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The BAYMEN were the earliest European settlers along the Bay of Honduras in what eventually became the colony of British Honduras (modern-day Belize ).

SETTLEMENT

The first Baymen settled in the Belize City area in the 1650s. They were buccaneers and pirates trying to outrun the Spanish rulers in Mexico and Central America . They found that they could make a living cutting and selling logwood to the home country. Many of the first Baymen settled on what is now the Northside of Belize City . They controlled all affairs of municipal and national government through the Public Meeting.

The Baymen who established the system of slavery in Belize, in order to have servants to cut logwood. Some slaves were allowed their own plantations, while others had to depend on their owner's rations. The Baymen reluctantly allowed slaves to participate in the Battle of St. George\'s Caye against the Spanish and their slaves. In some cases they faced former slaves who had run away or been taken in by the Spaniards. Great Britain ended slavery in the colony in 1838. Initially the planters refused to sell land to freedmen. But Belizean slaveowners received the highest compensation, of more than 50 pounds, for selling plots of emancipated territories.

The British and Spanish engaged in frequent dispute over the territory even after the 1763 Treaty of Paris . This had ended the Seven Years War conflict between the British and French. The British and Spanish also made arrangements under this treaty, including establishing British rights to cut logwood in the area of Belize. The Spanish, who controlled the neighboring colonies, chased out the Baymen four times between 1717 and 1780. Treaties in 1783 and 1786 gave them more security. But it was only after the Battle of St. George\'s Caye in 1798 did the Baymen gain full control of the settlement. It was admitted to colonial status in 1863 in the United Kingdom.

CONFLICT WITH THE MAYA

The Maya peoples of Belize had suffered from extended conflict over the centuries with the Spanish. Some had retreated to or already occupied the depths of the dense forests of central and western Belize. Buccaneers had frequently raided most of the coastal settlements, stealing crops, and taking men and women as slaves. Some Mayan slaves were sold in the British colony of Jamaica, and shipped for sale to their colonies of Virginia and the Carolinas.

When the supply of logwood began to diminish, and prices fell in Europe because other dyestuffs became available, the Baymen began to cut tropical cedar and mahogany . They had to go deeper into the forests for this wood, where they began to have hostile encounters with Maya villages. The Baymen reported attacks in 1788 and 1802.

But the main thrust of the Baymen clash with the Maya came in Corozal and Orange Walk districts as part of the Caste War . Mexican and Belizean Maya challenged British lumber encampments, with limited success. Maya resistance continued until the 1870s, representing the last stand of these indigenous independent people. By the late 19th century, the Maya and British were at peace. But logging companies continued to displace Maya villages and destroy their habitats.

CONFLICT WITH THE GARIFUNA

The Garinagu people had an ambivalent relationship with the Baymen. While the Baymen valued the Garinagu's agricultural skills, they wanted them to submit to European control and help capture refugee slaves. The Baymen began a campaign of misinformation, saying the Garinagu had practices of "devil worshipping" and "baby eating." This poisoned relationships between the Creoles and "Kerobs ", as they were derogatorily called.

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Piracy

PERIODS

* Ancient Mediterranean

* Golden Age

* Republic of Pirates * Libertatia

* 21st century

TYPES OF PIRATE

* Privateers * Buccaneers * Corsairs * Sindhi corsairs * Timber pirate * River pirate * Brethren of the Coast * Barbary pirates * Moro pirates * Wōkòu * Vikings * Ushkuiniks * Narentines * Cilician pirates * Confederate privateer * Baltic Slavic pirates * Uskoks * Cossack pirates * Sea Beggars * Sea Dogs * Fillibusters

AREAS

* Caribbean * Lake Nicaragua * British Virgin Islands * Strait of Malacca * Somali Coast * Sulu Sea * Falcon Lake * South China Coast * Anglo-Turkish piracy * Port Royal * Tortuga * Saint-Malo * Barbary Coast * Lundy * Lagos * Salé * Spanish Main * Gulf of Guinea * Indonesia * Barataria Bay * Persian Gulf

NOTED PIRATES

* Klaus Störtebeker * Bartholomew Roberts * Hendrick Lucifer * Hayreddin Barbarossa * Blackbeard * Stede Bonnet * Anne Bonny * Abshir Boyah * Laurens de Graaf * Michel de Grammont * Calico Jack * Alexandre Exquemelin * William Kidd * Edward Low * Redbeard * William Dampier * Black Caesar * Henri Caesar * Roberto Cofresí * Jean Lafitte * Henry Morgan * Lawrence Prince * François l\'Olonnais * Henry Strangways * Charles Gibbs * Benito de Soto * Diabolito * Pedro Gilbert * Mansel Alcantra * Hippolyte Bouchard * Samuel Hall Lord * Nathaniel Gordon * Albert W. Hicks * Eli Boggs * Bully Hayes * Rahmah ibn Jabir al-Jalahimah * Louis-Michel Aury * Shirahama Kenki * John Newland Maffitt * Joseph Baker * Joseph Barss * Jørgen Jørgensen * Vincenzo Gambi * Dominique You * Pierre Lafitte * John Hawkins * Peter Easton * Nicholas van Hoorn * Moses Cohen Henriques * Piet Pieterszoon Hein * Charlotte de Berry * Samuel Bellamy * Benjamin Hornigold * Samuel Mason * Henry Every * Roche Braziliano * Gan Ning * Liang Daoming * Wang Zhi * Limahong * Zheng Zhilong * Zheng Jing * Cai Qian * Cheung Po Tsai * Ching Shih * Shap Ng-tsai * Chui A-poo * Lai Choi San * Fūma Kotarō * Olivier Levasseur

