Belleville (French: "Belle ville" meaning "Beautiful city /
town") is a township in Essex County, New Jersey, United
States. As of the 2010
United States Census, the township's population
was 35,926, reflecting a decline of 2 (0.0%) from the
35,928 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by
1,715 (+5.0%) from the 34,213 counted in the 1990 Census.
3.1 2010 Census
3.2 2000 Census
4.1 Local government
4.2 Federal, state and county representation
6.1 Roads and highways
6.2 Public transportation
7 Places of interest
7.1 Belleville locations in The Sopranos
7.2 1996 Torch Relay
8 Notable people
10 External links
Hillside Pleasure Park in Belleville, c. 1905
Originally known as "Second River" or "Washington", the inhabitants
renamed the settlement "Belleville" in 1797. Belleville was
originally incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey
Legislature on April 8, 1839, from portions of Bloomfield. Portions of
the township were taken to create Woodside Township (March 24, 1869,
now defunct) and Franklin Township (February 18, 1874, now known as
Nutley). The independent municipality of Belleville city was created
within the township on March 27, 1874, and was dissolved on February
22, 1876. On November 16, 1910, Belleville was reincorporated as a
town, based on the results of a referendum held eight days
In 1870, Belleville became the first
Chinatown on the East Coast of
the United States. While the country experienced strong anti-Chinese
sentiment, the town welcomed a group of Chinese workers from the West
Coast who had been involved in construction of the Central Pacific
Railroad. This group of people eventually formed the basis for
Chinatowns in Newark and New York City.
In 1981, the town was one of seven Essex County municipalities to pass
a referendum to become a township, joining four municipalities that
had already made the change, of what would ultimately be more than a
dozen Essex County municipalities to reclassify themselves as
townships in order take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies
that allocated townships a greater share of government aid to
municipalities on a per capita basis.
Frankie Valli and the band The Four Seasons formed in Belleville.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the township had a total
area of 3.399 square miles (8.805 km2), including 3.340 square
miles (8.651 km2) of land and 0.059 square miles (0.154 km2)
of water (1.74%).
Silver Lake (2010 total population of 4,243) is an unincorporated
community and census-designated place (CDP) defined by the United
States Census Bureau as of the 2010 Census that is split between
Belleville (with 3,769 of the CDP's residents) and Bloomfield (474 of
Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located
partially or completely within the township include Belwood, Big Tree
The Second River forms much of the border between Belleville and
Newark as it runs through Branch Brook Park.
The township of Belleville has given itself the nickname the Cherry
Blossom Capital of America, with an annual display that is larger than
Tidal Basin in Washington, D.C., site of the National Cherry
1840-1920 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
As of the 2010
United States Census, there were 35,926 people, 13,395
households, and 9,001 families residing in the township. The
population density was 10,755.7 per square mile (4,152.8/km2). There
were 14,327 housing units at an average density of 4,289.3 per square
mile (1,656.1/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 60.55%
(21,753) White, 9.12% (3,277) Black or African American, 0.35% (126)
Native American, 12.00% (4,312) Asian, 0.05% (18) Pacific Islander,
13.97% (5,018) from other races, and 3.96% (1,422) from two or more
races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 39.34% (14,133) of the
There were 13,395 households out of which 30.5% had children under the
age of 18 living with them, 44.3% were married couples living
together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and
32.8% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of
individuals, and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age
or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family
size was 3.29.
In the township, the population was spread out with 21.7% under the
age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to
64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was
37.2 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100
females ages 18 and older there were 89.0 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010
American Community Survey
American Community Survey showed that
(in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was
$60,127 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,658) and the median family
income was $69,181 (+/- $4,525). Males had a median income of $46,656
(+/- $2,959) versus $42,237 (+/- $2,818) for females. The per capita
income for the township was $27,668 (+/- $1,357). About 3.7% of
families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line,
including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or
As of the 2000
United States Census there were 35,928 people,
13,731 households, and 9,089 families residing in the township. The
population density was 10,744.3 people per square mile (4,153.3/km2).
There were 14,144 housing units at an average density of 4,229.8 per
square mile (1,635.0/km2). The racial makeup of the township was
69.44% White, 5.36% African American, 0.17% Native American, 11.31%
Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 9.83% from other races, and 3.82% from
two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.68% of the
As of the 2000 Census, the most common ancestries listed were Italian
(30.9%), Irish (9.4%), German (6.9%), Polish (4.5%), United States
(2.6%) and English (2.2%).
There were 13,731 households out of which 29.5% had children under the
age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living
together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and
33.8% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of
individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age
or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family
size was 3.23.
In the township the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age
of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 33.9% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64,
and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36
years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100
females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $48,576, and the
median income for a family was $55,212. Males had a median income of
$38,074 versus $31,729 for females. The per capita income for the
township was $22,093. About 6.3% of families and 8.2% of the
population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under
age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.
Belleville is governed within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the
Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Council-Manager form of New
Jersey municipal government by a seven-member Township Council. Two
members of the council are elected at-large, one is elected at-large
as a mayor, and one each from four wards, with elections held on a
non-partisan basis as part of the May municipal election. Members are
elected to serve four-year terms of office on a staggered basis. The
four ward seats are up for vote together and the two at-large and
mayoral seats are up for vote two years later.
