharuch city include Bahuchara Mata Temple,
Sindhvai Mata Temple, Santoshi Mata Temple, Nilkanth Mahadev,
Doodheshwar Madhavev, Nav Graha Temple, Kala Raam Temple, Dwarkadhish
Dattatreya Temple, Bhrigvishwar Mahadev, seat of
Vallabhacharya, Gyaneshwar Hanuman, Rokadiya Hanuman, Bhid Bhanjan
Hanuman, Ganapati Temple and many others.
There are many ashramas along the river side. Some of these ashrams
also runs meditation centres, adhyatama discourses, etc. A few
prominent ashramas to name are Ashoka Ashrama, Swami Omkarnath’s
Narmada Ashrama, Kusuma Pagala Ashrama, Swami Swyamjyotitirtha’s
Gyan Sadhan Ashrama, Vishwa Gayatri Alakha Dham, Brahmakumari’s
Anubhuti Dham, Swami Tadrupananda’s Manan Ashrama, Hansdevji’s
Hans Ashramas, etc.
Vishnu Ayyapa Temple lies on the Zadeshwar Road and is managed
Hindu Kerala Community residing in Bharuch. Every Year during
the end of December beautiful procession is carried out in full
Festive & Traditional Fervor by the divine grace of Lord Ayyapa to
commensurate the pious "Mandalamaasam" where devotees across the
district and nearby vicinity participate and celebrate.
The Golden Bridge. It was built by the British in 1881 across the
Narmada River to improve access to traders and administrators to
Bombay. The structure was built with rust-resistant iron, and
therefore, more expensive than modern steel, lending to the name
Golden Bridge. This bridge connects
Bharuch and Ankleshwar.
Sona no Patthar (Golden Stone)
Soneri Mahel (Golden Palace).
Fort. Around 1000 year old fort, built by Siddhraj Jaysinh, the then
king of Gujarat. The fort is situated on a hill top which overlooks
Narmada river. Within the fort there are the Collector's office,
Civil Courts, the Old Dutch factory, a church, the Victoria Clock
tower and other buildings. Around 3 km (1.9 mi) from the
fort there are some early Dutch tombs, overlooked by some Parsee
Towers of Silence. Also there are many historical monuments built by
the Dutch, Portuguese and British.
Gurudwara Chadar Saheb. In the 15th century Guru Nanak Dev, the first
Sikh Guru, visited Bharuch. It is believed that when a boatman refuses
to take him across the Narmadda, he crosses over on a cloth sheet or
Gurudwara was later constructed in Kasak area, on the site
where he landed in Bharuch.
Some important temples in new
Bharuch city includes Shaktinath
Mahadev, Chandramaulishwar Mahadev (this shivalinga is made from
mercury), Sai Baba temple, Gayatri Mata temple, Amba Mata temple and
many others.
A unique feature of
Bharuch is the Meghraja festival celebrated in the
month of Shravan (August–Sept) for 25 days. A 5.5 feet idol if
Meghraj (Lord Indra) is prepared from the soil of
Narmada river and is
worshiped for 25 days. A fair (mela) is organised during the last 4
days of this festival. The unique feature is that this festival is
celebrated only in
Bharuch in whole of India.
Buddhism had also a significant role in history of Bharuch
and there are many Jain temples with architectural
Islamic buildings like Eidgah (built in 1326), Jama Masjid and Madresa
The crowded but fascinating bazaar known as Katopore Bazar.
Swaminarayan Mandir in Zadeshwar lies on the NH-8 and attracts a huge
number of devotees from
Bharuch and nearby areas.
Bharuch hosts one of the oldest libraries of
Gujarat – Raichand
Deepchand Library, started in 1858. It has a collection of around Two
Lacs (200,000) books. There are many other libraries in the
Shuklatirth. It is situated at a distance of about 12 km
(7.5 mi) east of
Bharuch is a host of many old temples. The most
famous of them is Shukleshwar Mahadev Temple. Legend says that Shiva
was pleased with the devout Chanakya and guided him to salvation. He
instructed Chanakya to start his journey in a black boat at the mouth
Narmada dress in black and accompanied by a black cow. The
place where black would transform into white would mark the location
of his liberation. The transformation occurred in Shuklatirth. Shiva
stayed with Chanakya at this site in the form of a linga. It is
believed that this temple houses that same linga, and that by praying
here all sins are purged and desires fulfilled. The Omkarnath Vishnu
Mandir has a tall white idol of
Vishnu said to have emerged from the
Narmada. This idol is made up of sand (it is a self manifested idol),
but it appears as if it is made from marble.
