The Info List - Battle Of Baltimore

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* Chesapeake Bay
Chesapeake Bay
* Alexandria * Baltimore * Hampden * Fort Peter



* Lake Ontario * 1st Sacket\'s Harbor * York * Fort George * 2nd Sacket\'s Harbor * Lake Erie * Fort Oswego * Lake Huron * Lake Champlain



* La Guaira * 1st Fort Bowyer
Fort Bowyer
* Action of 13 December 1814 * Lake Borgne * New Orleans * Fort St. Philip * 2nd Fort Bowyer
Fort Bowyer



* James Island * Charles Island * Nuku Hiva * Downes Expedition * Porter Expedition * Typee Valley * Valparaiso (Capture of USS Essex) * Seringapatam Mutiny * Action of 9 May 1814

The BATTLE OF BALTIMORE was a sea/land battle fought between British invaders and American defenders in the War of 1812
War of 1812
. American forces repulsed sea and land invasions off the busy port city of Baltimore
, Maryland
, and killed the commander of the invading British forces. The British and Americans first met at North Point . Though the Americans retreated, the battle was a successful delaying action that inflicted heavy casualties on the British, halted their advance and allowed the defenders at Baltimore
to properly prepare for an attack.

The resistance of Baltimore’s Fort McHenry
Fort McHenry
during bombardment by the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
inspired Francis Scott Key
Francis Scott Key
to compose the poem "Defence of Fort McHenry", which later became the lyrics for "The Star-Spangled Banner ", the national anthem of the United States
United States
of America.


* 1 Background

* 2 Opposing Forces

* 2.1 American

* 2.1.1 10th Military District

* 2.2 British

* 3 Battle

* 3.1 North Point * 3.2 Hampstead Hill * 3.3 Fort McHenry
Fort McHenry

* 4 Aftermath

* 4.1 Star Spangled Banner

* 5 See also * 6 Footnotes * 7 References and further reading * 8 External links


Until April 1814, Great Britain was at war with Napoleonic France , which limited British war aims in America. During this time the British primarily used a defensive strategy and repelled American invasions of the provinces of Upper and Lower Canada. However, the Americans gained naval control over Lake Erie in 1813, and seized parts of western Ontario. In the Southwest, General Andrew Jackson destroyed the military strength of the Creek nation at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in 1814.

Although Great Britain was unwilling to draw military forces from the war with France, it still enjoyed a naval superiority on the ocean, and vessels of the North America and West Indies Squadron, based at Bermuda
, blockaded American ports on the Atlantic throughout the war, strangling the American economy (initially, the north-eastern ports were spared this blockade as public sentiments in New York and New England were against the war). The Royal Navy
Royal Navy
and Royal Marines also occupied American coastal islands and landed military forces for raids along the coast, especially around the Chesapeake Bay
Chesapeake Bay
, encouraging enslaved blacks to defect to the Crown and recruiting them into the Corps of Colonial Marines .

Following the defeat of Napoleon
in the spring of 1814, the British adopted a more aggressive strategy, intended to compel the United States to negotiate a peace that restored the pre-war status quo . Thousands of seasoned British soldiers were deployed to British North America . Most went to the Canadas to re-inforce the defenders (the British Army, Canadian militias, and their First Nations
First Nations
allies drove the American invaders back into the United States, but without naval control of the Great Lakes
Great Lakes
they were unable to receive supplies, resulting in the failure to capture Plattsburgh in the Second Battle of Lake Champlain and the withdrawal from US territory), but a brigade under the command of Major General
Major General
Robert Ross was sent in early July with several naval vessels to join the forces already operating from Bermuda
. The combined forces were to be used for diversionary raids along the Atlantic coast, intended to force the Americans to withdraw forces from Canada. They were under orders not to carry out any extended operations, and were restricted to targets on the coast.

An ambitious raid was planned as the result of a letter sent to Bermuda
on 2 June by Sir George Prévost
George Prévost
, Governor General of The Canadas , who called for a retaliation in response to the "wanton destruction of private property along the north shores of Lake Erie" by American forces under Colonel John Campbell in May 1814, the most notable being the Raid on Port Dover . Prévost argued that,

...in consequence of the late disgraceful conduct of the American troops in the wanton destruction of private property on the north shores of Lake Erie, in order that if the war with the United States continues you may, should you judge it advisable, assist in inflicting that measure of retaliation which shall deter the enemy from a repetition of similar outrages.

