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Behchokǫ̀
Behchokǫ̀
([bɛ́ht͡ʃʰókʰõ̀] or [bɛ́ht͡sʰókʰõ̀] (from the Tłı̨chǫ
Tłı̨chǫ
meaning "Behcho's place"), officially the Tłı̨chǫ Community Government of Behchokǫ̀,[7] is a community in the North Slave Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada. Behchokǫ̀
Behchokǫ̀
is located on the Yellowknife
Yellowknife
Highway (Great Slave Highway), on the northwest tip of Great Slave Lake, approximately 80 km (50 mi) northwest of Yellowknife.

Contents

1 History 2 Demographics 3 First Nations 4 Transportation 5 Services

5.1 Religious 5.2 Community 5.3 Businesses 5.4 Government 5.5 Medicial

6 Housing issues 7 Gallery 8 See also 9 Further reading 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] The north arm of Great Slave Lake
Great Slave Lake
is the traditional territory of the Tłı̨chǫ
Tłı̨chǫ
(Dogrib), a northern Dene (formerly called Athapaskan) group. Explorer Samuel Hearne
Samuel Hearne
was the first European to encounter Dogrib-speaking people while crossing the barren lands north of Great Slave Lake in 1772. Later, in 1789, trader Alexander Mackenzie traveled by canoe very close to their territory while trading with the Yellowknives, another First Nations
First Nations
peoples, along the north arm of the big lake. The first trading post in this region was at the entrance of Yellowknife
Yellowknife
Bay, established in 1789 by the North West Company, a post known as Old Fort Providence. It was established for the benefit of both the Yellowknives
Yellowknives
and Dogrib Dene but it was not a significant trading centre and closed in 1823. Dogrib Dene were then required to enter into trade with Hudson's Bay Company
Hudson's Bay Company
posts on the south side of Great Slave Lake
Great Slave Lake
at Fort Resolution
Fort Resolution
at the mouth of the Slave River. Historically, the Dogrib and the Yellowknives
Yellowknives
Dene have quarreled. By the 1830s, Edzo, the Dogrib leader and Akaitcho, the Yellowknives leader, made peace. Afterwards, the Dogrib's returned to their traditional hunting grounds.[8] Fort Rae was first established on a prominent peninsula on the north shore of the north arm of Great Slave Lake
Great Slave Lake
in 1852 as a wintering provision post for the Hudson's Bay Company. It was named for Scotsman explorer John Rae, who was among the explorers looking for remains of Sir John Franklin's expedition in the Arctic. It became an important trading post for the Dogrib Dene. In the early 20th century, free traders penetrated a monopoly previously held by the HBC. Ed Nagle and Jack Hislop opened a new trading post at the very northern tip of the north arm where Marian Lake connects to Great Slave Lake. As this location was much closer to many of the Dene families living on the land, it became the area of choice for trade. The HBC abandoned the old Fort Rae and set up a post next to Hislop and Nagle.[9] As the community grew alongside increased services such as a mission-run hospital and church, the government viewed the topography of Fort Rae as unsuitable for expansion. In the 1950s there was concern about runoff from animal and human wastes contaminating sources of drinking water, and the government proposed constructing a new settlement on more favourable terrain. The community became known as Edzo and was located on the west side of the Frank Channel opposite Fort Rae. Most of the Dene families refused to move from their community so that Rae and Edzo (Rae-Edzo) became two separate communities although administered together.[10] The name Rae-Edzo was changed 4 August 2005 to Behchokǫ̀. The biggest names in Tłı̨chǫ
Tłı̨chǫ
(Tli Cho) history are Edzo, Bruneau, and Monfwi. All men were Dogrib chiefs at important periods in their cultural history; Edzo signed the peace pact with the Yellowknives Dene in the 1820s, Jimmy Bruneau was a long-standing chief in the 20th century, and Monfwi signed Treaty 11 with the Canadian Government in 1921 and created the Tłı̨chǫ
Tłı̨chǫ
annual assembly in 1932. Demographics[edit] According to the 2011 Census the population was 1,926,[2] an increase of 1.7% over the 2006 Census. According to the 2006 Census the Aboriginal population was made up of 1,770 North American Indians, 30 Métis people and 10 Inuit.[11] In 2012 the Government of the Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
reported that the population was 2,174 with an average yearly growth rate of 1.9 from 2001.[6]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1996 1,764 —    