As of 2016[update], the mayor of Belleville is Raymond Kimble, whose
term of office ends June 30, 2018. Members of the Belleville Township
Council are Deputy
Mayor Vincent Cozzarelli (Ward 3; 2020), Kevin G.
Kennedy (at-large; 2018), Joseph V. Longo (at-large; 2018), John J.
Notari (Ward 4; 2020), Steven Rovell (Ward 2; 2020) and Marie
Strumolo-Burke (Ward 1; 2020).
The Township Manager is Mauro Tucci.
Federal, state and county representation
Belleville is located in the 8th Congressional District and is
part of New Jersey's 29th state legislative district. Prior
to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Belleville had
been in the 28th state legislative district.
New Jersey's Eighth Congressional District is represented by Albio
Sires (D, West New York).
New Jersey is represented in the United
States Senate by Democrats
Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)
Bob Menendez (Paramus, 2019).
For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 29th
Legislative District of the
New Jersey Legislature is represented in
the State Senate by Teresa Ruiz (D, Newark) and in the General
Eliana Pintor Marin (D, Newark) and
Shanique Speight (D,
Newark). The Governor of
New Jersey is
Phil Murphy (D,
Middletown Township). The Lieutenant Governor of
New Jersey is
Sheila Oliver (D, East Orange).
Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with
legislative functions performed by the Board of Chosen
Freeholders. As of 2016[update], the County Executive is Joseph N.
DiVincenzo, Jr. The county's Board of Chosen Freeholders consists
of nine members, four elected on an at-large basis and one from each
of five wards, who serve three-year terms of office on a concurrent
basis, all of which end December 31, 2018. Essex County's
Freeholders are Freeholder President Britnee N. Timberlake (District 3
– East Orange, Newark's West and Central Wards, Orange and South
Orange; East Orange) Freeholder Vice President Brendan W. Gill (at
large; Montclair), Rufus I. Johnson (at large; Newark), Lebby
C. Jones (at large; Irvington), Patricia Sebold (at large;
Livingston), Rolando Bobadilla (District 1 – Newark's North and
East Wards, parts of Central and West Wards; Newark), Wayne L.
Richardson (District 2 – Irvington, Maplewood and Newark's South
Ward and parts of West Ward; Newark), Leonard M. Luciano (District
4 – Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston,
Millburn, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell and West
Orange; West Caldwell), and Cynthia D. Toro (District 5 –
Belleville, Bloomfield, Glen Ridge, Montclair and Nutley;
Bloomfield). Constitutional elected countywide are County
Clerk Christopher J. Durkin (West Caldwell, 2020), Sheriff Armando
B. Fontoura (Fairfield, 2018) and Surrogate Theodore N. Stephens
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 19,684 registered voters
in Belleville, of which 7,241 (36.8%) were registered as Democrats,
2,708 (13.8%) were registered as Republicans and 9,729 (49.4%) were
registered as Unaffiliated. There were 6 voters registered to other
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat
Barack Obama received
65.8% of the vote (8,031 cast), ahead of Republican
Mitt Romney with
33.3% (4,071 votes), and other candidates with 0.9% (109 votes), among
the 12,956 ballots cast by the township's 20,621 registered voters
(745 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 62.8%. In the
2008 presidential election, Democrat
Barack Obama received 56.9% of
the vote here (7,475 cast), ahead of Republican
John McCain with 41.4%
(5,444 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (110 votes), among the
13,135 ballots cast by the township's 19,378 registered voters, for a
turnout of 67.8%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John
Kerry received 50.6% of the vote here (6,046 ballots cast), outpolling
George W. Bush
George W. Bush with 48.0% (5,728 votes) and other
candidates with 0.7% (130 votes), among the 11,940 ballots cast by the
township's 17,411 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican
Chris Christie received
53.1% of the vote (3,170 cast), ahead of Democrat
Barbara Buono with
45.8% (2,734 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (67 votes), among
the 6,050 ballots cast by the township's 20,904 registered voters (79
ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 28.9%. In the 2009
gubernatorial election, Democrat
Jon Corzine received 50.7% of the
vote here (3,626 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie
with 42.6% (3,041 votes), Independent
Chris Daggett with 4.6% (329
votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (72 votes), among the 7,146
ballots cast by the Township's 19,313 registered voters, yielding a
School Number 7
Bellville Middle School
Belleville School District
Belleville School District serves public school students in
pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2014-15 school year,
the district and its nine schools had an enrollment of 4,584 students
and 314.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a
student–teacher ratio of 14.6:1. Schools in the district (with
2014-15 enrollment data from the National Center for Education
Statistics) are School 3 (grades K-5; 359 students), School
4 (PreK-5; 363), School 5 (K-5; 365), School 7 (PreK-5;
371), School 8 (K-5; 490), School 9 (K-5; 141), School 10
(K-5; 186), Belleville Middle School (6-8; 1,041) and Belleville
High School (9-12; 1,154).
Belleville Public Library and Information Center
Belleville Public Library and Information Center had a collection
of 105,452 volumes and is a member of the Bergen County Cooperative
Library System, a consortium of municipal libraries in the
New Jersey counties of Bergen, Hudson, Passaic and
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 67.17 miles
(108.10 km) of roadways, of which 57.22 miles (92.09 km)
were maintained by the municipality, 6.21 miles (9.99 km) by
Essex County and 3.74 miles (6.02 km) by the New Jersey
Department of Transportation.
