Bhagalpur is a city of historical importance on the southern banks of
Ganges in the
Indian state of Bihar. It is the 3rd largest
Bihar and also the headquarters of
Bhagalpur district and
Bhagalpur division. Known as Silk City, it is a major educational,
commercial, and political centre, and listed for development under the
Smart City program, a joint venture between Government and industry.
The Gangetic plains surrounding the city are very fertile and the main
crops include rice, wheat, maize, barley, and oilseeds. The river is
home to the Gangetic dolphin, the National Aquatic Animal of India,
Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary
Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary is established near the
4 Smart City proposal
Garuda (greater adjutant)
8 Vikrasmshila Mahavidyalaya
Mandar Parvat (Hill)
10 Kuppa Ghat
11 Ajgaivinath Temple Sultanganj
12 Budhanath Temple
13 Shri Champapur Digamber Jain Temple
14 Khanqah e Shahbazia
18 Notable people from Bhagalpur
19 Adjacent boundaries
20 See also
22 External links
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Bhagalpur is etymologically derived from Bhagdatpuram
(meaning city of Good Luck), as it was called during the flourishing
period of the
Anga Kingdom. Bhagdatpuram, as per
texts, was the place where the gods (devtas) and demons (asuras)
churned the ocean to procure elixir (amrit). It is believed that the
serpent, Vasuki, offered to serve as the rope for the churning. An
impression of the coil is faintly visible on Mount Mandara, a granite
hill situated along the national highway between
Bhagalpur and Dumka.
It is believed that Panchjanya, the conch shell used in the
Mahabharata was discovered here in the "Shankh Kund". The
refer to this hill. It is said that
Vishnu covered the demon Madhu
under the hill after defeating him to death.
Kalidasa's Kumarasambhava refers to the foot marks of
Vishnu on the
slopes of Mount Mandara. The hill is replete with relics of bygone
ages. Apart from inscriptions and statues, there are numerous rock cut
sculptures depicting various images of
Hindu Gods. The hill is equally
revered by the
Jains who believe that their 12th
nirvana at the summit. The area around Mandara Hill is laced with a
landscape of extraordinary splendour. The 800 feet high granite hill
is a sight to see during daylight. It is a popular picnic spot for
people living in the area.
Vish-Hari Puja in Bhagalpur.
Bhagalpur can be found in
Hindu epics like the Ramayana
Bhagalpur has been described as the kingdom
of Anga. Ancient cave sculptures from Emperor Ashoka's reign, from 274
to 232 BC are found in the neighbourhood and at Sultangunj, 20 km
west of Bhagalpur, a temple from the Gupta period still exists in
Bhagalpur. The tomb of Suja, brother of Moghul emperor Aurangzeb, in
the heart of the town is reminiscent of the town's association with
the Mughal period.
The city was referred to as one of the largest trading centres in
India by the 7th century Chinese travellers
Xuanzang and Faxian. At
that time the city had a large harbour at Champanagar, now known as
Champanala on the
Ganges which flows through the western boundary of
the present city near Nathnagar. Many boats and coins of the Middle
Far East were collected during archaeological excavations carried
out during the 1970s.
The ruins of ancient
Mahavihara are located 44 km
east of Bhagalpur. The royal university ranks next to Nalanda, and
owes its origin to Dharmapala, the devout Pala king who called himself
Paramasaugata (chief worshipper of the Buddha) and was a great patron
Mahayana Buddhism. It was the medieval centre for the conservation
and propagation of Buddhist education, established at the end of the
Bhagalpur formed a part of the ancient Sanskrit kingdom of Anga, said
to be ruled by king
Mahabharata who was well known for his
charity. In later times it was included in the powerful
of Magadha, or Behar, and in the 7th century it was an independent
state, with the city of Champa as its capital. Afterwards it formed a
part of the Mohammedan Kingdom of Gaur, West Bengal, and was
subsequently subjugated by Akbar, who declared it to be a part of the
Bhagalpur passed to the East
India Company by the grant
of the emperor
Shah Alam II
Shah Alam II in 1765.
