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The Bavarian People's Party
Bavarian People's Party
(German: Bayerische Volkspartei; BVP) was the Bavarian branch of the Centre Party, a lay Roman Catholic party, which broke off from the rest of the party in 1918 to pursue a more conservative, more Bavarian particularist course. The party displayed monarchist leanings (because many Bavarians had never accepted the overthrow of the House of Wittelsbach
House of Wittelsbach
in 1918) and there was a period of near separatism in the early 1920s, culminating in Gustav von Kahr's unwillingness to abide by rulings from Berlin during the autumn crisis of 1923. This only came to an end with the shock of Adolf Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch. Following the establishment of a more stable situation throughout Germany, the party came around to a more moderate line under the leadership of Ministerpräsident Heinrich Held and party president Fritz Schäffer.

Heinrich Held with Friedrich Ebert, January 1925

During the Weimar Republic, the BVP was consistently the most popular party in Bavaria
Bavaria
and the party with the most seats in the Landtag of Bavaria. In the second round of the German presidential election, 1925
German presidential election, 1925
the main contenders were Paul von Hindenburg
Paul von Hindenburg
and Wilhelm Marx. If either the BVP or the Communist Party (KPD), who put up Ernst Thalmann
Ernst Thalmann
in the second round, had supported Marx, he would have become President instead of the elderly von Hindenburg (who died in 1934, and was succeeded by Hitler).[3] The party may be seen as a precursor to the Christian Social Union in Bavaria
Bavaria
but alongside the CSU, the Bavaria Party
Bavaria Party
(Bayernpartei) - which has members elected to city councils in some Bavarian regions - and the Bavarian Centre Party (bayerische Zentrumspartei) were also refounded after World War II
World War II
and are explicitly claiming the historical heritage of the BVP. Politicians[edit] See: List of Bavarian People's Party
Bavarian People's Party
politicians References[edit]

^ Stibbe, Matthew (2010). Germany, 1914-1933: Politics, Society and Culture. Pearson Education. p. 79.  ^ Stibbe, Matthew (2010). Germany, 1914-1933: Politics, Society and Culture. Pearson Education. p. 59.  ^ Richard J. Evans (2003). The Coming of the Third Reich. Allen Lane, London. p. 82. ISBN 0-7139-9648-X. 

External links[edit]

BVP on the website of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (German)

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Political parties in Germany in the Weimar Republic (1918–1933)

Communist

Communist Party of Germany
Communist Party of Germany
(KPD) Communist Workers Party of Germany (KAPD) Communist Party Opposition (KPO)

Socialist Social Democratic

Social Democratic Party of Germany
Social Democratic Party of Germany
(SPD) Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany
Social Democratic Party of Germany
(USPD) Majority Social Democratic Party of Germany
Social Democratic Party of Germany
(MSPD) Socialist Workers' Party of Germany (SAPD)

Catholic

Bavarian People's Party
Bavarian People's Party
(BVP) Centre Party (Zentrum) Christian People's Party (CVP)

Agrarian

Bavarian Peasants' League (BB) Agricultural League Schleswig-Holstein Farmers and Farmworkers Democracy (SHBLD) Christian National Peasants' and Farmers' Party (CNBL) German Farmers' Party (DBP)

Liberal

German Democratic Party
German Democratic Party
(DDP) German People's Party
German People's Party
(DVP) German State Party
German State Party
(DStP)

Conservative

German National People's Party
German National People's Party
(DNVP) People's Right Party (VRP) Christian Social People's Service
Christian Social People's Service
(CSVD) Conservative People's Party (KVP)

Völkische and Nazi

German Workers' Party
German Workers' Party
(DAP) German Social Party (DSP) German Socialist Party (DSP) National Socialist German Workers' Party
German Workers' Party
(NSDAP)-Nazi Party German Völkisch Freedom Party (DVFP) National Socialist Freedom Movement (NSFB)

Miscellaneous

German-Hanoverian Party
German-Hanoverian Party
(DHP) Economic Party (WP)

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