CATEGORIES

* Piracy * Pirates * By nationality * Barbary pirates * Female pirates * Years in piracy * Fictional pirates

PIRATE SHIPS

* Adventure Galley * Fancy * Ganj-i-Sawai * Queen Anne\'s Revenge * Quedagh Merchant * Saladin * Whydah Gally * Marquis of Havana * Ambrose Light * York

PIRATE HUNTERS

* Pedro Menéndez de Avilés * Angelo Emo * Richard Avery Hornsby * Jose Campuzano-Polanco * Robert Maynard * Chaloner Ogle * Pompey * Woodes Rogers * David Porter * James Brooke * Miguel Enríquez (privateer)

PIRATE BATTLES AND INCIDENTS

* Jiajing wokou raids * Turkish Abductions * Chepo Expedition * Battle of Mandab Strait * Battle of Pianosa * Blockade of Charleston * Battle of Cape Fear River * Battle of Ocracoke Inlet * Capture of the William * Sack of Campeche * Attack on Veracruz * Raid on Cartagena * Battle of Cape Lopez * Capture of the Fancy * Persian Gulf Campaign * Battle of New Orleans * Anti- Piracy in the Aegean * Anti-piracy in the West Indies * Capture of the Bravo * Action of 9 November 1822 * Capture of the El Mosquito * Battle of Doro Passage * Falklands Expedition * Great Lakes Patrol * Pirate attacks in Borneo * Balanguingui Expedition * Battle of Tysami * Battle of Tonkin River * Battle of Nam Quan * Battle of Ty-ho Bay * Battle of the Leotung * Antelope incident * North Star affair * Battle off Mukah * Salvador Pirates * Battle of Boca Teacapan * Capture of the Ambrose Light * Irene incident * 1985 Lahad Datu ambush * Operation Enduring Freedom – HOA * Action of 18 March 2006 * Action of 3 June 2007 * Action of 28 October 2007 * Dai Hong Dan incident * Operation Atalanta * Carré d\'As IV incident * Action of 11 November 2008 * Action of 9 April 2009 * Maersk Alabama hijacking * Operation Ocean Shield * Action of 23 March 2010 * Action of 1 April 2010 * Action of 30 March 2010 * Action of 5 April 2010 * MV Moscow University hijacking * Operation Dawn of Gulf of Aden * Operation Dawn 8: Gulf of Aden * Beluga Nomination incident * Battle off Minicoy Island * Quest incident * MT Zafirah hijacking * MT Orkim Harmony hijacking

SLAVE TRADE

* African slave trade * Atlantic slave trade * Arab slave trade * Barbary slave trade * Blockade of Africa * African Slave Trade Patrol * Capture of the Providentia * Capture of the Presidente * Capture of the El Almirante * Capture of the Marinerito * Capture of the Veloz Passagera * Capture of the Brillante * Amistad Incident * Capture of the Emanuela

FICTIONAL PIRATES

* Tom Ayrton * Barbe Rouge * Hector Barbossa * Captain Blood * Captain Crook * Captain Flint * José Gaspar * Captain Hook * Don Karnage * Monkey D. Luffy * Captain Nemo * One Piece * Captain Pugwash * Red Rackham * Captain Sabertooth * Sandokan * Long John Silver * Jack Sparrow * Captain Stingaree * Roronoa Zoro

MISCELLANEOUS

* Truce of Ratisbon * Piracy Act 1698 * Piracy Act 1717 * Piracy Act 1837 * Paris Declaration Respecting Maritime Law * Child pirate * Golden Age of Piracy * Jolly Roger * Walking the plank * Treasure map * Buried treasure * Pirate booty * No purchase, no pay * Marooning * Pirate code * Pirate utopia * Victual Brothers * Pirate Round * Libertatia * Sack of Baltimore * A General History of the Pyrates * Mutiny * Pegleg * Eyepatch * Letter of marque * Davy Jones\' Locker * Air pirate * Space pirate

LISTS

* Pirates * Privateers * Timeline of piracy * Pirate films * Women in piracy * Fictional pirates * Pirates in popular culture * List of ships attacked by Somali pirates

LITERATURE

* Treasure Island * Facing the Flag * On Stranger Tides * Castaways of the Flying Dutchman * The Angel\'s Command * Voyage of Slaves * Pirate

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