Beauchamp Tower (13 January 1845 – 31 December 1904) was an English
inventor and railway engineer who is chiefly known for his discovery
of full-film or hydrodynamic lubrication.
Beauchamp Tower was born the son of Robert Beauchamp Tower, rector of
Moreton, Essex and educated at Uppingham School, Rutland. He decided
at the age of 16 that he wanted to become an engineer and received
early training at the Armstrong Works at Elswick, where he stayed for
a few months as a draughtsman after completing his four-year
Apparatus for steadying guns on shipboard
Beauchamp Tower held several patents regarding an apparatus for
maintaining a constant plane in a floating vessel. The apparatus
is based on the gyroscopic principle. One of the possible applications
of this patent was steadying guns on shipboard.
^ "Illustrations and description of Tower's spherical steam engine".