BEN-ZION DINUR (Hebrew : בן ציון דינור, born
BEN-ZION DINABURG; 2 January 1884 – 8 July 1973) was a Zionist
activist, educator, historian and Israeli politician.
* 1 Biography
* 2 Awards
* 3 Published works
* 4 See also
* 5 References
* 6 External links
Dinaburg was born in 1884 in Khorol in the
Russian Empire (now
Poltava Oblast , Ukraine). He received his education in a Lithuanian
yeshivot. He studied under
Shimon Shkop in the
Telz Yeshiva , and
became interested in the
Rosh Yeshiva Eliezer Gordon
's polemics. In 1898 he moved to the Slabodka yeshiva and in 1900 he
Vilnius and was certified a
Rabbi . He then went to
Lyubavichi to witness the
Chabad-Lubavitch branch of
Hasidic Judaism .
Between 1902 and 1911 he was engaged in
Zionist activism and teaching,
which at some point resulted in a brief arrest. In 1910 he married
Bilhah Feingold, a teacher who had worked with him in a girls' trade
Poltava . In 1911 he left his wife and son for two years to
Berlin University , where he studied under Michael
Eugen Täubler . He then spent two more years at the
University of Bern
University of Bern , where he began his dissertation under Rostovzev,
on the Jews in the Land of
Israel under the
Roman Empire . The break
World War I
World War I forced him to move to the University of Petrograd .
However, due to the
October Revolution , he did not receive his PhD.
He was a lecturer at the
University of Odessa from 1920 to 1921.
In 1921 he immigrated to Palestine and from 1923 to 1948 served as a
teacher and later as head of the Jewish Teachers' Training College,
Jerusalem . In 1936 he was appointed lecturer in modern Jewish history
Hebrew University and became professor in 1948 and professor
emeritus in 1952. As a historian he described Zionism in the diaspora
as "a huge river into which flowed all the smaller streams and
tributaries of the Jewish struggle down the ages", and tracing its
origins to 1700, when history records a first wave of Polish Jews
emigrating to Jerusalem. He believed "messianic ferment" played a
crucial role in Jewish history, and introduced the idea of mered
hagalut ("Revolt of the Diaspora").
He was elected to the first
Knesset on the
Mapai list and served as
Minister of Education and Culture in the third to sixth governments
(1951 to 1955), when he was responsible for the 1953 State Education
Law, which put an end to the prevailing party "trend" education
system. From 1953 to 1959 he was president of
Yad Vashem .
He died in 1973.
* Dinur was twice a recipient of the
Israel Prize , which was
established at his initiative when he was Minister of Education:
* in 1958 for Jewish studies; and
* in 1973 for education.
* He was a recipient of the
Yakir Yerushalayim (Worthy Citizen of
Jerusalem) award in 1967, the year of the award's inauguration.
Lovers of Zion (1932–1934) (in Hebrew)
Rabbi Moshe Ben Maimon : His Life, Writings, Activities and
Views (1935) (in Hebrew)
Simon Dubnow : for his 75th Birthday (1936) (in Hebrew)
Israel in its Land: From the First Days of
Israel until the
Babylonian Exile : Sources and Documents (1938) (in Hebrew)
* Path Makers: Prominent Figures in the Sad History of the Return to
Zion and the Renewal of
Israel (1946) (in Hebrew)
* The Changing of the Generations: Researches and Studies in the
Israel from Early Modern Times (1955) (in Hebrew)
* In Memory of Ahad Ha\'am (1957) (in Hebrew)
* Values and Methods: Problems of Education (1958) (in Hebrew)
* A Vanished World: Memories of a Way of Life” (Biography) (1958)
* Remember: Issues of the Holocaust and its Lessons (1958) (in
Israel in Exile 2nd Edition (expanded) five volumes (1958) (in
* Days of War and Revolution: Memories of a Way of Life (1961) (in
* My Generation: Characteristics and Traits of Scholars and
Educators, Public Personalities and Gate Keepers (1964) (in Hebrew)
* Benjamin Zeev Herzl : the Man, his Path and Personality, his
Vision and Activities (1968) (in Hebrew)
* Tractate Avot: Commentary and Explanation with Introduction (1972)
* The Struggle of the Generations of
Israel for its Land: from the
Destruction of Betar until the Renewal of
Israel (1975) (in Hebrew)
* Generations of the Bible: Research and Studies to Understand the
Bible and the History of
Israel in that Period (1977) (in Hebrew)
* Generations and Impressions: Researches and Studies in Israeli
Historiography, its Problems and its History (1978) (in Hebrew)
* List of
Israel Prize recipients
* ^ A B Ben-Zion Dinur:
* ^ Wisse, Ruth R. (2 August 2007). "The Brilliant Failure of
Jewish Foreign Policy". Archived from the original on 28 September
2011. Retrieved 2008-02-19.
* ^ Iancu, Carol. "From the "Science of Judaism"to the New Israeli
historians: landmarks for a history of Jewish historiography". Studia
Hebraica. Archived from the original (– Scholar search) on 8 June
2007. Retrieved 2008-02-17.
* ^ Morgenstern, Arie. "Dispersion and the Longing for Zion,
1240–1840". Jewish Agency for Israel. Archived from the original on
11 October 2007. Retrieved 17 February 2008.
* ^ A B Marom, Daniel. "The Role of Jewish Studies Scholars in
Zionist Education". Mandel Foundation. Archived from the
original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 17 February 2008.
* ^ "Dinur (Dinaburg), Benzion". Encyclopaedia Judaica. Retrieved
* ^ "
Israel Prize recipients in 1958 (in Hebrew)".
Official Site. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010.
* ^ "
Israel Prize recipients in 1973 (in Hebrew)".
Official Site. Archived from the original on 18 January 2010.
* ^ "Recipients of
Yakir Yerushalayim award (in Hebrew)". Archived
from the original on 17 June 2011. City of
Jerusalem official web