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Beyoncé
Beyoncé
Giselle Knowles-Carter (/biːˈjɒnseɪ/; born September 4, 1981)[2][3][4] is an American singer, songwriter and actress. Born and raised in Houston, Texas, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
performed in various singing and dancing competitions as a child. Beyoncé
Beyoncé
rose to fame in the late 1990s as lead singer of the R&B girl-group Destiny's Child. Managed by her father, Mathew Knowles, the group became one of the world's best-selling girl groups in history. Their hiatus saw Beyoncé's theatrical film debut in Austin Powers in Goldmember
Austin Powers in Goldmember
(2002) and the release of her debut album, Dangerously in Love
Dangerously in Love
(2003). The album established her as a solo artist worldwide, earned five Grammy Awards, and featured the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
number one singles "Crazy in Love" and "Baby Boy". Following the break-up of Destiny's Child
Destiny's Child
in 2006, she released her second solo album, B'Day (2006), which contained the top ten singles "Déjà Vu", "Irreplaceable", and "Beautiful Liar". Beyoncé
Beyoncé
also continued her acting career, with starring roles in The Pink Panther (2006), Dreamgirls
Dreamgirls
(2006), and Obsessed (2009). Her marriage to rapper Jay-Z
Jay-Z
and portrayal of Etta James
Etta James
in Cadillac Records
Cadillac Records
(2008) influenced her third album, I Am... Sasha Fierce
I Am... Sasha Fierce
(2008), which saw the introduction of her alter-ego Sasha Fierce and earned a record-setting six Grammy Awards in 2010, including Song of the Year for "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)". Beyoncé
Beyoncé
took a hiatus from music in 2010 and took over management of her career; her fourth album 4 (2011) was subsequently mellower in tone, exploring 1970s funk, 1980s pop, and 1990s soul.[5] Her critically acclaimed fifth album, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
(2013), was distinguished from previous releases by its experimental production and exploration of darker themes. Her sixth album, Lemonade (2016), also received widespread critical acclaim, and subsequently became the best-selling album of 2016.[6] Throughout her career, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
has sold 100 million records worldwide,[7] making her one of the world's best-selling music artists.[8][9] She has won 22 Grammy Awards and is the most nominated woman in the award's history. She is also the most awarded artist at the MTV
MTV
Video Music Awards, with 24 wins.[10][11] The Recording Industry Association of America recognized Beyoncé
Beyoncé
as the Top Certified Artist in America, during the 2000s decade.[12][13] In 2009, Billboard named her the Top Radio Songs Artist of the Decade, the Top Female Artist of the 2000s decade, and awarded her their Millennium Award in 2011.[17] In 2014, she became the highest-paid black musician in history and was listed among Time's 100 most influential people in the world for a second year in a row.[18] Forbes
Forbes
ranked her as the most powerful female in entertainment on their 2015 and 2017 lists,[19][20] and in 2016 she occupied the sixth place for Time's Person of the Year.[21]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 1997–2002: Destiny's Child 2.2 2003–2007: Dangerously in Love
Dangerously in Love
and B'Day 2.3 2008–2010: I Am... Sasha Fierce
I Am... Sasha Fierce
and films 2.4 2011–2015: 4 and Beyoncé 2.5 2016–2017: Lemonade and collaborations 2.6 2018–present: On the Run II and upcoming seventh studio album

3 Artistry

3.1 Voice and songwriting 3.2 Influences 3.3 Music videos and stage 3.4 Alter ego

4 Public image 5 Personal life

5.1 Marriage and children 5.2 Activism 5.3 Wealth

6 Influence 7 Achievements 8 Business and ventures

8.1 Endorsements 8.2 Fashion lines 8.3 Philanthropy

9 Discography 10 Filmography 11 Tours and residency shows

11.1 Headlining tours 11.2 Co-headlining tours 11.3 Residency shows

12 See also 13 Notes 14 References 15 External links

Early life Beyoncé
Beyoncé
Giselle Knowles was born in Houston, Texas, to Celestine "Tina" Knowles (née Beyincé), a hairdresser and salon owner, and Mathew Knowles, a Xerox
Xerox
sales manager.[22] Beyoncé's name is a tribute to her mother's maiden name.[23] Beyoncé's younger sister Solange is also a singer and a former back up dancer for Destiny's Child. Solange and Beyoncé
Beyoncé
are the first sisters to have both had No. 1 albums.[24] Mathew is African American, while Tina is of Louisiana Creole descent (African, Native American, and French).[23][25][26][27] Through her mother, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
is a descendant of Acadian leader Joseph Broussard.[25] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
attended St. Mary's Montessori School in Houston, where she enrolled in dance classes. Her singing talent was discovered when dance instructor Darlette Johnson began humming a song and she finished it, able to hit the high-pitched notes.[28] Beyoncé's interest in music and performing continued after winning a school talent show at age seven, singing John Lennon's "Imagine" to beat 15/16-year-olds.[29][30] In fall of 1990, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
enrolled in Parker Elementary School, a music magnet school in Houston, where she would perform with the school's choir.[31] She also attended the High School for the Performing and Visual Arts[32] and later Alief Elsik High School.[23][33] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
was also a member of the choir at St. John's United Methodist Church as a soloist for two years.[34] When Beyoncé
Beyoncé
was eight, she and childhood friend Kelly Rowland
Kelly Rowland
met LaTavia Roberson while in an audition for an all-girl entertainment group.[35] They were placed into a group called Girl's Tyme
Girl's Tyme
with three other girls, and rapped and danced on the talent show circuit in Houston.[36] After seeing the group, R&B producer Arne Frager brought them to his Northern California
Northern California
studio and placed them in Star Search, the largest talent show on national TV at the time. Girl's Tyme failed to win, and Beyoncé
Beyoncé
later said the song they performed was not good.[37][38] In 1995 Beyoncé's father resigned from his job to manage the group.[39] The move reduced Beyoncé's family's income by half, and her parents were forced to move into separated apartments.[23] Mathew cut the original line-up to four and the group continued performing as an opening act for other established R&B girl groups.[35] The girls auditioned before record labels and were finally signed to Elektra Records, moving to Atlanta Records briefly to work on their first recording, only to be cut by the company.[23] This put further strain on the family, and Beyoncé's parents separated. On October 5, 1995, Dwayne Wiggins's Grass Roots Entertainment signed the group. In 1996, the girls began recording their debut album under an agreement with Sony Music, the Knowles family reunited, and shortly after, the group got a contract with Columbia Records.[29] Career 1997–2002: Destiny's Child Main article: Destiny's Child The group changed their name to Destiny's Child
Destiny's Child
in 1996, based upon a passage in the Book
Book
of Isaiah.[40] In 1997, Destiny's Child
Destiny's Child
released their major label debut song "Killing Time" on the soundtrack to the 1997 film, Men in Black.[38] The following year, the group released their self-titled debut album,[37] scoring their first major hit "No, No, No". The album established the group as a viable act in the music industry, with moderate sales and winning the group three Soul Train Lady of Soul Awards for Best R&B/Soul Album of the Year, Best R&B/Soul or Rap New Artist, and Best R&B/Soul Single for "No, No, No". The group released their Multi-Platinum second album The Writing's on the Wall in 1999. The record features some of the group's most widely known songs such as "Bills, Bills, Bills", the group's first number-one single, "Jumpin' Jumpin'" and "Say My Name", which became their most successful song at the time, and would remain one of their signature songs. "Say My Name" won the Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals and the Best R&B Song at the 43rd Annual Grammy Awards.[35] The Writing's on the Wall
The Writing's on the Wall
sold more than eight million copies worldwide.[37] During this time, Beyoncé recorded a duet with Marc Nelson, an original member of Boyz II Men, on the song "After All Is Said and Done" for the soundtrack to the 1999 film, The Best Man.[41] LeToya Luckett
LeToya Luckett
and Roberson became unhappy with Mathew's managing of the band and eventually were replaced by Farrah Franklin and Michelle Williams.[35] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
experienced depression following the split with Luckett and Roberson after being publicly blamed by the media, critics, and blogs for its cause.[42] Her long-standing boyfriend left her at this time.[43] The depression was so severe it lasted for a couple of years, during which she occasionally kept herself in her bedroom for days and refused to eat anything.[44] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
stated that she struggled to speak about her depression because Destiny's Child had just won their first Grammy Award, and she feared no one would take her seriously.[45] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
would later speak of her mother as the person who helped her fight it.[44] Franklin was then dismissed, leaving just Beyoncé, Rowland, and Williams.[46] The remaining band members recorded " Independent Women
Independent Women
Part I", which appeared on the soundtrack to the 2000 film Charlie's Angels. It became their best-charting single, topping the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart for eleven consecutive weeks.[35] In early 2001, while Destiny's Child was completing their third album, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
landed a major role in the MTV
MTV
made-for-television film, Carmen: A Hip Hopera, starring alongside American actor Mekhi Phifer. Set in Philadelphia, the film is a modern interpretation of the 19th-century opera Carmen
Carmen
by French composer Georges Bizet.[47] When the third album Survivor was released in May 2001, Luckett and Roberson filed a lawsuit claiming that the songs were aimed at them.[35] The album debuted at number one on the U.S. Billboard 200, with first-week sales of 663,000 copies sold.[48] The album spawned other number-one hits, "Bootylicious" and the title track, "Survivor", the latter of which earned the group a Grammy Award for Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals.[49] After releasing their holiday album 8 Days of Christmas
8 Days of Christmas
in October 2001, the group announced a hiatus to further pursue solo careers.[35] In July 2002, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
continued her acting career playing Foxxy Cleopatra alongside Mike Myers in the comedy film Austin Powers in Goldmember,[50] which spent its first weekend atop the US box office and grossed $73 million.[51] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
released "Work It Out" as the lead single from its soundtrack album which entered the top ten in the UK, Norway, and Belgium.[52] In 2003, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
starred opposite Cuba Gooding, Jr., in the musical comedy The Fighting Temptations
The Fighting Temptations
as Lilly, a single mother with whom Gooding's character falls in love.[53] The film received mixed reviews from critics but grossed $30 million in the U.S.[54][55] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
released "Fighting Temptation" as the lead single from the film's soundtrack album, with Missy Elliott, MC Lyte, and Free which was also used to promote the film.[56] Another of Beyoncé's contributions to the soundtrack, "Summertime", fared better on the US charts.[57] 2003–2007: Dangerously in Love
Dangerously in Love
and B'Day

Beyoncé
Beyoncé
performing "Baby Boy", which spent nine consecutive weeks at number one on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
chart[58]

Beyoncé's first solo recording was a feature on Jay-Z's "'03 Bonnie & Clyde" that was released in October 2002, peaking at number four on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
chart.[59] Her first solo album Dangerously in Love
Dangerously in Love
was released on June 24, 2003, after Michelle Williams and Kelly Rowland
Kelly Rowland
had released their solo efforts.[60] The album sold 317,000 copies in its first week, debuted atop the Billboard 200,[61] and has since sold 11 million copies worldwide.[62] The album's lead single, "Crazy in Love", featuring Jay-Z, became Beyoncé's first number-one single as a solo artist in the US.[63] The single "Baby Boy" also reached number one,[58] and singles, "Me, Myself and I" and "Naughty Girl", both reached the top-five.[64] The album earned Beyoncé
Beyoncé
a then record-tying five awards at the 46th Annual Grammy Awards; Best Contemporary R&B Album, Best Female R&B Vocal Performance for " Dangerously in Love
Dangerously in Love
2", Best R&B Song and Best Rap/Sung Collaboration for "Crazy in Love", and Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals for "The Closer I Get to You" with Luther Vandross.[65]

Beyoncé
Beyoncé
performing "Listen" from the motion picture Dreamgirls
Dreamgirls
during The Beyoncé Experience
The Beyoncé Experience
tour. She received a Golden Globe nomination for her performance as Deena Jones in the film.

