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Bell Helicopter
Helicopter
Textron
Textron
Inc. is an American aerospace manufacturer headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas. A division of Textron, Bell manufactures military rotorcraft in and around Fort Worth, as well as in Amarillo, Texas, and commercial helicopters in Mirabel, Quebec, Canada. Bell provides training and support services worldwide.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Bell Aircraft 1.2 Bell Helicopter

2 Product list

2.1 Commercial helicopters

2.1.1 Not produced

2.2 Military helicopters 2.3 Tiltrotors 2.4 Projects produced by other companies

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] Bell Aircraft[edit] The company was founded on July 10, 1935 as Bell Aircraft
Bell Aircraft
Corporation by Lawrence Dale Bell
Lawrence Dale Bell
in Buffalo, New York. The company focused on the designing and building of fighter aircraft. Their first fighters were the XFM-1 Airacuda, a twin-engine fighter for attacking bombers, and the P-39 Airacobra. The P-59 Airacomet, the first American jet fighter, the P-63 Kingcobra, the successor to the P-39, and the Bell X-1 were also Bell products.[2]

The Bell 47
Bell 47
is displayed at the MoMA

Previous Bell logo

In 1941, Bell hired Arthur M. Young, a talented inventor, to provide expertise for helicopter research and development. It was the foundation for what Bell hoped would be a broader economic base for his company that was not dependent on government contracts. The Bell 30 was their first full-size helicopter (first flight December 29, 1942) and the Bell 47
Bell 47
became the first helicopter in the world rated by a civil aviation authority, becoming a civilian and military success.[2] Bell Helicopter[edit] Textron
Textron
purchased Bell Aerospace
Aerospace
in 1960. Bell Aerospace
Aerospace
was composed of three divisions of Bell Aircraft
Bell Aircraft
Corporation, including its helicopter division, which had become its only division still producing complete aircraft. The helicopter division was renamed Bell Helicopter
Helicopter
Company and in a few years, with the success of the UH-1 Huey during the Vietnam War, it had established itself as the largest division of Textron. In January 1976, Textron
Textron
changed the name of the company again to Bell Helicopter
Helicopter
Textron.[3] Bell Helicopter
Helicopter
has a close association with AgustaWestland. The partnership dates back to separate manufacturing and technology agreements with Agusta
Agusta
( Bell 47
Bell 47
and Bell 206) and as a sublicence via Agusta
Agusta
with Westland (Bell 47).[4] When the two European firms merged, the partnerships were retained, with the exception of the AB139, which is now known as the AW139. As of 2014[update], Bell and AW cooperate on the AW609
AW609
tiltrotor.[5] Bell intends to reduce employment by 760 in 2014 as fewer V-22s are made.[5] A rapid prototyping center called XworX assists Bell's other divisions in improving development speed.[6] The company was rebranded as "Bell" on February 22, 2018.[7] Product list[edit]

Bell 206B JetRanger III

Comparison of the Bell 212
Bell 212
(U.S. Navy HH-1N) and 412 (Mercy Air) at the Mojave Airport

Bell 412EP Griffin HT1 helicopter of the UK Defence Helicopter
Helicopter
Flying School

Commercial helicopters[edit]

model intro. till MTOW lb/t note

Bell 47 1946 1974 2,950 1.34 based on the Bell 30
Bell 30
prototype, piston engine

Bell 47J Ranger 1956 1967 2,950 1.34 Bell 47
Bell 47
executive variant

Bell 204/205 1959 1980s 9,500 4.31 Huey family
Huey family
civil variant, single turboshaft

Bell 206 1967 current 3,200 1.45 light single or twin turboshaft

Bell 210 late 1970s 11,200 5.1 205B

Bell 212 1968 1998 11,200 5.08 Civilian UH-1N
UH-1N
Twin Huey

Bell 214 1972 1981 15,000 6.8 larger Huey

Bell 214ST 1982 1993 17,500 7.94 medium twin derived from the 214

Bell 222/230 1979 1995 8,400 3.81 light twin

Bell 407 1995 current 6,000 2.72 four-blade single derived from the 206L-4

Bell 412 1981 current 11,900 5.4 four-blade 212

Bell 427 2000 2010 6,550 2.97 407 derived light twin

Bell 429 GlobalRanger 2009 current 7,000 3.2 lengthened 427

Bell 430 1995 2008 9,300 4.22 222/230 stretch

Bell 525 Relentless 2018 current 20,500 9.3 in development

Bell 505 Jet Ranger X 2017 current 3,680 1.67 206 development

Established in 1986, its Mirabel, Quebec
Mirabel, Quebec
facility assemble and delivers most Bell's commercial helicopters and delivered its 5,000th helicopter on 12 December 2017.[8] Not produced[edit]

Bell 400 TwinRanger
Bell 400 TwinRanger
(1984), cancelled 206-derived light twin Bell D-292
Bell D-292
(1985), Light Helicopter
Helicopter
Experimental (LHX) prototype Bell 417 (2006) canceled Bell 407
Bell 407
growth variant Bell FCX-001, March 2017 concept

Military helicopters[edit]