Route 7 and
New Jersey Route 21 as well as County Route 506 all pass
through Belleville. The
Belleville Turnpike Bridge
Belleville Turnpike Bridge (also known as the
Rutgers Street Bridge) crosses the Passaic River, connecting
Belleville to North Arlington. The bridge was formally renamed on July
4, 2013, as the "Lance Corporal Osbrany Montes de Oca Memorial Bridge"
in memory of a
United States Marine Corps soldier killed in February
2012 while serving in Afghanistan.
The Silver Lake station provides service to Newark Penn Station
on the Newark City Subway.
Until 1966, the
Newark Branch of the
Erie-Lackawanna Railroad (EL)
provided stations at Belleville and Cleveland Street. The New York and
Greenwood Lake Railway, later the Boonton Line, also served the
NJ Transit bus service is available to and from Newark on the 13, 27,
72, 74, 90, 92, 93 and 94 bus lines.
Places of interest
Military monument, Second River Dutch Church
Clara Maass Medical Center
Clara Maass Medical Center is a 469-bed teaching hospital that is part
of the Barnabas Health system, founded in 1868 as Newark German
Hospital, and named for Clara Maass, a nurse who died after
volunteering for medical experiments to study yellow fever
Reformed Dutch Church of Second River - The church's original building
was constructed in 1697 and replaced in 1725. A new structure was
erected in 1807 after a tornado destroyed the previous church
building, and the current church dates to 1853. More than 60
Continental Army soldiers are buried in the cemetery that adjoins the
Belleville locations in The Sopranos
Episode 3 ("Denial, Anger, Acceptance"): Christopher Moltisanti's
"mock execution" is on the pier in the
Passaic River used by
Belleville High School's crew team.
Episode 28 ("Proshai, Livushka"): Livia Soprano's funeral is held at
the Irvine-Cozzarelli Memorial Home, across the street from Belleville
Middle School on Washington Avenue.
Season 4- Even though Furio Giunta's house was stated to be in Nutley,
its actual location was Belleville on Essex Street.
Episode 54 ("Rat Pack"): Junior gets lost and tells the policemen who
find him that he lives in Belleville.
Episode 76 ("Cold Stones"):
Rosalie Aprile briefly dates a much
younger French motorcyclist named Michel, who hails from Belleville,
Paris. Ro expresses a particular sense of kinship with Michel given
his connection to a town with the same name as the
New Jersey town
where members of her inner circle live (e.g., Corrado Soprano) and do
business (e.g., the Irvine-Cozzarelli Memorial Home).
1996 Torch Relay
On June 18, 1996, the Olympic Torch Relay came through the township of
Belleville. The relay entered Belleville from Rutgers, made a left
onto Washington Avenue, passing the Belleville Town Hall, a right onto
Belleville Avenue and stayed on Belleville into the township of
Bloomfield. The torch relay ended at
Atlanta, Georgia for the 1996
See also: Category:People from Belleville, New Jersey.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated
with Belleville include:
Platt Adams (1885–1961), winner of gold and silver Olympic
Russell Baker (born 1925), Pulitzer Prize-winning writer Growing
Chico Borja (born 1959), former professional soccer player.
Ralph R. Caputo (born 1940), member of the
New Jersey General Assembly
who has represented the 28th Legislative District.
Kacy Catanzaro (born 1990) is a gymnast noted for being the first
woman to qualify for the finals of the television sports challenge
American Ninja Warrior.
Samuel Cornish (1795–1858), abolitionist and publisher of the first
newspaper in the
United States owned by African Americans.
Bob Crewe (1930–2014), songwriter, dancer, singer, manager, record
producer and fine artist best known for producing, and co-writing
together with Bob Gaudio, a string of Top 10 singles for The Four
Robert Curvin (1934–2015), researcher and theorist on issues related
to urban poverty.
The Delicates, the late 50s / early 60s girl group made up of Denise
Ferri, Arleen Lanzotti and
Peggy Santiglia Davison.
Michael Devaney (1891–1967), track and field athlete who competed in
1920 Summer Olympics
1920 Summer Olympics and in the 1924 Summer Olympics, and was part
of the team that won the gold medal in 1920 in the 3000 metre
Tommy DeVito (born 1936), musician and singer.
Dennis Diken (born 1957), former drummer with The Smithereens.
Connie Francis (born 1938), singer.
Bob Gaudio (born 1942), singer, songwriter and producer.
Kay Gardella (1923–2005), reporter, critic and columnist for almost
60 years at the New York Daily News.
Frances Goodrich (1890–1984) was an American dramatist and
screenwriter, best known for her collaborations with her partner and
husband Albert Hackett.
Scott Graham (born 1965),
Philadelphia Phillies broadcaster.
David Grant (born 1965), former NFL player.
Phil Grippaldi (born 1946) was an Olympic weightlifter who competed
United States at the games in 1968, 1972 and 1976.
Creighton Gubanich (born 1972), catcher who played professionally in
15 games for the
Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox in 1999 and had a grand slam as his
first career hit and only career home run.
Gen. Llewellyn F. Haskell
Llewellyn F. Haskell
Llewellyn F. Haskell (1842–1929),
United States Army officer and a
Union general during the American Civil War.