The letter was considered by Ross and Vice-Admiral
Sir Alexander Cochrane (who had replaced Sir John Borlase Warren earlier that year as the Commander-in-Chief of the North America and West Indies Station of the Royal Navy, headquartered at Admiralty House in Bermuda) in planning how to use their forces. Cochrane's junior, Rear Admiral George Cockburn
George Cockburn
, had been commanding ships of the squadron in the operations on the Chesapeake Bay
Chesapeake Bay
since the previous year. On 25 June he wrote to Cochrane stressing that the defenses there were weak, and he felt that several major cities were vulnerable to attack. Cochrane suggested attacking Baltimore, Washington and Philadelphia. On 17 July, Cockburn recommended Washington as the target, because of the comparative ease of attacking the national capital and "the greater political effect likely to result".

On 18 July, Cochrane ordered Cockburn that to "deter the enemy from a repetition of similar outrages...." You are hereby required and directed to "destroy and lay waste such towns and districts as you may find assailable". Cochrane instructed, "You will spare merely the lives of the unarmed inhabitants of the United States".

In August, the vessels in Bermuda
sailed from the Royal Naval Dockyard and St. George\'s to join those already operating along the American Atlantic coast. After defeating a US Navy gunboat flotilla, a military force totaling 4,370 (composed of British Army, Royal Marines, and Royal Navy
Royal Navy
detachments for shore service) under Ross was landed in Virginia. After beating off an American force of 1,200 on the 23rd, on the 24th they attacked the prepared defences of the main American force of roughly 6,400 (US Army soldiers, militiamen, US Marines, and US Navy sailors) in the Battle of Bladensburg
Battle of Bladensburg
. Despite the considerable disadvantage in numbers (standard military logic dictates that a three-to-one advantage is needed in carrying out an attack on prepared defences) and sustaining heavy casualties, the British force routed the American defenders and cleared the path into the capital (President James Madison
James Madison
and the entire government fled the city, and went North, to the town of Brookeville, Maryland
). The Burning of Washington
Burning of Washington
took place that night before the force returned to the ships.

The British also sent a fleet up the Potomac to cut off Washington's water access and threaten the prosperous ports of Alexandria , just downstream of Washington, and Georgetown , just upstream. The mere appearance of the fleet cowed American defenders into fleeing from Fort Warburton without firing a shot, and undefended Alexandria surrendered. The British spent several days looting hundreds of tons of merchandise from city merchants, then turned their attention north to Baltimore, where they hoped to strike a powerful blow against the demoralized Americans. Baltimore
was a busy port and was thought by the British to harbor many of the privateers who were raiding British shipping. The British planned a combined operation, with Ross launching a land attack at North Point , and Vice-Admiral
Sir Alexander Cochrane
Alexander Cochrane
laying siege to Fort McHenry, which was the point defensive installation in Baltimore
Harbor .



10th Military District

* Brigadier General William Winder, U.S. Army


Third Division Maryland
Major General
Major General
Samuel Smith First Brigade (Harford and Cecil Counties)

* Brig. Gen. Thomas M. Forman

* 30th Regiment * 40th Regiment * 42nd Regiment * 49th Regiment

Third Brigade ( Baltimore
city )

* Brig. Gen. John Stricker

* 5th Regiment: Lt. Col. Joseph Sterrett

* York Volunteers (PA): Capt. Michael L. Spangler

* 6th Regiment: Lt. Col. William McDonald * 27th Regiment: Lt. Col. Kennedy Long

* 39th Regiment: Lt. Col. Benjamin Fowler

* Hanover Volunteers (PA): Capt. Frederick Metzger * Hagerstown Volunteers (MD): Capt. Thomas Quantrill

* 51st Regiment: Lt. Col. Henry Amey * 1st Rifle Battalion: Maj. William Pinkney

Eleventh Brigade ( Baltimore
County )