In November 2003, she embarked on the Dangerously in Love
Dangerously in Love
Tour in Europe and later toured alongside Missy Elliott
Missy Elliott
and Alicia Keys
Alicia Keys
for the Verizon Ladies First Tour
Verizon Ladies First Tour
in North America.[66] On February 1, 2004, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
performed the American national anthem
American national anthem
at Super Bowl XXXVIII, at the Reliant Stadium
Reliant Stadium
in Houston, Texas.[67] After the release of Dangerously in Love, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
had planned to produce a follow-up album using several of the left-over tracks. However, this was put on hold so she could concentrate on recording Destiny Fulfilled, the final studio album by Destiny's Child.[68] Released on November 15, 2004, in the US[69] and peaking at number two on the Billboard 200,[70][71] Destiny Fulfilled
Destiny Fulfilled
included the singles "Lose My Breath" and "Soldier", which reached the top five on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.[72] Destiny's Child
Destiny's Child
embarked on a worldwide concert tour, Destiny Fulfilled... and Lovin' It and during the last stop of their European tour, in Barcelona
Barcelona
on June 11, 2005, Rowland announced that Destiny's Child
Destiny's Child
would disband following the North American leg of the tour.[73] The group released their first compilation album Number 1's on October 25, 2005, in the US[74] and accepted a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame
in March 2006.[75] The group has sold 60 million records worldwide.[76][77] Beyoncé's second solo album B'Day was released on September 4, 2006, in the US, to coincide with her twenty-fifth birthday.[78] It sold 541,000 copies in its first week and debuted atop the Billboard 200, becoming Beyoncé's second consecutive number-one album in the United States.[79] The album's lead single "Déjà Vu", featuring Jay-Z, reached the top five on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
chart.[64] The second international single "Irreplaceable" was a commercial success worldwide, reaching number one in Australia, Hungary, Ireland, New Zealand and the United States.[64][80] B'Day also produced three other singles; "Ring the Alarm",[81] "Get Me Bodied",[82] and "Green Light" (released in the United Kingdom only).[83] Her first acting role of 2006 was in the comedy film The Pink Panther starring opposite Steve Martin,[84] grossing $158.8 million at the box office worldwide.[85] Her second film Dreamgirls, the film version of the 1981 Broadway musical[86] loosely based on The Supremes, received acclaim from critics and grossed $154 million internationally.[87][88][89] In it, she starred opposite Jennifer Hudson, Jamie Foxx, and Eddie Murphy
Eddie Murphy
playing a pop singer based on Diana Ross.[90] To promote the film, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
released "Listen" as the lead single from the soundtrack album.[91] In April 2007, Beyoncé embarked on The Beyoncé
Beyoncé
Experience, her first worldwide concert tour, visiting 97 venues[92] and grossed over $24 million.[note 1] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
conducted pre-concert food donation drives during six major stops in conjunction with her pastor at St. John's and America's Second Harvest. At the same time, B'Day was re-released with five additional songs, including her duet with Shakira
Shakira
"Beautiful Liar".[94]

2008–2010: I Am... Sasha Fierce
I Am... Sasha Fierce
and films

Beyoncé
Beyoncé
performing "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" during the I Am... World Tour. The song reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100, earned the Grammy Award for Song of the Year
Grammy Award for Song of the Year
and spawned the Internet's first major dance craze.

On April 4, 2008, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
married Jay-Z.[95] She publicly revealed their marriage in a video montage at the listening party for her third studio album, I Am... Sasha Fierce, in Manhattan's Sony Club on October 22, 2008.[96] I Am... Sasha Fierce
I Am... Sasha Fierce
was released on November 18, 2008, in the United States.[97] The album formally introduces Beyoncé's alter ego Sasha Fierce, conceived during the making of her 2003 single "Crazy in Love". It was met with generally mediocre reviews from critics,[98] but sold 482,000 copies in its first week, debuting atop the Billboard 200, and giving Beyoncé
Beyoncé
her third consecutive number-one album in the US.[99] The album featured the number-one song "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)"[100] and the top-five songs "If I Were a Boy" and "Halo".[64][101] Achieving the accomplishment of becoming her longest-running Hot 100 single in her career,[102] "Halo"'s success in the US helped Beyoncé
Beyoncé
attain more top-ten singles on the list than any other woman during the 2000s.[103] It also included the successful "Sweet Dreams",[104] and singles "Diva", "Ego", "Broken-Hearted Girl" and "Video Phone". The music video for "Single Ladies" has been parodied and imitated around the world, spawning the "first major dance craze" of the Internet age according to the Toronto Star.[105] The video has won several awards, including Best Video at the 2009 MTV
MTV
Europe Music Awards,[106] the 2009 Scottish MOBO Awards,[107] and the 2009 BET
BET
Awards.[108] At the 2009 MTV
MTV
Video Music Awards, the video was nominated for nine awards, ultimately winning three including Video of the Year.[109] Its failure to win the Best Female Video category, which went to American country pop singer Taylor Swift's "You Belong with Me", led to Kanye West interrupting the ceremony and Beyoncé
Beyoncé
improvising a re-presentation of Swift's award during her own acceptance speech.[109] In March 2009, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
embarked on the I Am... World Tour, her second headlining worldwide concert tour, consisting of 108 shows, grossing $119.5 million.[110] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
further expanded her acting career, starring as blues singer Etta James
Etta James
in the 2008 musical biopic Cadillac Records. Her performance in the film received praise from critics,[111] and she garnered several nominations for her portrayal of James, including a Satellite Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress, and a NAACP Image Award nomination for Outstanding Supporting Actress.[112][113] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
donated her entire salary from the film to Phoenix House, an organization of rehabilitation centers for heroin addicts around the country.[114] On January 20, 2009, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
performed James' "At Last" at First Couple Barack and Michelle Obama's first inaugural ball.[115] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
starred opposite Ali Larter
Ali Larter
and Idris Elba
Idris Elba
in the thriller, Obsessed. She played Sharon Charles, a mother and wife whose family is threatened by her husband's stalker. Although the film received negative reviews from critics,[116] the movie did well at the US box office, grossing $68 million—$60 million more than Cadillac Records[117]—on a budget of $20 million.[118] The fight scene finale between Sharon and the character played by Ali Larter
Ali Larter
also won the 2010 MTV
MTV
Movie Award for Best Fight.[119] At the 52nd Annual Grammy Awards, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
received ten nominations, including Album of the Year for I Am... Sasha Fierce, Record of the Year for "Halo", and Song of the Year for "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)", among others.[120] She tied with Lauryn Hill
Lauryn Hill
for most Grammy nominations in a single year by a female artist.[121] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
went on to win six of those nominations, breaking a record she previously tied in 2004 for the most Grammy awards won in a single night by a female artist with six. In 2010, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
was featured on Lady Gaga's single "Telephone" and appeared in its music video.[122][123] The song topped the US Pop Songs chart, becoming the sixth number-one for both Beyoncé
Beyoncé
and Gaga, tying them with Mariah Carey
Mariah Carey
for most number-ones since the Nielsen Top 40 airplay chart launched in 1992.[124] "Telephone" received a Grammy Award
Grammy Award
nomination for Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals.[125] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
announced a hiatus from her music career in January 2010, heeding her mother's advice, "to live life, to be inspired by things again".[126][127] During the break she and her father parted ways as business partners.[128][129] Beyoncé's musical break lasted nine months and saw her visit multiple European cities, the Great Wall of China, the Egyptian pyramids, Australia, English music festivals and various museums and ballet performances.[126][130] 2011–2015: 4 and Beyoncé

Beyoncé's sound became mellower with 2011's 4 which focused on traditional R&B styles. She performed the album during her 4 Intimate Nights with Beyoncé
Beyoncé
residency show in August 2011

On June 26, 2011, she became the first solo female artist to headline the main Pyramid stage at the 2011 Glastonbury Festival in over twenty years.[131][132] Her fourth studio album 4 was released two days later in the US.[133] 4 sold 310,000 copies in its first week and debuted atop the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
chart, giving Beyoncé
Beyoncé
her fourth consecutive number-one album in the US. The album was preceded by two of its singles "Run the World (Girls)" and "Best Thing I Never Had".[64][122][134] The fourth single " Love
Love
on Top" spent seven consecutive weeks at number one on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart, while peaking at number 20 on the Billboard Hot 100, the highest peak from the album.[135] 4 also produced four other singles; "Party", "Countdown", "I Care" and "End of Time". "Eat, Play, Love", a cover story written by Beyoncé
Beyoncé
for Essence that detailed her 2010 career break, won her a writing award from the New York Association of Black Journalists.[136] In late 2011, she took the stage at New York's Roseland Ballroom
Roseland Ballroom
for four nights of special performances:[137] the 4 Intimate Nights with Beyoncé
Beyoncé
concerts saw the performance of her 4 album to a standing room only.[137] On August 1, 2011, the album was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), having shipped 1 million copies to retail stores.[138] By December 2015, it reached sales of 1.5 million copies in the US.[139] The album reached one billion Spotify
Spotify
streams on February 5, 2018, making Beyoncé
Beyoncé
the first female artist to have three of their albums surpass one billion streams on the platform.[140] On January 7, 2012, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
gave birth to her first child, a daughter, Blue Ivy Carter, at Lenox Hill Hospital
Lenox Hill Hospital
in New York.[141] Five months later, she performed for four nights at Revel Atlantic City's Ovation Hall to celebrate the resort's opening, her first performances since giving birth to Blue Ivy.[142][143] In January 2013, Destiny's Child
Destiny's Child
released Love
Love
Songs, a compilation album of the romance-themed songs from their previous albums and a newly recorded track, "Nuclear".[144] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
performed the American national anthem singing along with a pre-recorded track at President Obama's second inauguration in Washington, D.C.[145][146] The following month, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
performed at the Super Bowl XLVII halftime show, held at the Mercedes-Benz Superdome
Mercedes-Benz Superdome
in New Orleans.[147] The performance stands as the second most tweeted about moment in history at 268,000 tweets per minute.[148] At the 55th Annual Grammy Awards, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
won for Best Traditional R&B Performance for " Love
Love
on Top".[149] Her feature-length documentary film, Life Is But a Dream, first aired on HBO
HBO
on February 16, 2013.[150] The film was co-directed by Beyoncé
Beyoncé
herself.[151]

Beyoncé
Beyoncé
performing during The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour
The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour
in 2013. The tour is one of the highest grossing tours of the decade.