Bhagalpur was one of the most
important trade centres in
Bengal Presidency during the British rule
A notable event in 1989 were the clashes between
Muslims and Hindus
which left more than 1000 dead, mostly
Muslims 1989 Bhagalpur
violence. The violence was ignited after a
Hindu religious procession
came under bomb attack.
Over the next few weeks, organised mobs of thousands would burn over
250 villages down, and mass killings would take place across the
district. The 1995 Riots Inquiry Commission Report by Justices Ram
Chandra Prasad Sinha and S Shamsul Hasan blamed the administration,
the press and the police for disseminating false information in an
already communalised situation.
Bhagalpur has been associated with the silk industry for hundreds of
years, and famous all over
India for its
Tussar Silk & Bhagalpuri
Saree. Silkworms are employed to produce the renowned
Tussar Silk from
Tussar Saree is manufactured. The Silk Institute and
Agricultural University are located in the city. However, due to the
industrial revolution, large portions of the silk business, based on
the handloom were affected.
The thermal power plant at
NTPC Kahalgaon in
Kahalgaon falls under
Bhagalpur district. The largest industrial belt of the district is
Barari industrial Area, with
Kahalgaon industrial Area being equally
important. The Government of
India has established a
Hand-loom park. A
food park has been established by private entrepreneurs.
Bhagalpur College of Engineering
Bihar Agricultural University
Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and Hospital
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Bhagalpur
St. Joseph's School, Bhagalpur
Delhi Public School, Bhagalpur
Mount Assisi School
Mount Carmel School, Barari
Saint teresa school, Bhagalpur
D.A.V Public School, Bhagalpur
Smart City proposal
See also: Smart Cities Mission
This is an ambitious project which has no firm start date. The company
which drafted the proposal, Ecroys
India Private Limited, is keen to
start, but funds are slow in coming. The proposal focuses on a
19-point agenda. These include:
mobile and e-governance
better public transport system
de-congestion of roads and improved vehicular movement
facility for pedestrians
24/7 water supply
improved sewerage and drainage
door-to-door garbage collection
creation of a vending zone
Religions in Bhagalpur
Distribution of religions
†Includes Sikhs (0.04%), Buddhists (0.01%).
See also: List of cities in Bihar
As of the 2011
Bhagalpur town has a population of
410,210, while the district as a whole has a population of 3 million.
It is the 3rd largest city in
Bihar in terms of urban population.
Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%.
an average literacy rate of 81.16%, while the male literacy rate is
85.38% with women at 76.31%.
Dolphin Sanctuary is famous for Gangetic
dolphins, locally called as sonse. The
Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin
Sanctuary was established to protect the endangered Gangetic dolphins.
This is the only sanctuary in Asia for the conservation of Gangetic
Once found easily in Ganga, today only 1500 Gangetic dolphins are left
in the world. Half of them can be found at the
The sanctuary is a 50 km stretch of the river
Sultanganj to Kahalgaon. Gangetic dolphins are the major attraction of
Vikramshila is one of the few dolphin tourism spots in
India. Take the boat ride in the 50 km stretch of the Vikramshila
sanctuary and you will definitely come across several Gangetic
dolphins in the region. For dolphin sightings the best time to visit
Vikramshila Sanctuary is June and October. There is other wildlife at
the Vikramshila. several species of freshwater turtles, waterfowl,
otter and Gavialis gangeticus.
Garuda (greater adjutant)
World's Second Largest Rescue and Rehabilitation Area for
Bhagalpur. In Indian mythology,
Garuda is considered the vahana or
carrier of the god Vishnu. The mythical
Garuda is staging a comeback -
only this time in reality. Four years after these endangered birds of
the stork family started nesting and breeding in
their number has increased over sixfold - from 78 to over 500.
Worldwide its population is about 1200-1300. They live in only three
places; one is
Cambodia and other two are in India. In Cambodia, the
garuda population is about 150, in
Assam the garuda population is
about 650, and in the
Bhagalpur district (around Kadwa Diyara, a place
nearby Naugachia) the garuda population is about 500.