* Brig. Gen. Tobias E. Stansbury

* 7th Regiment * 15th Regiment * 36th Regiment * 41st Regiment * 46th Regiment

1st Regiment of Artillery

* Lt. Col. David Harris

* Baltimore
Union Artillery: Capt. John Montgomery * Columbian Artillery: Capt. Samuel Moale * Franklin Artillery: Capt. John Myers * United Maryland
Artillery: Capt. James Piper * 1st Baltimore
Volunteer Artillery: Capt. Abraham Pyke * Eagle Artillerists: Capt. George J. Brown * American Artillerists: Capt. Richard Magruder * First Marine Artillery of the Union: Capt. George Stiles * Steiner's Artillery of Frederick: Capt. Henry Steiner

5th Regiment of Cavalry

* Lt. Col. James Biays

* 1st Baltimore
Hussars * Independent Light Dragoons * Maryland
Chasseurs * Fells Point Light Dragoons

Harbor Defenses of Baltimore

* Maj. George Armistead

Fort McHenry
Fort McHenry

* Maj. George Armistead, commanding post

* Evan's Company, U.S. Corps of Artillery: Capt. Frederick Evans * Bunbury's Company, U.S. Sea Fencibles: Capt. Matthew S. Bunbury * Addison's Company, U.S. Sea Fencibles: Capt. William H. Addison

* Det. U.S. Infantry: Lt. Col. William Steuart (38th Infantry), Maj. Samuel Lane (14th Infantry)

* Company, 12th Infantry: Capt. Thomas Sangsten * Company, 36th Infantry: Capt. Joseph Hook * Company, 36th Infantry: Lt. William Rogers * Company, 38th Infantry: Capt. James H. Hook * Company, 38th Infantry: Capt. John Buck

* Det. 1st Regiment of Artillery, Maryland

* Washington Artillery: Capt. John Berry * Baltimore
Independent Artillerists: Lt. Charles Pennington * Baltimore
Fencibles: Capt. Joseph H. Nicholson

* Det. U.S. Chesapeake Flotilla: Sailing Master Solomon Rodman

Fort Covington

* Det. U.S. Navy: Lt. Henry S. Newcomb

Fort Babcock

* Det. U.S. Chesapeake Flotilla: Sailing Master John A. Webster

Fort Lookout

* Det. U.S. Navy: Lt. George Budd

Lazaretto Battery

* Det. U.S. Chesapeake Flotilla: Lt. Solomon Frazier

Gun Barges

* Det. U.S. Chesapeake Flotilla: Lt. Solomon Rutter

Hampstead Hill Defenses US Navy

* Commodore John Rodgers

* Det. U.S Navy * Det. U.S. Marines


* Brig. Gen. Singleton * Brig. Gen. Douglass

Pennsylvania Militia

* Col. Frailey's Battalion * Col. Cobean's Battalion


THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (May 2016)

* North America and West Indies Station
North America and West Indies Station
: Vice Admiral Alexander Cochrane * Rear-Admiral Poultney Malcolm * Rear-Admiral Edward Codrington
Edward Codrington
- Captain of the Fleet


Vice Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane
Alexander Cochrane
, RN Bomb Vessels

* HMS Meteor : Capt. Thomas Alexander * HMS Volcano : Capt. David Price * HMS Aetna : Capt. Richard Kennah * HMS Devastation : Capt. Samuel Roberts * HMS Terror : Capt. John Sheridan

Rocket Ship

* HMS Erebus : Capt. David Bartholomew


* HMS Surprise * HMS Severn * HMS Euryalus : Capt. Charles Napier * HMS Hebrus * HMS Madagascar * HMS Havannah * HMS Seahorse : Capt. James Gordon


* HMS Cockchafer * HMS Wolverine * HMS Rover


Maj. Gen. Sir Robert Ross (KIA, 9/12)

* Col. Arthur Brooke

First (Light) Brigade

* Maj. Timothy Jones

* 85th Regiment: Maj. Richard Gubbins * Light Company, 1/4th Regiment: Maj. Timothy Jones * Light Company, 21st Regiment: Maj. Norman Pringle * Light Company, 1/44th Regiment

Second Brigade

* Col. Arthur Brooke * Lt. Col. Thomas Mullins

* 1st battalion 4th Regiment: Maj. Alured Faunce * 1st battalion 44th Regiment: Maj. John Johnson