Beyoncé
Beyoncé
embarked on The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour
The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour
on April 15 in Belgrade, Serbia; the tour included 132 dates that ran through to March 2014. It became the most successful tour of her career and one of the most successful tours of all time.[152] In May, Beyoncé's cover of Amy Winehouse's "Back to Black" with André 3000
André 3000
on The Great Gatsby soundtrack was released.[153] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
voiced Queen Tara in the 3D CGI animated film, Epic, released by 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
on May 24,[154] and recorded an original song for the film, "Rise Up", co-written with Sia.[155] On December 13, 2013, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
unexpectedly released her eponymous fifth studio album on the iTunes Store without any prior announcement or promotion. The album debuted atop the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
chart, giving Beyoncé
Beyoncé
her fifth consecutive number-one album in the US.[156] This made her the first woman in the chart's history to have her first five studio albums debut at number one.[157] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
received critical acclaim[158] and commercial success, selling one million digital copies worldwide in six days;[159] Musically an electro-R&B album, it concerns darker themes previously unexplored in her work, such as "bulimia, postnatal depression [and] the fears and insecurities of marriage and motherhood".[160] The single "Drunk in Love", featuring Jay-Z, peaked at number two on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
chart.[161] In April 2014, after much speculation,[162] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
and Jay-Z
Jay-Z
officially announced their On the Run Tour. It served as the couple's first co-headlining stadium tour together.[163] On August 24, 2014, she received the Video Vanguard Award at the 2014 MTV
MTV
Video Music Awards. Beyoncé
Beyoncé
also won home three competitive awards: Best Video with a Social Message and Best Cinematography for "Pretty Hurts", as well as best collaboration for "Drunk in Love".[164] In November, Forbes reported that Beyoncé
Beyoncé
was the top-earning woman in music for the second year in a row—earning $115 million in the year, more than double her earnings in 2013.[165] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
was reissued with new material in three forms: as an extended play, a box set, as well as a full platinum edition. According to the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI), in the last 19 days of 2013, the album sold 2.3 million units worldwide, becoming the tenth best-selling album of 2013.[166] The album also went on to become the twentieth best-selling album of 2014.[167] As of November 2014, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
has sold over 5 million copies worldwide and has generated over 1 billion streams, as of March 2015.[168] At the 57th Annual Grammy Awards
57th Annual Grammy Awards
in February 2015, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
was nominated for six awards, ultimately winning three: Best R&B Performance and Best R&B Song for "Drunk in Love", and Best Surround Sound Album for Beyoncé.[169] She was nominated for Album of the Year, but the award went to Beck
Beck
for his album Morning Phase.[170] 2016–2017: Lemonade and collaborations

Beyoncé
Beyoncé
performing during The Formation World Tour
The Formation World Tour
in 2016

On February 6, 2016, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
released "Formation" and its accompanying music video exclusively on the music streaming platform Tidal; the song was made available to download for free.[171] She performed "Formation" live for the first time during the NFL Super Bowl 50 halftime show. The appearance was considered controversial as it appeared to reference the 50th anniversary of the Black Panther Party and the NFL forbids political statements in its performances.[172][173][174] Immediately following the performance, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
announced The Formation World Tour, which highlighted stops in both North America, and Europe.[175][176] It ended on October 7, with Beyoncé
Beyoncé
bringing out her husband Jay-Z, Kendrick Lamar, and Serena Williams
Serena Williams
for the last show.[177] The tour went on to win "Tour of the Year" at the 44th American Music Awards.[178] On April 16, 2016, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
released a teaser clip for a project called Lemonade. It turned out to be a one-hour film which aired on HBO
HBO
exactly a week later; a corresponding album with the same title was released on the same day exclusively on Tidal.[179] Lemonade debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200, making Beyoncé
Beyoncé
the first act in Billboard history to have their first six studio albums debut atop the chart; she broke a record previously tied with DMX in 2013.[180] With all 12 tracks of Lemonade debuting on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
also became the first female act to chart 12 or more songs at the same time.[181] Additionally, Lemonade was streamed 115 million times through Tidal, setting a record for the most-streamed album in a single week by a female artist in history.[182] It was 2016's third highest-selling album in the US with 1.554 million copies sold in that time period within the country[183] as well as the best-selling album worldwide with global sales of 2.5 million throughout the year.[6] Lemonade became her most critically acclaimed work to date, receiving universal acclaim according to Metacritic, a website collecting reviews from professional music critics.[184] Several music publications included the album among the best of 2016, including Rolling Stone, which listed Lemonade at number one.[185] The album's visuals were nominated in 11 categories at the 2016 MTV
MTV
Video Music Awards, the most ever received by Beyoncé
Beyoncé
in a single year, and went on to win 8 awards, including Video of the Year for "Formation".[186][187] The eight wins made Beyoncé
Beyoncé
the most awarded artist in the history of the VMAs (24), surpassing Madonna (20).[188] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
occupied the sixth place for Time magazine's 2016 Person of the Year.[189] In January 2017, it was announced that Beyoncé
Beyoncé
would headline the Coachella Music and Arts Festival. This would make Beyoncé
Beyoncé
only the second female headliner of the festival since it was founded in 1999.[190] It was later announced on February 23, 2017 that Beyoncé would no longer be able to perform at the festival due to doctor's concerns regarding her pregnancy. The festival owners announced that she will instead headline the 2018 festival.[191] Upon the announcement of Beyoncé's departure from the festival lineup, ticket prices dropped by 12%.[192] At the 59th Grammy Awards in February 2017, Lemonade led the nominations with nine, including Album, Record, and Song of the Year for Lemonade and "Formation" respectively.[193] and ultimately won two, Best Urban Contemporary Album for Lemonade and Best Music Video for "Formation".[194] Adele, upon winning her Grammy for Album of the Year, stated Lemonade was monumental and more deserving.[195] On June 13, 2017, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
gave birth to twins Rumi and Sir Carter at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center
Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center
in Los Angeles, California.[196] In September 2017, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
collaborated with J Balvin
J Balvin
and Willy William, to release a remix of the song "Mi Gente". Beyoncé
Beyoncé
donated all proceeds from the song to hurricane charities for those affected by Hurricane Harvey and Hurricane Irma in Texas, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and other Caribbean Islands.[197] On November 1, 2017, it was confirmed that Beyoncé
Beyoncé
would voice Nala in Jon Favreau's The Lion King, which is expected to be released on July 19, 2019.[198] On November 10, Eminem
Eminem
released "Walk on Water" featuring Beyoncé
Beyoncé
as the lead single from his album Revival. On November 30, Ed Sheeran
Ed Sheeran
announced that Beyoncé
Beyoncé
would feature on the remix to his song "Perfect".[199] "Perfect Duet" was released on December 1, 2017. The song reached number-one in the United States, becoming Beyoncé's sixth song of her solo career to do so.[200] 2018–present: On the Run II and upcoming seventh studio album On January 4, 2018, the music video of Beyoncé
Beyoncé
and Jay-Z's 4:44 collaboration, "Family Feud" was released.[201] It was directed by Ava DuVernay. In February 2018, it was reported that Knowles registered six new songs to ASCAP entitled "Life"[202], "Freak Daddy"[203], "Hold My Beer"[204], "This Love"[205], "My Song"[206] and " Love
Love
Me Not"[207] for her upcoming seventh studio album.[208] Another song called "I Go Gets Out"[209] was later found in the site's repertory. On March 1, 2018, DJ Khaled
DJ Khaled
released "Top Off" as the first single from his forthcoming album Father of Asahd featuring Beyoncé, husband Jay-Z, and Future.[210] The following day, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
took to Instagram to invite fans to join her on a 22-day vegan diet plan in preparation for her upcoming performance at Coachella.[211] On March 5, 2018, a joint tour with Knowles' husband Jay-Z, was leaked on Facebook[212]. Information about the tour was later taken down. The couple announced the joint tour officially as On the Run II on March 12[213] and simultaneously released a trailer for the tour on YouTube.[214] On March 20, 2018, the couple traveled to Jamaica
Jamaica
to film a music video directed by Melina Matsoukas.[215] Artistry Voice and songwriting

With "Single Ladies", clearly I'd just gotten married, and people want to get married every day—then there was the whole Justin Timberlake thing [recreating the video] on Saturday Night Live, and it was also the year YouTube blew up. With "Irreplaceable", the aggressive lyrics, the acoustic guitar, and the 808 drum machine—those things don't typically go together, and it sounded fresh. "Crazy in Love" was another one of those classic moments in pop culture that none of us expected. I asked Jay to get on the song the night before I had to turn my album in – thank God he did. It still never gets old, no matter how many times I sing it. – Beyoncé[216]

