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BERNARD DE JUSSIEU (French pronunciation: ​ ; 17 August 1699 – 6 November 1777) was a French naturalist, younger brother of Antoine de Jussieu .

Bernard de Jussieu
Bernard de Jussieu
was born in Lyon
Lyon
. He took a medical degree at Montpellier and began practice in 1720, but finding the work uncongenial he gladly accepted his brother's invitation to Paris
Paris
in 1722, when he succeeded Sebastien Vaillant (1669–1722) as sub-demonstrator of plants in the Jardin des Plantes . In 1725 he brought out a new edition of Joseph Pitton de Tournefort
Joseph Pitton de Tournefort
's Histoire des plantes qui naissent aux environs de Paris, 2 vols., which was afterwards translated into English by John Martyn , the original work being incomplete. In the same year he was admitted into the French Academy of Sciences , and communicated several papers to that body. Jussieu's house near Grand Trianon
Grand Trianon
, now the Palace of Versailles Research Centre .

Long before Abraham Trembley (1700–1784) published his Histoire des polypes d'eau douce, Jussieu maintained the doctrine that these organisms were in fact animals, and not the flowers of marine plants, which was the notion at the time; to confirm his views, he made three journeys to the coast of Normandy
Normandy
. Singularly modest and retiring, he published very little, but in 1759 he arranged the plants in the royal garden of the Grand Trianon
Grand Trianon
in the Palace of Versailles