Bernard Johan Herman Haitink CH KBE (Dutch: [ˈbɛrnɑrt
ˈɦaːi̯tɪŋk]; born 4 March 1929) is a Dutch conductor.
1 Early life
3 Personal life
4 Awards and honours
4.2 Music Industry and Cultural
5 Selected discography
7 External links
Haitink was born in Amsterdam, the son of Willem Haitink, a civil
servant who was to become director of the Dutch electricity board, and
Anna Clara Verschaffelt, who worked for Alliance Française. He
studied the violin and conducting at the Conservatorium van Amsterdam.
He played the violin in orchestras before taking courses in conducting
Ferdinand Leitner in 1954 and 1955.
Bernard Haitink (1959)
Haitink conducted his first concert on 19 July 1954 with the
Netherlands Radio Union Orchestra (later the
Philharmonic [RFO]). He became second conductor of the orchestra in
1955, and chief conductor of the orchestra in 1957. His conducting
debut with the Concertgebouw Orchestra was on 7 November 1956,
substituting for Carlo Maria Giulini. After the sudden death of
Eduard van Beinum, Haitink was named first conductor of the
Concertgebouw Orchestra on 1 September 1959. He became principal
conductor of the Concertgebouw Orchestra in 1961, and shared that
position jointly with
Eugen Jochum until 1963, when Haitink became
sole principal conductor. With the Concertgebouw Orchestra, Haitink
made many recordings for the Philips label, and later Decca and EMI
Classics, and toured widely with the orchestra.
In the early 1980s, Haitink threatened to resign his Concertgebouw
post in protest at threatened reductions to its subsidy from the Dutch
government, which could have led to the dismissal of 23 musicians from
the orchestra. The financial situation was eventually settled, and
Haitink remained as chief conductor until 1988. In 1999, he was named
the honorary conductor of the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra. In
December 2012, following his advocacy for the RFO in the wake of
proposed budget cuts to the orchestra and Dutch music in general,
Haitink accepted the title of patron of the RFO. In March 2014,
Haitink stated to the Dutch newspaper
Het Parool that he wished to
renounce the title of RCO conductor laureate and no longer to
guest-conduct the orchestra, in protest at the orchestra's current
administrative management. In September 2015, the Royal
Concertgebouw Orchestra announced a rapprochement with Haitink, with a
scheduled guest-conducting engagement with the orchestra in the
Outside the Netherlands, Haitink was principal conductor of the London
Philharmonic Orchestra from 1967 to 1979. Haitink also served as the
music director at
Glyndebourne Opera from 1978 to 1988. He was music
director of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden from 1987 to 2002,
where he was praised for his musicianship, but received criticism for
his degree of attachment to the entire organisation.
From 2002 to 2004, Haitink was chief conductor of the Staatskapelle
Dresden. His original contract with Dresden was through 2006, but
Haitink resigned in 2004 over disputes with the Staatskapelle's
Intendant, Gerd Uecker, on the orchestra's choice of successor.
London, Barbican Hall,
Bernard Haitink and the London Symphony
Haitink served as principal guest conductor of the Boston Symphony
Orchestra from 1995 to 2004, when he took on the new title of
conductor emeritus. In addition, he has appeared with l'Orchestre
National de France and the London Symphony Orchestra. In the early
2000s, he recorded the complete Beethoven and Brahms symphony cycles
London Symphony Orchestra
London Symphony Orchestra (LSO) for the LSO Live label.
Haitink is an honorary member of the Berlin Philharmonic.
In April 2006, after an acclaimed two-week engagement in March 2006
Chicago Symphony Orchestra
Chicago Symphony Orchestra (CSO), the CSO appointed Haitink
to the newly created position of principal conductor, effective as of
the 2006–2007 season. The duration of the contract was four
years. Haitink had declined an offer from the CSO to be music
director, citing his age. With respect to this contract, Haitink
stated that "every conductor, including myself, has a sell-by
date." He concluded his Chicago principal conductorship in June
2010 with a series of concerts of the complete Beethoven
symphonies and being awarded the Theodore Thomas Medallion by the
Haitink has conducted and recorded a wide variety of repertoire, with
the complete symphonies of Beethoven, Brahms, Schumann, Tchaikovsky,
Bruckner, Mahler, Shostakovich and Vaughan Williams, and the complete
piano concertos of Beethoven and Brahms with
Claudio Arrau notable
among his recordings. Haitink has made many recordings for several
labels, including Philips Records, EMI Classics, Columbia Records, LSO
Live, RCO Live, and CSO Resound. Other recordings include the complete
orchestral works of Debussy, the two symphonies of Elgar, the three
Mozart/Da Ponte operas, and Wagner's complete opera cycle Der Ring des
Nibelungen, and the opera Tannhäuser.
