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BHAKTAPUR (Nepali : भक्तपुर Bhaktapur
Bhaktapur
Listen (help ·info ) ), literally translates to PLACE OF DEVOTEES. Also known as KHWOPA (Newari : ख्वप Khwopa), it is an ancient Newar city in the east corner of the Kathmandu Valley , Nepal
Nepal
, about 8 miles (13 km) from the capital city, Kathmandu
Kathmandu
. It is located in Bhaktapur District in the Bagmati Zone . It is administratively divided into 10 wards.

Bhaktapur
Bhaktapur
was the largest of the three Newar kingdoms of the Kathmandu Valley and was the capital of Nepal
Nepal
during the great 'Malla Kingdom' until the second half of the 15th century. It has a population of more than 81,728, of which the vast majority are still Newars. Historically more isolated than the other two kingdoms, Kathmandu
Kathmandu
and Patan , Bhaktapur
Bhaktapur
has a distinctly different form of Nepal
Nepal
Bhasa language.

Bhaktapur
Bhaktapur
has the best-preserved palace courtyards and old city center in Nepal
Nepal
and is listed as a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
by UNESCO
UNESCO
for its rich culture, temples, and wood, metal and stone artworks. This is supported by the restoration and preservation efforts of German-funded Bhaktapur
Bhaktapur
Development Project (BDP).

The city is famous for a special type of curd called "Ju Ju(king) dhau(curd). It is experienced by the curd makers that the taste of curd prepared in this location cannot be found elsewhere all over Nepal
Nepal

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 History * 3 Demographics

* 4 Landmarks

* 4.1 Layaku (Durbar Square) * 4.2 Nyatapola Temple
Temple
* 4.3 Bhairab Nath Temple
Temple
* 4.4 Dattatreya Temple
Temple
* 4.5 Changu Narayan * 4.6 Ta Pukhu (Siddha Pokhari) * 4.7 Kailashnath Mahadev Statue

* 5 Festivals * 6 In popular culture * 7 2015 earthquake * 8 See also * 9 Gallery * 10 2015 after 7.8 magnitudes earthquake photo gallery * 11 Footnotes * 12 References * 13 External links

ETYMOLOGY

KHWOPA is the ancient name of Bhaktapur. The term "Bhaktapur" ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
/Nepali: भक्तपुर) refers to "The City Of Devotees". This Bhaktapur
Bhaktapur
City is also known as "Khwopa" ( Nepal
Nepal
Bhasa: ख्वप) or "Bhadgaon" (Nepali:भादगाँउ) or "Ancient Newari Town" throughout the Kathmandu
Kathmandu
Valley. "Kh0apa" actually refers to the masks which are believed to have been worn by gods and goddesses. Bhaktapur
Bhaktapur
is popular for different forms of mask dances based on lives of different deities and therefore, it was named "Khwapa" which later came to become just "Khwopa," which is also near to meaning masks.

HISTORY

It is the home of traditional art and architecture, historical monuments and craft work, magnificent windows, pottery and weaving industries, excellent temples, beautiful ponds, rich local customs, culture, religion, festivals, musical mystic and so on. Bhaktapur
Bhaktapur
is still an untouched as well as preserved ancient city that is itself the world to explore for tourists.

From time immemorial it lay on the trade route between Tibet
Tibet
and India
India
. This position on the main caravan route made the town rich and prosperous.

DEMOGRAPHICS

At the time of the 2001 Nepal
Nepal
census it had a population of 72,543. The male inhabitants of this city wear a special type of cap called the Bhadgaunle Topi .

LANDMARKS

A panoramic view of the Dattatraya Temple
Temple
and Surroundings.

LAYAKU (DURBAR SQUARE)

Main article: Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Bhaktapur Durbar Square

Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
is a conglomeration of pagoda and shikhara-style temples , mostly dedicated to Hindu
Hindu
gods and goddesses grouped around a 55-window palace of brick and wood. The square is one of the most charming architectural showpieces of the valley as it highlights the ancient arts of Nepal. The golden effigies of the kings perched on the top of stone monoliths, the guardian deities looking out from their sanctuaries, the wood carvings in every place — struts, lintels, uprights, tympanums, gateways and windows — all seem to form a well-orchestrated symphony.

The royal palace was originally situated at Dattaraya square and was only later moved to the Durbar square location. The square in Bhaktapur
Bhaktapur
was severely damaged by an earthquake in 1934 and hence appears more spacious than the ones at Kathmandu
Kathmandu
and Patan .

NYATAPOLA TEMPLE

Main article: Nyatapola Nyatapola Temple
Temple

Nyatapola Temple' is a 5-story pagoda located in Bhaktapur, Nepal
Nepal
. The temple was erected by Nepali King Bhupatindra Malla during a 5-month period from late 1701 into 1702. It is the temple of Siddha Laxmi, the Hindu
Hindu
goddess of prosperity.Its foundation is said to be wider than the temple's base.

BHAIRAB NATH TEMPLE

Bhairavnath temple

This is another pagoda temple of lord Bhairab , the dreadful aspect of Lord Shiva
Shiva
. It stands near the Nyatapola temple and was originally constructed by King Jagat Jyoti Malla on a modest scale. It was later remodelled by King Bhupatindra Malla, a zealous lover of the arts, into what it is now a three-storeyed temple.

