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Beverley McLachlin, PC , CStJ (born September 7, 1943) was the 17th Chief Justice of Canada, the first woman to hold this position, and the longest serving Chief Justice of Canada
Chief Justice of Canada
in history. In her role as Chief Justice, she also served as a Deputy of the Governor General of Canada. McLachlin announced on June 12, 2017, that she would be retiring from the bench effective December 15, 2017, nine months before reaching the mandatory retirement age of 75.[1] Her successor as Chief Justice of Canada
Canada
is Richard Wagner, who was nominated by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau on December 12, 2017.[2] Her successor as a Justice of the Court is Sheilah Martin, who was nominated by the Prime Minister through a new process that permitted "any Canadian lawyer or judge who fits a specified criteria" to apply.[3][4][5] McLachlin was nominated in March 2018 to sit on Hong Kong's Court of Final Appeal. The Court includes several judges from common-law jurisdictions outside of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
who sit as non-permanent members. The appointment is pending the approval of the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Legislative Council.[6]

Contents

1 Early life and family 2 Career as a judge 3 Judgments 4 Controversies

4.1 Nadon Incident (2014) 4.2 McLachlin charges Canada
Canada
with cultural genocide (2015)

5 Honorary Degrees and other awards 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Early life and family[edit] McLachlin was born Beverley Gietz in Pincher Creek, Alberta, the eldest child of Eleanora Marian (née Kruschell) and Ernest Gietz. Her parents, who were of German descent, were "fundamentalist Christians"[7][8] of the Pentecostal Church.[9] She received a B.A. and an M.A. in philosophy and an LL.B. degree (winning the gold medal as top student and serving as Editor-in-Chief of the Alberta
Alberta
Law Review) from the University of Alberta. She was called to the Bar of Alberta
Alberta
in 1969 and to the Bar of British Columbia
British Columbia
in 1971. She practised law from 1969 until 1975. From 1974 to 1981, she was an Associate Professor and Professor with tenure at the University of British Columbia. She has one son, Angus (born 1976), from her first marriage to Roderick McLachlin, who took care of much of Angus's upbringing.[9] Her first husband died of cancer in 1988, a few days after she was appointed chief justice of the B.C. Supreme Court.[9] In 1992 she married Frank McArdle, a lawyer and executive director of the Canadian Superior Courts Judges Association.[9] Career as a judge[edit] In 1980, she was appointed to the County Court of Vancouver
Vancouver
and then to the Supreme Court of British Columbia. In 1985 she was appointed to the British Columbia
British Columbia
Court of Appeal, three years later in 1988 she was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of British Columbia. She was nominated by Brian Mulroney
Brian Mulroney
as a Puisne Justice to the Supreme Court of Canada
Canada
on March 30, 1989,[9] and was made Chief Justice of Canada
Canada
on January 7, 2000 by Jean Chrétien. Upon being sworn into the Supreme Court of Canada, she also became a Deputy of the Governor General of Canada
Canada
together with the other justices of the Supreme Court. When Governor General Adrienne Clarkson
Adrienne Clarkson
was hospitalized for a cardiac pacemaker operation on July 8, 2005, Chief Justice McLachlin served as the Deputy of the Governor General of Canada
Canada
and performed the duties of the Governor General as the Administrator of Canada.[10] In her role as Administrator, she gave royal assent to the Civil Marriage Act, effectively legalizing same-sex marriage in Canada.[10] She relinquished that task when the Governor General returned to good health in late July. She is the Chairperson of the Canadian Judicial Council, on the Board of Governors of the National Judicial Institute, and on the Advisory Council of the Order of Canada. She is a Member of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada. She was made a Commander of the Legion of Honour by the Government of France in 2008.[11][12] On December 15, 2006 she was appointed Commander of the Venerable Order of Saint John.[13] McLachlin has defined her function as one that requires conscious objectivity, which she describes as follows:[9]

“ What you have to try to do as a judge, whether you’re on charter issues or any other issue, is by an act of the imagination put yourself in the shoes of the different parties, and think about how it looks from their perspective, and really think about it, not just give it lip service... As a judge, and I’ve been a judge for a long time, I have always resolved to just try to judge the issues as honestly as I can, and not to think about things in too strategic a manner. My job is simply to listen to what the parties have to say, and to do my best to understand the position, the ramifications of deciding one way or the other, to think about what’s best for Canadian society on this particular problem that’s before us, and give it my best judgment after listening to, also, my eight other colleagues. So there’s a consensual element there.