Third Brigade

* Lt. Col. William Patterson

* 21st Regiment: Maj. John Whitaker * 2nd Battalion, Royal Marines: Lt. Col. James Malcolm , RM * Provisional Battalion, Royal Marines: Maj. George Lewis , RM

Reporting Directly

* Royal Rocket Artillery: 1st Lt. John Lawrence, RM * Royal Artillery: Capt. John Mitchell * Detachment, Royal Artillery Drivers: Capt. William Lempiere * 2nd Coy. 4th Battalion, Royal Sappers and Miners: Capt. Richard Blanchard

Rear Admiral Sir George Cockburn
George Cockburn
Naval Brigade

* Naval Brigade Seaman: Capt. Edward Crofton, RN * Corps of Colonial Marines



Main article: Battle of North Point
Battle of North Point

The British landed a force of 5,000 troops who marched toward Baltimore
and first met heavy resistance at the Battle of North Point which was fought about 5 miles (8 km) from the city. The city’s defense was under the overall command of Major General
Major General
Samuel Smith , an officer of the Maryland
Militia. He dispatched roughly 3,000 men under the command of General John Stricker to meet the British in a forward engagement. General Stricker was to stall the British invasion force in order to delay the British advance long enough for Major General Smith to complete the defenses in Baltimore. The land invasion force for the British was led by Ross, who would be killed in the second shift of the American defense by an American sharpshooter (It has been suggested that either Daniel Wells or Henry McComas of Captain Aisquith's rifle company, of the 5th Maryland
Militia regiment, were responsible, and both killed shortly afterwards). With Ross's death the British army came under the command of Colonel Arthur Brooke . However, the Americans had already begun to form an organized retreat back to the main defenses of Baltimore, where they awaited a British assault.


Rodgers Bastion, also known as Sheppard\'s Bastion , located on Hampstead Hill (now part of Patterson Park ), was the centerpiece of a 3-mile-wide earthworks from the outer harbor in Canton , north to Belair Road , dug to defend the eastern approach to Baltimore
against the British. The redoubt was assembled and commanded by U.S. Navy Commodore John Rodgers , with General Smith in command of the overall line. At dawn on September 13, 1814, the day after the Battle of North Point , some 4,300 British troops advanced north on North Point Road , then west along the Philadelphia Road (now Maryland
Route 7 ) toward Baltimore, forcing the U.S. troops to retreat to the main defensive line around the city. British commander Col. Arthur Brooke established his new headquarters at the Sterret House on Surrey Farm (today called Armistead Gardens
Armistead Gardens
), about two miles east-northeast of Hampstead Hill.

When the British began probing actions on Baltimore's inner defenses, the American line was defended by 100 cannons and more than 10,000 regular troops, including two shadowing infantry regiments commanded by general officers Stricker and Winder as well as a few thousand local militia and irregulars. The defenses were far stronger than the British anticipated. The U.S. defenders at Fort McHenry
Fort McHenry
successfully stopped British naval forces but a few ships were still able to provide artillery support. Once the British had taken the outer defences, the inner defences became the priority. The British infantry had not anticipated how well defended they would be so the first attack was a failure; however, Brooke's forces did manage to outflank and overrun American positions to the right. After a discussion with lower ranking officers, Brooke decided that the British should bombard the fort instead of risk a frontal assault and, at 3:00 a.m. on September 14, 1814, ordered the British troops to return to the ships.


At Fort McHenry, some 1,000 soldiers under the command of Major George Armistead awaited the British naval bombardment. Their defense was augmented by the sinking of a line of American merchant ships at the adjacent entrance to Baltimore
Harbor in order to further thwart the passage of British ships.

