Battambang (Khmer: ក្រុងបាត់ដំបង;
Batdâmbâng) or Krong Battambang
Battambang City) is the
capital city of
Battambang province in north western Cambodia.
Founded in the 11th century by the Khmer Empire,
Battambang is the
leading rice-producing province of the country. For nearly 100 years
it was a major commercial hub and provincial capital of Siamese
province of Inner
Cambodia (1795-1907), though it was always populated
by Khmer, with some ethnic Vietnamese, Lao, Thai and Chinese.
Battambang remains the hub of Cambodia's northwest, connecting the
Phnom Penh and Thailand.
The city is situated on the Sangkae River, a tranquil, small body of
water that winds its way picturesquely through
Battambang Province. As
with much of Cambodia, French Colonial architecture is a notable
aspect of the city, with some of the best-preserved examples in the
5 Twin towns – sister cities
6 Notable people
7 Facts and Trivia
8 See also
10 Further reading
11 External links
Battambang was established as an important trading city with around
2,500 residents in the 18th century. The population was centred along
a single road parallel to the
Sangkae River (Stung Sangkae). In 1795
Siam (modern-day Thailand) annexed much of north western Cambodia
including the current provinces of Banteay Meanchey, Battambang, Oddar
Meanchey, Pailin, and
Siem Reap into the province of Inner Cambodia.
The Siamese ruled
Battambang as a provincial capital through the
Thai-speaking Khmer Aphaiwong family, a branch of the Khmer royal
family, which governed for six generations until 1907 when the
province was ceded to the French to be reunited with
Cambodia as part
French Indochina colony.
Following colonization by the French, an urban layout was developed
which resulted in an enlarged French colonial town. This first attempt
at modernization resulted in well-defined streets laid in a grid
pattern, building of urban structures and three main streets parallel
to the Sangkae River, and the linking of both banks by the
construction of two bridges in 1917. Military and prison facilities
were also erected. Nineteen years later, a second urban development
plan was implemented with a newly constructed railway linking
Battambang to Phnom Penh. The urban structures were extended to the
west of the town creating urban hubs oriented around the railway
station. The large residential villas and public buildings built
during this period of French development significantly changed the
landscape of the previously remote city. A subsequent third urban
development plan for
Battambang involved the north, east and south of
the city. This vast undertaking, which required long-term planning to
integrate all of the previous work, resulted in a modern provincial
capital that was by far the most developed region of
of Phnom Penh.
Much later, more infrastructure and public facilities were built under
the modernization program of the Cambodian government led by Prince
Sihanouk. Several provincial departments, a court house and other
public buildings were added on both sides of the river. Textile and
garment factories were built by French and Chinese investors, the
Battambang Airport was constructed, and the railway line was extended
to the Thai border at Poipet. To serve the cultural needs of the
population, numerous schools and a university were built as well as a
sports centre, museum and an exhibition hall.
Climate data for Battambang
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Source: Weatherbase 
Wat Peapahd Temple in Battambang
Battambang Statue on Road 5
Kamping Puoy Lake
Located between two mountains, named Phnom Kul or Phnom Ta Nget and
Phnom Kamping Puoy, at Ta Nget village, Ta Kriem Commune is 35
kilometers (22 mi) from the provincial town. Kamping Puoy lake is
1,900 meters (6,230 ft) wide, 19 kilometers (12 mi) long and
can load 110,000,000 cubic metres (3.8846×109 cu ft). It is
famous for its giant lotus flowers whose fiber is spun and weaved to
make a new organic fabric. These activities employ more than 20
underprivileged women around the lake.
Ramayana depicted on carvings from the 11th century
One of the many temples of Battambang
Buddhist temple in Battambang
A view of the market in May 2000
Baset Temple Was built during the reign of King Suryavarman I
(1002–1050) and located on a hill at Baset village, Ta Pun commune
15 kilometers (9 mi) from the provincial town. Baset temple
adapts the architecture of 11th century and built in 1036 and 1042.
Next to the temple, there is a pond 20 meters (66 ft) long 12
meters (39 ft) wide and 10 meters (33 ft) deep. The pond
never dries up even in the dry season.
Wat Ek Phnom
Adapts the architecture of the 11th century and was built in 1027
during the reign of King
Suryavarman I (1002–1050). It is located at
Piem Ek commune 14 kilometers (9 mi) from the provincial town.