1997 1,755 −0.5%

1998 1,759 +0.2%

1999 1,755 −0.2%

2000 1,765 +0.6%

2001 1,785 +1.1%

2002 1,819 +1.9%

2003 1,870 +2.8%

2004 1,882 +0.6%

Year Pop. ±%

2005 1,943 +3.2%

2006 1,977 +1.7%

2007 2,003 +1.3%

2008 2,037 +1.7%

2009 2,056 +0.9%

2010 2,083 +1.3%

2011 2,146 +3.0%

2012 2,174 +1.3%

Sources: NWT Bureau of Statistics (2001 - 2012)[6]

First Nations[edit] One of the four Tłı̨chǫ
Tłı̨chǫ
communities, it is the largest Dene community in Canada.[12] Behchokǫ̀
Behchokǫ̀
was the site of the signing of the Tłı̨chǫ
Tłı̨chǫ
land claim agreement that brought about the Tlicho Government.[13] Transportation[edit] The main street within Behchokǫ̀
Behchokǫ̀
is Donda Tili, which connects to the Yellowknife
Yellowknife
Highway and then to either Yellowknife
Yellowknife
or south to Fort Providence
Fort Providence
and southern Canada. Three ice roads are available during winter to connect to Gamèti, Wekweeti
Wekweeti
and Whatì
Whatì
to the north and west.[14] The closest major public airport is Yellowknife
Yellowknife
Airport via an hour drive east. Nearby Rae/Edzo Airport
Rae/Edzo Airport
is a private airport. Services[edit] Religious[edit]

Tlicho Baptist Church St Michael's Catholic Church 

Community[edit]

Elizabeth Mackenzie Elementary School in Rae (K-6) Chief Jimmy Bruneau Regional High School
Chief Jimmy Bruneau Regional High School
in Edzo (K-12)[15] Khon Go Cho Complex - new recreation centre Behchokǫ̀
Behchokǫ̀
Cultural Centre - community centre Tlicho Friendship Centre

Businesses[edit]

Tli Cho Hotel - catering to tourist and visitors Northern Store and Gas Bar F & C Services - convenience store and stop for Frontier Coachlines Hyway3 Bus Charters and Freight Services - connects to Edmonton
Edmonton
and other parts of the NWT[16] Trappers Hideaway Restaurant Rabesca Resources Ltd - outfitters

Government[edit]

Tlicho Government
Tlicho Government
Main Office N.W.T. Housing Corporation - public housing Municipal Services - sewage, water, public works Fire Department - volunteer service[17] with two fire stations located in nearby Rae and Edzo Policing - local Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
detachment[18] EMS - located at Mary Adele Bishop Health Centre with one ambulance[19]

Medicial[edit] No hospital in town, nearest is Stanton Territorial Hospital and only basic health services are provided by Mary Adele Bishop Health Centre. Local dental clinic is private and a Mental Health and Addictions Services centre. Housing issues[edit] Behchokǫ̀
Behchokǫ̀
has been facing a long term and chronic housing crisis due multiple issues: insufficient funding for affordable units, disrepair of existing housing stock and inability of many living in public housing to pay rent.[20] Gallery[edit]

Boreal forest near Rae Edzo - Behchokǫ̀

Rae Edzo - Behchokǫ̀, camp on the banks of Great Slave Lake

Gasstation Rae-Edzo

See also[edit]

List of municipalities in the Northwest Territories

Further reading[edit]

Northwest Territories, and BHP Billiton Diamonds Inc. Communities and Diamonds Socio-Economic Impacts in the Communities of: Behchokǫ̀, Gameti, Whati, Wekweeti, Detah, Ndilo, Lutsel K'e, and Yellowknife : 2005 Annual Report of the Government of the Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
Under the BHP Billiton, Diavik and De Beers Socio-Economic Agreements. [Yellowknife]: Govt. of the Northwest Territories, 2006.

References[edit]