Jody Rosen
Jody Rosen
highlights her tone and timbre as particularly distinctive, describing her voice as "one of the most compelling instruments in popular music".[217] Her vocal abilities mean she is identified as the centerpiece of Destiny's Child.[218] Jon Pareles of The New York Times commented that her voice is "velvety yet tart, with an insistent flutter and reserves of soul belting".[219] Rosen notes that the hip hop era highly influenced Beyoncé's unique rhythmic vocal style, but also finds her quite traditionalist in her use of balladry, gospel and falsetto.[217] Other critics praise her range and power, with Chris Richards of The Washington Post
The Washington Post
saying she was "capable of punctuating any beat with goose-bump-inducing whispers or full-bore diva-roars."[220] Beyoncé's music is generally R&B,[221] but she also incorporates pop,[222] soul and funk into her songs. 4 demonstrated Beyoncé's exploration of 1990s-style R&B, as well as further use of soul and hip hop than compared to previous releases.[216] While she almost exclusively releases English songs, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
recorded several Spanish songs for Irreemplazable
Irreemplazable
(re-recordings of songs from B'Day for a Spanish-language audience), and the re-release of B'Day. To record these, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
was coached phonetically by American record producer Rudy Perez.[223] She has received co-writing credits for most of the songs recorded with Destiny's Child
Destiny's Child
and her solo efforts.[35] Her early songs were personally driven and female-empowerment themed compositions like "Independent Women" and "Survivor", but after the start of her relationship with Jay-Z, she transitioned to more man-tending anthems such as "Cater 2 U".[224] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
has also received co-producing credits for most of the records in which she has been involved, especially during her solo efforts. However, she does not formulate beats herself, but typically comes up with melodies and ideas during production, sharing them with producers.[225] In 2001, she became the first black woman and second female lyricist to win the Pop Songwriter of the Year award at the American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers Pop Music Awards.[23][226] Beyoncé was the third woman to have writing credits on three number one songs ("Irreplaceable", "Grillz" and "Check on It") in the same year, after Carole King
Carole King
in 1971 and Mariah Carey
Mariah Carey
in 1991. She is tied with American lyricist Diane Warren
Diane Warren
at third with nine song-writing credits on number-one singles.[227] (The latter wrote her 9/11-motivated song "I Was Here" for 4.[228]) In May 2011, Billboard magazine listed Beyoncé
Beyoncé
at number 17 on their list of the "Top 20 Hot 100 Songwriters", for having co-written eight singles that hit number one on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
chart. She was one of only three women on that list, along with Alicia Keys
Alicia Keys
and Taylor Swift.[229] Influences Beyoncé
Beyoncé
names Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
as her major musical influence.[230] Aged five, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
attended her first ever concert where Jackson performed and she claims to have realized her purpose.[231] When she presented him with a tribute award at the World Music Awards in 2006, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
said, "if it wasn't for Michael Jackson, I would never ever have performed."[232] She admires Diana Ross
Diana Ross
as an "all-around entertainer"[233] and Whitney Houston, who she said "inspired me to get up there and do what she did."[234] She credits Mariah Carey's singing and her song "Vision of Love" as influencing her to begin practicing vocal runs as a child.[235][236] Her other musical influences include Aaliyah,[237] Prince,[238] Lauryn Hill,[233] Sade Adu,[239] Donna Summer,[240] Mary J. Blige,[241] Janet Jackson,[242] Anita Baker
Anita Baker
and Rachelle Ferrell.[233] The feminism and female empowerment themes on Beyoncé's second solo album B'Day were inspired by her role in Dreamgirls[243] and by singer Josephine Baker.[244] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
paid homage to Baker by performing "Déjà Vu" at the 2006 Fashion Rocks concert wearing Baker's trademark mini-hula skirt embellished with fake bananas.[245] Beyoncé's third solo album I Am... Sasha Fierce
I Am... Sasha Fierce
was inspired by Jay-Z and especially by Etta James, whose "boldness" inspired Beyoncé
Beyoncé
to explore other musical genres and styles.[246] Her fourth solo album, 4, was inspired by Fela Kuti, 1990s R&B, Earth, Wind & Fire, DeBarge, Lionel Richie, Teena Marie, The Jackson 5, New Edition, Adele, Florence and the Machine, and Prince.[216] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
has stated that she is personally inspired by Michelle Obama (the 44th First Lady of the United States), saying "She proves you can do it all"[247] and she has described Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
as "the definition of inspiration and a strong woman".[233] She has also discussed how Jay-Z
Jay-Z
is a continuing inspiration to her, both with what she describes as his lyrical genius and in the obstacles he has overcome in his life.[248] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
has expressed admiration for the artist Jean-Michel Basquiat, posting in a letter "what I find in the work of Jean-Michel Basquiat, I search for in every day in music... he is lyrical and raw".[249][250] In February 2013, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
said that Madonna inspired her to take control of her own career. She commented: "I think about Madonna and how she took all of the great things she achieved and started the label and developed other artists. But there are not enough of those women.".[251] Music videos and stage

Beyoncé
Beyoncé
performing "Run the World (Girls)" on the 2011 Good Morning America Summer Concert Series

In 2006, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
introduced her all-female tour band Suga Mama (also the name of a song in B'Day) which includes bassists, drummers, guitarists, horn players, keyboardists and percussionists.[252] Her background singers, The Mamas, consist of Montina Cooper-Donnell, Crystal Collins and Tiffany Moniqué Riddick. They made their debut appearance at the 2006 BET Awards and re-appeared in the music videos for "Irreplaceable" and "Green Light".[223] The band have supported Beyoncé
Beyoncé
in most subsequent live performances, including her 2007 concert tour The Beyoncé
Beyoncé
Experience, 2009–2010 I Am... World Tour, 2013–2014 The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour
The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour
and 2016 The Formation World Tour. Beyoncé
Beyoncé
has received praise for her stage presence and voice during live performances. Jarett Wieselman of the New York Post
New York Post
placed her at number one on her list of the Five Best Singer/Dancers.[253] According to Barbara Ellen of The Guardian
The Guardian
Beyoncé
Beyoncé
is the most in-charge female artist she's seen onstage,[254] while Alice Jones of The Independent wrote she "takes her role as entertainer so seriously she's almost too good."[255] The ex-President of Def Jam
Def Jam
L.A. Reid
L.A. Reid
has described Beyoncé
Beyoncé
as the greatest entertainer alive.[256] Jim Farber of the Daily News and Stephanie Classen of The StarPhoenix
The StarPhoenix
both praised her strong voice and her stage presence.[257][258] Beyoncé's stage outfits have been met with criticism from many countries, such as Malaysia, where she has postponed or cancelled performances due to the country's strict laws banning revealing costumes.[259] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
has worked with numerous directors for her music videos throughout her career, including Melina Matsoukas, Jonas Åkerlund, and Jake Nava. Bill Condon, director of Beauty and the Beast, stated that the Lemonade visuals in particular served as inspiration for his film, commenting "You look at Beyonce’s brilliant movie Lemonade, this genre is taking on so many different forms… I do think that this very old-school break-out-into-song traditional musical is something that people understand again and really want."[260] Alter ego Described as being "sexy, seductive and provocative" when performing on stage, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
has said that she originally created the alter ego "Sasha Fierce" to keep that stage persona separate from who she really is. She described Sasha as being "too aggressive, too strong, too sassy [and] too sexy", stating, "I'm not like her in real life at all."[44] Sasha was conceived during the making of "Crazy in Love", and Beyoncé
Beyoncé
introduced her with the release of her 2008 album I Am... Sasha Fierce. In February 2010, she announced in an interview with Allure magazine that she was comfortable enough with herself to no longer need Sasha Fierce.[261] However, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
announced in May 2012 that she would bring her back for her Revel Presents: Beyoncé
Beyoncé
Live shows later that month.[262] Public image

Beyoncé
Beyoncé
at the premiere for her 2006 film, Dreamgirls

Beyoncé
Beyoncé
has been described as having a wide-ranging sex appeal, with music journalist Touré writing that since the release of Dangerously in Love, she has "become a crossover sex symbol".[263] Offstage Beyoncé
Beyoncé
says that while she likes to dress sexily, her onstage dress "is absolutely for the stage."[264] Due to her curves and the term's catchiness, in the 2000s (decade), the media often used the term "Bootylicious" (a portmanteau of the words booty and delicious) to describe Beyoncé,[265][266] the term popularized by Destiny's Child's single of the same name. In 2006, it was added to the Oxford English Dictionary.[267]

External image

Knowles's Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
Swimsuit Issue
Swimsuit Issue
cover from February 15, 2007

In September 2010, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
made her runway modelling debut at Tom Ford's Spring/Summer 2011 fashion show.[268] She was named "World's Most Beautiful Woman" by People[269] and the "Hottest Female Singer of All Time" by Complex in 2012.[270] In January 2013, GQ placed her on its cover, featuring her atop its "100 Sexiest Women of the 21st Century" list.[271][272] VH1
VH1
listed her at number 1 on its 100 Sexiest Artists list.[273] Several wax figures of Beyoncé
Beyoncé
are found at Madame Tussauds Wax Museums in major cities around the world, including New York,[274] Washington, D.C.,[275] Amsterdam,[276] Bangkok,[277] Hollywood[278] and Sydney.[279] According to Italian fashion designer Roberto Cavalli, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
uses different fashion styles to work with her music while performing.[280] Her mother co-wrote a book, published in 2002, titled Destiny's Style[281] an account of how fashion affected the trio's success.[282] The B'Day Anthology Video Album
B'Day Anthology Video Album
showed many instances of fashion-oriented footage, depicting classic to contemporary wardrobe styles.[283] In 2007, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
was featured on the cover of the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue, becoming the second African American
African American
woman after Tyra Banks,[284] and People magazine recognized Beyoncé
Beyoncé
as the best-dressed celebrity.[285] The BeyHive is the name given to Beyoncé's fan base. Fans were previously titled "The Beyontourage", (a portmanteau of Beyoncé
Beyoncé
and entourage). The name Bey Hive derives from the word beehive, purposely misspelled to resemble her first name, and was penned by fans after petitions on the online social networking service Twitter
Twitter
and online news reports during competitions.[286] In 2006, the animal rights organization People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), criticized Beyoncé
Beyoncé
for wearing and using fur in her clothing line House of Deréon.[287] In 2011, she appeared on the cover of French fashion magazine L'Officiel, in blackface and tribal makeup that drew criticism from the media. A statement released from a spokesperson for the magazine said that Beyoncé's look was "far from the glamorous Sasha Fierce" and that it was "a return to her African roots".[288] Beyoncé's lighter skin color and costuming has drawn criticism from some in the African-American community.[289] Emmett Price, a professor of music at Northeastern University, wrote in 2007, that he thinks race plays a role in many of these criticisms, saying white celebrities who dress similarly do not attract as many comments.[289] In 2008, L'Oréal
L'Oréal
was accused of whitening her skin in their Feria hair color advertisements, responding that "it is categorically untrue",[290][291] and in 2013, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
herself criticized H&M for their proposed "retouching" of promotional images of her, and according to Vogue requested that only "natural pictures be used".[292] Personal life

Beyoncé
Beyoncé
performing on the I Am... Tour
I Am... Tour
with Jay-Z, whom she married in 2008