McLachlin has stated that "I think the court belongs to the Canadian people and it should reflect the Canadian people." In the opinion of an interviewer, this is "not only to convey an impression of balance, but to bring in perspectives that were so long absent from the judicial imagination. To her, judgment is not a coldly neutral evaluation of competing positions, robotically free of passion or perspective. It is an engaged, human act of imagination."[9] The Supreme Court, under McLachlin, ruled against the former Conservative government of Stephen Harper
Stephen Harper
on several important issues, including prostitution, assisted suicide, mandatory minimum gun crime sentences, Senate reform, whether Taliban
Taliban
fighter Omar Khadr
Omar Khadr
deserved an adult sentence, and whether Federal Court judge Marc Nadon could be elevated to the Supreme Court.[9] McLachlin surpassed Sir William Johnstone Ritchie
William Johnstone Ritchie
as the longest-serving Chief Justice of Canada
Chief Justice of Canada
in history on September 22, 2013. In 2018, McLachlin was appointed non-permanent judge of the Court of Final Appeal, Hong Kong's supreme court. Her appointment was accompanied by the ones of Baroness Hale of Richmond also as non-permanent judge and Mr Justice Cheung as permanent judge at the paramount court of the city.[14][15] Judgments[edit] Main article: Reasons of the Supreme Court of Canada
Supreme Court of Canada
by Chief Justice McLachlin During her early years on the Supreme Court, she was characterized as a judge with libertarian leaning after her dissent in R. v. Keegstra, finding that the hate-speech criminal offences were unconstitutional, and her judgment in R. v. Zundel
R. v. Zundel
where she struck down the criminal offence of spreading false news. This was also seen to an extent in her decision of R. v. Sharpe
R. v. Sharpe
where she upheld the child pornography criminal provisions, but limited it by excluding imaginative works that are for private use. During this, she also ruled that the laws should apply to fictional depictions, declaring that 'person' would include fictional people as well as real people:[16]

Interpreting "person" in accordance with Parliament's purpose of criminalizing possession of material that poses a reasoned risk of harm to children, it seems that it should include visual works of the imagination as well as depictions of actual people. Notwithstanding the fact that 'person' in the charging section and in s. 163.1(1)(b) refers to a flesh-and-blood person, I conclude that "person" in s. 163.1(1)(a) includes both actual and imaginary human beings. — Supreme Court of Canada, R. v. Sharpe, Paragraph 38

Among her more controversial decisions was her ruling in R. v. Seaboyer, in which she struck down the rape shield law because it violated the right to a fair trial of those accused of sexual assault. McLachlin has tried to forge additional consensus in the court's decisions, often writing controversial decisions herself to forge that consensus. In doing so, she is widely recognized for "still writing lots of judgments in her own clear style."[17] The Supreme Court unanimously ruled on February 6, 2015 that the prohibition on assisted suicide was unconstitutional and overturned its own prior decision on the subject from 1993, Rodriguez v British Columbia (AG). McLachlin wrote the dissent in the 1993 case and was the only Justice from that era remaining on the court in 2015.[18] Controversies[edit] Nadon Incident (2014)[edit] In July 2013, during the consultation period prior to appointment for Marc Nadon, Chief Justice McLachlin contacted justice minister Peter MacKay and the Prime Minister's Office regarding the eligibility of Marc Nadon for a Quebec seat on the Supreme Court.[19] Prime Minister Stephen Harper
Stephen Harper
stated that he had refused a phone call from McLachlin on the Attorney General's advice. Harper's comments were criticized by the legal community and a complaint was forwarded to the International Commission of Jurists in Switzerland.[20][21] The International Commission of Jurists concluded that Beverly McLachlin deserved an apology from Harper, but none had been given as of July 2014.[22] McLachlin charges Canada
Canada
with cultural genocide (2015)[edit] In May 2015, McLachlin was invited to speak at the Global Centre for Pluralism, and said that Canada
Canada
attempted to commit “cultural genocide” against aboriginal peoples in what she called the worst stain on Canada’s human-rights record.[23] University of Regina academic Ken Coates was quick to support McLachlin, and said that she was "only stating what is clearly in the minds of judges, lawyers and aboriginal people across the country."[24] Others were far less sympathetic. Columnist Lysiane Gagnon called the comments "unacceptable" and "highly inflammatory" and suggested that McLachlin had opened herself up to accusations of prejudice.[25] Gordon Gibson, another columnist, said the use of the word "genocide" was incendiary and disproportionate and that the Chief Justice's comments made her sound like a legislator.[26] Honorary Degrees and other awards[edit] She is the Honorary Patron of the Institute of Parliamentary and Political Law. She has also been awarded the Yes She Can Award from Balmoral Hall School in 2005. She is currently the Visitor of Massey College, an interdisciplinary graduate college for students of distinguished ability at the University of Toronto.[27] She has been awarded with over 31 Honorary Degrees from various universities, which include:

Honorary Degrees

Location Date School Degree

 British Columbia 1990 University of British Columbia Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)[28][29]

 Alberta 1991 University of Alberta Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)[30]

 Ontario June 1995 University of Toronto Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)[31]

 Ontario Spring 1999 York University Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)[32]

 Ontario 2000 Law Society of Upper Canada Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)[33]

 British Columbia 2000 Simon Fraser University Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)[34]

 Alberta 2000 University of Calgary [35]

 Ontario 2000 University of Ottawa Doctor of the University
Doctor of the University
(D.Univ)[36][37]

 Ontario 8 June 2000 Brock University Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)[38]

 British Columbia November 2000 University of Victoria Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)[39]

 Alberta Spring 2001 University of Lethbridge Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)[40]

 Nova Scotia 2002 Mount Saint Vincent University Doctor of Humane Letters (DHL)[41]

 Prince Edward Island 2002 University of Prince Edward Island Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)[42]

 Quebec 2003 Université de Montréal Doctorate [43]

 Nova Scotia 2004 Dalhousie University Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)[44]

Northern Ireland 2004 Queen's University
Queen's University
Belfast Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)[45]

 Manitoba 27 May 2004 University of Manitoba Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)[46]

 Ontario 14 November 2004 Carleton University Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)[47][48]

 Maine 7 May 2005 University of Maine at Fort Kent Doctor of Humane Letters (DHL)[49][50]

 Philippines 2006 Ateneo de Manila University Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)[51]

 Ontario 18 June 2010 University of Windsor Doctor of Civil Law
Doctor of Civil Law
(DCL)[52][53]

 Ontario 2010 Ryerson University Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)[54]

 Nova Scotia 2010 Cape Breton University Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)[55][56]

 Ontario 2011 Queen's University Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)[57]

 Quebec June 2011 Concordia University Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)[58]

 Ontario 26 October 2012 University of Western Ontario Doctor of Civil Law
Doctor of Civil Law
(DCL)[59]

 Ontario 2012 Lakehead University Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)[60]

 Scotland 2014 University of Edinburgh Doctorate[61]

 Quebec   University of Montreal Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)

 Massachusetts   Bridgewater State College Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)

 Quebec 2016 McGill University Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D)

 Alberta 28 April 2017 Lethbridge College Bachelor of Applied Arts [62][63]

 Newfoundland and Labrador 19 October 2017 Memorial University of Newfoundland Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
(LL.D) [64]

This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

Ribbon bar of The Right Honourable Beverley McLachlin

Order of Saint John--Commander[65] 125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada
Canada
Medal Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
Golden Jubilee Medal Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
Diamond Jubilee Medal Legion of Honour--Commandeur

See also[edit]

List of Supreme Court of Canada
Supreme Court of Canada
cases (McLachlin Court)

References[edit]

