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BELARUSIANS (Belarusian : беларусы, biełarusy, or BYELORUSSIANS (from the Byelorussian SSR ), are an East Slavic ethnic group who are native to modern-day Belarus
Belarus
and the immediate region. There are over 9.5 million people who proclaim Belarusian ethnicity worldwide, with the overwhelming majority residing either in Belarus or the adjacent countries where they are an autochthonous minority.

CONTENTS

* 1 Location * 2 Languages * 3 History * 4 Cuisine * 5 See also

* 6 References

* 6.1 Bibliography

* 7 External links

LOCATION

See also: Belarusian diaspora Ethnic territory of Belarusians According to Y. Karskiy (1903) According to M. Dovnar-Zapol\'skiy (1919) Modern state boundaries

Belarusians
Belarusians
are an East Slavic ethnic group who populate the majority of the Belarus
Belarus
. Belarusian minority populations live in countries neighboring Belarus: in Ukraine, in Poland
Poland
(especially in the Podlaskie Voivodeship ), in the Russian Federation and in Lithuania. At the beginning of the 20th century Belarusians
Belarusians
constituted a minority in the regions around the city of Smolensk
Smolensk
in Russia.

Significant numbers of Belarusians
Belarusians
emigrated to the United States, Brazil
Brazil
and Canada
Canada
in the early 20th century. During Soviet times (1917–1991), many Belarusians
Belarusians
were deported or migrated to various regions of the USSR, including Siberia
Siberia
, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
and Ukraine.

Since the breakup of the USSR
USSR
in 1991 several hundred thousand have emigrated to the Baltic states
Baltic states
, the United States, Canada, Russia, and EU countries .

LANGUAGES

The two official languages in Belarus
Belarus
are Belarusian and Russian. Russian is the most spoken language, principally by 72% of the population, while Belarusian is only used by 11.9% in everyday life. According to a study, in varying degrees, the vast majority of residents speak the Belarusian language: 29.4% are fluent, being able read and write it, 52.5% can speak and read the language, 8.3% can understand it but can't speak or read it, while a further 7% are able to understand the parts of Belarusian language
Belarusian language
that are similar to Russian. Belarusian is a language of the East Slavic group .

The name Belarus
Belarus
can be literally translated as White Ruthenia that is a historical region in the east of modern Republic of Belarus, known in Latin as Ruthenia Alba (English: White Rus). This name was in use in the West for some time in history, together with White Ruthenes, White Russians
Russians
(though not to be confused with the political group of White Russians
Russians
that opposed the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War ) and similar forms. Belarusians
Belarusians
trace their name back to the people of Rus\' .

The term Belarusians
Belarusians
was promoted mostly during the 19th century by the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
. For instance, this can be traced by editions of folklorist researches by Ivan Sakharov , where in the edition of 1836 Belarusian customs are described as Litvin, while in the edition of 1886 the words Литва (Lithuania) and Литовцо-руссы (Lithuanian-Russians/Ruthenians) are replaced by respectively Белоруссия (Byelorussia) and белоруссы (Byelorussians). Commonwealth of Polish Kingdom and Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Lithuania
in the 17th century LEGEND: The Crown (Kingdom of Poland) Duchy of Prussia - Polish fief Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Lithuania
Livonia Duchy of Courland, a joint fief

HISTORY

Baltic population in the 12th century

The Belarusian people trace their distinct culture to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Lithuania
, earlier Kievan Rus and the Principality of Polatsk . Most Belarusians
Belarusians
are descendants of the East Slav tribes Dregovichs , Krivichs and Radimichs , as well as of a Baltic tribe of Yotvingians who lived in the west and north-west of today's Belarus.

Belarusians
Belarusians
began to emerge as a people during the thirteenth through fourteenth centuries in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Lithuania
. Mostly on the lands of the upper basins of Neman River
Neman River
, Dnieper River and the Western Dvina River .

In 13th–18th centuries Belarusians
Belarusians
were known as Ruthenians and spoke Ruthenian language , while being part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Lithuania
, which conquered the lands of White Ruthenia , Black Ruthenia and Polesia . Casimir\'s Code of 1468 and all three editions of Statutes of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Lithuania
(1529, 1566, and 1588) were written in the Ruthenian language. From the 1630s it was replaced by Polish , as a result of Polish high culture acquiring increasing prestige in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
.

Between 1791 and 1917 much of Belarus, with its Christian and Jewish populations, was acquired by the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
in a series of military conquests and diplomatic maneuvers, and was made part of a region known as the Pale of Settlement .