Haitink stated in a 2004 article that he would no longer conduct
opera, but he made exceptions in 2007, directing three performances of
Parsifal in Zurich in March and April and five of Pelléas et
Mélisande in Paris (Théâtre des Champs-Élysées) in June. He
stated in 2004 that he did not plan to conduct again at the Royal
Opera, Covent Garden. However, an April 2007 announcement stated
that Haitink would return to the Royal Opera in December 2007, with
the same Zurich production of Parsifal, and he fulfilled this
More recently, Haitink has led master classes in conducting for young
conductors in Lucerne for several years. In June 2015, the
European Union Youth Orchestra
European Union Youth Orchestra announced the appointment of Haitink as
its conductor laureate, effective immediately.
Haitink has five children from his first marriage to Marjolein
Snijder. He and his fourth wife, the former Patricia Bloomfield, a
barrister and past viola player in the Covent Garden Opera orchestra,
have a residence in London.
Awards and honours
Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (UK,
Honorary medal for Arts and Science of the Order of the House of
Orange (Netherlands, 2000)
Companion of Honour
Companion of Honour (UK, 2002)
Commander of the Order of the
Netherlands Lion (Netherlands, 2017)
Music Industry and Cultural
Gramophone Awards for his recordings in 1980 (Debussy orchestral
works), 1985 (Mozart's
Don Giovanni ), 1986 and 1990 (Vaughan Williams
Erasmus Prize (Netherlands, 1991)
Laurence Olivier Award for Outstanding Achievement in Opera (UK, 1996
Award Vereniging van Schouwburg- en Concertgebouwdirecties
Musical America "Musician of the Year" (USA, 2007)
Grammy Awards (USA, 2003 and 2008)
Echo Klassik (Germany, 2013) regarding his recording of Gustav Mahler:
Symphony No. 9 (BR-KLASSIK)
Gramophone Awards Lifetime Achievement Award (United Kingdom, 2015)
Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra:
Anton Bruckner: Symphonies 0-9 (Philips)
Claude Debussy: Orchestral Works (Philips, 1976–79)
Symphonies 1–9 (Philips)
Symphony No. 2 "Resurrection", Elly Ameling, Aafje Heynis, Netherlands
Radio Chorus, (Philips 1968).
Symphony No. 5 (remastered PENTATONE)
Symphony No. 8 "Symphony of a Thousand” (remastered PENTATONE)
Symphonies Nos. 1-5, 7, 9 (Kerstmatinee/Christmas Matinee; Philips)
Orchestral Works (Philips 1971–77)
Daphnis et Chloé Suites & Ma mère l’oye (remastered PENTATONE)
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky: Symphonies 1-6. (Philips, 1979)
Dmitri Shostakovich: Symphony no.15 (RCO live 2012).
