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Battambang
Battambang
(Khmer: ក្រុងបាត់ដំបង; Batdâmbâng) or Krong Battambang (ក្រុងបាត់ដំបង, Battambang
Battambang
City) is the capital city of Battambang province
Battambang province
in north western Cambodia. Founded in the 11th century by the Khmer Empire, Battambang
Battambang
is the leading rice-producing province of the country. For nearly 100 years it was a major commercial hub and provincial capital of Siamese province of Inner Cambodia
Cambodia
(1795-1907), though it was always populated by Khmer, with some ethnic Vietnamese, Lao, Thai and Chinese. Battambang
Battambang
remains the hub of Cambodia's northwest, connecting the region with Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
and Thailand. The city is situated on the Sangkae River, a tranquil, small body of water that winds its way picturesquely through Battambang
Battambang
Province. As with much of Cambodia, French Colonial architecture is a notable aspect of the city, with some of the best-preserved examples in the country.

Contents

1 History 2 Climate 3 Attractions 4 Transportation 5 Twin towns – sister cities 6 Notable people 7 Facts and Trivia 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links

History[edit] Battambang
Battambang
was established as an important trading city with around 2,500 residents in the 18th century. The population was centred along a single road parallel to the Sangkae River
Sangkae River
(Stung Sangkae). In 1795 Siam (modern-day Thailand) annexed much of north western Cambodia including the current provinces of Banteay Meanchey, Battambang, Oddar Meanchey, Pailin, and Siem Reap
Siem Reap
into the province of Inner Cambodia. The Siamese ruled Battambang
Battambang
as a provincial capital through the Thai-speaking Khmer Aphaiwong family,[2] a branch of the Khmer royal family, which governed for six generations until 1907 when the province was ceded to the French to be reunited with Cambodia
Cambodia
as part of the French Indochina
French Indochina
colony. Following colonization by the French, an urban layout was developed which resulted in an enlarged French colonial town. This first attempt at modernization resulted in well-defined streets laid in a grid pattern, building of urban structures and three main streets parallel to the Sangkae River, and the linking of both banks by the construction of two bridges in 1917. Military and prison facilities were also erected. Nineteen years later, a second urban development plan was implemented with a newly constructed railway linking Battambang
Battambang
to Phnom Penh. The urban structures were extended to the west of the town creating urban hubs oriented around the railway station. The large residential villas and public buildings built during this period of French development significantly changed the landscape of the previously remote city. A subsequent third urban development plan for Battambang
Battambang
involved the north, east and south of the city. This vast undertaking, which required long-term planning to integrate all of the previous work, resulted in a modern provincial capital that was by far the most developed region of Cambodia
Cambodia
outside of Phnom Penh. Much later, more infrastructure and public facilities were built under the modernization program of the Cambodian government led by Prince Sihanouk. Several provincial departments, a court house and other public buildings were added on both sides of the river. Textile and garment factories were built by French and Chinese investors, the Battambang Airport
Battambang Airport
was constructed, and the railway line was extended to the Thai border at Poipet. To serve the cultural needs of the population, numerous schools and a university were built as well as a sports centre, museum and an exhibition hall. Climate[edit]

Climate data for Battambang

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 31 (88) 33 (92) 35 (95) 36 (96) 34 (93) 33 (91) 32 (89) 32 (89) 31 (88) 30 (86) 30 (86) 30 (86) 32 (90)

Average low °C (°F) 19 (67) 21 (70) 23 (73) 24 (76) 24 (76) 24 (76) 24 (76) 24 (76) 24 (75) 23 (74) 22 (72) 20 (68) 23 (73)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 5 (0.2) 18 (0.7) 48 (1.9) 86 (3.4) 157 (6.2) 147 (5.8) 155 (6.1) 155 (6.1) 259 (10.2) 224 (8.8) 84 (3.3) 30 (1) 1,364 (53.7)

Source: Weatherbase [3]

Wat Peapahd Temple in Battambang

Attractions[edit]