George Hrab, (born 1971), drummer, guitarist, composer and podcaster
known for performing rock, funk and jazz.
Frank Iero (born 1981), musician best known as the rhythm guitarist
for the band My Chemical Romance, lead vocalist for the band
Leathermouth and lead vocalist and guitarist for the band Pencey
Nick Massi (1935–2000), early member of the Four Seasons.
Tony Meola (born 1969), soccer goalie.
Paul Mirabella (born 1954),
MLB player for the Texas Rangers, New York
Yankees, Toronto Blue Jays, Baltimore Orioles, Seattle Mariners, and
the Milwaukee Brewers.
Joe Pesci (born 1943), actor.
Diane Ruggiero, That's Life series creator and Veronica Mars
Junior Sanchez, DJ, record producer and remixer.
Reza Saberi, Iranian-American journalist arrested in Iran in February
Peggy Santiglia Davison (born 1944), singer, songwriter; lead singer
Ray Toro (born 1977), musician best known as the lead guitarist of My
Frankie Valli (born 1934), lead singer of The Four Seasons.
Gerard Way (born 1977), musician, singer-songwriter, and comic book
writer best known as the lead singer of the band My Chemical Romance
and writer of the comic series The Umbrella Academy.
Mikey Way (born 1980), musician best known as the bassist for the band
My Chemical Romance.
Leonard R. Willette (1921-1944), Tuskegee Airman pilot killed in
World War II
World War II flying over Germany while protecting a group of
Bob Yudin (born 1939), former chairman of the Bergen County, New
Jersey Republican Party.
^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files:
New Jersey Places, United
States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990,
United States Census
Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
New Jersey Mayors Directory,
New Jersey Department of Community
Affairs. Accessed March 15, 2018.
^ a b Township Manager, Township of Belleville. Accessed March 15,
^ Township Clerk, Township of Belleville. Accessed March 15, 2018.
^ a b 2012
New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers
University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy,
March 2013, p. 128.
^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township
of Belleville, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 4,
^ a b c d e DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing
Characteristics: 2010 for Belleville township, Essex County, New
United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 1, 2012.
^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts,
New Jersey Department of State, p. 13. Accessed January 6, 2013.
^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for
Belleville township, Essex County, New Jersey,
New Jersey Department
of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 3, 2012.
^ Census 2010: Essex County, Asbury Park Press. Accessed June 3, 2011.
^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April
1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 - 2016 Population Estimates for New Jersey
United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 -
State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary
File 1 for
United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 4, 2012.
^ Look Up a
ZIP Code for Belleville, NJ,
United States Postal Service.
Accessed November 8, 2011.
^ ZIP Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 21, 2013.
^ a b American FactFinder,
United States Census Bureau. Accessed
September 4, 2014.
^ Geographic Codes Lookup for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center.
Accessed November 26, 2012.
^ US Board on Geographic Names,
United States Geological Survey.
Accessed September 4, 2014.
^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of
New Jersey Place Names, New
Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed August 27, 2015.
^ Belleville History: People And Events, Westfield Historical Society.
Accessed November 8, 2011. "Belleville, a place carrying the French
name for 'beautiful town,' stands on the west bank of the Passaic
River in Essex County, New Jersey."
^ a b c d e f g Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social /
Economic / Housing Characteristics for Belleville township, Essex
New Jersey Archived 2014-09-06 at the Wayback Machine., United
States Census Bureau. Accessed March 3, 2012.
^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New
Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010,
New Jersey Department of Labor and
Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 11, 2012.
^ "Belleville History: People And Events - A Town Gets Its Name",
WestfieldNJ.com. Accessed September 14, 2017. "On Saturday, June 24,
1797, inhabitants of the Second River settlement met at John Ryerson's
house for the purpose of giving a new name to their home. The minutes
of the meeting tell what happened there: 'Resolved, that the name
Second River is improper and inconsistent, as it originally applied to
the brook and not to the village and therefore that some name
applicable be now chosen.... Resolved, that the whole district,
commonly known and called by the name of Second River be hereafter
known only by the name of Washington.'"
^ a b "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968", John
P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey;
1969. p. 125.
^ Xu, April. "The First
Chinatown on the East Coast; Several Chinese
workers who helped build the
Central Pacific Railroad
Central Pacific Railroad found refuge in
Belleville, NJ.", Asian American Writers' Workshop, April 7, 2017.
Accessed May 8, 2017. "About 100 people watched as Perrone, the
president of the Belleville Historical Society, led the ceremonial
digging of the monument's foundation one rainy October morning in
Belleville, New Jersey. The monument was meant to honor a group of
Chinese who died around 150 years ago. They were Chinese workers who
were among those who built the
Central Pacific Railroad
Central Pacific Railroad and came to
live and work Belleville in 1870.... This Chinese community across the
Hudson River was actually responsible for giving rise to the Newark
Chinatown and eventually, the Manhattan
Chinatown — which
later, successively, became the largest Chinese communities in the
eastern United States."
^ "Chapter VI: Municipal Names and Municipal Classification", p. 73.
New Jersey State Commission on County and Municipal Government, 1992.
Accessed September 24, 2015.
