Bear Lake County, Idaho
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Bear Lake County is a
county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and Robert Chambers (publisher bo ...
in the
U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a W ...
of
Idaho Idaho () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in C ...

Idaho
. As of the
2010 United States Census The United States Census of 2010 was the twenty-third United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North Americ ...
the county had a population of 5,986. The
county seat A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or Parish (administrative division), civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Hungary and the United States. County towns have a similar fu ...
is
Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,175,601 residents as of 2018, in an area of more than . Since the 17th century, ...
, and Montpelier is the largest city. The county is named after Bear Lake, a large
alpine lake Alpine lakes are classified as lakes at high altitudes, usually starting around 10,000 feet in elevation above sea level or above the tree line. Alpine lakes are usually clearer than lakes at lower elevations due to the colder water, which decre ...

alpine lake
at an
elevation The elevation of a geographic Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science Science (from the Latin word ''scientia'', meaning "knowledge") is a systematic enterprise that Scientific ...

elevation
of above
sea level Mean sea level (MSL) (often shortened to sea level) is an average In colloquial, ordinary language, an average is a single number taken as representative of a list of numbers, usually the sum of the numbers divided by how many numbers are in the ...

sea level
. The northern half of the 20-mile-long (32 km) lake is in Idaho, the southern half in
Utah Utah ( , ) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper ...

Utah
. The county was established in 1875 in the
Idaho Territory The Territory of Idaho was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 3, 1863, until July 3, 1890, when the final extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as Idaho Idaho () is a U.S. state, ...
, fifteen years before statehood.


History

Peg-Leg Smith established a trading post on the
Oregon Trail The Oregon Trail was a east–west, large-wheeled wagon route and emigrant trail in the United States that connected the Missouri River to valleys in Oregon. The eastern part of the Oregon Trail spanned part of what is now the state of Kansas ...
from 1848 to 1850 near
Dingle Dingle (Irish language, Irish: ''An Daingean'' or ''Daingean Uí Chúis'', meaning "fort of Ó Cúis") is a town in County Kerry, Republic of Ireland, Ireland. The only town on the Dingle Peninsula, it sits on the Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic coast, ...
. The first settlement in the Bear Lake Valley was Paris, settled by
Mormon Mormons are a religious Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of designated religious behaviour, behaviors and practices, morality, morals, beliefs, worldviews, religious text, texts, shrine, sanctified places, prophecy, ...
pioneers led by Charles Rich on September 26, 1863;· thirty families comprised the original settlement. In the spring of 1864, Montpelier was settled on the other side of the valley on the Oregon Trail. Bear Lake County was established in 1875, and the railroad was extended through Montpelier in 1892.


Geography

Bear Lake County comprises the state's southeast corner. Its east boundary line abuts the west line of the state of
Wyoming Wyoming () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in ...
and its south boundary line abuts the north line of the state of
Utah Utah ( , ) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper ...

Utah
. According to the
US Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the Federal Statistical System of the United States, U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the Americans, Amer ...
, the county has a total area of , of which is land and (6.1%) is water. The county is centered on Bear Lake Valley and includes the surrounding mountain ranges. The valley is high in the mountains, with its lowest
elevation The elevation of a geographic Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science Science (from the Latin word ''scientia'', meaning "knowledge") is a systematic enterprise that Scientific ...

elevation
over above sea level. The highest point in the county is Meade Peak at .


Adjacent counties

* Caribou County - north *
Lincoln County, Wyoming Lincoln County is a County (United States), county in the U.S. state of Wyoming. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 18,106. Its county seat is Kemmerer, Wyoming, Kemmerer. Its western border abuts the east borders of the state ...
- east *
Rich County, Utah Image:NeponsetFarm.jpg, Rich County farm, Neponset, 1912 Rich County is a County (United States), county in the U.S. state of Utah. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 2,264, making it the third-least populous county in Utah. I ...
- south *
Franklin CountyFranklin County may refer to: Australia *Franklin County, New South Wales *the former name of Franklin Land District, Tasmania New Zealand *Franklin County, New Zealand United States Franklin County is the name of 24 counties and one parish in ...
- west


