22nd Marine Regiment 106th Infantry Regiment
Casualties and losses
313 killed 77 missing 879 wounded:88 3,380 killed 105 captured:88
v t e
Marshalls–Gilberts raids Makin raid Tarawa Makin Kwajalein Truk Eniwetok
Battle of Eniwetok
1 Background 2 Battle 3 Aftermath 4 Notes 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links
The invasion of Eniwetok followed the American success in the Battle
of Kwajalein to the southeast. Capture of Eniwetok would provide an
airfield and harbor to support attacks on the
Naval bombardment of Eniwetok began on 17 February, and the 22nd Marine Regiment, commanded by Colonel John T. Walker, landed on Engebi Island, on 18 February at 08:43 the next day.:69–70 Resistance was light, and the island was declared secure by 14:50, though mopping-up continued through the next day.:70 US losses included 85 dead and missing plus 166 wounded.:73 Intelligence suggested that the defenses on Eniwetok Island would be heavier than planned, though there was a comparatively heavy preparatory bombardment before the 1st and 3rd Battalions of the 106th Infantry Regiment went ashore at 09:16 on 19 February, followed by the 3/22 at 14:25.:77 However, the Japanese soldiers had strong spider hole positions, plus the Japanese concentrated their forces to the southwest, counterattacking the American flank, which forced the Americans to attack through the night.:78 The island was not secured until 21 February.:78 37 Americans were killed or missing and 94 wounded.:78 The mistake was not repeated at Parry Island. The battleships USS Tennessee and USS Pennsylvania and other ships delivered more than 900 tons of explosive onto the island. The 104th Field Artillery on Eniwetok and the 2nd Separate Pack Howitzer Battalions on Japtan provided additional fire support.:79 The 1/22 and 2/22 Marines landed at 09:00 on 22 February:80–81 At 19:30, the regimental commander radioed "I present you with the island of Parry", though operations continued through the next day.:83–85 US casualties included 73 dead and missing plus 261 wounded.:83 The vast majority of Japanese soldiers were killed, though 105 survivors were captured. Aftermath
An exhausted US Marine, Pvt. Theodore J. Miller, exhibits the thousand-yard stare after two days of constant fighting on Eniwetok. He was later killed in action at age 19 on March 24, 1944 at Ebon Atoll. He is buried at The Punch Bowl, HI
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Rottman, G. The Marshall Islands 1944: Operation Flintlock, the capture of Kwajalein and Eniwetok. Oxford: Osprey Publishing Ltd (2004) ISBN 1-84176-851-0
Morison, Samuel Eliot (1961). Aleutians, Gilberts and Marshalls, June
1942-April 1944, History of
Eastern Mandates. US Army Campaigns in World War II. United States
Army Center of Military History. CMH Pub 72-23.
Breaking the Outer Ring: Marine Landings in the Marshall Islands
Heinl, Robert D., and John A. Crown (1954). "The Marshalls: Increasing
the Tempo". USMC Historical Monograph. Historical Division, Division
of Public Information, Headquarters U.S. Marine Corps. Archived from
the original on 16 November 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-04.
Dyer, George Carroll (1956). "The Amphibians Came to Conquer: The
Story of Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner".
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Battle of Eniwetok.
Animated History of The Battle for Eniwetok Soldiers of the 184th Infantry, 7th ID in the Pacific, 1943-1945
Coordinates: 11°27′54″N 162°11′20″E / 11.465°N 162.189°E