Marriage and children Beyoncé
Beyoncé
started a relationship with Jay-Z
Jay-Z
after their collaboration on "'03 Bonnie & Clyde",[293] which appeared on his seventh album The Blueprint 2: The Gift & The Curse (2002).[294] Beyoncé appeared as Jay-Z's girlfriend in the music video for the song, fuelling speculation about their relationship.[295] On April 4, 2008, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
and Jay-Z
Jay-Z
married without publicity.[95] As of April 2014, the couple had sold a combined 300 million records together.[163] They are known for their private relationship, although they have appeared to become more relaxed in recent years.[296] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
suffered a miscarriage around 2010 or 2011, describing it as "the saddest thing" she had ever endured.[297] She returned to the studio and wrote music in order to cope with the loss. In April 2011, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
and Jay-Z
Jay-Z
traveled to Paris in order to shoot the album cover for 4, and unexpectedly became pregnant in Paris.[298] In August, the couple attended the 2011 MTV
MTV
Video Music Awards, at which Beyoncé performed " Love
Love
on Top" and ended the performance by revealing she was pregnant.[299] Her appearance helped that year's MTV
MTV
Video Music Awards become the most-watched broadcast in MTV
MTV
history, pulling in 12.4 million viewers;[300] the announcement was listed in Guinness World Records
Guinness World Records
for "most tweets per second recorded for a single event" on Twitter,[301] receiving 8,868 tweets per second[302] and "Beyonce pregnant" was the most Googled term the week of August 29, 2011.[303] On January 7, 2012, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
gave birth to a daughter, Blue Ivy Carter, at Lenox Hill Hospital
Lenox Hill Hospital
in New York City.[304] On February 1, 2017 she revealed on her Instagram account that she was expecting twins. Her announcement gained 6,335,571 "likes" within eight hours, breaking the world record for the most liked image on the website at the time.[305] On July 13, 2017, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
uploaded the first image of herself and the twins onto her Instagram account, confirming their birth date as a month prior, on June 13, 2017 and the names Rumi and Sir Carter.[306] The twins were born at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center in California. Rumi, the daughter, was born before Sir, the son. Activism Beyoncé
Beyoncé
performed "America the Beautiful" at the 2009 presidential inauguration, as well as "At Last" during the first inaugural dance at the Neighborhood Ball two days later.[307] They held a fundraiser at Jay-Z's 40/40 Club in Manhattan for Obama's 2012 presidential campaign[308] which raised $4 million.[309] In the 2012 Presidential election, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
voted for Obama.[310] She performed the American national anthem
American national anthem
at his second inauguration in January 2013.[145] The Washington Post
The Washington Post
reported in May 2015, that Beyoncé attended a major celebrity fundraiser for 2016 presidential nominee Hillary Clinton.[311] She also headlined for Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
in a 2016 concert held the weekend before Election Day. In this performance, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
and her entourage of backup dancers wore pantsuits; a clear allusion to Clinton's frequent dress-of-choice. The backup dancers also wore "I'm with her" tee shirts, the campaign slogan for Clinton. In a brief speech at this performance Beyoncé
Beyoncé
said, "I want my daughter to grow up seeing a women lead our country and knowing that her possibilities are limitless."[312] In 2013, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
stated in an interview with Vogue that she considered herself to be "a modern-day feminist".[313] She would later align herself more publicly with the movement, sampling "We should all be feminists", a speech delivered by Nigerian author Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie at a TEDx
TEDx
talk in April 2013, in her song "Flawless", released later that year.[314] In 2014 she performed live at the MTV
MTV
Video Awards in front a giant backdrop reading "FEMINIST."[315] She has also contributed to the Ban Bossy
Ban Bossy
campaign, which uses television and social media to encourage leadership in girls.[316] Following Beyoncé's public identification as a feminist, the sexualized nature of her performances and the fact that she championed her marriage was questioned.[317] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
publicly endorsed same sex marriage on March 26, 2013, after the Supreme Court debate on California's Proposition 8.[318] Beyoncé spoke against North Carolina's Public Facilities Privacy & Security Act, a bill passed (and later repealed) that discriminated against the LGBT community in public places in a statement during her concert in Raleigh as part of the Formation World Tour in 2016.[319] She has also condemned police brutality against black Americans. Beyoncé
Beyoncé
and Jay-Z
Jay-Z
attended a rally in 2013 in response to the acquittal of George Zimmerman
George Zimmerman
for the shooting of Trayvon Martin.[320] The film for her sixth album Lemonade included the mothers of Trayvon Martin, Michael Brown and Eric Garner, holding pictures of their sons in the video for "Freedom".[321] In a 2016 interview with Elle, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
responded to the controversy surrounding her song "Formation" which was perceived to be critical of the police. She clarified, "I am against police brutality and injustice. Those are two separate things. If celebrating my roots and culture during Black History Month made anyone uncomfortable, those feelings were there long before a video and long before me".[322] In February 2017, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
spoke out against the withdrawal of protections for transgender students in public schools by Donald Trump's Presidential administration. Posting a link to the 100 Days of Kindness campaign on her Facebook page, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
voiced her support for transgender youth and joined a roster of celebrities who spoke out against Trump's decision.[323] Wealth Forbes
Forbes
magazine began reporting on Beyoncé's earnings in 2008, calculating that the $80 million earned between June 2007 to June 2008, for her music, tour, films and clothing line made her the world's best-paid music personality at the time, above Madonna and Celine Dion.[324][325] They placed her fourth on the Celebrity 100 list in 2009[326] and ninth on the "Most Powerful Women in the World" list in 2010.[327] The following year, Forbes
Forbes
placed her eighth on the "Best-Paid Celebrities Under 30" list, having earned $35 million in the past year for her clothing line and endorsement deals. In 2012, Forbes
Forbes
placed Beyoncé
Beyoncé
at number 16 on the Celebrity 100 list, twelve places lower than three years ago yet still having earned $40 million in the past year for her album 4, clothing line and endorsement deals.[328][329] In the same year, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
and Jay-Z placed at number one on the "World's Highest-Paid Celebrity Couples", for collectively earning $78 million.[330] The couple made it into the previous year's Guinness World Records
Guinness World Records
as the "highest-earning power couple" for collectively earning $122 million in 2009.[331] For the years 2009 to 2011, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
earned an average of $70 million per year, and earned $40 million in 2012.[332] In 2013, Beyoncé's endorsements of Pepsi and H&M made her and Jay-Z
Jay-Z
the world's first billion dollar couple in the music industry.[333] That year, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
was published as the fourth most-powerful celebrity in the Forbes
Forbes
rankings.[334] MTV
MTV
estimated that by the end of 2014, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
would become the highest-paid black musician in history;[335] this became the case in April 2014.[18] In June 2014, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
ranked at number one on the Forbes
Forbes
Celebrity 100 list, earning an estimated $115 million throughout June 2013 – June 2014. This in turn was the first time she had topped the Celebrity 100 list as well as being her highest yearly earnings to date.[336] In 2016, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
ranked at number 34 on the Celebrity 100 list with earnings of $54 million. Herself and Jay-Z also topped the highest paid celebrity couple list, with combined earnings of $107.5 million.[337] As of May 2017, Forbes
Forbes
calculated her net worth to be $350 million, and in June of the same year, ranked her as the second-highest earning celebrity with annual earnings of $105 million. This tied Beyoncé
Beyoncé
with Madonna as the only two female artists to earn more than $100 million within a single year twice.[1][338] As a couple with Jay-Z, they have a combined net worth of $1.16 billion.[339] In July 2017, Billboard announced that Beyoncé was the highest paid musician of 2016, with an estimated total of $62.1 million.[340] Influence

Beyoncé
Beyoncé
performing during her I Am... Tour
I Am... Tour
in 2009

In The New Yorker, music critic Jody Rosen
Jody Rosen
described Beyoncé
Beyoncé
as "the most important and compelling popular musician of the twenty-first century..... the result, the logical end point, of a century-plus of pop."[341] When The Observer named her Artist of the Decade, Llewyn-Smith wrote:

Why Beyoncé? [...] Because she made not one but two of the decade's greatest singles, with 'Crazy in Love' and 'Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)', not to mention her hits with Destiny's Child; and this was the decade when singles – particularly R&B singles – regained their status as pop's favourite medium. [...] [She] and not any superannuated rock star was arguably the greatest live performer of the past 10 years.[342]

In 2013, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
made the Time 100 list, with Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
writing:

No one has that voice, no one moves the way she moves, no one can hold an audience the way she does... When Beyoncé
Beyoncé
does an album, when Beyoncé
Beyoncé
sings a song, when Beyoncé
Beyoncé
does anything, it's an event, and it's broadly influential. Right now, she is the heir-apparent diva of the USA – the reigning national voice.[343]

In 2014, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
was listed again on the Time 100 and also featured on the cover of the issue.[344] Beyoncé's work has influenced numerous artists including Britney Spears,[345] Adele,[346] Ariana Grande,[347][348] Lady Gaga,[349] Ellie Goulding,[350] Rihanna,[351] Kelly Rowland,[352][353] Sam Smith,[354] Nicole Scherzinger,[355] Jessica Sanchez,[356] Cheryl,[357] JoJo,[358] Meghan Trainor,[359] Grimes,[360][361] Rita Ora,[362] Zendaya,[363] Alexis Jordan,[364] Bridgit Mendler,[365] and Azealia Banks.[366] American indie rock band White Rabbits also cited her an inspiration for their third album Milk Famous
Milk Famous
(2012),[367] friend Gwyneth Paltrow[368] studied Beyoncé
Beyoncé
at her live concerts while learning to become a musical performer for the 2010 film Country Strong.[369] Sheldon Pearce of Pitchfork noticed her contribution in changing the sound of pop music radio with her hip-hop assisted style, writing:

Her hip-hop fluency gave her an advantage in the pop-star arms race, helping her to become the presiding voice in an increasingly rap-dominated musical landscape. Her evolution, from rap-adjacent R&B star (appearing as early as 1998 in a Geto Boys video) to reluctant hip-hop shareholder to full-blown rapper, played a role in slowly shifting the sound of pop radio.[370]

