Name Type of entity Comments
Established in 907, held by the
House of Wittelsbach
Berchtesgaden Prince-Provostry Established in 1111, Reichsfreiheit granted by Frederick I Barbarossa in 1156.
Breitenegg Lordship Granted to Johann Tserclaes de Tilly by Elector Maximilian I of Bavaria in 1624, Imperial county from 1654, sold to Bavaria in 1792.
Territory around Beratzhausen, Reichsfreiheit granted by Frederick III
of Habsburg in 1465, acquired by
Established by Saint
Haag County Reichsfreiheit granted by Frederick II of Hohenstaufen in 1245, Imperial county from 1509, held by the Dukes of Bavaria from 1567.
Hohenwaldeck Lordship Former Freising territory, Reichsfreiheit granted by Frederick III of Habsburg in 1476, county from 1637, to Bavaria in 1734
Leuchtenberg Landgraviate Established about 1146, principality from 1433, inherited by the House of Wittelsbach in 1646, to Bavaria in 1712.
Niedermünster in Regensburg Prince-Abbacy Established about 788, Reichsfreiheit granted by Henry II in 1002.
Obermünster in Regensburg Prince-Abbacy Established before 876, Reichsfreiheit granted by Louis IV of Wittelsbach in 1315.
Ortenburg County Established about 1120, Reichsfreiheit confirmed in 1479 by Frederick III of Habsburg.
Palatinate-Neuburg Duchy Wittelsbach territory established in 1505 after the Landshut War of Succession, inherited the Palatinate in 1685, line extinct in 1742, inherited by Palatinate-Sulzbach.
Passau Prince-Bishopric Established in 739 by Saint Boniface, Reichsfreiheit granted by Otto III in 999.
Established in 739 by Saint Boniface,
Regensburg Imperial City Since 1245.
Salzburg Prince-Archbishopric Bihopric established in 696 by Saint Rupert, archbishopric from 798, prince-archbishopric from 1213.
St Emmeram in Regensburg
Established in 739, held by the Bishops of
Störnstein Lordship Fief of the Bohemian Crown, raised to county and granted to the House of Lobkowicz by Ferdinand I of Habsburg in 1562, gained Reichsfreiheit in 1641.
Sulzbürg-Pyrbaum Lordship Held by the House of Wolfstein, Reichsfreiheit confirmed in 1353, county from 1673, fell to Bavaria in 1740.
Imperial Circles in the 16th Century – Historical Maps of Germany
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Berchtesgaden Freising Niedermünster Obermünster Passau Regensburg Salzburg St. Emmeram
Bavaria Breitenegg Ehrenfels Haag Hohenwaldeck Leuchtenberg Neuburg Ortenburg Regensburg Störnstein Sulzbach Sulzbürg-Pyrbaum
Circles est. 1500: Bavarian, Swabian, Upper Rhenish, Lower Rhenish–Westphalian, Franconian, (Lower) Saxon Circles est. 1512: Austrian, Burgundian, Upper Saxon, Electoral Rhenish · Unencircled territories
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Circles of the
Holy Roman Empire
Created in 1500
Bavarian Franconian Westphalian (Lower Rhenish-Westphalian) Lower Saxon Swabian Upper Rhenish
Created in 1512
Austrian Burgundian Electoral Rhenish Upper Saxon
Territories of the
Holy Roman Empire