DATTATREYA TEMPLE

Dattatraya Temple
Temple
and its premises

The temple of Dattatreya is as old as the Palace of Fifty-five Windows. The three-story pagoda-style Dattatreya Temple, with statues of the Hindu
Hindu
trinity, (Brahma the creator, Vishnu
Vishnu
the preserver, and Shiva
Shiva
the destroyer), was built during the reign of King Yaksha Malla (1428 A.D. – 1482 A.D.) and was opened to the public around 1486 A.D., only after his demise. The exact date of construction of the Dattatreya temple is still obscure. This temple, according to popular belief, was constructed from a single piece of wood from one tree. At the entrance are two large sculptures of the Jaiput wrestlers, Jaimala and Pata (as in the Nyatapola Temple), a "Chakra", and a gilded metal statue of Garuda, a bird-like divinity. Around the temple are wood carved panels with erotic decorations. It was subsequently repaired and renovated by King Vishwa Malla in 1548 A.D. Artistic Windows

Just beside temple is a monastery (Math) with exquisitely carved peacock windows. These famous windows were carved during the reign of King Vishwa Malla. The monastery is full of artistic facades of latticed windows and engraved columns.

CHANGU NARAYAN

Main article: Changu Narayan Front face of Changu Narayan temple

Changu Narayan is an ancient Hindu
Hindu
temple located near the village of Changunarayan
Changunarayan
in the Kathmandu Valley on top of a hill at the eastern end of the valley. It is 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) to the north of Bhakathapur and 22 kilometres (14 mi) from Kathmandu. The temple is one of the oldest Hindu
Hindu
temples of the valley and is believed to have been constructed first in the 4th century. Changu Narayan is the name of Vishnu
Vishnu
, and the temple is dedicated to him. A stone slab discovered in the vicinity of the temple dates to the 5th century and is the oldest such stone inscription discovered in Nepal. It was rebuilt after the old temple was devastated. Many stone sculptures here date to the Licchavi period. Changu Narayan Temple
Temple
is listed by UNESCO
UNESCO
as a World Heritage Site.

The temple is a double-roofed structure where the idol of Lord Vishnu in his incarnation as Narayana is deified. The exquisitely built temple has intricate roof struts showing multi-armed Tantric deities. A kneeling image of Garuda (dated to the 5th century), the vahana or vehicle of Vishnu
Vishnu
with a snake around its neck, faces the temple. The gilded door depicts stone lions guarding the temple. Gilded windows also flank the door. A conch and a disc, symbols of Vishnu
Vishnu
, are carved on the two pillars at the entrance. Non-Hindus are not allowed inside the temple.

TA PUKHU (SIDDHA POKHARI)

Siddha Pokhari

Ta Pukhu (Siddha Pokhari) is a big rectangular water pond near the main city gate. It was built during the reign of King Yakshya Malla in the early 15th century and is associated with a number of myths. From this spot a wide range of snowy peaks are visible on clear days.

KAILASHNATH MAHADEV STATUE

Main article: Kailashnath Mahadev Statue

Kailashnath Mahadev is the World's Tallest Lord Shiva
Shiva
statue. The height of this statue is 143 feet high and is situated 20 km from Kathmandu, Nepal.The statues construction work was started in 2004 and was completed in 2012.The statue's inauguration took place on the 21st of June'12. This statue stands on the 32nd position in the list of all statues by height in the whole world. It has been made of copper, cement, zinc, and steel. To make this gigantic structure possible there were many professional workers and statue makers from India.

FESTIVALS

A street view in Bhaktapur.

Bhaktapur
Bhaktapur
is also known as the city of festivals and celebrations. The city celebrates festivals each month starting from new year festival to the Holi puni at the end of the year.

* Bisket Jatra (Biska Jatra - New year festival)

Lingo erected in Bisket Jatra,2015

This ancient annual festival of Bhaktapur
Bhaktapur
takes place at the New Year of the Bikram Sambat calendar. A few days before the New Year, usually at Chaitra 27 or Chaitra 28, if 31 days in month.., the goddess 'bhadrakali' and the god 'bhairab' are enshrined in their raths, or immense chariots,">

Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
*

Bhaktapur
Bhaktapur
Taumadhi square. *

Statue of King Bhupatindra Malla at Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
*

View of Taumadhi square *

Peacock Window *

Temple
Temple
of Nyatapola *

Woman drying rice *

Newari king curd (Juju Dhau) *

Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
*

Nyatapola Temple
Temple
*

Festival preparations

2015 AFTER 7.8 MAGNITUDES EARTHQUAKE PHOTO GALLERY

*

Waiting for renovation a Dhunge Dhara Stone Tap in Changunarayan Temple
Temple
*

After a massive earthquake in 2015 (7.8 magnitude) several parts of Changunarayan
Changunarayan
Temple
Temple
were damaged *

After a massive earthquake in 2015 (7.8 magnitude) the main door of Changunarayan
Changunarayan
Temple
Temple
were damaged part *

After a massive earthquake in 2015 (7.8 magnitude) around Changunarayan
Changunarayan
Temple
Temple
praying with Diyo light *

After a massive earthquake in 2015 (7.8 magnitude) several parts of Changunarayan
Changunarayan
Temple
Temple
were damaged a stone statu of Narayan lying down *

After a massive earthquake in 2015 (7.8 magnitude) several parts of Changunarayan
Changunarayan
Temple
Temple
were damaged from south side of temple *

After a massive earthquake in 2015 (7.8 magnitude) several parts of Changunarayan