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The Bernoulli family (German pronunciation: [bɛʁˈnʊli][1]) of Basel
Basel
is a patrician family, notable for having produced eight mathematically gifted academics who, between them, contributed to the foundations of applied mathematics and physics during the early modern period. Originally from Antwerp, Belgium, they moved to Basel
Basel
and gained Swiss citizenship in 1620.[2] The family was related by marriage to the prominent French academic dynasty, Curie family through Johann Bernoulli
Johann Bernoulli
(1667–1748). While their origin in Antwerp is certain, proposed connections with the Dutch family Bornouilla, Bernoullie or the Castilian family de Bernuy (Bernoille, Bernouille) are uncertain.[2] The first known member of the family was Leon Bernoulli (d. 1561), a doctor in Antwerp, at that time, part of the Spanish Netherlands. His son, Jacob, emigrated to Frankfurt am Main
Frankfurt am Main
in 1570 to escape from the Spanish persecution of the Huguenots. Jacob’s grandson, a spice trader, also named Jacob, moved to Basel, Switzerland
Switzerland
in 1620, and was granted Basel
Basel
citizenship in 1622.[2] His son, Niklaus (Nicolaus, 1623–1708), Leon's great-great-grandson, married Margarethe Schönauer. Niklaus had four sons, of which Johann and Hieronyus became the progenitors of the "greater" and the "lesser" branch of the family, respectively. The four sons of Niklaus were:

Jacob Bernoulli
Jacob Bernoulli
(1654–1705; also known as James or Jacques) mathematician after whom Bernoulli numbers
Bernoulli numbers
are named, and author of the early probability text Ars Conjectandi Nicolaus Bernoulli (1662–1716) painter and alderman of Basel Johann Bernoulli
Johann Bernoulli
(1667–1748; also known as Jean) mathematician and early adopter of infinitesimal calculus Hieronymus Bernoulli (1669–1760), m. Catharina Ebneter

In addition to those mentioned above, the Bernoulli family produced many notable artists and scientists, in particular, a number of famous mathematicians in the 18th century:

Nicolaus I Bernoulli (1687–1759) mathematician; Nicolaus II Bernoulli
Nicolaus II Bernoulli
(1695–1726) mathematician; worked on curves, differential equations, and probability, and originator of the St. Petersburg paradox Daniel Bernoulli
Daniel Bernoulli
(1700–1782) developer of Bernoulli's principle
Bernoulli's principle
and originator of the concept of expected utility for resolving the St. Petersburg paradox Johann II Bernoulli
Johann II Bernoulli
(1710–1790; also known as Jean) mathematician and physicist Johann III Bernoulli
Johann III Bernoulli
(1744–1807; also known as Jean) astronomer, geographer, and mathematician Jacob II Bernoulli
Jacob II Bernoulli
(1759–1789; also known as Jacques) physicist and mathematician Hans Bernoulli, (1876–1959) architect, designer of the Bernoullihäuser in Zurich and Grenchen SO Elisabeth Bernoulli (1873-1935), suffragette and campaigner against alcoholism

The surname survives in Switzerland, with ten entries in the white pages for the city of Basel
Basel
as of 2018.[3]

Contents

1 Named for members of the family 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Named for members of the family[edit] Main article: List of things named after members of the Bernoulli family

Bernoulli differential equation Bernoulli distribution Bernoulli number Bernoulli polynomials Bernoulli process Bernoulli trial Bernoulli's principle Bernoulli's triangle

See also[edit]

Curie family, a related family[4][5][6]

References[edit]

^ German pronunciation from Mangold, Max (1990) Duden — Das Aussprachewörterbuch. 3. Auflage. Mannheim/Wien/Zürich, Dudenverlag. In a tradition going back to the 18th century ( Tronson du Coudray, L'artillerie nouvelle, 1773, p. 195), the name was spelled Bernouilli in France, and accordingly given the French pronunciation of [bɛʁnuˈji]. This is no longer the case, and the name is now spelled in the original form Bernoulli also in French-language context. Rue Bernoulli in Paris 8 was named rue Bernouilli in 1867 and renamed to the correct spelling in 1994 (v2asp.paris.fr). Bernoulli crater
Bernoulli crater
was spelled Bernouilli in the moon atlas by Beer & Mädler (1836), and hence adopted as the official name by the IAU
IAU
in 1935; the IAU
IAU
changed the official name to Bernoulli in 2003. The French submarine Bernouilli (1906) was named for Daniel Bernoulli. ^ a b c René Bernoulli-Sutter: Bernoulli family in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland, 2004. ^ tel.search.ch ^ http://fabpedigree.com/s077/f347719.htm ^ https://www.geni.com/people/Augustine-Curie/4754996552740023509 ^ https://gw.geneanet.org/pdelaubier?lang=en&n=hofer&nz=de+laubier&ocz=0&p=augustine&pz=pierre

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Bernoulli.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bernoulli.

Family tree at the MacTutor History of Mathematics
Mathematics
archive. David Darling Encyclopedia of Science Bernoulli family Archived 2014-01-13 at the Wayback Machine.

v t e

Bernoulli family tree

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Nicolaus Bernoulli (1623–1708)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jacob Bernoulli (1654–1705)

 

Nicolaus Bernoulli (1662–1716)

 

 

 

Johann Bernoulli (1667–1748)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nicolaus I Bernoulli (1687–1759)

 

Nicolaus II Bernoulli (1695–1726)

 

Daniel Bernoulli (1700–1782)

 

Johann II Bernoulli (1710–1790)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Johann III Bernoulli (1744–1807)

 

Daniel II Bernoulli (1751–1834)

 

Nicolaus IV Bernoulli (1754–1841)

 

Jakob II Bernoulli (1759–1789)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nicolaus (1793–1876)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fritz (1824–1913)

 

 

Theodor (1837–1909)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hermann Hesse (1877–1962)

 

Maria Bernoulli (1868–1963)

 

Elisabeth Bernoulli (1873–1935)

 

Hans Benno Bernoulli (1876–1959)

 

Notes

Family tree of the Bernoulli family

v t e

Patrician families of Basel

Bernoulli Burckhardt Faesch Iselin Merian Meyer zum Pfeil Sarasin Se

.