Her debut single, "Crazy in Love" was named VH1's "Greatest Song of the 2000s",[371] NME's "Best Track of the 00s"[372] and "Pop Song of the Century",[373] considered by Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
to be one of the 500 greatest songs of all time, earned two Grammy Awards and is one of the best-selling singles of all time at around 8 million copies. The music video for "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)", which achieved fame for its intricate choreography[374] and its deployment of jazz hands,[375] was credited by the Toronto Star
Toronto Star
as having started the "first major dance craze of both the new millennium and the Internet",[105] triggering a number of parodies of the dance choreography[376][377] and a legion of amateur imitators on YouTube.[374][376] In 2013, Drake released a single titled "Girls Love Beyoncé", which featured an interpolation from Destiny Child's "Say My Name" and discussed his relationship with women.[378] In January 2012, research scientist Bryan Lessard named Scaptia beyonceae, a species of horse fly found in Northern Queensland, Australia after Beyoncé
Beyoncé
due to the fly's unique golden hairs on its abdomen.[379] In July 2014, a Beyoncé
Beyoncé
exhibit was introduced into the "Legends of Rock" section of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. The black leotard from the "Single Ladies" video and her outfit from the Super Bowl half time performance are among several pieces housed at the museum.[380] Architects credit Beyoncé's look in her "Ghost" music video as the inspiration of the design of the Premier Tower
Premier Tower
under construction in Australia.[381] Achievements See also: List of awards and nominations received by Beyoncé See also: List of awards and nominations received by Destiny's Child Beyoncé
Beyoncé
has received numerous awards. As a solo artist she has sold over 17 million albums in the US, and over 100 million records worldwide (a further 60 million additionally with Destiny's Child), making her one of the best-selling music artists of all time.[7][382][383][384][385][386] The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) listed Beyoncé
Beyoncé
as the top certified artist of the 2000s decade, with a total of 64 certifications.[12][13] Her songs "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)", "Halo", and "Irreplaceable" are some of the best-selling singles of all time worldwide. In 2009, The Observer named her the Artist of the Decade[342] and Billboard named her the Top Female Artist and Top Radio Songs Artist of the Decade.[14][387][388] In 2010, Billboard named her in their "Top 50 R&B/Hip-Hop Artists of the Past 25 Years" list at number 15.[389] In 2012 VH1
VH1
ranked her third on their list of the "100 Greatest Women in Music", behind Mariah Carey
Mariah Carey
and Madonna.[390] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
was honored with the International Artist Award at the 2007 American Music Awards.[391] She has also received the Legend Award at the 2008 World Music Awards, the Billboard Millennium Award at the 2011 Billboard Music Awards, the Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
Video Vanguard Award at the 2014 MTV
MTV
Video Music Awards, and the Fashion Icon Award at the 2016 CFDA Awards.[392] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
has won 22 Grammy Awards, both as a solo artist and member of Destiny's Child, making her the second most honored female artist by the Grammys, behind Alison Krauss[393][394] and the most nominated woman in Grammy Award
Grammy Award
history with a total of 62 nominations.[395] "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" won Song of the Year in 2010 while "Say My Name",[35] "Crazy in Love" and "Drunk in Love" have each won Best R&B Song. Dangerously in Love, B'Day and I Am... Sasha Fierce have all won Best Contemporary R&B Album, while Lemonade has won Best Urban Contemporary Album. Beyoncé
Beyoncé
set the record for the most Grammy awards won by a female artist in one night in 2010 when she won six awards, breaking the tie she previously held with Alicia Keys, Norah Jones, Alison Krauss, and Amy Winehouse, with Adele
Adele
equaling this in 2012.[396] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
has also won 24 MTV
MTV
Video Music Awards, making her the most-awarded artist in Video Music Award history. "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" and "Formation" won Video of the Year in 2009 and 2016 respectively. Beyoncé
Beyoncé
tied the record set by Lady Gaga
Lady Gaga
in 2010 for the most VMAs won in one night for a female artist with eight in 2016.[188] She is also the most awarded and nominated artist in BET Award history, winning 24 awards from a total of 54 nominations.[397] Following her role in Dreamgirls
Dreamgirls
Beyoncé
Beyoncé
was nominated for Best Original Song for "Listen" and Best Actress at the Golden Globe Awards,[398] and Outstanding Actress in a Motion Picture at the NAACP Image Awards.[399] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
won two awards at the Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards 2006; Best Song for "Listen" and Best Original Soundtrack for Dreamgirls: Music from the Motion Picture.[400] According to Fuse in 2014, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
is the second most award-winning artist of all time, after Michael Jackson.[401][402] She was named on the 2016 BBC Radio 4
BBC Radio 4
Woman's Hour
Woman's Hour
Power List as one of seven women judged to have had the biggest impact on women's lives over the past 70 years, alongside Margaret Thatcher, Barbara Castle, Helen Brook, Germaine Greer, Jayaben Desai and Bridget Jones.[403] Business and ventures Endorsements Beyoncé
Beyoncé
has worked with Pepsi since 2002,[404] and in 2004 appeared in a Gladiator-themed commercial with Britney Spears, Pink, and Enrique Iglesias.[405] In 2012, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
signed a $50 million deal to endorse Pepsi.[406] The Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPINET) wrote Beyoncé
Beyoncé
an open letter asking her to reconsider the deal because of the unhealthiness of the product and to donate the proceeds to a medical organisation.[407] Nevertheless, NetBase
NetBase
found that Beyoncé's campaign was the most talked about endorsement in April 2013, with a 70 per cent positive audience response to the commercial and print ads.[408] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
has worked with Tommy Hilfiger
Tommy Hilfiger
for the fragrances True Star (singing a cover version of "Wishing on a Star")[409] and True Star Gold;[410] she also promoted Emporio Armani's Diamonds fragrance in 2007.[411] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
launched her first official fragrance, Heat, in 2010.[412] The commercial, which featured the 1956 song "Fever", was shown after the water shed in the United Kingdom as it begins with an image of Beyoncé
Beyoncé
appearing to lie naked in a room.[413] In February 2011, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
launched her second fragrance, Heat Rush.[414] Beyoncé's third fragrance, Pulse, was launched in September 2011.[415] In 2013, The Mrs. Carter Show Limited Edition version of Heat was released.[416] The six editions of Heat are the world's best-selling celebrity fragrance line,[416] with sales of over $400 million.[417] The release of a video-game Starpower: Beyoncé
Beyoncé
was cancelled after Beyoncé
Beyoncé
pulled out of a $100 million with GateFive who alleged the cancellation meant the sacking of 70 staff and millions of pounds lost in development.[418] It was settled out of court by her lawyers in June 2013 who said that they had cancelled because GateFive had lost its financial backers.[419] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
also has had deals with American Express,[325] Nintendo DS[420] and L'Oréal
L'Oréal
since the age of 18.[421] In March 2015, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
became a co-owner, with other artists, of the music streaming service Tidal. The service specializes in lossless audio and high definition music videos. Beyoncé's husband Jay-Z acquired the parent company of Tidal, Aspiro, in the first quarter of 2015.[422] Including Beyoncé
Beyoncé
and Jay-Z, sixteen artist stakeholders (such as Kanye West, Rihanna, Madonna, Chris Martin, Nicki Minaj
Nicki Minaj
and more) co-own Tidal, with the majority owning a 3% equity stake.[423] The idea of having an all artist owned streaming service was created by those involved to adapt to the increased demand for streaming within the current music industry.[424] Fashion lines Beyoncé
Beyoncé
and her mother introduced House of Deréon, a contemporary women's fashion line, in 2005.[425] The concept is inspired by three generations of women in their family, with the name paying tribute to Beyoncé's grandmother, Agnèz Deréon, a respected seamstress.[426][427] According to Tina, the overall style of the line best reflects her and Beyoncé's taste and style. Beyoncé
Beyoncé
and her mother founded their family's company Beyond Productions, which provides the licensing and brand management for House of Deréon, and its junior collection, Deréon.[425] House of Deréon
House of Deréon
pieces were exhibited in Destiny's Child's shows and tours, during their Destiny Fulfilled era.[428][429] The collection features sportswear, denim offerings with fur, outerwear and accessories that include handbags and footwear, and are available at department and specialty stores across the US and Canada.[425] In 2005, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
teamed up with House of Brands, a shoe company, to produce a range of footwear for House of Deréon.[430] In January 2008, Starwave Mobile launched Beyoncé
Beyoncé
Fashion Diva, a "high-style" mobile game with a social networking component, featuring the House of Deréon collection.[425] In July 2009, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
and her mother launched a new junior apparel label, Sasha Fierce for Deréon, for back-to-school selling. The collection included sportswear, outerwear, handbags, footwear, eyewear, lingerie and jewelry.[431] It was available at department stores including Macy's
Macy's
and Dillard's, and specialty stores Jimmy Jazz and Against All Odds.[431] On May 27, 2010, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
teamed up with clothing store C&A to launch Deréon by Beyoncé
Beyoncé
at their stores in Brazil.[432] The collection included tailored blazers with padded shoulders, little black dresses, embroidered tops and shirts and bandage dresses.[432] In October 2014, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
signed a deal to launch an activewear line of clothing with British fashion retailer Topshop.[433][434] The 50–50 venture is called Ivy Park
Ivy Park
and was launched in April 2016. The brand's name is a nod to Beyoncé's daughter Blue Ivy and her favourite number four (IV in roman numerals), and also references the park where she used to run in Texas.[435] Philanthropy

Beyoncé
Beyoncé
(center) and her mother, Tina, (left) at the opening of the Beyoncé
Beyoncé
Cosmetology Center on March 5, 2010

After Hurricane Katrina
Hurricane Katrina
in 2005, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
and Rowland founded the Survivor Foundation to provide transitional housing for victims in the Houston
Houston
area,[23] to which Beyoncé
Beyoncé
contributed an initial $250,000.[436] The foundation has since expanded to work with other charities in the city,[437] and also provided relief following Hurricane Ike
Hurricane Ike
three years later.[438] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
participated in George Clooney
George Clooney
and Wyclef Jean's Hope for Haiti Now: A Global Benefit for Earthquake Relief telethon[439] and was named the official face of the limited edition CFDA "Fashion For Haiti" T-shirt,[440] made by Theory
Theory
which raised a total of $1 million.[441] On March 5, 2010, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
and her mother Tina opened the Beyoncé
Beyoncé
Cosmetology Center at the Brooklyn Phoenix House, offering a seven-month cosmetology training course for men and women. In April 2011, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
joined forces with US First Lady Michelle Obama and the National Association of Broadcasters Education Foundation, to help boost the latter's campaign against child obesity[442] by reworking her single "Get Me Bodied".[443] Following the death of Osama bin Laden, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
released her cover of the Lee Greenwood song "God Bless the USA", as a charity single to help raise funds for the New York Police and Fire Widows' and Children's Benefit Fund.[444] In December, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
along with a variety of other celebrities teamed up and produced a video campaign for "Demand A Plan", a bipartisan effort by a group of 950 US mayors and others[445] designed to influence the federal government into rethinking its gun control laws, following the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting.[446] Beyoncé became an ambassador for the 2012 World Humanitarian Day campaign donating her song "I Was Here" and its music video, shot in the UN, to the campaign.[447][448] In 2013, it was announced that Beyoncé
Beyoncé
would work with Salma Hayek
Salma Hayek
and Frida Giannini
Frida Giannini
on a Gucci
Gucci
"Chime for Change" campaign that aims to spread female empowerment. The campaign, which aired on February 28, was set to her new music.[449] A concert for the cause took place on June 1, 2013 in London[450] and included other acts like Ellie Goulding, Florence and the Machine, and Rita Ora.[451] In advance of the concert, she appeared in a campaign video released on May 15, 2013, where she, along with Cameron Diaz, John Legend
John Legend
and Kylie Minogue, described inspiration from their mothers, while a number of other artists celebrated personal inspiration from other women, leading to a call for submission of photos of women of viewers' inspiration from which a selection was shown at the concert. Beyoncé said about her mother Tina Knowles
Tina Knowles
that her gift was "finding the best qualities in every human being." With help of the crowdfunding platform Catapult, visitors of the concert could choose between several projects promoting education of women and girls.[452][453] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
is also taking part in "Miss a Meal", a food-donation campaign,[454] and supporting Goodwill charity through online charity auctions at Charitybuzz that support job creation throughout Europe and the U.S.[455][456] In December 2016, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
was named the Most Charitable Celebrity of the year.[457] Discography Main article: Beyoncé
Beyoncé
discography See also: Destiny's Child
Destiny's Child
discography

Dangerously in Love
Dangerously in Love
(2003) B'Day (2006) I Am... Sasha Fierce
I Am... Sasha Fierce
(2008) 4 (2011) Beyoncé
Beyoncé
(2013) Lemonade (2016)

Filmography See also: Beyoncé
Beyoncé
videography

Carmen: A Hip Hopera (2001) Austin Powers in Goldmember
Austin Powers in Goldmember
(2002) The Fighting Temptations
The Fighting Temptations
(2003) The Pink Panther (2006) Dreamgirls
Dreamgirls
(2006) Cadillac Records
Cadillac Records
(2008) Wow! Wow! Wubbzy!: Wubb Idol (2009) Obsessed (2009) Life Is But a Dream
Life Is But a Dream
(2013) Epic (2013) The Lion King (2019)

Tours and residency shows Main article: List of Beyoncé
Beyoncé
live performances Headlining tours

Dangerously in Love
Dangerously in Love
Tour (2003) The Beyoncé Experience
The Beyoncé Experience
(2007) I Am... World Tour
I Am... World Tour
(2009–2010) The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour
The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour
(2013–2014) The Formation World Tour
The Formation World Tour
(2016)

Co-headlining tours

Verizon Ladies First Tour
Verizon Ladies First Tour
(with Alicia Keys
Alicia Keys
and Missy Elliott) (2004) On the Run Tour (with Jay-Z) (2014) On the Run II Tour
On the Run II Tour
(with Jay-Z) (2018)

Residency shows

I Am... Yours
I Am... Yours
(2009) 4 Intimate Nights with Beyoncé
4 Intimate Nights with Beyoncé
(2011) Revel Presents: Beyoncé
Beyoncé
Live (2012)

See also

Beyoncé
Beyoncé
portal

Book: Beyoncé

Honorific nicknames in popular music List of artists who reached number one in the United States List of Billboard Social 50 number-one artists List of black Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
winners and nominees List of artists with the most number ones on the U.S. dance chart List of highest-grossing concert tours