Battambang
Battambang
Statue on Road 5

Kamping Puoy Lake Located between two mountains, named Phnom Kul or Phnom Ta Nget and Phnom Kamping Puoy, at Ta Nget village, Ta Kriem Commune is 35 kilometers (22 mi) from the provincial town. Kamping Puoy lake is 1,900 meters (6,230 ft) wide, 19 kilometers (12 mi) long and can load 110,000,000 cubic metres (3.8846×109 cu ft). It is famous for its giant lotus flowers whose fiber is spun and weaved to make a new organic fabric. These activities employ more than 20 underprivileged women around the lake.

Ramayana
Ramayana
depicted on carvings from the 11th century

One of the many temples of Battambang

Buddhist temple in Battambang

A view of the market in May 2000

Baset Temple Was built during the reign of King Suryavarman I (1002–1050) and located on a hill at Baset village, Ta Pun commune 15 kilometers (9 mi) from the provincial town. Baset temple adapts the architecture of 11th century and built in 1036 and 1042. Next to the temple, there is a pond 20 meters (66 ft) long 12 meters (39 ft) wide and 10 meters (33 ft) deep. The pond never dries up even in the dry season. Wat Ek Phnom Adapts the architecture of the 11th century and was built in 1027 during the reign of King Suryavarman I (1002–1050). It is located at Piem Ek commune 14 kilometers (9 mi) from the provincial town. Prasat Banan Adapts the architecture of the mid-11th century and the end of the 12th century; the temple was first built by King Dharanindravarman II (1050–1066) and was completed in its final form by the King Jayavarman VII
Jayavarman VII
(1181–1220). The temple is located on the top of a mountain approximately 400-meter-high (1,310 ft) located at Koh Tey 2 commune, Banan District. It can be reached by traveling 15 kilometers (9 mi) from the provincial town by the provincial road No 155, which runs parallel to the Sangker River. In the valley, there is Ku Teuk and two main natural wells, namely: Bit Meas and Chhung or Chhung Achey. Prasat Snung Characterized by three separated stupas made of brick, located on a hill 30 meters (98 ft) long and 20 meters (66 ft) wide, in Snung pagoda’s area, Snung commune, Banan District 22 kilometers (14 mi) from the provincial town. According to the style at the gate, the temple is similar to other temples in 12th century. Behind the temple, there is another new temple being built. Phnom Sampov Main article: Killing caves of Phnom Sampeau Is a natural resort located along the National Road No 57 (the former National Road No10) at Sam Puoy commune (the high land more than 100 meters (330 ft) high) and 12 kilometers (7 mi) from the provincial town of Battambang. On the top of Sam Puoy mountain, there is a temple and three natural wells, namely Pkar Slar, Lo Khuon and Ak Sopheak. Next to Sam Puoy mountain, there are some mountains, and natural sites like Phnom Trung Moan, Phnom Trung Tea and Phnom Neang Rum Say Sork. These mountains relate to the Cambodia
Cambodia
folk legend of Reach Kol Neang Rum Say Sork. Sek Sak Resort A natural resort which has been popular since before the civil war, Sek Sak stretches along the river bank with plants, trees and bamboo stretching 500 meters (1,640 ft) in length. Tourists can also visit other attractive sites like Po Pus Pich Chen Da Dong Tong and Sa Ang speak, the pre-history site five kilometers (3.1 mi) to six kilometers (3.75 mi) away. Sek Sak located Treng commune, Rotanak Mondul District 50 kilometers (31 mi) from the provincial town of Battambang
Battambang
along the National Road No 57, the former National Road No 10. Nory (Bamboo Train) Is overseen by the tourist police and runs from just outside the city to a village that has a brick factory. See Norry
Norry
for more information. Battambang
Battambang
Circus (Phare Ponleu Selpak) The shows include a range of circus disciplines including acrobatics, juggling, aerial work, clowning, tightrope walking and aqua-balance. It gives performances every Monday and Thursday evening. The shows are put on by students from the NGO arts school, Phare Ponleu Selpak that helps disadvantaged children and young people escape from situations connected with poverty such as begging or trafficking and to get an education, both in normal public school and in the arts.[4] It is probably Battambang's premier tourist attraction, and the performances are world class. Transportation[edit] The main means of reaching the city is via buses from Bangkok, Phnom Penh and Siem Reap. The airport is not much used, and the passenger rail service has not yet been restored. There is also (except during the lowest water levels of the dry season) a daily boat connection between Battambang
Battambang
and Siem Reap
Siem Reap
via the Sangkae River. Since the buses are faster and cheaper, the scenic trip is nowadays used mainly by tourists and some locals who live along the river. Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Stockton, California, USA Kleinmachnow, Brandenburg, Germany