^ "Removing Tiering From The Revenue Sharing Formula Would Eliminate
Payment Inequities To Local Governments", Government Accountability
Office, April 15, 1982. Accessed September 24, 2015. "In 1978, South
Orange Village was the first municipality to change its name to the
'township' of South Orange Village effective beginning in entitlement
period 10 (October 1978 to September 1979). The Borough of Fairfield
in 1978 changed its designation by a majority vote of the electorate
and became the 'Township of Fairfield' effective beginning entitlement
period 11 (October 1979 to September 1980).... However, the Revenue
Sharing Act was not changed and the actions taken by South Orange and
Fairfield prompted the Town of Montclair and West Orange to change
their designation by referendum in the November 4, 1980, election. The
municipalities of Belleville, Verona, Bloomfield, Nutley, Essex Fells,
Caldwell, and West Caldwell have since changed their classification
from municipality to a township."
^ Narvaez, Alfonso A. "
New Jersey Journal", The New York Times,
December 27, 1981. Accessed September 24, 2015. "Under the Federal
system, New Jersey's portion of the revenue sharing funds is disbursed
among the 21 counties to create three 'money pools.' One is for county
governments, one for 'places' and a third for townships. By making the
change, a community can use the 'township advantage' to get away from
the category containing areas with low per capita incomes."
^ Karcher, Alan J. New Jersey's Multiple Municipal Madness, pp.
Rutgers University Press, 1998. ISBN 9780813525662.
Accessed September 24, 2015.
^ Rotella, Mark. "Straight Out of Newark", The New York Times, October
2, 2005. Accessed March 3, 2012. "You remember the Four Seasons,
right? Their sound, the wail of
Frankie Valli - "She-e-e-e-e-e-ry
baby" - layered over solid three-part harmonies, was the music of the
streets of urban
New Jersey and New York. It was the sound of the
projects of Newark and the poor Italian neighborhoods of Belleville...
Sitting in the Waldorf-Astoria in a polo shirt and leather loafers, he
was describing his neighborhood in Belleville in the 1950's when he,
his brother Nick, and a friend named
Nick Massi first formed the
Variety Trio, then the Varietones."
^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics:
2010 Demographic Profile Data for Silver Lake - Essex CDP, New Jersey,
United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 4, 2012.
^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census
of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32),
United States Census Bureau,
August 2012, p. III-3. Accessed November 4, 2012. "Silver Lake (formed
from parts of deleted whole-township Belleville and Bloomfield CDPs)"
^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 22, 2015.
^ A History Of Branch Brook's Cherry Blossoms - Belleville: The Cherry
Blossom Capital of America Archived 2012-04-15 at the Wayback
Machine., Belleville Public Library and Information Center. Accessed
November 8, 2011.
^ Staff. "Editorial: Give Belleville tourists reason to stay",
Belleville Times, April 21, 2011, backed up by the
Internet Archive as
of October 1, 2013. Accessed September 14, 2017. "Each spring, people
flock to Essex County's Cherry Blossom Festival in Branch Brook Park.
The county park system has the largest variety of blossoms in the
world.... Belleville already promotes itself as a cherry blossom
capital, but perhaps more could be done, especially this time of year,
when so many people descend on Branch Brook Park. It's one of the few
major events attracting people outside the area to Belleville."
^ Census Estimates for
New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016,
United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated
returns of 1905,
New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed August
^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge
for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed August
^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest
Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 241, J. E. Potter and
company, 1877. Accessed August 21, 2013. "Belleville township was
formed from the eastern portion of Bloomfield in 1839. It is about
four miles in length and about two in width. Acquackannonck, Passaic
county, bounds it on the north, Union, Hudson county, from which it is
separated by the Passaic river, on the east, Newark on the south, and
Bloomfield on the west. It contains extensive manufactories.
Population in 1850, 3,514; in 1860, 3,969; and in 1870, 3,644
^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United
States: 1850, p. 138. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed August 21, 2013.
^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 258. United States
Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed August 21, 2013.
^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the
Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States
Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed August 21, 2013.
^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties
and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890,
United States Census
Bureau, p. 336. Accessed July 11, 2012.
^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population
United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed March 3, 2012.
New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990,
New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed June 28,
^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000
- Census 2000 Summary
File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Belleville
township, Essex County, New Jersey,
United States Census Bureau.
Accessed July 11, 2012.
^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American
Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Belleville township, Essex
County, New Jersey,
United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 3,
^ Belleville, New Jersey, City-Data. Accessed September 2, 2007.
^ Elected Officials, Township of Belleville. Accessed July 4, 2016.
^ Essex County Directory, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 1,
2016. Accessed July 1, 2016.
^ 2016 Municipal Election May 10, 2016, Essex County, New Jersey
Clerk, updated May 16, 2016. Accessed July 1, 2016.
^ 2014 Non-Partisan Municipal Election May 13, 2014, Essex County, New
Jersey Clerk, April 18, 2016. Accessed July 1, 2016.
^ Plan Components Report,
New Jersey Redistricting Commission,
December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 54, New Jersey
League of Women Voters. Accessed May 30, 2017.
^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020,
New Jersey Legislature. Accessed
January 6, 2013.
New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 55, New Jersey
League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey,
United States House of
Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
^ About Cory Booker,
United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015.
"He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
^ Biography of Bob Menendez,
United States Senate, January 26, 2015.
"He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and
^ Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States
Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class
II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
^ Legislative Roster 2018-2019 Session,
New Jersey Legislature.