Notes

^ The gross takings from the 29 shows which were reported to Billboard Boxscore totalled $24.9 million; the tour comprised 96 concerts.[93]

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External links

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on IMDb

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Beyoncé

Awards and nominations Discography Songs Performances Videography

Studio albums

Dangerously in Love B'Day I Am... Sasha Fierce 4 Beyoncé Lemonade

EPs

True Star: A Private Performance Irreemplazable Above and Beyoncé: Dance Mixes Heat 4: The Remix More Only

Compilations

Speak My Mind Beyoncé: Platinum Edition

Live and video releases

Live at Wembley B'Day Anthology Video Album The Beyoncé Experience
The Beyoncé Experience
Live Above and Beyoncé: Video Collection I Am... Yours: An Intimate Performance at Wynn Las Vegas I Am... World Tour Live at Roseland: Elements of 4 Live in Atlantic City Live

Concert tours

Dangerously in Love
Dangerously in Love
Tour The Verizon Ladies First Tour The Beyoncé
Beyoncé
Experience I Am... World Tour The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour On the Run Tour The Formation World Tour OTR II Tour

Concert residencies

I Am... Yours 4 Intimate Nights with Beyoncé Revel Presents: Beyoncé
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Live

Television

Super Bowl XLVII halftime show Life Is But a Dream On the Run Tour: Beyoncé
Beyoncé
and Jay-Z Super Bowl 50 halftime show Lemonade

Retail

House of Deréon Heat Heat Rush Pulse Rise Tidal Ivy Park

Related soundtracks

Dreamgirls
Dreamgirls
soundtrack Cadillac Records
Cadillac Records
soundtrack

Related topics

Parkwood Entertainment Destiny's Child Jay-Z
Jay-Z
(husband) Mathew Knowles (father) Tina Knowles
Tina Knowles
(mother) Solange Knowles
Solange Knowles
(sister) Frank Gatson Jr. Ashley Everett Bibi McGill True Star "Kanyegate" Let's Move! Flash Workout Scaptia beyonceae EveryBODYisflawless

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Destiny's Child

Beyoncé
Beyoncé
Knowles Kelly Rowland Michelle Williams LaTavia Roberson LeToya Luckett Farrah Franklin

Studio albums

Destiny's Child The Writing's on the Wall Survivor 8 Days of Christmas Destiny Fulfilled

Compilation albums

This Is the Remix #1's Mathew Knowles & Music World Present Vol.1: Love
Love
Destiny Playlist: The Very Best of Destiny's Child Love
Love
Songs

Extended plays

Love: Destiny

Singles

"No, No, No" "With Me" "Get on the Bus" "Bills, Bills, Bills" "Bug a Boo" "Say My Name" "Jumpin', Jumpin'" "Independent Women" "Survivor" "Bootylicious" "Emotion" "Nasty Girl" "8 Days of Christmas" "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer" "Lose My Breath" "Soldier" "Girl" "Cater 2 U" "Stand Up for Love"

Featured singles

"Just Be Straight with Me" "Thug Love" "What's Going On" "The Girl Is Mine"

Live and video releases

The Platinum's on the Wall Destiny's Child
Destiny's Child
World Tour Live in Atlanta Destiny's Child
Destiny's Child
Video Anthology

Concert tours

Total Request Live Tour Destiny Fulfilled... and Lovin' It

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Discography Awards and nominations Songs Mathew Knowles Super Bowl XLVII halftime show

Book

v t e

Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Song

1998–2000

"When You Believe" Music & Lyrics: Stephen Schwartz (1998) "Music of My Heart" Music & Lyrics: Diane Warren
Diane Warren
(1999) "My Funny Friend and Me" Music & Lyrics: David Hartley, Sting (2000)

2001–2010

"May It Be" Music & Lyrics: Enya, Nicky Ryan, Roma Ryan (2001) "Lose Yourself" Music & Lyrics: Jeff Bass, Eminem, Luis Resto, (2002) "A Mighty Wind" Music & Lyrics: Christopher Guest, Eugene Levy, Michael McKean (2003) "Old Habits Die Hard" Music & Lyrics: Mick Jagger, David Stewart (2004) "Hustle & Flow" Music & Lyrics: Terrence Howard
Terrence Howard
(2005) "Listen" Music & Lyrics: Scott Cutler, Henry Krieger, Anne Preven (2006) "Falling Slowly" Music & Lyrics: Glen Hansard, Markéta Irglová
Markéta Irglová
(2007) "The Wrestler" Music & Lyrics: Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
(2008) "The Weary Kind" Music & Lyrics: Ryan Bingham
Ryan Bingham
and T Bone Burnett
T Bone Burnett
(2009) "If I Rise" Music & Lyrics: Rollo Armstrong, Dido, A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2010)

2011–2020

"Life's a Happy Song" Music & Lyrics: Bret McKenzie
Bret McKenzie
(2011) "Skyfall" Music & Lyrics: Adele, Paul Epworth (2012) "Let It Go" Music & Lyrics: Kristen Anderson-Lopez, Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
(2013) "Glory" Music & Lyrics: Common, John Legend
John Legend
(2014) "See You Again" Music & Lyrics: Andrew Cedar, DJ Frank E, Wiz Khalifa, Charlie Puth (2015) "City of Stars" Music: Justin Hurwitz; Lyrics: Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2016) "Remember Me" Music & Lyrics: Kristen Anderson-Lopez, Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
(2017)

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Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Song of the Year

1959−1980

"Volare" – Domenico Modugno
Domenico Modugno
(songwriter) (1959) "The Battle of New Orleans" – Jimmy Driftwood
Jimmy Driftwood
(songwriter) (1960) "Theme from Exodus" – Ernest Gold (songwriter) (1961) "Moon River" – Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
& Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
(songwriters) (1962) "What Kind of Fool Am I?" – Leslie Bricusse & Anthony Newley (songwriters) (1963) "Days of Wine and Roses" – Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
& Henry Mancini (songwriters) (1964) "Hello, Dolly!" – Jerry Herman
Jerry Herman
(songwriter) (1965) "The Shadow of Your Smile" – Paul Francis Webster & Johnny Mandel (songwriters) (1966) "Michelle" – John Lennon
John Lennon
& Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
(songwriters) (1967) "Up, Up, and Away" – Jimmy Webb
Jimmy Webb
(songwriter) (1968) "Little Green Apples" – Bobby Russell (songwriter) (1969) "Games People Play" – Joe South
Joe South
(songwriter) (1970) "Bridge over Troubled Water" – Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(songwriter) (1971) "You've Got a Friend" – Carole King
Carole King
(songwriter) (1972) "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" – Ewan MacColl (songwriter) (1973) "Killing Me Softly with His Song" – Norman Gimbel & Charles Fox (songwriters) (1974) "The Way We Were" – Alan and Marilyn Bergman & Marvin Hamlisch (songwriters) (1975) "Send in the Clowns" – Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(songwriter) (1976) "I Write the Songs" – Bruce Johnston (songwriter) (1977) "Evergreen ( Love
Love
Theme from A Star Is Born)" – Barbra Streisand & Paul Williams (songwriters) / "You Light Up My Life" – Joe Brooks (songwriter) (1978) "Just the Way You Are" – Billy Joel
Billy Joel
(songwriter) (1979) "What a Fool Believes" – Kenny Loggins
Kenny Loggins
& Michael McDonald (songwriters) (1980)

1981−2000

"Sailing" – Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
(songwriter) (1981) "Bette Davis Eyes" – Donna Weiss & Jackie DeShannon (songwriters) (1982) "Always on My Mind" – Johnny Christopher, Mark James & Wayne Carson (songwriters) (1983) "Every Breath You Take" – Sting (songwriter) (1984) "What's Love
Love
Got to Do with It" – Graham Lyle & Terry Britten (songwriters) (1985) "We Are the World" – Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
& Lionel Richie (songwriters) (1986) "That's What Friends Are For" – Burt Bacharach
Burt Bacharach
& Carole Bayer Sager (songwriters) (1987) "Somewhere Out There" – James Horner, Barry Mann
Barry Mann
& Cynthia Weil (songwriters) (1988) "Don't Worry, Be Happy" – Bobby McFerrin
Bobby McFerrin
(songwriter) (1989) "Wind Beneath My Wings" – Larry Henley & Jeff Silbar (songwriters) (1990) "From a Distance" – Julie Gold
Julie Gold
(songwriter) (1991) "Unforgettable" – Irving Gordon
Irving Gordon
(songwriter) (1992) "Tears in Heaven" – Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
& Will Jennings (songwriters) (1993) "A Whole New World" – Alan Menken
Alan Menken
& Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(songwriters) (1994) "Streets of Philadelphia" – Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
(songwriter) (1995) "Kiss from a Rose" – Seal (songwriter) (1996) "Change the World" – Gordon Kennedy, Wayne Kirkpatrick & Tommy Sims (songwriters) (1997) "Sunny Came Home" – Shawn Colvin
Shawn Colvin
& John Leventhal
John Leventhal
(songwriters) (1998) "My Heart Will Go On" – James Horner
James Horner
& Will Jennings (songwriters) (1999) "Smooth" – Itaal Shur
Itaal Shur
& Rob Thomas (songwriters) (2000)

2001−present

"Beautiful Day" – Adam Clayton, David Evans, Laurence Mullen & Paul Hewson (songwriters) (2001) "Fallin'" – Alicia Keys
Alicia Keys
(songwriter) (2002) "Don't Know Why" – Jesse Harris (songwriter) (2003) "Dance with My Father" – Richard Marx
Richard Marx
& Luther Vandross (songwriters) (2004) "Daughters" – John Mayer
John Mayer
(songwriter) (2005) "Sometimes You Can't Make It on Your Own" – Adam Clayton, David Evans, Laurence Mullen & Paul Hewson (songwriters) (2006) "Not Ready to Make Nice" – Emily Burns Erwin, Martha Maguire, Natalie Maines
Natalie Maines
Pasdar & Dan Wilson (songwriters) (2007) "Rehab" – Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
(songwriter) (2008) "Viva la Vida" – Guy Berryman, Jonathan Buckland, William Champion & Christopher Martin (songwriters) (2009) "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" – Thaddis "Kuk" Harrell, Beyoncé Knowles, Terius Nash & Christopher Stewart (songwriters) (2010) "Need You Now" – Dave Haywood, Josh Kear, Charles Kelley
Charles Kelley
& Hillary Scott (songwriters) (2011) "Rolling in the Deep" – Adele
Adele
Adkins & Paul Epworth (songwriters) (2012) "We Are Young" – Jack Antonoff, Jeff Bhasker, Andrew Dost
Andrew Dost
& Nate Ruess (songwriters) (2013) "Royals" – Joel Little & Ella Yelich O'Connor (songwriters) (2014) "Stay with Me" (Darkchild version) – James Napier, William Phillips & Sam Smith (songwriters) (2015) "Thinking Out Loud" – Ed Sheeran
Ed Sheeran
& Amy Wadge
Amy Wadge
(songwriters) (2016) "Hello" – Adele
Adele
Adkins & Greg Kurstin
Greg Kurstin
(songwriters) (2017) "That's What I Like" – Christopher Brody Brown, James Fauntleroy, Philip Lawrence, Bruno Mars, Ray Charles McCullough II, Jeremy Reeves, Ray Romulus & Jonathan Yip (songwriters) (2018)