Robert Schumann: Symphony No.3 in E flat "Rhenish" (Philips 411 104-1,
Symphony Edition box set of RCO recordings of Beethoven, Brahms,
Bruckner, Mahler, Schumann, Tchaikovsky (36 CDs - Decca, 2014)
Boston Symphony Orchestra:
Symphony No. 1, Nanie with the Tanglewood Festival Chorus (Philips,
Symphony No. 2 in D Major, Tragic Overture (Philips, 1990)
Symphony No. 3, Alto Rhapsody with Jard Van Nes with the men of the
Tanglewood Festival Chorus (Philips, 1993)
Symphony No. 4 in E Minor, Haydn Variations (Philips, 1992)
Piano Concerto No. 2, with
Emanuel Ax (Sony, 1997)
Daphnis and Chloe with Tanglewood Festival Chorus (Philips, 1989)
Ma Mere l'Oye, Menuet antique, Rapsodie espagnole, La Valse (Philips,
Alborada del Gracioso, Bolero, Le tombeau de Couperin, Valses nobles
et sentimentales (Philips, 1996)
Chicago Symphony Orchestra:
Symphony No. 2 (2009)
Symphony No. 3 (2007)
Symphony No. 6 (2008)
Dmitri Shostakovich: Symphony No. 4 (2008)
Ein Heldenleben (with Anton Webern: Im
London Philharmonic Orchestra:
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Concertos Nos 1-5 / Choral Fantasy - Alfred Brendel, piano
Symphonies Nos 1-9 (Philips)
Triple Concerto -
Beaux Arts Trio
Beaux Arts Trio (Philips)
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade - Rodney Friend, violin solo -
(Philips 6500410, 1970s)
Symphonies Nos. 1-4, 7, 9, 10, 15 (Decca)
Symphony No. 10 in E minor, Op. 93 - (LPO 0034) Recorded in 1986,
Released in 2009
London Symphony Orchestra:
Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphonies Nos 1-9 (LSO Live)
Johannes Brahms: Symphonies Nos 1-4/Double Concerto/Serenade No 2 (LSO
Anton Bruckner: Symphony No 4; Symphony No 9 (LSO Live)
Richard Strauss: Eine Alpensinfonie - (LSO Live LSO0689) Recorded in
2008, Released in 2010
Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra:
Anton Bruckner: Symphony No. 5 (BR-KLASSIK 900109)
Gustav Mahler: Symphony Nos. 3 and 9 (BR-KLASSIK 900149 and 900113)
Joseph Haydn: The Creation (BR-KLASSIK 900125)
Ludwig van Beethoven: Missa Solemnis (BR-KLASSIK 900130)
Der Ring Des Nibelungen
Der Ring Des Nibelungen (EMI)
^ a b c Nicholas Wroe (14 October 2000). "Master of the House". The
Guardian. Retrieved 21 April 2007.
^ a b "Haitink patron of the
Netherlands Radio Philharmonic Orchestra"
(Press release). Radio Filharmonisch Orkest. 20 December 2012.
Archived from the original on 6 August 2013. Retrieved 2 February
^ "The Diffident Dutchman". Time. 12 May 1967. Retrieved 13 July
^ The orchestra's own website gives 1963 as the date when Haitink
became sole principal conductor.
^ James R. Oestreich (10 March 2002). "An Eminently Rational Man in an
Irrational Profession". New York Times. Retrieved 30 October
^ "Haitink nooit meer bij Concertgebouworkest". Het Parool, 4 March
^ "Press Statement -
Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra and Bernard
Haitink" (Press release). Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra. 2 September
2015. Archived from the original on 18 October 2015. Retrieved
^ Guido van Oorschot (2015-09-03). "Concertgebouw toont zich de wijste
in kwestie-Haitink". De Volksrant. Retrieved 2015-09-03.
^ Nicholas Kenyon (2 June 1991). "For a Reluctant Maestro, Relief, No
Regrets, in Berlin". New York Times. Retrieved 6 January 2008.
^ Andrew Clements (21 June 2002). "A great musician – but that was
not enough". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 April 2007.
^ Andrew Clark (22 October 2004). "Bernard Haitink: unfinished
symphony". Financial Times. Retrieved 5 May 2007.
^ Andrew Patner (15 October 2006). "Symphony in good hands". Chicago
Sun-Times. Retrieved 21 April 2007. [permanent dead link]
^ Daniel J. Wakin, (28 April 2006). "Arts, Briefly; Chicago Symphony:
Conductors but No Music Director". New York Times. Retrieved 21 April
^ Geoffrey Norris (9 April 2008). "Bernard Haitink: I love power
without responsibility". The Telegraph. Retrieved 10 September
^ James R. Oestreich (6 October 2006). "A Jet-Setting Maestro Sets a
Brisker Pace for Beethoven". New York Times. Retrieved 21 April
^ Andrew Patner (19 June 2010). "Haitink wraps up CSO tenure with
revealing Beethoven's Ninth". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2 July
^ "CSO Principal Conductor
Bernard Haitink Receives Theodore Thomas
Medallion for Distinguished Service" (PDF) (Press release). Chicago
Symphony Orchestra. 21 June 2010. Retrieved 2 July 2010.
^ Anderson, Robert; Mahler; Soloists; Choirs; Orchestra,
Concertgebouw; Haitink (1973). "Mahler: The Complete Symphonies".
Musical Times. Musical Times Publications Ltd. 114 (1560): 152.
doi:10.2307/957200. JSTOR 957200.
^ Martin Kettle (5 March 2004). "I started far too young. I still have
sleepless nights ..." The Guardian. Retrieved 21 April 2007.
