BERNHARD RUST (30 September 1883 in
* 1 Early life * 2 Political career * 3 Death * 4 Spelling reform * 5 References * 6 External links
Rust was born in
Rust joined the
It was Rust who, in 1933, issued a rule that students and teachers should greet each other with the Nazi salute "as a symbol of the new Germany". He added his opinion that it was "expected of every German" regardless of membership in the party. Rust was instrumental in purging German universities of Jews and others regarded as enemies of the State, most notably at the University of Göttingen . Nazi Germany's future leaders received their instruction elsewhere, in an NPEA or "Napola" (NAtionalPOLitische erziehungsAnstalten), of which there were 30 in the nation, where they would receive training to become administrators of conquered provinces.
He bluntly informed teachers that their aim was to educate ethnically aware Germans. Rust also believed that non-Aryan science (such as Albert Einstein's "Jewish physics") was flawed, and had what he felt to be a rational explanation for this view. In an address to scientists, he said, "The problems of science do not present themselves in the same way to all men. The Negro or the Jew will view the same world in a different light from the German investigator." Erika Mann , the daughter of Thomas Mann , wrote an exposé of the Rust system in 1938 entitled _School for Barbarians_, followed in 1941 by Gregor Ziemer 's _ Education for Death _.
Rust reportedly committed suicide on 8 May 1945 when Germany surrendered to Allied forces.
Rust prepared a reform of German orthography , and his fairly extensive version corresponded to the ideas of the spelling reformers of the 1970s (lower case common nouns, elimination of lengthening-symbols). This attempt met internal resistance of the Reich's ministry. The German orthography reform of 1944 also failed.
Before these failures, the rules of the reform were printed in millions of copies intended for classroom use and published in numerous newspapers. The 1944 reform was postponed on the orders of Hitler because it was "not important for the war effort." Some of Rust's innovations had, however, found their way into the 1942 Duden , such as the spelling of the word _Kautsch_ for _Couch,_ which persisted into the 1980s.
Many of the proposed changes were finally implemented with the German orthography reform of 1996 .
* ^ _A_ _B_ Claudia Koonz , _The Nazi Conscience_, p 134 ISBN 0-674-01172-4 * ^ Hitlers Bildungsreformer: Das Reichsministerium für Wissenschaft, Erziehung und Volksbildung 1934-1945, by Anne C. Nagel, Fischer publishing house, 2012, ISBN 978-3596194254 * ^ _Current Biography 1942_, pp725-27 * ^ _Current Biography 1942_, pp725; "The Good Earth", _TIME_magazine, 30 September 1935 * ^ "Sub-Dictator", _TIME_magazine, 21 August 1933 * ^ "How Nazis are Trained", _TIME_magazine, 25 August 1941 * ^ _Current Biography 1942_, p727 * ^ Goeschel, Christian (2009), _Suicide in Nazi Germany_, OUP Oxford, p. 152, ISBN 0191567566 .