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Billboard Year-End number one singles (2000–2019)

2000: "Breathe" – Faith Hill 2001: "Hanging by a Moment" – Lifehouse 2002: "How You Remind Me" – Nickelback 2003: "In da Club" – 50 Cent 2004: "Yeah!" – Usher featuring Lil Jon
Lil Jon
and Ludacris 2005: "We Belong Together" – Mariah Carey 2006: "Bad Day" – Daniel Powter 2007: "Irreplaceable" – Beyoncé 2008: "Low" – Flo Rida
Flo Rida
featuring T-Pain 2009: "Boom Boom Pow" – The Black Eyed Peas 2010: "Tik Tok" – Kesha 2011: "Rolling in the Deep" – Adele 2012: "Somebody That I Used to Know" – Gotye
Gotye
featuring Kimbra 2013: "Thrift Shop" – Macklemore & Ryan Lewis featuring Wanz 2014: "Happy" – Pharrell Williams 2015: "Uptown Funk" – Mark Ronson
Mark Ronson
featuring Bruno Mars 2016: " Love
Love
Yourself" – Justin Bieber 2017: "Shape of You" – Ed Sheeran

Complete list (1946–1959) (1960–1979) (1980–1999) (2000–2019)

v t e

MTV
MTV
Movie Award for Best Fight

Adam Sandler
Adam Sandler
vs. Bob Barker
Bob Barker
Happy Gilmore
Happy Gilmore
(1996) Fairuza Balk
Fairuza Balk
vs. Robin Tunney
Robin Tunney
– The Craft (1997) Will Smith
Will Smith
vs. Cockroach – Men in Black (1998) Ben Stiller
Ben Stiller
vs. Puffy the Dog – There's Something About Mary
There's Something About Mary
(1999) Keanu Reeves
Keanu Reeves
vs. Laurence Fishburne
Laurence Fishburne
The Matrix
The Matrix
(2000) Zhang Ziyi
Zhang Ziyi
vs. Entire bar – Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
(2001) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
and Chris Tucker
Chris Tucker
vs. Hong Kong gang – Rush Hour 2
Rush Hour 2
(2002) Yoda
Yoda
vs. Christopher Lee
Christopher Lee
– Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones (2003) Uma Thurman
Uma Thurman
vs. Chiaki Kuriyama
Chiaki Kuriyama
– Kill Bill: Volume 1 (2004) Uma Thurman
Uma Thurman
vs. Daryl Hannah
Daryl Hannah
– Kill Bill: Volume 2 (2005) Angelina Jolie
Angelina Jolie
vs. Brad Pitt
Brad Pitt
– Mr. & Mrs. Smith (2006) Gerard Butler
Gerard Butler
vs. Robert Maillet
Robert Maillet
– 300 (2007) Sean Faris vs. Cam Gigandet
Cam Gigandet
Never Back Down
Never Back Down
(2008) Robert Pattinson
Robert Pattinson
vs. Cam Gigandet
Cam Gigandet
– Twilight (2009) Beyoncé
Beyoncé
Knowles vs. Ali Larter
Ali Larter
– Obsessed (2010) Robert Pattinson
Robert Pattinson
vs. Bryce Dallas Howard
Bryce Dallas Howard
and Xavier Samuel
Xavier Samuel
– The Twilight Saga: Eclipse (2011) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
and Josh Hutcherson
Josh Hutcherson
vs. Alexander Ludwig
Alexander Ludwig
– The Hunger Games (2012) Robert Downey Jr., Chris Evans, Mark Ruffalo, Chris Hemsworth, Scarlett Johansson
Scarlett Johansson
and Jeremy Renner
Jeremy Renner
vs. Tom Hiddleston
Tom Hiddleston
– The Avengers (2013) Orlando Bloom
Orlando Bloom
and Evangeline Lilly
Evangeline Lilly
vs. Orcs – The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug (2014) Dylan O'Brien
Dylan O'Brien
vs. Will Poulter
Will Poulter
The Maze Runner
The Maze Runner
(2015) Ryan Reynolds
Ryan Reynolds
vs. Ed Skrein
Ed Skrein
- Deadpool (2016)

v t e

2000–2009 Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
Swimsuit Issue

2000

Elsa Benítezp Kylie Bax Michelle Behennah Laetitia Casta Yamila Díaz Luján Fernández Kristy Hinze Malia Jonesp Heidi Klum Melania Knaussp Shakara Ledard Ana Paula Lemesp Noémie Lenoir Josie Maranp Carré Otis Daniela Peštová Audrey Quockp Gabrielle Reecep Rachel Roberts Molly Simsp Veronika Vařeková Estella Warren

2001

Michelle Behennah Elsa Benítez Aurélie Claudel Yamila Díaz* Luján Fernández Janelle Fishmanp Heidi Klum* Shakara Ledard* Kim Lemantonp Noémie Lenoir* Shirley Mallmann Josie Maran Petra Němcováp Daniela Peštová Audrey Quockp Molly Sims* Fernanda Tavares* Veronika Vařeková* Amy Wesson

2002

Ana Beatriz Barros Elsa Benítez Ehrinn Cummings Yamila Díaz Isabeli Fontana Bridget Hall Melissa Keller Heidi Klum Shakara Ledard Vanessa Lorenzo Josie Maran Carla Mariap Marisa Millerp Annie Mortonp Petra Němcová Chandra North Daniela Peštováp Audrey Quock Molly Sims Veronika Vařeková

2003

Michelle Alvesp May Andersen Ana Beatriz Barros Yamila Díaz Reka Ebergenyip Isabeli Fontana Bridget Hall Rachel Hunter* Melissa Keller Noémie Lenoir Juliana Martins Marisa Miller Petra Němcová Sarah O'Hare Daniela Peštová Audrey Quock Molly Sims Fernanda Tavaresp Jessica White

2004

May Andersen Ana Beatriz Barros Elsa Benítez Yamila Díaz Bridget Hall* Melissa Keller* Noémie Lenoir* Angela Lindvall Marisa Miller* Fernanda Motta Carolyn Murphy Petra Němcová* Daniela Peštová Frankie Rayder Molly Sims Jessica Van Der Steen Veronika Vařeková Jessica White*

2005

Michelle Alves Ana Beatriz Barros Yamila Díaz Alicia Hall Bridget Hall* Shakara Ledard Noémie Lenoir Michelle Lombardo Marisa Miller* Fernanda Motta Carolyn Murphy Petra Němcová Oluchi Onweagba Frankie Rayder Daniella Sarahyba* Mallory Snyder Jessica Van Der Steen Anne V* Veronika Vařeková Jessica White*

2006

Ana Beatriz Barros Elsa Benitez Carla Campbell Brooklyn Decker Yamila Diaz Bridget Hall Rachel Hunter Heidi Klum* Noémie Lenoir Elle Macpherson Marisa Miller Fernanda Motta Carolyn Murphy Aline Nakashima Petra Němcová Oluchi Onweagba Daniela Peštová Rebecca Romijn Pania Rose Daniella Sarahyba Molly Sims Mallory Snyder Yésica Toscanini Veronica Varekova Anne V

2007

Ana Paula Araújo* Ana Beatriz Barros Brooklyn Decker Yamila Díaz Selita Ebanks Julie Henderson Beyoncé
Beyoncé
Knowles Marisa Miller* Fernanda Motta Aline Nakashima Raica Oliveira Oluchi Onweagba Tori Praver* Bar Refaeli Daniella Sarahyba* Irina Shayk Fernanda Tavares Yésica Toscanini Anne V Veronika Vařeková Jessica White

2008

Melissa Baker Ana Beatriz Barros Yasmin Brunet Jeísa Chiminazzo Brooklyn Decker Selita Ebanks Jessica Gomes* Quiana Grant* Melissa Haro Julie Henderson Jarah Mariano Marisa Miller* Oluchi Onweagba Tori Praver* Bar Refaeli Daniella Sarahyba Irina Shayk Anne V Jessica White

2009

Kim Cloutier Brooklyn Decker* Cintia Dicker Lucia Dvorská Esti Ginzburg Jessica Gomes Melissa Haro Jessica Hart Julie Henderson* Damaris Lewis Jarah Mariano Ariel Meredith Tori Praver Bar Refaeli Hilary Rhoda Daniella Sarahyba Irina Shayk* Anne V Jessica White*

40th Anniversary (2004) Hall of Fame

Elle Macpherson Paulina Porizkova Rachel Hunter Tyra Banks Valeria Mazza Stacey Williams Heidi Klum Cheryl Tiegs Roshumba Williams Christie Brinkley Vendela Kirsebom

All-Star Reunion Cover (2006)

Elsa Benítez Yamila Díaz Rachel Hunter Elle Macpherson Carolyn Murphy Daniela Peštová Rebecca Romijn Veronika Vařeková (Celebrity special: Maria Sharapova)

bold indicates cover model, *appeared in bodypainting by Joanne Gair, pappeared in print edition only

v t e

Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
Swimsuit Issue
Swimsuit Issue
cover models

1960s

Babette March Sue Peterson Sunny Bippus Marilyn Tindall Turia Mau Jamee Becker

1970s

Cheryl Tiegs Tannia Rubiano Shelia Roscoe Dayle Haddon Ann Simonton Cheryl Tiegs Yvette and Yvonne Sylvander Lena Kansbod Maria João Christie Brinkley

1980s

Christie Brinkley Christie Brinkley Carol Alt Cheryl Tiegs Paulina Porizkova Paulina Porizkova Elle Macpherson Elle Macpherson Elle Macpherson Kathy Ireland

1990s

Judit Mascó Ashley Richardson Kathy Ireland Vendela Kirsebom Kathy Ireland, Rachel Hunter
Rachel Hunter
& Elle Macpherson Daniela Peštová Valeria Mazza
Valeria Mazza
& Tyra Banks Tyra Banks Heidi Klum Rebecca Romijn

2000s

Daniela Peštová Elsa Benítez Yamila Díaz Petra Němcová Veronika Vařeková Carolyn Murphy Veronika Vařeková, Elle Macpherson, Rebecca Romijn, Rachel Hunter, Daniela Peštová, Elsa Benítez, Carolyn Murphy
Carolyn Murphy
& Yamila Díaz Beyoncé
Beyoncé
Knowles Marisa Miller Bar Refaeli

2010s

Brooklyn Decker Irina Shayk Kate Upton Kate Upton Nina Agdal, Lily Aldridge
Lily Aldridge
& Chrissy Teigen Hannah Jeter Ronda Rousey/Ashley Graham/Hailey Clauson Kate Upton Danielle Herrington

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 48766193 LCCN: no00017294 ISNI: 0000 0001 1491 4936 GND: 129053813 SELIBR: 337641 SUDOC: 078777828 BNF: cb14055288r (data) MusicBrainz: 859d0860-d480-4efd-970c-c05d5f1776b8 NDL: 01215

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