Accessed January 22, 2018.
^ District 29 Legislators,
New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January
^ Governor Phil Murphy, State of New Jersey. Accessed January 16,
^ Lieutenant Governor Oliver, State of New Jersey. Accessed January
16, 2018. "Assemblywoman Oliver has resided in the City of East Orange
for over 40 years."
^ a b General Information, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed December
13, 2016. "The County Executive, elected from the County at-large, for
a four-year term, is the chief political and administrative officer of
the County.... The Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine
members, five of whom are elected from districts and four of whom are
elected at-large. They are elected for three-year concurrent terms and
may be re-elected to successive terms at the annual election in
^ Essex County Executive, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed December
^ a b County Directory, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed December
^ Definition of a Freeholder, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed
December 13, 2016.
^ Britnee N. Timberlake, Freeholder President / District 3, Essex
County, New Jersey. Accessed December 13, 2016.
^ Brendan W. Gill, Freeholder Vice President / At-Large, Essex County,
New Jersey. Accessed December 13, 2016.
^ Rufus I. Johnson, Freeholder At-Large, Essex County, New Jersey.
Accessed December 13, 2016.
^ Lebby C. Jones, Freeholder At-Large, Essex County, New Jersey.
Accessed December 13, 2016.
^ Patricia Sebold, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed December 13,
^ Rolando Bobadilla, Freeholder District 1, Essex County, New Jersey.
Accessed December 13, 2016.
^ Wayne L. Richardson, Freeholder District 2, Essex County, New
Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
^ Leonard M. Luciano, Freeholder District 4, Essex County, New Jersey.
Accessed December 13, 2016.
^ Cynthia D. Toro, Freeholder District 5, Essex County, New Jersey.
Accessed December 13, 2016.
^ Members of the Board, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed December
^ Breakdown of Freeholder Districts, Essex County, New Jersey.
Accessed December 13, 2016.
^ About, Essex County Clerk. Accessed December 13, 2016.
^ Armando B. Fontoura – Essex County Sheriff, Essex County Sheriff's
Office. Accessed December 13, 2016.
^ Essex County Surrogate Theodore N. Stephens, II, Essex County
Surrogate's Court. Accessed December 13, 2016.
^ Voter Registration Summary - Essex,
New Jersey Department of State
Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 5, 2012.
^ "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Essex
New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013.
Retrieved December 24, 2014.
^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 6, 2012 -
General Election Results - Essex County" (PDF).
New Jersey Department
of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Essex County, New Jersey
Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed
November 5, 2012.
^ 2004 Presidential Election:
Essex County, New Jersey
Essex County, New Jersey Department of
State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 5,
^ "Governor - Essex County" (PDF).
New Jersey Department of Elections.
January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 -
General Election Results - Essex County" (PDF).
New Jersey Department
of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
^ 2009 Governor:
Essex County, New Jersey
Essex County, New Jersey Department of State Division
of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 5, 2012.
^ District information for Belleville Public Schools, National Center
for Education Statistics. Accessed December 7, 2016.
^ School Data for the Belleville School District, National Center for
Education Statistics. Accessed December 7, 2016.
^ School 3, Belleville School District. Accessed May 8, 2017.
^ School 4, Belleville School District. Accessed May 8, 2017.
^ School 5, Belleville School District. Accessed May 8, 2017.
^ School 7, Belleville School District. Accessed May 8, 2017.
^ School 8, Belleville School District. Accessed May 8, 2017.
^ School 9, Belleville School District. Accessed May 8, 2017.
^ School 10, Belleville School District. Accessed May 8, 2017.
^ Belleville Middle School, Belleville School District. Accessed May
^ Belleville High School, Belleville School District. Accessed May 8,
^ District Directory, Belleville School District. Accessed May 8,
New Jersey School Directory for the Belleville School District, New
Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
^ "Belleville Free Public Library". librarytechnology.org. September
2011. Retrieved November 4, 2012.
^ Essex County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey
Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
^ Hickey, James P. "North Arlington looking for answers on De Oca
Bridge sign", South Bergenite, July 25, 2013, backed up by the
Internet Archive as of March 7, 2016. Accessed September 14, 2017.
^ Assembly, No. 2676 State of
New Jersey 215th Legislature, New Jersey
General Assembly, introduced March 8, 2012. Accessed August 21, 2013.
"Designates State Highway Route 7 bridge between Township of
Belleville and Borough of North Arlington 'Lance Corporal Osbrany
Montes de Oca Memorial Bridge.'"
^ Silver Lake station, NJ Transit. Accessed December 1, 2014.
Newark Light Rail
Newark Light Rail System Map, NJ Transit. Accessed December 1, 2014.
^ Belleville History: People and Events, Westfield Historical Society.
Accessed August 21, 2013. "Fifty years ago trains were a common sight
in Belleville. In 1940 two branches of the Erie Railroad served the
town. The Paterson-Newark branch ran north and south, with stops at
Essex and Cleveland Streets. Each week 122 trains ran on this line.
The Greenwood Lake branch extended east and west between Jersey City
and Greenwood Lake. On this line, with its stations at Mill Street and
Belwood Park (Hewitt Place), passed 199 trains weekly."
^ Essex County Bus/Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the
Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed November 8, 2011.