^ "Tlicho Community Government Act, S.N.W.T. 2004, c.7" (PDF) (PDF). Government of the Northwest Territories. August 4, 2005. pp. 16–17 and 20. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 18, 2013. Retrieved January 12, 2014.  ^ a b c Behchokò, CG Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
(Census subdivision) ^ "NWT Communities - Behchokǫ̀". Government of the Northwest Territories: Department of Municipal and Community Affairs. Retrieved 2017-10-29.  ^ " Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
Official Community Names and Pronunciation Guide". Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre. Yellowknife: Education, Culture and Employment, Government of the Northwest Territories. Archived from the original on 2016-01-13. Retrieved 2016-01-13.  ^ Canada
Canada
Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 29 March 2018 to 0901Z 24 May 2018. ^ a b c d Behchoko
Behchoko
- Statistical Profile at the GNWT ^ Differences in Community Government Structures ^ Communities Economic Reference Library; Department of Industry, Tourism and Investment. pg 181.(2006). ^ Zinovich, Jordan. “Battling the Bay: The Turn of the Century Adventures of Fur Trader Ed Nagle.” Edmonton: Lone Pine Publishing, 1992. ^ Grainge, Jack. “The Changing North: Recollections of an early environmentalist.” Edmonton: Canadian Circumpolar Institute Press, 1999. ^ 2006 Aboriginal Population Profile ^ Behchokǫ̀. Although the Saskatchewan community of La Loche is listed with a populatipn of 2611 in 2011 with more than 95% of the population Dene speaking by. at the Tłı̨chǫ
Tłı̨chǫ
First Nations site ^ Government of the NWT news release on land claims signing Archived February 12, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Winter Roads ^ About Chief Jimmy Bruneau Regional High School ^ Hyway3 Transport ^ Behchoko
Behchoko
fire truck sent for repairs ^ Behchoko
Behchoko
detachment Northwest Territories ^ Local boost for Behchoko
Behchoko
health care services ^ Evicted and homeless: housing crisis in Behchoko, N.W.T. has no easy solutions

External links[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap · Google Maps

Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Media related to Behchokǫ̀
Behchokǫ̀
at Wikimedia Commons

v t e

Subdivisions of the Northwest Territories

Census divisions

Region 1 Unorganized Region 2 Unorganized Region 3 Unorganized Region 4 Unorganized Region 5 Unorganized Region 6 Unorganized

Former census divisions

Fort Smith Inuvik

Dehcho Region

Municipalities

Fort Liard Fort Simpson
Fort Simpson
(regional seat)

Other

Jean Marie River Nahanni Butte Sambaa K'e Wrigley

Inuvik
Inuvik
Region

Municipalities

Aklavik Fort McPherson Inuvik
Inuvik
(regional seat) Paulatuk Sachs Harbour Tsiigehtchic Tuktoyaktuk Ulukhaktok

North Slave Region

Municipalities

Behchokǫ̀
Behchokǫ̀
(regional seat) Gamèti Wekweeti Whatì Yellowknife
Yellowknife
(regional seat and capital) (N'Dilo)

Other

Dettah Lutselk'e

Sahtu Region

Municipalities

Deline Fort Good Hope Norman Wells
Norman Wells
(regional seat) Tulita

Other

Colville Lake

South Slave Region

Municipalities

Enterprise Fort Providence Fort Resolution Fort Smith (regional seat) Hay River (regional seat)

Other

Hay River Reserve Kakisa

Weather stations (outside of communities)

Cape Parry Mould Bay Sachs Harbour
Sachs Harbour
Climate Tuktoyaktuk Yellowknife
Yellowknife
Hydro

Mine sites

Proposed

Gahcho Kue Diamond Mine Project Thor Lake

Operating

Cantung Mine Diavik Diamond Mine Ekati Diamond Mine Snap Lake Diamond Mine

Defunct

Beaulieu Mine Burwash Mine Camlaren Mine Colomac Mine Con Mine Discovery Mine Echo Bay Mines Eldorado Mine Giant Mine Negus Mine Outpost Island Mine Pine Point Mine Ptarmigan and Tom Mine Rayrock Mine Ruth Mine Salmita Mine Thompson-Lundmark Mine Tundra Mine

DEW line and NWS sites

Atkinson Point (BAR-D) Cape Parry (PIN-MAIN) Clinton Point (PIN-1) Horton River (Malloch Hills) (BAR-E) Keats Point (PIN-1BD) Liverpool Bay (BAR-DA1) Nicholson Peninsula (BAR-4) Pearce Point (PIN-A) Storm Hills (BAR-BA3) Tuktoyaktuk
Tuktoyaktuk
(BAR-3) Tununuk Camp (BAR-C)

Hudson's Bay Company trading posts

Aklavik Fort Good Hope Fort Collinson Fort Liard Fort Franklin Fort McPherson Fort Providence Old Fort Providence Fort Rae Fort Reliance Fort Resolution Fort Simpson Fort Smith Hay River Holman Letty Harbour Rymer Point (Fort Harmon) Trout Lake Tuktoyaktuk Fort Norman Walker Bay Fort Wrigley

Former districts

Alberta (1882-1905) Assiniboia (1882-1905) Athabasca (1882-1905) Franklin (1895-1999) Keewatin (1905-1999) Mackenzie (1895-1999) Saskatchewan (1882-1905) Ungava (1895-1920) Yukon (1895-1898)

Category:Northwest Territories Portal:Northwest Territories WikiProject:Ca

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