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The Info List - Belizean People



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BELIZEANS are people originating in Belize
Belize
whether they live there or in the Belizean diaspora. Belize
Belize
is a multiethnic country with residents of African , Amerindian
Amerindian
, European and Asian descent or any combination of those groups.

Colonisation
Colonisation
, slavery , and immigration have played major roles in affecting the ethnic composition of the population and as a result, Belize
Belize
is a country with numerous cultures , languages , and ethnic groups .

CONTENTS

* 1 Maya and early settlers * 2 Kriols * 3 Garinagu * 4 Mestizos and Spanish * 5 Emigration, immigration, and demographic shifts * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links

MAYA AND EARLY SETTLERS

The Maya are thought to have been in Belize
Belize
and the Yucatán region since the second millennium BC; however, much of Belize's original Maya population was wiped out by disease and conflicts between tribes and with Europeans. The Belizean Maya consists of three Maya groups now inhabit the country: The Yucatec
Yucatec
(who came from Yucatán, Mexico to escape the Caste War of the 1840s) mostly live in Corozal,Orange Walk and Cayo District, the Mopan (indigenous to Belize
Belize
but were forced out by the British; they returned from Guatemala to evade slavery in the 19th century)Moslty live in Toledo, and Kek\'Chi (also fled from slavery in Guatemala in the 19th century). The later groups are chiefly found in the Toledo District.

KRIOLS

Main article: Belizean Creole people Main article: Baymen

Kriols make up roughly 21% of the Belizean population and about 75% of the Diaspora . They are descendants of the Baymen slave owners, and slaves brought to Belize
Belize
for the purpose of the logging industry. These slaves were mostly Black (many also of Miskito ancestry) from Nicaragua
Nicaragua
and born Africans who had spent very brief periods in Jamaica and Bermuda
Bermuda
. Bay Islanders and more Jamaicans came in the late 19th century, further adding to these already varied peoples, creating this ethnic group.

For all intents and purposes, Kriol is an ethnic and linguistic denomination. Some natives, even those blonde and blue-eyed, may call themselves Kriols. The designation is more cultural than racial, and is not limited to some certain physical appearance.

The Kriol language was invented in slavery, and historically only spoken by them. However, this ethnicity has become synonymous with the BELIZEAN national identity, and as a result it is now spoken by about 75% of Belizeans. Kriols are found all over Belize, but predominantly in urban areas such as Belize
Belize
City, coastal towns and villages, and in the Belize
Belize
River Valley.

Belize
Belize
Kriol, also written as Belize
Belize
Creole, is derived mainly from English. Its substrate languages are the Native American language Miskito , and the various West African
West African
and Bantu languages
Bantu languages
which were brought into the country by slaves. These include Akan , Efik , Ewe , Fula , Ga , Hausa , Igbo , Kikongo and Wolof .

GARINAGU

Main article: Garifuna people
Garifuna people

The Garinagu (singular Garifuna) are a mix of West/Central African, Arawak , and Carib ancestry. Though they were captives removed from their homelands, they were never documented as slaves. The two prevailing theories is that in 1635, they were either the survivors of two recorded shipwrecks, or somehow took over the ship they came on.

Throughout history they have been incorrectly labelled as Black Caribs. When the British took over Saint Vincent and the Grenadines after the Treaty of Paris in 1763, they were opposed by French settlers and their Garinagu allies. The Garinagu eventually surrendered to the British in 1796. The British separated the more African-looking Garifunas from the more indigenous-looking ones. 5,000 Garinagu were exiled from the Grenadine island of Baliceaux . However, only about 2,500 of them survived the voyage to Roatán
Roatán
, an island off the coast of Honduras
Honduras
. The Garifuna language belongs to the Arawakan language family , but has a large number of loanwords from Carib languages and from English.

Because Roatán
Roatán
was too small and infertile to support their population, the Garinagu petitioned the Spanish authorities of Honduras
Honduras
to be allowed to settle on the mainland coast. The Spanish employed them as soldiers, and they spread along the Caribbean coast of Central America. The Garinagu settled in Seine Bight, Punta Gorda and Punta Negra, Belize
Belize
by way of Honduras
Honduras
as early as 1802. However, in Belize
Belize
19 November 1832 is the date officially recognised as " Garifuna Settlement Day " in Dangriga. According to one genetic study their ancestry is on average is 76% Sub Saharan African, 20% Arawak/Carib and 4% European.

MESTIZOS AND SPANISH

Main article: Hispanic Belizean

EMIGRATION, IMMIGRATION, AND DEMOGRAPHIC SHIFTS

Kriols and other ethnic groups are emigrating mostly to the United States, but also to the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and other developed nations for better opportunities. Based on the latest U.S. Census
U.S. Census
, the number of Belizeans
Belizeans
in the United States
United States
is approximately 160,000 (including 70,000 legal residents and naturalised citizens), consisting mainly of Kriols and Garinagu.

According to estimates by the CIA in 2009, Belize's total fertility rate currently stands at approximately 3.6 children per woman. Its birth rate is 27.33 births/1,000 population, and the death rate is 5.8 deaths/1,000 population.

SEE ALSO

* Demographics of Belize
Belize
* Mennonites in Belize
Belize

REFERENCES

* ^ "International Migration Database". OECD. Retrieved 17 July 2017. Country of birth/nationality: Belize, Variable: Stock of foreign population by country of birth * ^ "Most Baha'i
Baha'i
Nations (2010)". QuickLists > Compare Nations > Religions. The Association of Religion Data Archives. 2010. Retrieved 2013-08-20. * ^ Volz, Joe and Coy, Cissie, "Belize: Central American Jewel," aarp.org. * ^ Smith, Vicki (18 February 2007), " Belize
Belize
beckons with unspoiled Caribbean isles, friendly faces, rich marine life," The San Diego Union-Tribune. * ^ Link, Matthew R. (2002), "Central America\'s perfect, penny-pinching blend of island beaches, virgin rain forest, and Maya mysteries", Budget Travel, January/February 2002. * ^ Cho, Julian (1998). Maya Homeland. University of California Berkeley Geography Department and the Toledo Maya of Southern Belize. Retrieved 4 January 2007. * ^ "Belize-Guatemala Territorial Issue – Chapter 1". Belizenet.com. Retrieved 29 August 2010. * ^ A B C Johnson, Melissa A. (2003). "The Making of Race and Place in Nineteenth-Century British Honduras". Environmental History. 8 (4): 598–617. JSTOR
JSTOR
3985885 . doi :10.2307/3985885 . * ^ A B " Belize
Belize
2000 Housing and Population Census". Belize
Belize
Central Statistical Office. 2000. Archived from the original on 28 June 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2008. * ^ http://www.kriol.org.bz/ * ^ A B Crawford, M.H. 1997 Biocultural adaptation to disease in the Caribbean: Case study of a migrant population Archived 2012-11-05 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. Journal of Caribbean Studies. Health and Disease in the Caribbean. 12(1): 141–155. * ^ "Diaspora of Belize". Council on Diplomacy, Washington, D.C. and Consulate General of Belize.

FURTHER READING

* Forest Cover and Deforestation in Belize: 1980–2010 CATHALAC / NASA / Belize
Belize
Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment / SERVIR. August 2010. * The Belize
Belize
Debt-for-Nature Swap: Foundations of a Framework for Program Evaluation Emil A. Cherrington. Unpublished Master of Science thesis, College of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. June 2004.

EXTERNAL

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