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The Info List - Battle Of Buxar





Mughal Empire[1]

Nawab
Nawab
of Awadh Mir Qasim Durrani
Durrani
and Rohilla
Rohilla
Factions

British East India Company

Commanders and leaders

Shah Alam II[1]

Shuja-ud-Daula Mirza Najaf Khan Mir Qasim

Hector Munro of Novar

Strength

40,000 140 cannons 7,072 30 cannons

Casualties and losses

Disputed British claim:[2] 2,000 killed 733-847 killed, wounded or missing[2][3]

v t e

Seven years War Bengal
Bengal
War

Battle of Plassey Battle of Patna
Patna
(1760) Battle of Gaya (1760) Battle of Sirpur Battle of Birpur Battle of Siwan Battle of Gheria Battle of Katwa Battle of Patna Battle of Udaynala (1763) Battle of Buxar Battle of Patna
Patna
(1764) Battle of Kora (1765)

The Battle of Buxar
Buxar
was fought on 22 October 1764 between the forces under the command of the British East India Company
British East India Company
led by Hector Munro and the combined armies of Mir Qasim, Nawab
Nawab
of Bengal
Bengal
till 1763; the Nawab
Nawab
of Awadh; and the Mughal Emperor
Mughal Emperor
Shah Alam II.[4] The battle fought at Buxar, a "small fortified town" within the territory of Bengal, located on the banks of the Ganges
Ganges
river about 130 kilometres (81 mi) west of Patna, was a decisive victory for the British East India Company. Shuja-ud-Daulah and Shah Alam surrendered and the war came to an end by the "Treaty of Allahabad" in 1765.

Contents

1 Battle 2 Aftermath 3 Gallery 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Battle[edit] The British army engaged in the fighting numbered 7,071[5] comprising 859 British, 5,297 Indian sepoys and 918 Indian cavalry. The alliance army's numbers were estimated to be over 40,000. According to other sources[who?], the combined army of the Mughals, Awadh and Mir Qasim consisting of 40,000 men was defeated by a British army comprising 10,000 men. The lack of basic co-ordination among the three disparate allies was responsible for their decisive defeat. Mirza Najaf Khan
Mirza Najaf Khan
commanded the right flank of the Mughal imperial army and was the first to advance his forces against Major Hector Munro at daybreak; the British lines formed within twenty minutes and reversed the advance of the Mughals. According to the British, Durrani
Durrani
and Rohilla
Rohilla
cavalry were also present and fought during the battle in various skirmishes. But by midday, the battle was over and Shuja-ud-Daula
Shuja-ud-Daula
blew up large tumbrils and three massive magazines of gunpowder. Munro divided his army into various columns and particularly pursued the Mughal Grand Vizier
Grand Vizier
Shuja-ud-Daula
Shuja-ud-Daula
the Nawab
Nawab
of Awadh, who responded by blowing up his boat-bridge after crossing the river, thus abandoning the Mughal Emperor
Mughal Emperor
Shah Alam II
Shah Alam II
and members of his own regiment. Mir Qasim
Mir Qasim
also fled with his 3 million rupees worth of Gemstones and later committed suicide. Mirza Najaf Khan
Mirza Najaf Khan
reorganised formations around Shah Alam II, who retreated and then chose to negotiate with the victorious British. Historian John William Fortescue
John William Fortescue
claimed that the British casualties totalled 847: 39 killed and 64 wounded from the European regiments and 250 killed, 435 wounded and 85 missing from the East India Company's sepoys.[2] He also claimed that the three Indian allies suffered 2,000 dead and that many more were wounded.[2] Another source says that there were 69 European and 664 sepoy casualties on the British side and 6,000 casualties on the Mughal side.[3] The victors captured 133 pieces of artillery and over 1 million rupees of cash. Immediately after the battle Munro decided to assist the Marathas, who were described as a "warlike race", well known for their relentless and unwavering hatred towards the Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
and its Nawabs and the Sultanate of Mysore. Aftermath[edit] The British victory at Buxar
Buxar
had "at one fell swoop, disposed of the three main scions of Mughal power in Upper India. Mir Kasim [Qasim] disappeared into an impoverished obscurity. Shah Alam realigned himself with the British, and Shah Shuja [Shuja-ud-Daula] fled west hotly pursued by the victors. The whole Ganges
Ganges
valley lay at the Company's mercy; Shah Shuja eventually surrendered; henceforth Company troops became the power-brokers throughout Oudh as well as Bihar".[6] Gallery[edit]

The Mughal Emperor
Mughal Emperor
Shah Alam II, as a prisoner of the British East India Company, 1781

The Nawab
Nawab
of Bengal, Mir Qasim

Shuja-ud-Daula
Shuja-ud-Daula
served as the leading Nawab
Nawab
Vizier
Vizier
of the Mughal Empire, he was a lifelong of Shah Alam II.

Mirza Najaf Khan
Mirza Najaf Khan
Baloch, the commander-in-chief of the Mughal Army.

Political map of the Indian Subcontinent in the year 1765.

See also[edit]

Battle of Plassey

References[edit]

^ a b History of the Freedom Movement in India (1857–1947), p. 2, at Google Books ^ a b c d Fortescue, John William. (2004). A History of the British Army: Volume III. p. 102. The Naval and Military Press. Uckfield, Sussex. ISBN 978-1843427155. ^ a b Black, Jeremy and Wyse, Liz. (1996). The Cambridge Illustrated Atlas of Warfare: Renaissance to Revolution, 1492-1792. p. 160. The Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521470339. ^ Parshotam Mehra (1985). A Dictionary of Modern History (1707–1947). Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-561552-2.  ^ Sir Edward Cust, Annals of the Wars of the Eighteenth Century, Vol. 3, p. 113, at Google Books, Mitchell's Military Library (1858). ISBN 1235663922 ^ Keay, John. (1993). The Honourable Company: A History of the English East India Company. Paperback edition. p. 374. HarperCollins Publishers. London. ISBN 978-0-00-638072-6.

External links[edit]

A detailed description of the Battle of Buxar

v t e

Mughal Empire

Emperors

Babur Humayun Akbar Jahangir Shah Jahan Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
(Alamgir) Muhammad Azam Shah Bahadur Shah I Jahandar Shah Farrukhsiyar Rafi ud-Darajat Shah Jahan
Shah Jahan
II Muhammad Shah Ahmad Shah Bahadur Alamgir II Shah Jahan
Shah Jahan
III Shah Alam II Akbar
Akbar
II Bahadur Shah II

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family tree

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Independence activists

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v t e

Patna
Patna
division topics

General

Azimabad Battle of Buxar Kaimur Range Nalanda Pataliputra Takht Sri Patna
Patna
Sahib Tourism in Patna

Districts

Bhojpur Buxar Kaimur Nalanda Patna Rohtas

Rivers

Ganges Durgavati Karmanasa Punpun Son

Dams, barrages

Indrapuri Barrage

Transport

NH 2 NH 30 NH 31 NH 82 NH 83 NH 84 NH 110 Ganga rail–road bridge Koilwar Bridge Howrah–Delhi main line Grand Chord Gaya–Mughalsarai section Bakhtiyarpur–Tilaiya line Mahatma Gandhi
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Patna
Junction Patna
Patna
Sahib Rajendra Nagar Terminal Rajgir

Lok Sabha constituencies

Arrah Buxar Jahanabad Karakat Nalanda Pataliputra Patna
Patna
Sahib Sasaram

See also

People from Patna People from Rho

.