Loss of nesting habitat and feeding sites through drainage, pollution
and disturbance, together with hunting and egg collection, caused a
massive dip in the population of the species. First spotted the Garuda
birds nesting and breeding in 2007 on a silk cotton tree near a
village in the Ganga-Diara area in Bhagalpur. In May 2006, 42 birds
were seen by the Mandar Nature Club team for the first time. Prior to
this, the species had never been seen in
Bihar during its breeding
The garuda, biologically known as greater adjutant (Leptoptilos
dubius), is classified as endangered on the
IUCN Red List 2004 of
threatened species and listed under Schedule IV of the Indian Wildlife
(Protection) Act, 1972. This huge stork has a naked pink head, a very
thick yellow bill and a low-hanging neck pouch. The neck ruff is
white. The bird looks like a vulture. Other than the pale grey edge on
each wing, the rest of the greater adjutant's body is dark grey.
Juveniles have a narrower bill, thicker down on the head and neck, and
entirely dark wings. A
Garuda bird measures 145–150 cm (about
three feet) in length and four to five feet in height.
The Main stupa at the centre
Vikramashila Mahavidyalaya, 38 km from
Bhagalpur ranks next to
Nalanda and owes its origin to
Dharmapala (770-810 AD), the devout
Pala king who loved to call himself Paramasaugata (chief worshipper of
the Buddha)and was a great patron of
impressed by two things which prompted him to establish Vikramshila.
Firstly, the rocky hillock anchored around the confluence of Kosi and
Ganga at Vateshwarasthan was not only a scenic attraction but a
popular tantric site as evident from the presence of a Kali temple
(instead of Parvati's) in front of
Shiva temple, besides various other
caves and rock cut sculptures dating back to the 6th or 7th century
AD. Secondly, the place was associated with pilgrimage due to
Ganga which drew large crowds during Varsavardhana. Unlike
Nalanda, sources of information on
Vikramashila is confined to Tibetan
texts and they make us believe that
Dharmapala in his earlier birth
was an accomplished acharya, Kampilya, who had attained siddhi or
Mahayana mudra mysticism here and was determined to
build a monastery one day.
Mandar Parvat (Hill)
Mandar Parvat (Hill) is roughly 700 feet high. It is situated about 30
miles south of the
Bhagalpur town in Bihar. There is an eastern
railway line connecting
Bhagalpur with Mandar Hill. Mandar Hill
station is about three miles from Mandar Hill. There is also an all-
weather road that connects
Bhagalpur with Dumka.
Amrit Manthana or
Samudra manthan which suggests that the hill was
used by the gods to churn the ocean to procure amrit. The serpent,
Basukinaga offered to serve as the rope and has left behind an
impression of the coil on the granite hill. It is believed that
panchjanya, the conch shell used in
Mahabharat War, was discovered
here in the Sank kund.
The puranas refer to various sacred places on the hill which is also
believed to be the abode of
Vishnu under the title of Madhusudana or
the destroyer of a demon called Madhu who was killed by
then covered by the Mandar hill. Kalidasa's
Kumārasambhava refers to
foot prints of
Vishnu on the slopes of Mandar. Besides inscriptions
and statues, there are numerous rock cut sculptures depicting various
The hill is equally revered by the
Jains who believe that their 12th
Tirthankara attained nirvana here on the summit of the hill.
At the salvation place on Mandar Hill, a grand Jain Mandar Hill Temple
is erected. A pair of feet images (about 3000 years old) are installed
there. There is a place where Lord
Vasupujya attained Kevalgyan
(supernatural knowledge) near the place of salvation. Three pairs of
ancient feet images are installed here. Near the place of salvation, a
beautiful cave temple is viewable with a 5-foot-tall standing
The word 'Kuppa' means a tunnel or cave, and "Ghat" means place
located on a river-bank. Accordingly, there is a cave at Kuppaghat
which has been rendered famous and immortalised by Maharshi Mehi
Paramhans, the legendary exponent of Santmat.Kuppa
Ghat is a place
located on the banks of the holy river
Ganges at Bhagalpur, Bihar,
Maharshi Mehi Ashram, Kuppaghat,
Bhagalpur has, over the years,
grown into a sacred pilgrimage for millions of followers of Santmat
India and abroad. The auspicious occasions of the birth
Maharshi Mehi Paramhans
Maharshi Mehi Paramhans and Maharshi Santsevi
Paramhans, the successor of Maharshi Mehi, who also made this ashram
his main camp and residence, and
Guru Purnima the ashram draw lakhs of
devotees presenting a celebratory environment impregnated with piety.