^ MacCharles, Tonda (June 12, 2017). "Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin to retire from Supreme Court of Canada". Toronto Star.  ^ "Prime Minister names the Honourable Richard Wagner as new Chief Justice of Canada". pm.gc.ca (Press release). PMO. December 12, 2017. Retrieved December 12, 2017.  ^ Justin Trudeau
Justin Trudeau
(August 2, 2016). "Why Canada
Canada
has a new way to choose Supreme Court judges". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved April 24, 2017.  ^ "New process for judicial appointments to the Supreme Court of Canada" (Press release). Government of Canada. August 2, 2016.  ^ "Prime Minister announces nomination of the Honourable Sheilah L. Martin to the Supreme Court of Canada". pm.gc.ca (Press release). PMO. November 29, 2017.  ^ "Former chief justice Beverley McLachlin
Beverley McLachlin
nominated for Hong Kong's top court". Globe and Mail. March 21, 2018. Retrieved March 22, 2018.  ^ "'Justice lies at the heart of what Canada
Canada
is'". Pqasb.pqarchiver.com. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ Philip Slayton (1943-09-07). Mighty Judgment: How The Supreme Court Of Canada
Canada
Runs Your Life. Books.google.ca. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ a b c d e f g h "'Conscious objectivity': That's how the chief justice defines the top court's role. Harper might beg to differ National Post". News.nationalpost.com. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ a b "Canada's Chief Justice lays down the law The Journal". www.queensjournal.ca. Retrieved 2015-10-13.  ^ " Canada
Canada
Gazette Part I" (PDF). Gazette.gc.ca. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 22, 2013. Retrieved February 17, 2016.  ^ "La France décore la Juge en chef du Canada". La France au Canada/France in Canada.  ^ " Canada
Canada
Gazette Part I," (PDF). Gazette.gc.ca. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 22, 2013. Retrieved February 17, 2016.  ^ http://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/201803/21/P2018032100305.htm ^ http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/law-crime/article/2138271/two-female-foreign-judges-appointed-hong-kongs-top-court ^ " Supreme Court of Canada
Supreme Court of Canada
- Decisions - R. v. Sharpe". Archived from the original on April 30, 2008. Retrieved April 28, 2008.  ^ http://thechronicleherald.ca/Front/1150605.html November 1, 2009[dead link] ^ Macfarlane, Emmett (February 6, 2015). "On assisted suicide, the Supreme Court confronts Parliament's cowardice". Maclean's. Retrieved February 6, 2015.  ^ "News Release - SCC Cases (Lexum)". Scc-csc.lexum.com. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ " Stephen Harper
Stephen Harper
lashes out at top judge on Supreme Court". Toronto Star. May 2, 2014.  ^ "Legal community demands Stephen Harper
Stephen Harper
withdraw criticism of Beverley McLachlin". Toronto Star. May 13, 2014.  ^ " International Commission of Jurists
International Commission of Jurists
demands Stephen Harper apologize to Beverley McLachlin". CBC News. July 25, 2014.  ^ Canada. "Chief Justice says Canada
Canada
attempted 'cultural genocide' on aboriginals". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ Ken Coates. "McLachlin said what many have long known". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ Lysiane, Gagnon (June 10, 2015). "McLachlin's comments a disservice to her court, and to aboriginals". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved June 10, 2015.  ^ Gibson, Gordon (June 10, 2015). "It is bad for democracy when nine unelected people can make law". National Post. Retrieved June 10, 2015.  ^ "Governance – Massey College". www.masseycollege.ca. Retrieved 11 February 2018.  ^ " University of British Columbia
University of British Columbia