Adapts the architecture of the mid-11th century and the end of the
12th century; the temple was first built by King Dharanindravarman II
(1050–1066) and was completed in its final form by the King
Jayavarman VII (1181–1220). The temple is located on the top of a
mountain approximately 400-meter-high (1,310 ft) located at Koh
Tey 2 commune, Banan District. It can be reached by traveling 15
kilometers (9 mi) from the provincial town by the provincial road
No 155, which runs parallel to the Sangker River. In the valley, there
is Ku Teuk and two main natural wells, namely: Bit Meas and Chhung or
Characterized by three separated stupas made of brick, located on a
hill 30 meters (98 ft) long and 20 meters (66 ft) wide, in
Snung pagoda’s area, Snung commune, Banan District 22 kilometers
(14 mi) from the provincial town. According to the style at the
gate, the temple is similar to other temples in 12th century. Behind
the temple, there is another new temple being built.
Main article: Killing caves of Phnom Sampeau
Is a natural resort located along the National Road No 57 (the former
National Road No10) at Sam Puoy commune (the high land more than 100
meters (330 ft) high) and 12 kilometers (7 mi) from the
provincial town of Battambang. On the top of Sam Puoy mountain, there
is a temple and three natural wells, namely Pkar Slar, Lo Khuon and Ak
Sopheak. Next to Sam Puoy mountain, there are some mountains, and
natural sites like Phnom Trung Moan, Phnom Trung Tea and Phnom Neang
Rum Say Sork. These mountains relate to the
Cambodia folk legend of
Reach Kol Neang Rum Say Sork.
Sek Sak Resort
A natural resort which has been popular since before the civil war,
Sek Sak stretches along the river bank with plants, trees and bamboo
stretching 500 meters (1,640 ft) in length. Tourists can also
visit other attractive sites like Po Pus Pich Chen Da Dong Tong and Sa
Ang speak, the pre-history site five kilometers (3.1 mi) to six
kilometers (3.75 mi) away. Sek Sak located Treng commune, Rotanak
Mondul District 50 kilometers (31 mi) from the provincial town of
Battambang along the National Road No 57, the former National Road No
Nory (Bamboo Train)
Is overseen by the tourist police and runs from just outside the city
to a village that has a brick factory. See
Norry for more information.
Battambang Circus (Phare Ponleu Selpak)
The shows include a range of circus disciplines including acrobatics,
juggling, aerial work, clowning, tightrope walking and aqua-balance.
It gives performances every Monday and Thursday evening. The shows are
put on by students from the NGO arts school, Phare Ponleu Selpak that
helps disadvantaged children and young people escape from situations
connected with poverty such as begging or trafficking and to get an
education, both in normal public school and in the arts. It is
probably Battambang's premier tourist attraction, and the performances
are world class.
The main means of reaching the city is via buses from Bangkok, Phnom
Penh and Siem Reap. The airport is not much used, and the passenger
rail service has not yet been restored.
There is also (except during the lowest water levels of the dry
season) a daily boat connection between
Siem Reap via
the Sangkae River. Since the buses are faster and cheaper, the scenic
trip is nowadays used mainly by tourists and some locals who live
along the river.
Twin towns – sister cities
Stockton, California, USA
Kleinmachnow, Brandenburg, Germany
Kalyanee Mam - filmmaker
Vann Nath - painter, artist, writer, and human rights activist
Sopheap Pich - sculptor and artist
Arn Chorn-Pond - human rights activist
Facts and Trivia
Battambang is Cambodia's third largest city. Here are some facts and
Sinn Sisamouth - Famous Cambodian Singer
Sinn Sisamouth wrote a hit
song called "Chantham Battambang", which is also spelt "Champa
Battambang". There are a few varieties in regards to the
interpretation of this song. However, the most common interpretation
is about a man who misses his hometown and his significant other, who
lives in Battambang. Some of the other hit songs by
Sinn Sisamouth are
"Champey Siem Reap", "Prous Teh Oun", and "Sday Snea Aphorp".
Battambang province contains Laang Spean cave which contains many
There are approximately 2,870 street businesses in
which accounts for 6.9% of the number street businesses 
Battambang (font): the name of the Cambodian font in Mac OS X.
^ "Chapter 2: Spatial Distribution and Density of Population" (PDF).
^ Goscha, Christopher E. (1999).
Thailand and the Southeast Asian
Networks of the Vietnamese Revolution, 1885-1954. Surrey, UK: Curzon
Press, Nordic Institute of Asian Studies. p. 123.
ISBN 0700706224. Retrieved 3 Dec 2013.
^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Batdambang, Cambodia".
Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
^ "Phare Ponleu Selpak". Retrieved 14 January 2015.
^ Hirohata, Nobuo; Fukuyob, Kazuhiro (Summer 2016). "Street Business
Cambodia - Contribution to the Economic Growth and Poverty
Reduction". International Journal of Business. Retrieved 4 October
Analyzing Development Issues Trainees, ADI Team, and Cooperation
Committee for Cambodia. Labour Migration to
Thailand and the
Thai-Cambodian Border Recent Trends in Four Villages of Battambang
Province. