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Belluno
Belluno
[belˈluːno]  listen (help·info) (Italian: Belluno, Ladin: Belum, Venetian: Belùn), is a town and province in the Veneto
Veneto
region of northern Italy. Located about 100 kilometres (62 miles) north of Venice, Belluno
Belluno
is the capital of the province of Belluno
Belluno
and the most important city in the Eastern Dolomites
Dolomites
region. With its roughly 36,000 inhabitants, it is the largest populated area of Valbelluna. It is one of the 15 municipalities of the Dolomiti Bellunesi National Park.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Main sights 4 Frazioni 5 Quarters 6 Transport 7 Notable residents 8 International relations 9 References 10 See also 11 External links

Geography[edit] The ancient city of Belluno
Belluno
rises above a cliff spur near the confluence of the Torrente Ardo and the Piave River. To the north is the imposing Schiara
Schiara
range of the Dolomites, with the famous Gusela del Vescovà (Bishopric's needle), and Mounts Serva and Talvena rising above the city. To the south, the foothills of the Alps
Alps
separate Belluno
Belluno
from the Venetian plain. Further to the south is the Nevegal, in the Castionese area, well known for its skiing resorts. The average annual temperature in Belluno
Belluno
is 9 °C (48 °F), and the average annual precipitation is 137 cm (54 in). History[edit] The name of the city is derived from Celtic belo-dunum which means "splendid hill."[citation needed] The name was inspired by the favorable position within the valley. It is conjectured that the population of the area that became Belluno was largely Venetic with a strong Celtic minority. However, as the Romans expanded northward into the Alps, the Celtic either emigrated or were absorbed. The people of the area swore friendship to Rome in the 225 BC conflict with the Gauls and again during the invasion by Hannibal
Hannibal
in the Second Punic War. Founded perhaps around 220-200 BC the initial influence of Rome was military and commercial. Strategically located, the town protected cities to the south. Belluno
Belluno
also became a supplier of iron and copper. Already within the Roman sphere of influence, the town was juridically and politically incorporated into the Roman Republic by the second century BC. Sometime between the death of Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
and the ascent of Augustus, Bellunum became a Roman municipium and its people were ascribed to the Roman tribe Papiria. The town was ruled by quattorviri juri dicendo, by quattorviri aedilicia potestate, and by a Council of Elders. Under Augustus, it became part of Regio X Venetia et Histria. Among its citizens were Caius Flavius Hostilius and his wife Domitia, whose 3rd century sarcophagus lies next to the church of San Stefano. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it was ruled by the Lombards
Lombards
(6th century) and the Carolingians
Carolingians
(8th century); the famous Belluno Treasure
Belluno Treasure
in the British Museum dates from this period. From the late 9th century it was ruled by a count-bishop and it received a castle and a line of walls. Later it was a possession of the Ghibelline
Ghibelline
family of the Ezzelino. After having longly contended the nearby territory with Treviso, in the end Belluno
Belluno
gave itself to the Republic of Venice
Venice
(1404). The city was thenceforth an important hub for the transport of lumber from the Cadore
Cadore
through the Piave river. It remained Venetian until 1797.[1] After the fall of the Republic, Belluno
Belluno
was an Austrian possession, until it was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy
Italy
in 1866. The cathedral was much damaged by the earthquake of 1873, which destroyed a considerable portion of the town, though the campanile stood firm.[1] Main sights[edit]

The Duomo (Cathedral, 16th century), with the 18th-century bell tower designed by Filippo Juvarra. The church's plan is attributed to the Venetian architect Tullio Lombardo Palazzo dei Rettori (1491) The red edifice of the Communal Palace The Bishop's Palace, erected in 1190 by the count-bishop Gerardo de' Taccoli The Fountain of Piazza del Duomo Baroque church of San Pietro (1326), originally in Gothic style. It includes five paintings by Andrea Schiavone, three by Sebastiano Ricci. Palazzo del Capitano The 16th-century church of San Rocco The church of Santo Stefano, housing several 15th-century paintings by local masters. It also includes an Adoration of the Magi, from Tiziano's workshop. The Romanesque church of San Biagio The Porta Dojona and Porta Rugo gates in the ancient walls The 16th-century church of Santa Maria dei Battuti