^ About Us,
Clara Maass Medical Center. Accessed August 21, 2013.
^ "A Church with a History", The New York Times, August 11, 1895.
Accessed August 21, 2013.
Bill Pascrell Jr.
Bill Pascrell Jr. 300th Anniversary of the Belleville Reformed
Congressional Record 105th Congress (1997-1998), page E419.
March 10, 1997. Accessed August 21, 2013.
^ Platt Adams, Sports Reference LLC. Accessed September 14, 2017.
^ Rowe, Jonathan. "The Gap Between Us", the Christian Science Monitor,
January 24, 1991. Accessed August 14, 2007. "IN his book Growing Up,
Russell Baker; the New York Times columnist, described the kitchen
table of his childhood. It was in Belleville, N.J., during the depths
of the Depression."
^ Staff. "Results Plus", The New York Times, November 18, 1992.
Accessed July 11, 2012. "Jeff Agoos and
Chico Borja of Belleville,
N.J., scored two goals each as the
United States beat Russia, 8-3,
last night in its opening match of the FIFA world indoor championship
in Hong Kong."
^ Milo, Paul. "Report: Caputo Bidding Adieu to Belleville;
Redistricting Compelling Move, Assemblyman Says", Belleville Patch,
April 8, 2011. Accessed December 22, 2014. "There's been another
development in what is proving to be an eventful week in local
politics: Assemblyman Ralph Caputo is leaving Belleville and
relocating to Nutley, where he plans to seek re-election from the 28th
District, according to a published report."
^ Iannetta, Jessica. "'American Ninja' star
Kacy Catanzaro of N.J.: 'I
didn't realize how many other people would care'", The Star-Ledger,
July 18, 2014. Accessed December 22, 2014. "
Kacy Catanzaro grew up
American Ninja Warrior
American Ninja Warrior with her dad on the TV in their
Belleville, N.J. home."
^ Di Ionno, Mark. "N.J.'s Lonnie Bunch: History in the making at
African-American museum", The Star-Ledger, February 13, 2011. Accessed
April 14, 2013. "Not the first, though. Many years later, as a
historian, Bunch learned Belleville had been a place where free blacks
from New York City bought land for country houses in the 19th century.
'One was Samuel Cornish, owner and publisher of the first black-owned
paper in the
United States (founded 1832),' Bunch said."
^ Woo, Elaine. "
Bob Crewe dies at 83; songwriter behind Frankie Valli,
Four Seasons", Los Angeles Times, September 12, 2014. Accessed
December 22, 2014. "Crewe was born Nov. 12, 1930, in Newark, N.J., and
grew up in nearby Belleville, where a couple of future members of the
Four Seasons were born."
^ Roberts, Sam. "Robert Curvin, Scholar Who Fought Bias and Poverty in
Newark, Dies at 81", The New York Times, September 30, 2015. Accessed
May 23, 2016. "
Robert Curvin was born on Feb. 23, 1934, in Belleville,
N.J., a township adjacent to Newark."
^ Clemente, John. Girl Groups: Fabulous Females that Rocked the world,
p. 13. Krause Publications, 2000. Accessed November 4, 2012. " The
belles from Belleville, The Delicates, 1959, (L-R) Arlene Lanzotti,
Peggy Santiglia, Denise Ferri."
^ Mike Devaney, Sports-Reference.com. Accessed December 22, 2014.
^ a b c d Glassberg, Lauren. "A Sneak Peek At Broadway's 'Jersey
Boys'", WABC-TV, December 5, 2005. Accessed September 25, 2007. "The
music is contagious and the story about four guys from Belleville, New
Jersey is more intriguing than you may have expected. It's Frankie
Valli and the Four Seasons.... Here's a bit of trivia:
Joe Pesci the
actor introduced Tommy Devito, Nick Massi,
Frankie Valli and Bob
Gaudio in 1959."
^ "You Say It's Your Birthday: The Smithereens' Dennis Diken", MTV
News, February 25, 1997. Accessed April 14, 2013. "Today is the
birthday of Smithereens drummer Dennis Diken, who was born in 1957 in
Belleville, New Jersey."
^ Bondy, Halley. "Belleville to honor hometown girl, the resilient
Connie Francis", The Star-Ledger, October 22, 2009. Accessed January
^ Staff. "Kay Gardella, 82, Daily News TV Critic, Dies", The New York
Times, April 15, 2005. Accessed December 22, 2014. "Ms. Gardella was
born in Belleville, N.J., and graduated from the old Upsala College in
Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett, Jewish Virtual Library.
Accessed December 22, 2014. "Goodrich, Frances (1890–1984) and
Hackett, Albert (1900–1995), U.S. writers. Born in Belleville, New
Jersey, Goodrich attended Passaic High School."
^ Staff. "Sicklerville's versatile
Scott Graham is quickly forging a
career in sports announcing", Courier-Post, May 11, 2000. Accessed
November 4, 2012. "This summer, the Belleville, Essex County, native
will spend most of his on-air time with the Phillies."