Maharshi Mehi practised surat shabd yoga or the
Yoga of Inner Sound
for several months here in this cave and later constructed his ashram
also; several yogis or spiritual aspirants can still be seen
Yoga of Inner Light & Sound in this dark cave
completely insulated from the din & bustle and brightness of the
Maharshi Mehi Ashram blossomed under his dynamic leadership to become
the national headquarters of Akhil Bharatiya Santmat-Satsang. It has
an aesthetically laid out garden and orchard beautifully punctuated
with sculptures, paintings and quotes having spiritual significance
like a cottage showing Lord
Rama visiting great female devotee Shabri
and killing of Jatayu, the vulture, at the hands of the demon king
According to some unconfirmed accounts, Lord
Gautama Buddha is also
said to have lived in this cave in one of his previous births.
Maharshi Mehi Ashram, Kuppaghat,
Bhagalpur has, over the years, grown
into a sacred pilgrimage for millions of followers of Santmat from
India and abroad. The auspicious occasions of the birth anniversary of
Maharshi Mehi Paramhans
Maharshi Mehi Paramhans and Maharshi Santsevi Paramhans, the successor
of Maharshi Mehi, who also made this ashram his main camp and
Guru Purnima the ashram draw lakhs of devotees
presenting a celebratory environment impregnated with piety.
Ajgaivinath Temple Sultanganj
Ajgaivinath Temple is the one of the famous Indian
dedicated to Lord
Shiva situated in Sultanganj. It is believed that
the deity of the temple is Swayambhu.
Sultanganj is a place of great
antiquity. It has been traditionally associated with
Jahnu sage, whose
ashram was a centre of learning and culture. Muni Ashram
Jahnu in the
rock protruding into the bed of the Ganges. Now the site has
Shiva temple, also known as Gaibinath Mahadeo. The story
is that of the
Ganges on their way to the ocean in the Muni
hismeditation interrupted by the fever of its currents. The wise man
swallowed the river in one stroke.
Bhagiratha Muni intervened and once
again let her out by making an incision in the thigh. That is why the
Ganges also called Jahnavi.
Sultanganj traditionally been part of a large state Anga. On the Day
of the Mahabharata, Karna, the brother of the sixth five Pandavas,
ruled Anga. The capital of
Anga was Champa. This Champanagar Champa is
located three miles west of Bhagalpur. King
Karna had castles at
Champa (currently Champanagar) and Jahnugiri (modern Sultanganj).
Karna the castle site, is well known as
Karnagarh. Karnagarh is practically part of the town of Bhagalpur.
Spread over three acres Budhanath temple is located on the banks of
Ganga (flowing from south to north) River. Being one
of the oldest temples in the region, it witnesses influx of devotees
throughout the year. It is about twenty minutes from the main town.
Reference of Baba Budhanath can be found in
Shiva Purana as Baba Bal
Vridheshwarnath. Also, this name has been stated in the first segment
of the eighth segments of
Shiva Purana. The lingam of this place of
worship is self-incarnated nevertheless as to when it come into being
is still unknown. Idol of Ma Bhavani can be seen beside the Shivalinga
Shri Champapur Digamber Jain Temple
The tallest statue of Lord Vasupujya, Champapur
Champapur is an ancient and historic Teerth Kshetra of Jainsim.
Champapur is the place where all the five Kalyanaks i.e., Garbha,
Janam, Tapa, KevalGyan and Moksha Kalyanak of Bhagwan Vasupujya, the
12th Jain Teerthankar, have taken place. The Champapur was the capital
Anga Janpada’. The
Anga Janpada was one of the 52 Janapada
established by Adi Teerthankar Bhagwan Rishabh Deo. Champapur also
Mahajanapada among the six Mahajanapadas during the time of
The three Chaturmas of Bhagwan
Mahavira Swami during his Dikshakal,
religious propagation centre of Anga-Banga-Magadh-Vaishali, test of
modesty of Sati Subhadra and Anantmati, Aahardan to Bhagwan Mahaveer
Swami by Sati Chandan Bala have taken place in Champapur. Champapur is
also related to great stories of ‘origin of Harivansha,
Shripal-Mainasundari, Shri Dharma Ghosh Muni, King
Mahabharata, King Mudrak and great architect Vishvakarman’.
