The BERNOULLIS (/bərˈnuːli/ ) were a patrician family of merchants
and scholars, originally from
**Antwerp**

Antwerp , who resettled in
**Basel**

Basel ,
**Switzerland**

Switzerland . The name is sometimes misspelled Bernou-Ill-i and
mispronounced accordingly. Over the course of three generations, the
Bernoullis produced eight mathematically gifted academics who, between
them, contributed to the foundations of applied mathematics and
physics.

Leon Bernoulli was a doctor in
**Antwerp**

Antwerp , which, at that time, was in
the Spanish Netherlands. He died in 1561, and in 1570 his son, Jacob,
emigrated to
**Frankfurt am Main**

Frankfurt am Main to escape from the Spanish persecution
of the Huguenots . Jacob’s grandson, a spice trader, also named
Jacob, moved to
**Basel**

Basel ,
**Switzerland**

Switzerland in 1620, and was granted Swiss
citizenship. His son, Niklaus (1623-1708), Leon’s
great-great-grandson, married Margarethe Schönauer. The Bernoulli
family was related by marriage to the prominent French academic
dynasty,
**Curie family** through
**Johann Bernoulli**

Johann Bernoulli (1667-1748).

Niklaus had three sons, who became the foundation of the dynasty of
mathematicians:

*
**Jacob Bernoulli** (1654–1705; also known as James or Jacques)
mathematician after whom
**Bernoulli numbers** are named, and author of
the early probability text
**Ars Conjectandi**
* Nicolaus Bernoulli (1662–1716) painter and alderman of Basel
*
**Johann Bernoulli**

Johann Bernoulli (1667–1748; also known as Jean) mathematician
and early adopter of infinitesimal calculus

In addition to those mentioned above, the
**Bernoulli family** produced
many notable artists and scientists, in particular, a number of famous
mathematicians in the 18th century:

*
**Nicolaus I Bernoulli** (1687–1759) mathematician;
*
**Nicolaus II Bernoulli** (1695–1726) mathematician; worked on
curves, differential equations , and probability , and originator of
the
**St. Petersburg paradox**
*
**Daniel Bernoulli** (1700–1782) developer of Bernoulli\'s principle
and originator of the concept of expected utility for resolving the
St. Petersburg paradox
*
**Johann II Bernoulli** (1710–1790; also known as Jean)
mathematician and physicist
*
**Johann III Bernoulli** (1744–1807; also known as Jean) astronomer,
geographer, and mathematician
*
**Jacob II Bernoulli** (1759–1789; also known as Jacques) physicist
and mathematician
* Hans Bernoulli , (1876–1959) architect, designer of the
Bernoullihäuser in Zurich and Grenchen SO
*
**Elisabeth Bernoulli** (1873-1935), suffragette and campaigner
against alcoholism

DEVICES AND IDEAS NAMED FOR MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY

Main article: List of things named after members of the Bernoulli
family

*
**Bernoulli differential equation**
*
**Bernoulli distribution**
*
**Bernoulli number**
*
**Bernoulli polynomials**

Bernoulli polynomials
*
**Bernoulli process**
*
**Bernoulli trial**
* Bernoulli\'s principle
* Bernoulli\'s triangle

REFERENCES

* ^
**Talk** page, section Pronunciation
* ^ David Darling Encyclopedia of Science
**Bernoulli family** Archived
2014-01-13 at the
**Wayback Machine**

Wayback Machine .
* ^ Historic Lexicon of the Swiss, Bernoulli Archived 2012-10-04 at
the
**Wayback Machine**

Wayback Machine .

**Wikisource**

Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica
article BERNOULLI .

Wikimedia Commons has media related to BERNOULLI .

* Family tree at the MacTutor History of
**Mathematics**

Mathematics archive .
*
**Bernoulli family** in German, French and Italian in the online
Historical Dictionary of
**Switzerland**

Switzerland .

* v
* t
* e

**Bernoulli family** tree

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Nicolaus Bernoulli
(1623–1708)

**Jacob Bernoulli**
(1654–1705)
Nicolaus Bernoulli
(1662–1716)

**Johann Bernoulli**

Johann Bernoulli
(1667–1748)

**Nicolaus I Bernoulli**
(1687–1759)
**Nicolaus II Bernoulli**
(1695–1726)
**Daniel Bernoulli**
(1700–1782)
**Johann II Bernoulli**
(1710–1790)

**Johann III Bernoulli**
(1744–1807)
Daniel II Bernoulli
(1751–1834)
Nicolaus IV Bernoulli
(1754–1841)
**Jakob II Bernoulli**
(1759–1789)

Nicolaus
(1793–1876)

Fritz
(1824–1913)

Theodor
(1837–1909)

**Hermann Hesse**

Hermann Hesse
(1877–1962)
Maria Bernoulli
(1868–1963)
**Elisabeth Bernoulli**
(1873–1935)
**Hans Benno Bernoulli**
(1876–1959)

NOTES

Family tree of the
**Bernoulli family**

* v
* t
* e

Patrician families of
**Basel**

Basel

* Bernoulli
*
**Burckhardt**

Burckhardt
*
**Faesch**
* Iselin
* Merian
*
**Meyer zum Pfeil**
* Sarasin
* Seiler
* Socin