^ via Associated Press. "Seminar stresses school to college-bound
athletes", Lawrence Journal-World, June 25, 1983. Accessed January 3,
^ Phil Grippaldi, NJSports.com. Accessed November 23, 2017. "Philip
Salvatore Grippaldi was born September 27, 1946 in Newark and grew up
^ Fremon, Suzanne S. "State Has 13 on Olympic Team", The New York
Times, August 13, 1972. Accessed November 22, 2017. "Other New
Jerseyans on the various Olympic teams are Phillip Grippaldo [sic] of
Belleville and Frank Capsouras of River Edge, weight lifters; Robert
Sparks of Clark and Thomas Hardiman of Trenton, team‐handball
players, and Reginald Jones of Newark a light‐middleweight boxer."
^ Creighton Gubanich, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed December 22,
^ Herringshaw's American Blue-book of Biography, p. 482. American
Publishers Association, 1914. Accessed May 27, 2016. "Haskell,
Llewellyn Frost, soldier and manufacturer of Belleville, N.J., was
born Oct. 8, 1842, in Belleville, N.J."
^ Howell, Dave. "
George Hrab to perform his 'Broad Street Score' in
Bethlehem", The Morning Call, January 21, 2016. Accessed December 3,
2017. "The 44-year-old Hrab (pronounced with a near silent 'h') was
born in Belleville, N.J. His parents immigrated to the United States
as youngsters. 'I grew up speaking Ukrainian, went to Ukrainian
Saturday school, ski and canoe trips, and scouts. You were given
demerits if you spoke English,' he says."
^ Bruder, Jessica. "Loud, Proud and Important", The New York Times,
May 29, 2005. Accessed March 28, 2008. "Among some of the station's
most ardent fans are the bands that WSOU has boosted. That's all I
listen to when I go home, said Frank Iero, a guitarist in My Chemical
Romance and a Belleville native."
^ Jersey-kid Meola ready for KC, The Kansas City Star, February 6,
1999, "Born and raised in Belleville, N.J...."
^ Smith, Red. "Homecoming for a Yankee Fan; Sports of The Times The
View from Jersey A Seat in the Bull Pen", The New York Times, March
16, 1979. Accessed June 19, 2009. "He was born in Belleville, N.J.,
attended high school in Parsippany, now lives in Boonton Manor."
^ Colford, Paul D. "Flash! The latest entertainment news and more",
Newsday, August 19, 1998. Accessed January 3, 2010. "Pesci, a high
school dropout who grew up in Belleville, NJ..."
^ Sato, Steven. "CBS' 'That's Life' Is All That: Paul Sorvino, Creator
Talk About New Show" Archived 2012-02-08 at the Wayback
Machine., WEWS-TV. Accessed July 14, 2008. "Cinderella had nothing on
a young woman named Diane Ruggiero. Ruggiero, a native of Belleville,
N.J., was working as a waitress and a part-time writer."
Junior Sanchez Archived 2014-09-04 at the Wayback Machine.,
The Beat, September 8, 2012. Accessed February 4, 2013. "Originally
from suburban Belleville, New Jersey,
Junior Sanchez had his DJ
beginnings with a jerry rigged DJ set made up of his parent's two
stereo systems when he was 11."
^ Stephey, M.J. "Imprisoned Journalist Roxana Saberi", Time, May 7,
2009. Accessed September 14, 2017. "Born April 26, 1977 in Belleville,
New Jersey to a Japanese mother and Iranian father. When she was 6
months old, the family moved to Fargo, North Dakota."
^ Childs, Marti Smiley; and March, Jeff. "Then and Now: Peggy
Santiglis", Echoes of the Sixties, p. 85, Billboard Books, 1999.
ISBN 0-8230-8316-0. Accessed May 15, 2011. "Raised in Belleville,
New Jersey, Peggy grew up in a musical household."
^ a b LaGorce, Tammy. "Bellowing Like Iron Maiden, but Very, Very
Sensitive", The New York Times, November 7, 2004. Accessed May 15,
2011. "Wait too long, and the cartoonish geek punk who leads My
Chemical Romance -- the guy dipped in the requisite all black, with
thick mascara and smudges of orange shadow beneath both eyes before a
recent show at Irving Plaza in Manhattan -- overtakes the boyish
27-year-old from Belleville given to explaining the band's progression
through stories about his grandma and his Dungeons and Dragons
^ Michel, Sia. "Fresh From the Garden State, in Black Leather and
Eyeliner", The New York Times, October 22, 2006. Accessed July 11,
2012. "Perhaps the key to understanding the band's macabre nature is a
dim basement apartment with low ceilings. It was there that Gerard and
Mikey Way, the band's singer and bassist, grew up, in the belly of a
two-family home in Belleville, N.J., a blue-collar town about 10 miles
^ Kadosh, Matt. "Belleville Tuskegee Airman soars in history", The
Record (Bergen County), February 21, 2018. Accessed March 3, 2018.
"Willette, of the Tuskegee Airmen's 99th Fighter Squadron, had died in
the crash while escorting B-17 bombers over Germany in 1944. The 1939
Belleville High School graduate was one of 66 black Tuskegee Airmen
World War II
World War II combat."
^ Loffredo, Nicholas. "Yudin Named to State Transition Committee",
WyckoffPatch, December 2, 2009. Accessed December 19, 2013. "A
Belleville native, Yudin has lived in Wyckoff since 1970, and the
business started in 1935 in Paterson came to the township in 1972."
Township of Belleville
Municipalities and communities of Essex County, New Jersey, United
County seat: Newark
City of Orange
CDPs and planned communities