The main temple of Champapur Siddha Kshetra is quite ancient (about
2500 years). This temple being symbolic of ‘Panch Kalyanaka’ is
adorned with 5 altars, magnificent spire and 2 columns of fame. It is
said that there were 4 ‘Columns of Fame (Keerti Stambha)’ which
existed in four corners of the campus of the temple. Later on the 2
out of 4 were destroyed in the earthquake of year 1934 & repair
(Jirnoddhar) of other 2 columns was done in 1938. The ‘Columns of
Fame’ are about 2200 years ancient. In 2014, the tallest statue
Vasupujya was built and donated by Smt Sona Devi Sethi
Charitable Trust based at Dimapur, Nagaland. The statue is 31 feet in
height, and the stone for the statue was brought all the way from
Karnataka. The Panch Kalyanak Pratishtha Mahotsav of the statue was
done from 27 February 2014 to 3 March 2014. Hundreds of thousands of
Jain devotees from all across the world come and visit Champapur
throughout the year. This majestic addition to the Champapur Digambar
Jain Temple is attracting visitors from other beliefs as well.
Khanqah e Shahbazia
The world renowned Khanqah e Shahbazia is situated in Maulanachak
Bhagalpur railway station. Every Thursday there is a
mass congregation of people from all faiths to request spiritual
blessings. Visitors mainly come from the eastern part of
from neighbouring countries including Bangladesh. This mosque was
built by Mughal emperor
Aurangzeb and was often visited by the emperor
to get blessings from the Sufi shrine of Shahbaz Rahmuttallah. Shahbaz
Rahmuttallah was considered one of the sacred 40 Sufis who was sent to
spread the message of Allah to the masses. He is often considered
sacred as per Barelvi sect of Islam. Also water content of the inside
pond from this mosque has some medicinal benefits as per believer,
especially as a cure from snake bite. Also it is good to be stated
that Archaeological Survey of
India has found some valuable
manuscripts from the basement of this Khanqah dating back to the
Mughal era. The gaddinashin of this khanqah often guides local masses
on various issues and has a privilege of wide acceptance and spiritual
influence throughout the area. He has a special privilege that he will
never be booked in any case as per the law of land.[clarification
Vikramshila setu, Bhagalpur
Bhagalpur city has approximately 200 km of roads. The transport
system is good with, Auto, Taxi and cycle rickshaw easily available.
In the city area around 10,000 autos, 500 private taxis and 200 buses
are on the road.
Bhagalpur is well connected to major cties of Patna,
Kolkata, Ranchi, Jamshedpur, Munger, Gaya...etc. by various National
Highway and State Highways.
Bhagalpur Railway Junction at night
Bhagalpur Junction railway station is situated on the Khana- Quil loop
line which serves
Bhagalpur with numerous trains. It is the 3rd
busiest line in Bihar. About 40 pair Express and 10 pair passenger
train go from this line.
Bhagalpur Junction is A1 grade Railway
station. It is the Highest revenue earner in the Malda Rail Division
and third major railway station of Eastern Railway after
Bhagalpur is well connected with Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata,
Hyderabad, Bangalore, Ajmer, Kanpur, Patna, Guwahati, Surat, and
Munger and other cities. In the Rail Budget of 2008,
upgraded as a Railway Division. New rail lines are under construction,
Sultanganj to Deoghar,
Bhagalpur to Dumka, Bhagalpur-
Hanshdiya, and Banka to Deoghar. It is also the originating station
for many superfast and express trains. The number of platform was
increased from 3 to 6.
Climate data for
Bhagalpur City (Avg. High-Low - 2000-2012) (Record
High-Low - 2015)
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Print media include the
Hindi Dainik Jagran, Dainik Bhaskar, Aaj,
Hindustan ( under
Hindustan Times ) and Prabhat Khabar,, while English
Times Of India, The Telegraph and
Hindustan Times are also available.