Notable people[edit]

Kalyanee Mam
Kalyanee Mam
- filmmaker Vann Nath
Vann Nath
- painter, artist, writer, and human rights activist Sopheap Pich
Sopheap Pich
- sculptor and artist Arn Chorn-Pond
Arn Chorn-Pond
- human rights activist

Facts and Trivia[edit] Battambang
Battambang
is Cambodia's third largest city. Here are some facts and trivia.

Sinn Sisamouth
Sinn Sisamouth
- Famous Cambodian Singer Sinn Sisamouth
Sinn Sisamouth
wrote a hit song called "Chantham Battambang", which is also spelt "Champa Battambang". There are a few varieties in regards to the interpretation of this song. However, the most common interpretation is about a man who misses his hometown and his significant other, who lives in Battambang. Some of the other hit songs by Sinn Sisamouth
Sinn Sisamouth
are "Champey Siem Reap", "Prous Teh Oun", and "Sday Snea Aphorp". Battambang province
Battambang province
contains Laang Spean cave which contains many historical artifacts There are approximately 2,870 street businesses in Battambang
Battambang
province which accounts for 6.9% of the number street businesses [5]

See also[edit]

Battambang
Battambang
(font): the name of the Cambodian font in Mac OS X.

References[edit]

^ "Chapter 2: Spatial Distribution and Density of Population" (PDF). Statistics Japan.  ^ Goscha, Christopher E. (1999). Thailand
Thailand
and the Southeast Asian Networks of the Vietnamese Revolution, 1885-1954. Surrey, UK: Curzon Press, Nordic Institute of Asian Studies. p. 123. ISBN 0700706224. Retrieved 3 Dec 2013.  ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Batdambang, Cambodia". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011. ^ "Phare Ponleu Selpak". Retrieved 14 January 2015.  ^ Hirohata, Nobuo; Fukuyob, Kazuhiro (Summer 2016). "Street Business in Cambodia
Cambodia
- Contribution to the Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction". International Journal of Business. Retrieved 4 October 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

Analyzing Development Issues Trainees, ADI Team, and Cooperation Committee for Cambodia. Labour Migration to Thailand
Thailand
and the Thai-Cambodian Border Recent Trends in Four Villages of Battambang Province. Small-scale research report. [Phnom Penh?]: Cooperation Committee for Cambodia, 2003. Catalla, Rebecca F. Crossing Borders, Crossing Norms Vulnerability and Coping in Battambang
Battambang
Province. SCVCS report, #5. Phnom Penh, Cambodia: UNICEF/AFSC, 2000. ISBN 0-910082-41-3 Kassie, Alebachew, and Nguon Sokunthea. Credit and Landlessness Impact of Credit Access on Landlessness in Cheung Prey and Battambang Districts. Phnom Penh: Oxfam GB Cambodia
Cambodia
Land Study Project, 2000. Mourer, Cécile, and Roland Mourer. The Prehistoric Industry of Laang Spean, Province of Battambang, Cambodia. Sydney: Australasian Medical Pub, 1970. Robinson, Court, Suphāng Čhanthawānit, and Lekha Nou. Rupture and Return Repatriation, Displacement, and Reintegration in Battambang Province, Cambodia. Bangkok: The Center, 1994. ISBN 974-631-130-1 Grant Ross, Helen. Battambang
Battambang
= Pâtṭaṃpaṅ = Bad Dambaung = Le bâton perdu : histoire d'une ville. Phnom Penh, Cambodge: 3DGraphics Pub, 2003. ISBN 979-96974-4-1 in French and Khmer Tūc, Jhuaṅ. Battambang
Battambang
During the Time of the Lord Governor. Phnom Penh: Cedoreck, 1994. Vinary, Vonn. "All Our Livelihoods Are Dead" Landlessness and Aquatic Resources in Battambang
Battambang
Province. [Phnom Penh]: Oxfam GB Cambodia
Cambodia
Land Study Project, 2000. Wallgren, Pia, and Ray Sano. Report on the Reconciliation Areas Based on in-Depth Interviews Conducted in Six Villages in Battambang, Banteay Meanchey and Siem Reap
Siem Reap
Provinces. Phnom Penh: UNDP/CARERE, 2000.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Battambang.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Battambang.