The attack began on September 13, as the British fleet of some nineteen ships began pounding the fort with Congreve rockets (from rocket vessel HMS Erebus ) and mortar shells (from bomb vessels Terror , Volcano , Meteor , Devastation , and Aetna ). After an initial exchange of fire, the British fleet withdrew to just beyond the range of Fort McHenry’s cannons and continued to bombard the American redoubts for the next 27 hours. Although 1,500 to 1,800 cannonballs were launched at the fort, damage was light due to recent fortification that had been completed prior to the battle. John Bull and the Baltimoreans (1814) by William Charles , a cartoon praising the stiff resistance in Baltimore

After nightfall, Cochrane ordered a landing to be made by small boats to the shore just west of the fort, away from the harbor opening on which the fort’s defense was concentrated. He hoped that the landing party might slip past Fort McHenry
Fort McHenry
and draw Smith’s army away from the main British land assault on the city’s eastern border. This gave the British a good diversion for half an hour, allowing them to fire again and again. On the morning of September 14, the 30 ft × 42 ft (9.1 m × 12.8 m) oversized American flag , which had been made a year earlier by local flagmaker Mary Pickersgill
Mary Pickersgill
and her 13-year-old daughter, was raised over Fort McHenry
Fort McHenry
(replacing the tattered storm flag which had flown during battle). It was responded to by a small encampment of British rifleman on the right flank, who fired a round each at the sky and taunted the Americans just before they too returned to the shore line.

Originally, historians said the oversized Star Spangled Banner Flag was raised to taunt the British. However, that is not the case. The oversized flag was used every morning for reveille, as was the case on the morning of September 14.

Brooke had been instructed not to attack the American positions around Baltimore
unless he was certain that there were less than 2,000 men in the fort. Because of his orders, Brooke had to withdraw from his positions and returned to the fleet which would set sail for New Orleans.


Battle Monument , Baltimore

Colonel Brooke’s troops withdrew, and Admiral Cochrane’s fleet sailed off to regroup before his next (and final) assault on the United States, at the Battle of New Orleans
Battle of New Orleans
. Armistead was soon promoted to lieutenant colonel . Much weakened by the arduous preparations for the battle, he died at age 38, only three years after the battle.

Three active battalions of the Regular Army (1-4 Inf, 2-4 Inf and 3-4 Inf) perpetuate the lineages of the old 36th and 38th Infantry Regiments, both of which were at Fort McHenry
Fort McHenry
during the bombardment. The lineage of the 5th Maryland
Regiment , which played a major role in the Battle of North Point, is perpetuated by the Maryland
Army National Guard's 175th Infantry
Regiment .

The battle is commemorated in the Fort McHenry
Fort McHenry
National Monument and Historic Shrine .


An American lawyer and amateur poet, Francis Scott Key
Francis Scott Key
, was on a mercy mission for the release of Dr. William Beanes , a prisoner of the British. Key showed the British letters from wounded British officers praising the care they received from Dr. Beanes. The British agreed to release Beanes, but Key and Beanes were forced to stay with the British until the attack on Baltimore
was over. Key watched the proceedings from a truce ship in the Patapsco River
Patapsco River
. On the morning of the 14th, Key saw the American flag waving above Fort McHenry. Inspired, he began jotting down verses on the back of a letter he was carrying. Key's poem was originally named "Defense on Fort McHenry" was printed on pamphlets by the Baltimore
American .

Key's poem was later set to the tune of a British song called "To Anacreon in Heaven ", the official song of the Anacreontic Society , an 18th-century gentlemen's club of amateur musicians in London. The song eventually became known as " The Star-Spangled Banner
The Star-Spangled Banner
". Congress made it the United States
United States
national anthem in 1931.