Kabirvad. – It is the island of Banyan trees. Kabirvad is an island
on the river
Narmada at a distance of about 16 km (10 mi)
Bharuch city. The main attraction here is a gigantic banyan
tree covering an area of more than 2.5 acres. According to legend, it
is at this place that saint Kabirdas meditated and the tree grew from
a meswak stick (used for brushing the teeth) that was thrown here by
the saint. A single tree has over years proliferated into a tree with
several trunks and spread in over 2.5 acres of land. Other added
attractions here are the lotus shaped marble temple, Kabir museum and
boat ride on
Kukarwada situated at a distance of 5 km (3.1 mi) west of
Bharuch hosts Panchmukhi Hanuman temple.
Osara located about 17 km (11 mi) north-east
Bharuch has a
temple of Kali. This temple opens only on Tuesdays attracting huge
number of devotees.
Gumandev (near Jhagadia) at a distance of about 20 km
(12 mi) south of Bharuch, is a temple of Lord Hanumanji. It is
said that temple is very old. Large number of people from different
parts of the world visit this temple is the testimony of people faith
in the divine power of this grand old deity. A fair is organised at
this place on every Saturday in the month of Shravan. At this time,
deevotees from Bharuch,
Ankleshwar and other places go to this place
Hathila Hanuman, at a distance of about 30 km (19 mi) north
Bharuch towards Amod, is another place of Hanuman temple.
Nareshwar at a distance of 25 km (16 mi) north-east of
Bharuch is the place of hermitage of Rang Avadhoot Maharaj.
Ankleshwar situated at a distance of 12 km (7 mi) south of
Bharuch is also an ancient city. Important places here include
Antarnath Mahadev and Ram Kund. Today
Ankleshwar is a highly
industralised city and it has the honour of being the biggest
Industrial Complex in whole of Asia.
Kadia Dungar situated at a distance of 40 km (25 mi) south
Bharuch is a Buddhist cave, believed to have been occupied by
Other important places on the banks of
Narmada include Angareshwar,
Mangleshwar, Nikora, Janor, Sajod (hermitage of sage Chyavana),
Hansot, Jageshwar, Dahej, and many more.
Other places of interest
Stambheshwar Mahadev' – Kavi Kamboi (45 km or 28 mi from
Bharuch) at the confulance of
Mahi River and Sea. This Shivalinga gets
submerged into the sea during high tides and is only visible during
Rajpipla (65 km or 40.4 mi)
Garudeshwar – Samadhi of
Vasudevanand Saraswati (60 km or
Sardar Sarovar Dam
Sardar Sarovar Dam (90 km or 56 mi)
Chandod (40 km or 25 mi)
Anasuya (near Chandod) – birthplace of Dattatreya,
Kayavarohan (50 km or 31 mi)
Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary
Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary (95 km or 59 mi)
and many more.
^ The name is also sometimes given as Parocco.
^ Neill, A History of Christianity in India, p. 73
^ a b
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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bharuch.
ભૃગુતીર્થ ભરૂચ (Gujarati:
Bharuch). Bharuch: Office of Information Commissioner.
Patel, Natvar (2010). ગુજરાત ના
પ્રવાસધામો (Gujarati:Tourist Places in Gujarat).
Darshita Prakashan. ISBN 978-81-907517-0-4.
Bharuch Heritage. Monuments and Remains of a Glorious Port Town
(bilingual, English and Gujarati). Brochure published by the French
India and Alliance Française d'Ahmedabad, Content:
Michaël Rakotozonia and Sara Keller, Baroda, 2014.
Rakotozonia, Michaël. Bharuch, the Pearl of the Indian Western
coastline. How this port-town made the wealth of the greatest empires
that ruled overNorthern
India in the Early History. Conference at the
Gujarat Global Summit Gandhinagar 2014, to be published in
post conference volume.
Keller, Sara. Bharuch. The City Fortress. in: Keller, Pearson (ed),
Port Towns of Gujarat, Darshak Itihas Nidhi Post conference volume,
Primus, 2015 ISBN 978-93-84082-16-1.
Bharuch Fort: An introduction to the identity of a
leading port of the Indian coastline during the pre Sultanate Period.
in: Ports of the Indian Ocean (Proceedings of the colloquium organised
in Kolkata in 2011 by MeDIan), 17 pp.
Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article
Periplus of the Erythraean Sea