Library - University Archives". Library.ubc.ca. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "UBC Archives - Honorary Degree Citations - 1989-1991". Library.ubc.ca. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "Past Honorary Degree Recipients - University of Alberta". Senate.ualberta.ca. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "Honorary Degree Recipients" (PDF). Governingcouncil.utoronto.ca. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ Current Students. "Honorary Degree Recipients University Secretariat". Secretariat.info.yorku.ca. Archived from the original on March 18, 2015. Retrieved February 17, 2016.  ^ "Honorary LLD The Law Society of Upper Canada". Lsuc.on.ca. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "Past Honorary Degree Recipients - Ceremonies and Events - Simon Fraser University". Sfu.ca. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "University of Calgary : Honorary Degree Recipients". Ucalgary.ca. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "Distinguished Canadian Leadership Award (DCLA) Awards & Achievements Media Room". Archived from the original on November 2, 2009. Retrieved May 1, 2015.  ^ "McLAUGHLIN, Beverly Office of the President University of Ottawa". Uottawa.ca. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "BROCK UNIVERSITY HONORARY DEGREE AND AWARD RECIPIENTS" (PDF). Brocku.ca. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ " University of Victoria
University of Victoria
- Honorary degree
Honorary degree
recipients - University of Victoria". Uvic.ca. 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "Honorary Degree Recipients" (PDF). Uleth.ca. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "Our honorary degree recipients". Archived from the original on April 20, 2015. Retrieved July 12, 2015.  ^ "Past Honorary Degree Recipients University of Prince Edward Island". www.upei.ca. Retrieved 2017-10-11.  ^ "Faculté de droit de l'UdeM: Honorary doctorates". Droit.umontreal.ca. Retrieved 2018-02-11.  ^ "2000 ‑ 2009 Honorary Degree Recipients - Convocation - Dalhousie University". Dal.ca. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved February 17, 2016.  ^ http://www.qub.ac.uk/home/Discover/About-Queens/Leadership-and-structure/Registrars-Office/FileStore/Filetoupload,671298,en.pdf ^ " University of Manitoba
University of Manitoba
- University Governance - The Right Honourable Beverley McLachlin, LL.D., May 27, 2004". Umanitoba.ca. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "Honorary Degrees Awarded Since 1954 - Senate". Carleton.ca. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "Comic Carleton Now". Carletonnow.carleton.ca. 2016-02-07. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "Chief Justice of Canada's Supreme Court to speak at UMFK commencement and receive honorary degree - University of Maine at Fort Kent". Umfk.edu. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "Honorary Degree Past Recipients". Umfk.edu. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "Honorary Degree Ateneo de Manila University". Ateneo.edu. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "Honorary Degree Conferred" (PDF). Uwindsor.ca. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-01-28. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ " University of Windsor
University of Windsor
- Law - Breaking News - Chief Justice McLachlin to receive Honorary Degree". Web4.uwindsor.ca. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "Ryerson University : Ryerson Honorary Doctorates and Fellowships". Ryerson.ca. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "Honorary Degree Recipients Cape Breton University
Cape Breton University
- HAPPEN". Archived from the original on May 3, 2015. Retrieved May 1, 2015.  ^ " The Right Honourable Beverley McLachlin
Beverley McLachlin
Cape Breton University
Cape Breton University
- HAPPEN". Archived from the original on January 2, 2015. Retrieved May 1, 2015.  ^ "Honorary Degrees" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on April 27, 2015. Retrieved May 1, 2015.  ^ "Honorary Degree Citation - Beverley McLachlin
Beverley McLachlin
Concordia University Archives". Archives.concordia.ca. 2000-01-07. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "The University of Western Ontario : Honorary Degrees Awarded, 1881-present" (PDF). Uwo.ca. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "Honorary Degree Recipients" (PDF). Lakeheadu.ca. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "Honorary Graduates of the University of Edinburgh". Scripts.sasg.ed.ac.uk. 2000-01-07. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-02-17.  ^ "Chief Justice to receive honorary degree Lethbridge College - Fort Macleod Gazette". www.fortmacleodgazette.com. Retrieved 11 February 2018.  ^ [1][dead link] ^ https://www.mun.ca/convocation/previous/Fall_2017_SJ.pdf ^ Makin, Kirk. "Beverley McLachlin". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2018-04-08. 