* Defenders Day * List of conflicts in the United States
United States


* ^ Laura Rich. Maryland
History In Prints 1743-1900. p. 45. * ^ Borneman, p. 245. * ^ Crawford, p273, quoting a memo from Rear Admiral Codrington to Respective Captains dated 11 Sept 1814. The warships present were Tonnant (80), Albion (74), Madagascar (74), Ramillies (74), Royal Oak (74), Severn (50), Diomede (50), Havannah (42), Weser (44), Brune (38), Melpomene (38), Seahorse (38), Surprise (38), Trave (38), Thames (32), Rover (18), & Wolverine (18). Also present were the troopships Diadem , Dictator & Regulus . * ^ Borneman, p. 246. * ^ Liston, Where Are the British Soldiers Killed in the Battle of North Point Buried? * ^ James, p. 513. * ^ James, p. 521. * ^ James, p. 325. * ^ James, p. 321 * ^ Jessica McBride. "Attendees Reflect On Horseshoe Bend Commemoration" Archived July 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
., Muscogee
Nation website. * ^ "Horseshoe Bend National Military Park, Daviston, Alabama". National Park Service, US Department of the Interior website. * ^ Review by Mr William Dudley of How Britain won the War of 1812: The Royal Navy\'s Blockades of the United States, 1812-1815, by Brian Arthur. Published by Woodbridge, Boydell, 2011, ISBN 9781843836650 . Website of the Institute of Historical Research of the University of London School of Advanced Study. * ^ "Fleeing from Eastern Shore slavery during War of 1812" Archived July 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. An article adapted from the book Slave and Free on Virginia’s Eastern Shore, by Kirk Mariner. Delmarva Media Group. * ^ John McNish Weiss, "The Corps of Colonial Marines: Black freedom fighters of the War of 1812". Althea McNish ">\'". Atlas Communications. 2005. * ^ Pitch, Anthony, The Burning of Washington: The British Invasion of 1814. Bluejacket Books, 2000. p. 99. * ^ The Visitor Center * ^ Maryland
in the War of 1812 * ^ In the defenses at Hampstead Hill * ^ In the defenses at Hampstead Hill * ^ Attached to 3rd Brigade, present at Battle of North Point * ^ Attached from 9th Brigade, Maryland
Militia * ^ "Scenes In The War of 1812", Harper's New Monthly Magazine, Volume 28, March 1864, pp. 433-449. * ^ The Battle of Baltimore, Kevin Young, Ft. Meade Soundoff, 9/1/05. * ^ 1812 Overtures, Brennen Jensen, Baltimore
City Paper, September 22, 1999. * ^ "The Battle of Baltimore". The Patriots of Fort McHenry, Incorporated. Archived from the original on 2007-06-08. * ^ Borneman, p. 247


* Borneman, Walter R. (2004). 1812: The War That Forged a Nation. New York: Harper Perennial. ISBN 978-0-06-053112-6 . * Crawford, Michael J. (ed.) (2002). The Naval War of 1812: A Documentary History, Vol. 3. Washington: United States
United States
Department of Defense. ISBN 9780160512247 * George, Christopher T., Terror on the Chesapeake: The War of 1812 on the Bay, Shippensburg, Pa.: White Mane, 2001, ISBN 1-57249-276-7 * Leepson, Marc . What So Proudly We Hailed: Francis Scott Key, A Life, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. ISBN 978-1137278289 * Leepson, Marc . "Flag: An American Biography", New York: Thomas Dunne Books, 2005. ISBN 978-0312323080 * James, William (1818). A Full and Correct Account of the Military Occurrences of the Late War Between Great Britain and the United States of America. Volume II. London: Published for the Author. ISBN 0-665-35743-5 . * Liston, Kathy Lee Erlandson (2006). "Where Are the British Soldiers Killed in the Battle of North Point
Battle of North Point
Buried?". Fort Howard, MD: Myedgemere.com, LLC. Retrieved 2010-02-06. * Lord, Walter (1972). The Dawn's Early Light. New York: W. W. Norton. ISBN 0-393-05452-7 . * Marine, William M. (1913). The British invasion of Maryland, 1812-1815. Baltimore: Society of the War of 1812
War of 1812
in Maryland * Pitch, Anthony S. The Burning of Washington, Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2000. ISBN 1-55750-425-3 * Whitehorne, Joseph A., The Battle for Baltimore
1814, Baltimore: Nautical ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Conflicts of the War of 1812
War of 1812

Battles of the War of 1812
War of 1812



* Burning of Washington
Burning of Washington


* Battle of Fort Peter
Battle of Fort Peter


* Battle of New Orleans
Battle of New Orleans
* Siege of Fort St. Philip


* Battle of Baltimore * Battle of Bladensburg
Battle of Bladensburg
* Battle of Caulk\'s Field * Battle of North Point
Battle of North Point
* Battle of St. Michaels
Battle of St. Michaels
* Raid on Havre de Grace


* Battle of Hampden
Battle of Hampden


* Battle of Big Sandy Creek
Battle of Big Sandy Creek
* Battle of Buffalo * Battle of Ogdensburg
Battle of Ogdensburg
* Battle of Plattsburgh
Battle of Plattsburgh
* Capture of Fort Niagara
Capture of Fort Niagara
* Raid on Black Rock * Second Battle of Sacket\'s Harbor