Battambang
Battambang
- The Rice Bowl of Cambodia
Cambodia
(Official Website of the Provincial Town Battambang
Battambang
on www.battambang-town.gov.kh) (in Khmer) (in English) Phnom Bannon Hill Temple

v t e

Battambang
Battambang
Province

Capital: Battambang

Banan District

Kantueu Muoy Kantueu Pir Bay Damram Chheu Teal Chaeng Mean Chey Phnum Sampov Snoeng Ta Kream

Thma Koul District

Ta Pung Ta Meun Ou Ta Ki Chrey Anlong Run Chrouy Sdau Boeng Pring Kouk Khmum Bansay Traeng Rung Chrey

Battambang
Battambang
District

Tuol Ta Aek Preaek Preah Sdach Rotanak Chamkar Samraong Sla Kaet Kdol Doun Teav Ou Mal Voat Kor Ou Char Svay Pao

Bavel District

Bavel Khnach Romeas Lvea Prey Khpos Ampil Pram Daeum Kdol Tahen

Ek Phnom District

Preaek Norint Samraong Knong Preaek Khpob Preaek Luong Peam Aek Prey Chas Kaoh Chiveang Thvang

Moung Ruessei District

Moung Kear Prey Svay Ruessei Krang Chrey Ta Loas Kakaoh Prey Touch Robas Mongkol Prek Chik Prey Tralach

Rotanak Mondol District

Sdau Andaeuk Haeb Phlov Meas Traeng

Sangkae District

Anlong Vil Norea Ta Pon Roka Kampong Preah Kampong Preang Reang Kesei Ou Dambang Muoy Ou Dambang Pir Voat Ta Muem

Samlout District

Ta Taok Kampong Lpou Ou Samrel Sung Samlout Mean Cheay Ta Sanh

Sampov Loun District

Sampou Lun Angkor Ban Ta Sda Santepheap Serei Maen Cheay Chrey Sema

Phnum Proek District

Phnum Proek Pech Chenda Chakrei Barang Thleak Ou Rumduol

Kamrieng District

Kamrieng Boeng Reang Ou Da Trang Ta Saen Ta Krai

Koas Krala District

Thipakdei Koas Krala Hab Preah Phos Doun Ba Chhnal Moan

v t e

Cities in Cambodia

Provincial capitals

Banlung Battambang Chbar Mon Doun Kaev Kampong Cham Kampong Chhnang Kampot Kep Khemarak Phoumin Kratié Pailin Prey Veng Pursat Samraong Senmonorom Sihanoukville Serei Saophoan Siem Reap Stueng Saen Stung Treng Suong Svay Rieng Ta Khmau Tbeng Meanchey

Municipal cities

Phnom Penh

Other cities

Bavet Poipet

Coordinates: 13°06′N 103°12′E / 13.100°N 103.200°E / 13.100; 103.200

Authority control

.