Frazioni[edit] Antole, Bes, Bolzano Bellunese, Caleipo-Sossai, Castion, Castoi, Cavessago, Cavarzano, Cet, Chiesurazza, Cirvoi, Col di Piana, Col di Salce, Collungo, Cusighe, Faverga, Fiammoi, Giamosa, Giazzoi, Levego, Madeago, Miér, Nevegal, Orzes, Pedeserva, Pra de Luni, Rivamaor, Safforze, Sala, Salce, San Pietro in Campo, Sargnano, Sois, Sopracroda, Sossai, Tassei, Tisoi, Vezzano, Vignole, Visome. Quarters[edit] Baldenich, Borgo Garibaldi (or Via Garibaldi), Borgo Piave, Borgo Prà, Cavarzano, Lambioi, Mussoi, Quartier Cadore, San Lorenzo, San Pellegrino, San Francesco, Via Cairoli, Via Feltre-Maraga, Via Montegrappa. Transport[edit] State roads lead from Belluno
Belluno
to Feltre, Treviso, Ponte nelle Alpi
Ponte nelle Alpi
and Vittorio Veneto. Belluno
Belluno
railway station, at Piazzale della Stazione, forms part of the Calalzo–Padua railway. It was opened in 1912, and replaced an earlier station opened in 1886. Its passenger building, designed by the architect Roberto Narducci, was constructed in 1928. The bus station is also at the Piazzale della Stazione, next to the railway station. Notable residents[edit]

Marco Paolini
Marco Paolini
(b. 1956), stage actor Dino Buzzati
Dino Buzzati
(1906–1972), novelist and journalist, born in Belluno Pope Gregory XVI
Pope Gregory XVI
(1765–1846) Andrea Brustolon
Andrea Brustolon
(1662–1732), sculptor Ippolito Caffi
Ippolito Caffi
(1809–1866), painter Sebastiano Ricci
Sebastiano Ricci
(1659–1734), painter Marco Ricci
Marco Ricci
(1676–1730), painter Luigi Luca Cavalli Sforza (b. 1922), human geneticist, pioneer of human genome project Pope John Paul I
Pope John Paul I
(1912-1978) Bernardino Vitulini, painter

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy Belluno
Belluno
is twinned with:

Cervia, Italy Bend, United States

References[edit]

^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Belluno". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 710. 

See also[edit]

Province of Belluno Dolomiti Bellunesi National Park

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Belluno.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Belluno.

Bellunovirtuale Adorable Belluno: official tourism website of Belluno

v t e

Veneto
Veneto
· Comuni of the Province of Belluno

Agordo Alano di Piave Alleghe Alpago Arsiè Auronzo di Cadore Belluno Borca di Cadore Calalzo di Cadore Canale d'Agordo Castellavazzo Cencenighe Agordino Cesiomaggiore Chies d'Alpago Cibiana di Cadore Colle Santa Lucia Comelico Superiore Cortina d'Ampezzo Danta di Cadore Domegge di Cadore Falcade Feltre Fonzaso Gosaldo La Valle Agordina Lamon Lentiai Limana Livinallongo del Col di Lana Longarone Lorenzago di Cadore Lozzo di Cadore Mel Ospitale di Cadore Pedavena Perarolo di Cadore Pieve di Cadore Ponte nelle Alpi Quero Vas Rivamonte Agordino Rocca Pietore San Gregorio nelle Alpi San Nicolò di Comelico San Pietro di Cadore San Tomaso Agordino San Vito di Cadore Santa Giustina Santo Stefano di Cadore Sappada Sedico Selva di Cadore Seren del Grappa Sospirolo Soverzene Sovramonte Taibon Agordino Tambre Trichiana Val di Zoldo Vallada Agordina Valle di Cadore Vigo di Cadore Vodo di Cadore Voltago Agordino Zoppè di Cadore

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 157092

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