Bell H-12 Bell H-13 Sioux

Bell XH-13F

Bell XH-15 Bell HSL Bell UH-1 Iroquois
UH-1 Iroquois
(or Huey)

Bell Huey family Bell UH-1 Iroquois
UH-1 Iroquois
variants

Bell UH-1N
UH-1N
Twin Huey Bell YHO-4 Bell 207 Sioux Scout
Bell 207 Sioux Scout
– experimental attack helicopter Bell 533
Bell 533
– experimental Huey variant with increased performance Bell AH-1 Cobra Bell AH-1 SeaCobra/SuperCobra Bell 309 KingCobra YAH-63/Model 409 – competitor with the YAH-64 for Advanced Attack Helicopter
Helicopter
program Bell OH-58 Kiowa H-1 upgrade program

Bell UH-1Y Venom Bell AH-1Z Viper

Bell CH-146 Griffon Bell ARH-70 Arapaho

Tiltrotors[edit]

V-22 in flight

Bell XV-3 Bell XV-15 Bell V-247 Vigilant
Bell V-247 Vigilant
– currently in development Bell V-280 Valor
Bell V-280 Valor
– currently in development, estimated first flight 2017 V-22 Osprey
V-22 Osprey
– with Boeing BDS TR918 Eagle Eye UAV Quad TiltRotor – with Boeing BDS

Projects produced by other companies[edit]

AgustaWestland
AgustaWestland
AW139 helicopter (formerly 50/50 as the Bell/Agusta AB139, now 100% AgustaWestland) AgustaWestland
AgustaWestland
AW609
AW609
tiltrotor (formerly 50/50 as the Bell/Agusta BA609, now 100% AgustaWestland) Lockheed Martin VH-71 Kestrel

See also[edit]

Aviation portal

Comparable major helicopter manufacturers include:

AgustaWestland Airbus Helicopters Boeing Rotorcraft
Rotorcraft
Systems MD Helicopters Russian Helicopters Sikorsky Aircraft

References[edit]

^ "About Textron: Our Businesses". October 21, 2015.  ^ a b History of Bell Helicopter
Helicopter
Archived June 3, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.. bellhelicopter.com ^ "Our History". Bell Training Academy. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007.  ^ "Westland History – Part 4".  ^ a b Oliver Johnson & Elan Head. "Bell CEO outlines European growth plan" Vertical, October 15, 2014. Accessed: October 21 ,2014. ^ "Bell's XworX studying improved rotor blades". Aviation International News.  ^ Bell Drops 'Helicopter,' Rebrands Company as Tech Company Redefining Flight ^ Mark Huber (December 13, 2017). "Bell Canada
Canada
Delivers 5,000th Civil Helicopter". AIN. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bell Helicopter.

Official website Bell timeline at the Helicopter
Helicopter
History Site Video history of Bell Helicopter "Patents owned by Bell Helicopter
Helicopter
Textron". US Patent and Trademark Office. Retrieved December 5, 2005. 

v t e

Aircraft produced by Bell Aircraft
Bell Aircraft
and Bell Helicopter

Manufacturer designations

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 32 33 34 35 36 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 47/47J 48 49 50 52 54 58 59 60 61 65 66 67 68 200 201 204 205 206 207 208 210 211 209 212 214/214ST 222 230 249 301 309 400 407 409 412 417 427 429 430 440 445 449 505 525 533 D-188 D-292

Fighter aircraft

YFM-1 Airacuda P-39 Airacobra XFL Airabonita P-59 Airacomet P-63 Kingcobra XP-77 XP-83

Target drones

PQM-56

Attack helicopters

207 AH-1 (singles) AH-1 (twins) 309 YAH-63

Observation and utility helicopters

H-13/H-13J Sioux UH-1 Iroquois UH-1N UH-1Y TH-57 OH-58 Kiowa TH-67 Creek ARH-70 Arapaho

Commercial helicopters

47/47J 204 205 206 210 212 214 214ST 222 230 407 412 427 429 430 505 525

Tiltrotors

V-22 Osprey V-247 V-280 BA609 TR918 QTR

UAVs

MQ-8C

Non-production helicopters

400 417 440

Experimental aircraft

ATV 201 533 D-188 D-255 D-292 FCX-001 L-39 LLRV/LLTV X-1 X-2 X-5 X-14 X-22 XF-109 XP-52 XV-3 XV-15

v t e

Textron

Subsidiaries

AAI Corporation

Aerosonde Ltd

Arctic Cat Avco Bell Helicopter Cushman Greenlee Jacobsen

Dixie Chopper Ransomes

Lycoming Engines Textron
Textron
Aviation

Beechcraft Cessna

Textron
Textron
Marine & Land Systems

MillenWorks

TRU Simulation + Training

Joint ventures

Bell Agusta
Agusta
Aerospace
Aerospace
Company Electric Transit, Inc.

People

Scott C. Donnelly Dick Millman Jack J. Pelton

Products

AN/SPN-46(V)1 M1117 Armored Security Vehicle Fleet-class unmanned surface vessel Landing Craft Air Cushion MillenWorks
MillenWorks
Light Utility Vehicle CBU-97 Sensor Fuzed Weapon Ship-to-Shore Connector Stingray light tank

Related

Beech Factory Airport See also

.