Broadcast media include All
India Radio (Frequency 1458 kHz,
1206 kHz) 90.4 FM Radio Active (Bhagalpur), and AIR FM Rainbow
India 100.1.M,sadhna plus news channel
Telecommunications services include BSNL, Airtel, Aircel, Reliance,
Vodafone, Idea, Reliance Communications, Uninor, Reliance India
Jyo-fi Broadband Services (9430212648),
Sify are providing
broadband services in this region.
Notable people from Bhagalpur
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Ashwini Kumar Choubey
Ashwini Kumar Choubey
BJP politician. Ex health minister of Bihar.
Ashok Kumar, a
Hindi Indian movie actor.
Anand Mohan Sahay General Secretary in INA with Netaji. Ambassador in
seven different Countries.
Tilka Manjhi First Santhal freedom fighter.
Kadambini, daughter of Braja Kishore Bose, headmaster of Bhagalpur
School, was India's one of the first women graduates and Doctor from
Suchitra Bhattacharya, acclaimed Indian novelist was born in Bhagalpur
on 10 January 1950.
Ashis Nandy is an Indian political psychologist, a social theorist,
and a contemporary cultural and political critic.
Pritish Nandy, a poet, painter, journalist, politician, television
personality, animal activist and film producer.
Neha Sharma, a
Hindi & South-Indian movie actress.
Nandalal Bose- artist
Dibyendu Palit - Bengali writer
Alexander Dow-died at
Bhagalpur was an orientalist, writer, playwright
and army officer in the East
Ajit Pal Mangat - Indian film director
Balai Chand Mukhopadhyay, pen name Banaphool, Bengali writer.
Rabindra Kumar Rana
Syed Shahnawaz Hussain-
Bhagwat Jha Azad - former Chief minister of Bihar
Ramjee Singh-book edited -Gandhi's centenary number, T.N.B . college,
Bhagalpur University, 1970
Sujata Choudhary- Bestseller
B. J. Choubey-professor in the
Gurmeet Choudhary is an Indian television actor, model and dancer.
Saratchandra Chattopadhyay famous Bengali novelist. The novel Srikanth
is based on Bhagalpur.
Tapan Sinha film director
Sanjay Jha CEO of GlobalFoundries.
Places adjacent to Bhagalpur
^ a b "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above"
(PDF). Office of the Registrar General &
India. Retrieved 12 May 2014.
^ "Geographic coordinates of Bhagalpur, India. Latitude, longitude,
and elevation above sea level of Bhagalpur". Dateandtime.info.
^ "River dolphin crowned India's aquatic animals : Latest
Headlines, News -
India Today". Indiatoday.intoday.in. 2009-10-06.
Census 2011. Retrieved 8 July
Bhagalpur City Population
Census 2011 Bihar". Census2011.co.in.
Dolphin Sanctuary". CNNIBN News.
^ "Garuda's population now 500 in Bhagalpur,Bihar". Zee News.
^ "Rescue and Rehabilitation centre was opened in Bhagalpur". Prabhat
^ "World's third nestling spot for the 'Leptoptilos dubius'
"Garuda"species is in Bhagalpur,Bihar". theweekendleader.
Mandar Parvat or Mandar Hill or Samudra manthan". Hill Telmple
Blog. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
Bhagalpur Tourism, Travel and Tourism in
Bhagalpur city, Bihar".
Bhagalpuronline.in. Retrieved 2016-05-07.
^ "Jain Temple Nathnagar, Bhagalpur". jainteerth.
^ "Shri Champapur Digamber Jain, Bhagalpur". jain.
^ "Story". Epaper.jagran.com. 2015-07-27. Retrieved 2016-05-07.
^ "An Indian by accident". timesofindia.com. 2015-08-14. Retrieved
Neha Sharma Actresses". Koimoi.com. 2014-06-20. Retrieved
^ "Godda(Jharkhand) Lok Sabha Election Results 2014 with Sitting MP
and Party Name". Elections.in. Retrieved 2016-05-07.
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