^ "Breaking News: Next Royal Opera Season Promises Minotaur Premiere,
New Salome, Voigt as Ariadne" (Press release). Opera News. 10 April
2007. Retrieved 23 July 2007.
^ Erica Jeal (8 December 2007). "
Parsifal (Royal Opera House,
London)". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 January 2008.
^ Tom Service (2011-08-11). "A masterclass with Bernard Haitink". The
Guardian. Retrieved 2014-10-04.
^ "EUYO announces new conductors" (Press release). European Union
Youth Orchestra. 2015-06-29. Retrieved 2015-09-03.
^ Tom Service (22 September 2009). "The passion and pain of Bernard
Haitink". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 July 2010.
^ Mischa Spel (2017-02-12). "'Een leven zonder dirigeren lijkt me vrij
miserabel'". NRC Handelsblad. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
^ "Queen honours conductor Haitink". BBC news. 9 July 2002. Retrieved
21 April 2007.
^ "[nl] -
Bernard Haitink promoted to Commander of the Order of the
Lion of the Netherlands". www.concertgebouworkest.nl (in Dutch).
^ Fiona Maddocks (13 December 2009). "Mahler Symphony No 2: Chicago
Symphony/Haitink". The Observer. Retrieved 27 October 2010.
Chicago Symphony Orchestra
Chicago Symphony Orchestra Announces Major Radio And Recording
Initiatives". Chicago Symphony Orchestra. 30 November 2006.
^ John von Rhein (20 October 2006). "Haitink, CSO make magic with
Mahler". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 7 May 2007.
Retrieved 21 April 2007.
^ Andrew Clements (25 April 2008). "Mahler: Symphony No 6, Chicago
Symphony Orch/ Haitink". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 October
^ Andrew Clements (22 August 2008). "Classical review: Shostakovich:
Symphony No 10, LPO/Haitink; Symphony No 4, Chicago SO/Haitink". The
Guardian. Retrieved 27 October 2010.
^ Andrew Clements (17 June 2010). "Strauss: Ein Heldenleben; Webern:
Im Sommerwind". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 October 2010.
^ Geoffrey Norris (2010-03-24). "Strauss: Eine Alpensinfonie, review".
Telegraph. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bernard Haitink.
List of recordings from Dutch Divas website
Bernard Haitink at AllMusic
Bernard Haitink biography at the Chicago Symphony
Bernard Haitink interview by Bruce Duffie, 13 January 1997
Paul van Kempen
Netherlands Radio Philharmonic Orchestra
Glyndebourne Opera Festival
Music Director, Royal Opera House, Covent Garden
Daniel Barenboim (music director)
Principal Conductor, Chicago Symphony Orchestra
Riccardo Muti (music director)
Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra Principal Conductors
Willem Kes (1888)
Willem Mengelberg (1895)
Eduard van Beinum
Eduard van Beinum (1945)
Bernard Haitink (1963)
Riccardo Chailly (1988)
Mariss Jansons (2004)
Daniele Gatti (2016)
London Philharmonic Orchestra
London Philharmonic Orchestra Principal Conductors
Thomas Beecham (1932)
Eduard van Beinum
Eduard van Beinum (1947)
Adrian Boult (1950)
William Steinberg (1958)
John Pritchard (1962)
Bernard Haitink (1967)
Georg Solti (1979)
Klaus Tennstedt (1983)
Franz Welser-Möst (1990)
Kurt Masur (2000)
Vladimir Jurowski (2007)
Principal Conductors of the Staatskapelle Dresden
Julius Rietz (1874)
Franz Wüllner (1877)
Ernst von Schuch
Ernst von Schuch (1884)
Fritz Reiner (1914)
Fritz Busch (1922)
Karl Böhm (1934)
Karl Elmendorff (1943)
Joseph Keilberth (1945)
Rudolf Kempe (1949)
Franz Konwitschny (1953)
Lovro von Matačić
Lovro von Matačić (1956)
Otmar Suitner (1960)
Kurt Sanderling (1964)
Martin Turnovský (1966)
Herbert Blomstedt (1975)
Hans Vonk (1985)
Giuseppe Sinopoli (1992)
Bernard Haitink (2002)
Fabio Luisi (2007)
Christian Thielemann (2012)
ISNI: 0000 0001 2102 0877
BNF: cb13894890s (data)