* Battle of Fort Stephenson
Battle of Fort Stephenson
* Copus massacre * Siege of Fort Meigs
Siege of Fort Meigs


* Battle of Craney Island
Battle of Craney Island
* Raid on Alexandria * Skirmish at Farnham Church
Skirmish at Farnham Church
* Battle of Rappahannock River
Battle of Rappahannock River



* Battles of Fort Bowyer
Fort Bowyer


* Battle of Fort Dearborn * Battle of Rock Island Rapids * Siege of Prairie du Chien
Siege of Prairie du Chien


* Battle of the Mississinewa
Battle of the Mississinewa
* Battle of Tippecanoe
Battle of Tippecanoe
* Battle of Wild Cat Creek * Siege of Fort Harrison * Siege of Fort Wayne


* Battle of Brownstown * Battle of Frenchtown
Battle of Frenchtown
* Battle of Mackinac Island
Battle of Mackinac Island
* Battle of Maguaga * Siege of Detroit
Siege of Detroit
* Siege of Fort Mackinac


* Battle of Burnt Corn
Battle of Burnt Corn
* Battle of Callabee Creek * Canoe Fight
Canoe Fight
* Battle of Holy Ground
Battle of Holy Ground
* Battle of Horseshoe Bend * Battle of Talladega * Battle of Tallushatchee * Battles of Emuckfaw and Enotachopo Creek * Fort Mims massacre * Kimbell–James Massacre


* Battle of Credit Island
Credit Island
* Battle of the Sink Hole
Battle of the Sink Hole



* Battle of the Chateauguay * First Battle of Lacolle Mills * Second Battle of Lacolle Mills


* Battle of Beaver Dams * Battle of Chippawa
Battle of Chippawa
* Battle of Cook\'s Mills * Battle of Crysler\'s Farm * Battle of Fort George
Battle of Fort George
* Battle of Frenchman\'s Creek * Battle of Longwoods * Battle of Lundy\'s Lane * Battle of Malcolm\'s Mills * Battle of Queenston Heights
Battle of Queenston Heights
* Battle of Stoney Creek
Battle of Stoney Creek
* Battle of the Thames
Battle of the Thames
* Battle of York
Battle of York
* Capture of Fort Erie * Raid on Elizabethtown * Raid on Port Dover * Raid on Gananoque
Raid on Gananoque
* Siege of Fort Erie



* Battle of Pensacola



* Capture of HMS Boxer
Capture of HMS Boxer
* Capture of HMS Cyane
Capture of HMS Cyane
* Capture of HMS Epervier
Capture of HMS Epervier
* Capture of HMS Frolic
Capture of HMS Frolic
* Capture of HMS Penguin
Capture of HMS Penguin
* Capture of HMS Dominica
Capture of HMS Dominica
* Capture of USS Argus
Capture of USS Argus
* Capture of USS Chesapeake
Capture of USS Chesapeake
* Capture of USS President
Capture of USS President
* Chesapeake Bay Flotilla
Chesapeake Bay Flotilla
* USS Constitution vs HMS Java * Sinking of HMS Avon
Sinking of HMS Avon
* Battle of Fayal
Battle of Fayal
* Sinking of HMS Peacock * Sinking of HMS Reindeer
Sinking of HMS Reindeer
* USS Constitution vs HMS Guerriere
USS Constitution vs HMS Guerriere
* USS United States
United States
vs HMS Macedonian


* Battle of La Guaira


* Battle of Lake Erie
Battle of Lake Erie
* Battle of Fort Oswego * Engagements on Lake Huron * Engagements on Lake Ontario * First Battle of Sacket\'s Harbor


* Action of 13 December 1814 * Battle of Lake Borgne
Battle of Lake Borgne


* Action off James Island
Action off James Island
* Action off Charles Island * Nuku Hiva Campaign * Battle of Valparaiso (Capture of USS Essex)

See also: American Indian Wars
American Indian Wars
, Creek War
Creek War
, Napoleonic Wars
Napoleonic Wars
, and Tecumseh\'s War

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Coordinates : 39°15′47.5″N 76°34′47.33″W / 39.263194°N 76.5798139°W / 39.26