After World War I Belarusians
Belarusians
created their own national state, with varying degrees of independence – first as the short-lived Belarusian National Republic under German occupation, then as the Byelorussian SSR from 1919 until 1991, which merged with other republics to become a constituent member of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
in 1922. Belarus
Belarus
gained full independence with the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

CUISINE

Main article: Belarusian cuisine

Belarusian cuisine shares the same roots with cuisines of other Eastern and Northern European countries, basing predominantly on meat and various vegetables typical for the region.

SEE ALSO

* List of Belarusians (ethnic group) * Demographics of Belarus
Belarus
* Dregovichs * Krivichs * Litvins * Radimichs * History of Belarus
Belarus
* Orthodox Slavs

REFERENCES

* ^ "Changes in the populations of the majority ethnic groups". belstat.gov.by. Archived from the original on 28 July 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-28. * ^ "Demographic situation in 2015". Belarus
Belarus
Statistical Office. 27 January 2016. Archived from the original on 3 February 2016. Retrieved 27 January 2016. * ^ Garnett, Sherman W. (1999). Belarus
Belarus
at the Crossroads. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
. ISBN 978-0-87-003172-4 . * ^ Kipel, Vituat. "Belarusan americans". World Culture Encyclopedia. Retrieved July 28, 2016. * ^ "Country: United States: Belarusians". Joshua Project. 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2016. * ^ "All-Russian population census 2010 population by nationality, sex and subjects of the Russian Federation". Demoscope Weekly (in Russian). Retrieved July 28, 2016. * ^ "Всеукраїнський перепис населення 2001 - Результати - Основні підсумки - Національний склад населення:". 2001.ukrcensus.gov.ua. Retrieved 2 August 2017. * ^ "On key provisional results of Population and Housing Census 2011". Csb.gov.lv. Retrieved 18 March 2015. * ^ "Перепись населения Республики Казахстан 2009 года. Краткие итоги. (Census for the Republic of Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
2009. Short Summary)" (PDF) (in Russian). Republic of Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
Statistical Agency. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 December 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2010. * ^ Przynależność narodowo-etniczna ludności – wyniki spisu ludności i mieszkań 2011. GUS. Materiał na konferencję prasową w dniu 29. 01. 2013. p. 3. Retrieved 2013-03-06. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-09-06. Retrieved 2011-12-03. * ^ A B C D E F G "Как живешь, белорусская диаспора?". Belarus
Belarus
Time (in Belarusian). March 13, 2012. Archived from the original on March 13, 2012. * ^ "Ethnic Origin (264), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3), Generation Status (4), Age Groups (10) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2017-08-02. * ^ "Rahvaarv rahvuse järgi, 1. jaanuar, aasta - Eesti Statistika". Stat.ee. Retrieved 2 August 2017. * ^ "Foreigners by category of residence, sex, and citizenship as at 31 December 2016" (PDF). Czso.cz. Retrieved 23 January 2018. * ^ "Utrikes födda efter födelseland och invandringsår" (XLS). Statistics Sweden
Sweden
(in Swedish). 31 December 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2016. * ^ "20680-Ancestry (full classification list) by Sex - Australia". 2006 Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics
Australian Bureau of Statistics
. Archived from the original (Microsoft Excel download) on March 10, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-02. * ^ "Wayback Machine" (PDF). 5 June 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 June 2011. * ^ "POPULAÇÃO ESTRANGEIRA RESIDENTE EM TERRITÓRIO NACIONAL - 2009" (PDF). Statistics Portugal
Portugal
(in Portuguese). January 1, 2011. Retrieved July 28, 2016. * ^ "CBS StatLine - Population; sex, age and nationality, 1 January". Statline.cbs.nl. Retrieved 2 August 2017. * ^ A B "Общество". Belta.by. Retrieved 18 March 2015. * ^ Сказанія русскаго народа, собранныя Иваномъ Петровичемъ Сахаровымъ, 1836, 1886 * ^ Бандарчык В. К. Фарміраванне і развіццё беларускай нацыі / В. К. Бандарчык, П. У Церашковіч // Этнаграфія беларусаў.— Мінск : Навука і тэхніка, 1985.— С. 158. * ^ Беларусы : у 10 т. / Рэдкал.: В. К. Бандарчык . — Мінск : Беларус. навука, 1994–2007. — Т. 4 : Вытокі і этнічнае развіццё... С. 62—63, 88. * ^ "БЕЛОРУСЫ - Энциклопедия Кругосвет". Krugosvet.ru. Retrieved 2 August 2017. * ^ Беларусы : у 10 т. / Рэдкал.: В. К. Бандарчык . — Мінск : Беларус. навука, 1994–2007. — Т. 4 : Вытокі і этнічнае развіццё... С. 36, 49.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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* Banking

