Benjamin Peary Pal, FRS (26 May 1906 - 14 September 1989) was the first Director of Indian Council of Agricultural Research. He was one of the foremost scientists in Wheat genetics and breeding.[2]


Pal completed his Bachelor of Science and Master of Science degrees at Rangoon University and completed his Ph.D. at the University of Cambridge.[3]

Awards and honours

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1972. He was a bachelor and donated his property to the Indian Council of Agricultural Research. He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1959, the Padma Bhushan in 1968[4] and the Padma Vibhushan in 1987.[1][5][6][7]


  1. ^ a b Swaminathan, M. S. (1996). "Benjamin Peary Pal 26 May 1906-14 September 1989". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 42: 266–274. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1996.0017. 
  2. ^ "Agriculture" (PDF). .iisc.ernet.in. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  3. ^ "Dr Benjamin Peary Pal". Indian National Science Academy. Retrieved 30 August 2015. [permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 15, 2014. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  5. ^ Biography of Benjamin Peary Pal
  6. ^ Benjamin Peary Pal .ATribute:M.S.Swaminathan
  7. ^ "Padma Vibhushan Awardees". archive.india.gov.in. Retrieved 30 August 2015.