External links[edit]

Supreme Court of Canada
Supreme Court of Canada
biography The Canadian Encyclopedia - Beverley McLachlin Fundamental Freedoms: The Charter of Rights and Freedoms - Charter of Rights website with video, audio and the Charter in over 20 languages

Order of precedence

Preceded by Stephen Harper as Former Prime Minister Order of Precedence of Canada as Former Chief Justice Succeeded by George Furey as Speaker of the Canadian Senate

v t e

Chief Justices of Canada

Richards Ritchie Strong H. E. Taschereau Fitzpatrick Davies Anglin Duff Rinfret Kerwin R. Taschereau Cartwright Fauteux Laskin Dickson Lamer McLachlin Wagner

v t e

The Dickson court (1984–90)

1984–85:

R. Ritchie J. Beetz W.Z. Estey W.R. McIntyre J. Chouinard A. Lamer B. Wilson G. Le Dain

1985–87:

J. Beetz W.Z. Estey W.R. McIntyre J. Chouinard A. Lamer B. Wilson G. Le Dain G. La Forest

1987–May 1988:

J. Beetz W.Z. Estey W.R. McIntyre A. Lamer B. Wilson G. Le Dain G. La Forest C. L'Heureux-Dubé

May 1988–Nov. 1988:

J. Beetz W.R. McIntyre A. Lamer B. Wilson G. Le Dain G. La Forest C. L'Heureux-Dubé J. Sopinka

Nov. 1988–1989:

W.R. McIntyre A. Lamer B. Wilson G. La Forest C. L'Heureux-Dubé J. Sopinka C. Gonthier P. Cory

1989–90:

A. Lamer B. Wilson G. La Forest C. L'Heureux-Dubé J. Sopinka C. Gonthier P. Cory B. McLachlin

v t e

The Lamer court (1990–2000)

1990–91

B. Wilson G. La Forest C. L'Heureux-Dubé J. Sopinka C. Gonthier P. Cory B. McLachlin W. Stevenson

1991–92

G. La Forest C. L'Heureux-Dubé J. Sopinka C. Gonthier P. Cory B. McLachlin W. Stevenson F. Iacobucci

1992–97

G. La Forest C. L'Heureux-Dubé J. Sopinka C. Gonthier P. Cory B. McLachlin F. Iacobucci J.C. Major

1997–98

C. L'Heureux-Dubé J. Sopinka C. Gonthier P. Cory B. McLachlin F. Iacobucci J.C. Major M. Bastarache

1998–99

C. L'Heureux-Dubé C. Gonthier P. Cory B. McLachlin F. Iacobucci J.C. Major M. Bastarache W.I. Binnie

1999–2000

C. L'Heureux-Dubé C. Gonthier B. McLachlin F. Iacobucci J.C. Major M. Bastarache W.I. Binnie L. Arbour

v t e

The McLachlin court (2000–17)

January 7, 2000 – July 1, 2002:

C. L'Heureux-Dubé C. Gonthier F. Iacobucci J.C. Major M. Bastarache W.I. Binnie L. Arbour L. LeBel

August 7, 2002 – August 1, 2003:

C. Gonthier F. Iacobucci J.C. Major M. Bastarache W.I. Binnie L. Arbour L. LeBel M. Deschamps

August 5, 2003 – June 30, 2004:

F. Iacobucci J.C. Major M. Bastarache W.I. Binnie L. Arbour L. LeBel M. Deschamps M.J. Fish

October 4, 2004 – December 25, 2005:

J.C. Major M. Bastarache W.I. Binnie L. LeBel M. Deschamps M.J. Fish R. Abella L. Charron

December 26, 2005 – February 28, 2006:

M. Bastarache W.I. Binnie L. LeBel M. Deschamps M.J. Fish R. Abella L. Charron

March 1, 2006 – June 30, 2008:

M. Bastarache W.I. Binnie L. LeBel M. Deschamps M.J. Fish R. Abella L. Charron M. Rothstein

July 1, 2008 – December 22, 2008:

W.I. Binnie L. LeBel M. Deschamps M.J. Fish R. Abella L. Charron M. Rothstein

December 22, 2008 – August 30, 2011:

W.I. Binnie L. LeBel M. Deschamps M.J. Fish R. Abella L. Charron M. Rothstein T. Cromwell

August 30, 2011 – October 27, 2011:

W.I. Binnie L. LeBel M. Deschamps M.J. Fish R. Abella M. Rothstein T. Cromwell

October 27, 2011 – August 7, 2012:

L. LeBel M. Deschamps M.J. Fish R. Abella M. Rothstein T. Cromwell M. Moldaver A. Karakatsanis

August 7, 2012 – October 5, 2012:

L. LeBel M.J. Fish R. Abella M. Rothstein T. Cromwell M. Moldaver A. Karakatsanis

October 5, 2012 – August 31, 2013:

L. LeBel M.J. Fish R. Abella M. Rothstein T. Cromwell M. Moldaver A. Karakatsanis R. Wagner

August 31, 2013 – June 9, 2014:

L. LeBel R. Abella M. Rothstein T. Cromwell M. Moldaver A. Karakatsanis R. Wagner

June 9, 2014 – November 30, 2014:

L. LeBel R. Abella M. Rothstein T. Cromwell M. Moldaver A. Karakatsanis R. Wagner C. Gascon

December 1, 2014 – August 31, 2015:

R. Abella M. Rothstein T. Cromwell M. Moldaver A. Karakatsanis R. Wagner C. Gascon S. Côté

August 31, 2015 – September 1, 2016:

R. Abella T. Cromwell M. Moldaver A. Karakatsanis R. Wagner C. Gascon S. Côté R. Brown

September 1, 2016 – October 28, 2016:

R. Abella M. Moldaver A. Karakatsanis R. Wagner C. Gascon S. Côté R. Brown

October 28, 2016 – December 15, 2017:

R. Abella M. Moldaver A. Karakatsanis R. Wagner C. Gascon S. Côté R. Brown M. Rowe

v t e

Current Canadian Federal Judges

Supreme Court

Richard Wagner Rosalie Abella Michael Moldaver Andromache Karakatsanis Clément Gascon Suzanne Côté Russell Brown Malcolm Rowe Sheilah Martin

Court of Appeal

Marc Noël Marc Nadon (S) J.D. Denis Pelletier (S) Eleanor Dawson (S) Johanne Gauthier Johanne Trudel (S) David Stratas Wyman Webb David Near André F.J. Scott Richard Boivin Donald J. Rennie Yves de Montigny Mary J.L. Gleason Judith Woods John B. Laskin

Federal Court

Paul S. Crampton Sandra J. Simpson (S) Douglas R. Campbell (S) Elizabeth Heneghan Luc Martineau Simon Noël (S) James Russell (S) James O'Reilly Sean J. Harrington (S) Richard Mosley Michel M.J. Shore Michael L. Phelan (S) Anne L. Mactavish Robert L. Barnes Leonard S. Mandamin (S) Russel W. Zinn Marie-Josée Bédard Mary J.L. Gleason Jocelyne Gagné Catherine Kane Michael D. Manson Yvan Roy Cecily Strickland Peter Annis Glennys L. McVeigh René LeBlanc Martine St-Louis George R. Locke Henry S. Brown Alan Diner Keith M. Boswell Simon Fothergill B. Richard Bell Denis Gascon Richard F. Southcott Patrick K. Gleeson Susan Elliott Sylvie E. Roussel Anne Marie McDonald Roger Lafreniere William F. Pentney Shirzad S. Ahmed Sébastien Grammond Paul Favel

Tax Court

Eugene Rossiter Lucie Lamarre Pierre Archambault (S) Alain Tardif (S) Diane Campbell (S) Campbell J. Miller (S) Brent Paris Réal Favreau Gaston Jorré Patrick J. Boyle Valerie Miller Robert Hogan Steven K. D'Arcy Frank J. Pizzitelli Johanne D'Auray Randall S. Bocock David Graham Kathleen T. Lyons John R. Owen Dominique Lafleur Sylvain Ouimet Don R. Sommerfeldt Henry A. Visser Guy R. Smith Bruce Russell

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 65505599 LCCN: n86831292 GND: 102930047

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Time at 25405971.433333, Busy percent: 30
***************** NOT Too Busy at 25405971.433333 3../logs/periodic-service_log.txt
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25407301.3 = task['next-exec'];
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daily-work.php = task['exec'];
25405971.433333 Time.

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25415941.3 = task['next-exec'];
25405861.3 = task['last-exec'];
weekly-work.php = task['exec'];
25405971.433333 Time.

1440 = task['interval'];
25407301.316667 = task['next-exec'];
25405861.316667 = task['last-exec'];
PeriodicStats.php = task['exec'];
25405971.433333 Time.

1440 = task['interval'];
25407301.333333 = task['next-exec'];
25405861.333333 = task['last-exec'];
PeriodicBuild.php = task['exec'];
25405971.433333 Time.

1440 = task['interval'];
25407301.45 = task['next-exec'];
25405861.45 = task['last-exec'];
cleanup.php = task['exec'];
25405971.433333 Time.

1440 = task['interval'];
25407301.483333 = task['next-exec'];
25405861.483333 = task['last-exec'];
build-sitemap-xml.php = task['exec'];
25405971.433333 Time.