* Central bank * Belarusian ruble
Belarusian ruble

* Telecommunications * Currency * Energy * Stock exchange * Transport

SOCIETY

* Demographics * Belarusians * Education * Healthcare * Language * Religion

CULTURE

* Awards and decorations * Belarusian names * Cuisine * Languages * Literature * Music * Cinema * Media * National symbols * Public holidays

* Outline * Index

* Book
Book
* Category
Category
* Portal
Portal

* v * t * e

Slavic ethnic groups

EAST SLAVS

* Belarusians
Belarusians

* Litvins * Poleshuks

* Russians
Russians

* Albazinians
Albazinians
* Don Cossacks * Lipovans * Pomors

* Ukrainians

* Zaporozhians

* Tavria Zaporozhians * Black Sea Zaporozhians

* Slobozhanians * Volynians * Podolyans * Dniprians * Siverians * Poleshuks

* Galicians

* Boykos * Hutsuls
Hutsuls
* Lemkos

* Rusyns

* Boykos * Hutsuls
Hutsuls
* Lemkos * Pannonian Rusyns

WEST SLAVS

* Czechs

* Moravians

* Kashubians
Kashubians

* Poles
Poles

* Masovians * Masurians * Kociewiacy * Krakowiacy * Warmiak

* Silesians * Slovaks * Sorbs

SOUTH SLAVS

* Bosniaks

* Bulgarians
Bulgarians

* Pomaks * Macedonians

* Croats
Croats

* Bunjevci * Burgenland Croats
Croats
* Janjevci
Janjevci
* Krashovani * Molise Croats
Croats
* Šokci

* Macedonians

* Torbeš

* Montenegrins * Ethnic Muslims * Serbs
Serbs
* Gorani * Slovenes * Yugoslavs * Slavic speakers of Greek Macedonia
Slavic speakers of Greek Macedonia

* v * t * e

Eastern Christianity
Christianity

Cultural sphere of Christian traditions that developed since Early Christianity
Christianity
in the Middle East
Middle East
, Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
, Eastern Africa , Asia Minor
Asia Minor
, Southern India
Southern India
, and parts of the Far East
Far East
.

COMMUNIONS

* Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
* Oriental Orthodoxy
Oriental Orthodoxy
* Eastern Catholic Churches
Eastern Catholic Churches
* Assyrian Church of the East
Assyrian Church of the East

* Ancient Church of the East

HISTORY

* Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
* Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
* Ecumenical council * Church of the East * Council of Chalcedon * Iconoclastic controversy * St Thomas Christians * Christianization of Bulgaria
Christianization of Bulgaria
* Christianization of Kievan Rus\' * East–West Schism

SCRIPTURES

* Books * Canon * Old Testament
Old Testament
* New Testament
New Testament

THEOLOGY

* Hesychasm * Icon
Icon
* Apophaticism * Filioque clause * Miaphysitism
Miaphysitism
* Dyophysitism * Nestorianism
Nestorianism
* Theosis * Theoria * Phronema * Philokalia * Praxis * Theotokos
Theotokos
* Hypostasis * Ousia * Essence–energies distinction * Metousiosis ¨

WORSHIP

* Sign of the cross * Divine Liturgy
Divine Liturgy
* Iconography * Asceticism * Omophorion

Ethnic groups with significant adherence

MAJORITIES

INDO-EUROPEAN

* Armenians * Aromanians * Belarusians * Bulgarians
Bulgarians

* Greeks
Greeks

* including Greek Cypriots

* Macedonians * Megleno-Romanians * Moldovans * Montenegrins * Ossetians * Romanians
Romanians
* Russians
Russians
* Serbs
Serbs
* Ukrainians

AFRO-ASIATIC

* Agaw * Amhara * Assyrians * Copts
Copts
* Chaldean Catholics * Maronites * Tigrayans

TURKIC

* Chuvash * Dolgans * Gagauz * Khakas * Kryashens * Yakuts

KARTVELIAN

* Georgians

* including Svans and Mingrelians

FINNO-UGRIC

* Izhorians * Karelians * Khanty
Khanty
* Komi * Mansi * Mari * Mordvins * Setos * Udmurts * Vepsians * Votes

SAMOYEDIC

* Enets * Nenets * Nganasans * Selkups

CHUKOTKO-KAMCHATKAN

* Alyutors * Itelmens * Kereks * Koryaks

DENé–YENISEIAN

* Kets * Tlingits

ESKIMO–ALEUT

* Aleuts * Yupiks

NORTHWEST CAUCASIAN

* Abkhazians

NAKH

* Batsbi

MINORITIES

* Adyghe

* Kabardians

* Kists
Kists
* Albanians
Albanians
* Altai * Arabs * Buryats * Chukchi * Finns * Inuit
Inuit
* Malayali
Malayali
* Oromos * Romani * Rusyns * Saami

Eastern Christianit

.