Major highways

* -
US 30 U.S. Route 30 or U.S. Highway 30 (US 30) is an east–west main route in the system of the United States Numbered Highways, with the highway traveling across the Northern United States, northern tier of the country. With a length of , i ...
* - US 89 * - Idaho State Highway 36, SH-36 * Image:ID-61.svg, 25px - Idaho State Highway 61, SH-61


National protected areas

* Bear Lake National Wildlife Refuge * Cache National Forest (part) * Caribou National Forest (part)


Demographics


2000 census

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 6,411 people, 2,259 households, and 1,710 families in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km2). There were 3,268 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.66% Race (United States Census), White, 0.09% Race (United States Census), Black or Race (United States Census), African American, 0.53% Race (United States Census), Native American, 0.08% Race (United States Census), Asian, 0.05% Race (United States Census), Pacific Islander, 1.08% from Race (United States Census), other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. 2.40% of the population were Race (United States Census), Hispanic or Race (United States Census), Latino of any race. 28.6% were of English people, English, 16.1% United States, American, 9.4% Germans, German, 7.1% danish people, Danish, 6.2% swiss people, Swiss and 5.5% swedish people, Swedish ancestry. There were 2,259 households, out of which 38.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.90% were Marriage, married couples living together, 6.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.30% were non-families. 22.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.33. The county population contained 33.00% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 22.40% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,162, and the median income for a family was $38,351. Males had a median income of $33,958 versus $17,829 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,592. About 7.10% of families and 9.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.30% of those under age 18 and 9.20% of those age 65 or over.


2010 census

As of the
2010 United States Census The United States Census of 2010 was the twenty-third United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North Americ ...
, there were 5,986 people, 2,281 households, and 1,661 families in the county. The population density was . There were 3,914 housing units at an average density of . The racial makeup of the county was 96.3% white, 0.5% American Indian, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% black or African American, 1.6% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 37.1% were English people, English, 10.2% were Germans, German, 8.0% were Americans, American, and 7.6% were Danes, Danish. Of the 2,281 households, 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.3% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.2% were non-families, and 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.12. The median age was 40.5 years. The median income for a household in the county was $43,374 and the median income for a family was $47,092. Males had a median income of $39,023 versus $26,417 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,284. About 11.2% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.


Communities


Cities

* Bloomington, Idaho, Bloomington * Georgetown, Idaho, Georgetown * Montpelier *
Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,175,601 residents as of 2018, in an area of more than . Since the 17th century, ...
* St. Charles, Idaho, St. Charles


Census-designated place

* Bennington, Idaho, Bennington


Unincorporated communities

* Alton * Bern, Idaho, Bern *
Dingle Dingle (Irish language, Irish: ''An Daingean'' or ''Daingean Uí Chúis'', meaning "fort of Ó Cúis") is a town in County Kerry, Republic of Ireland, Ireland. The only town on the Dingle Peninsula, it sits on the Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic coast, ...
* Fish Haven, Idaho, Fish Haven * Geneva, Idaho, Geneva * Liberty, Idaho, Liberty * Nounan, Idaho, Nounan * Ovid, Idaho, Ovid * Pegram, Idaho, Pegram * Raymond * Wardboro, Idaho, Wardboro * Wooleys''Wooleys ID'' Google Maps (accessed 16 January 2019)
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Politics

Bear Lake County voters have been reliably Republican for several decades. In only one national election since 1948 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate.


See also

* Black Bear Resort * National Register of Historic Places listings in Bear Lake County, Idaho


References


External links

*
State of Idaho official site
- Bear Lake County
News-Examiner
- Montpelier newspaper


Bear Lake County School District #33

The rights of citizenship : brief in re H.R. Bills no. 1478, 6153, and the Petition of the citizens of Bear Lake County, Idaho Territory (1885?)
{{authority control Bear Lake County, Idaho, Idaho counties Bear River (Great Salt Lake) 1875 establishments in Idaho Territory Populated places established in 1875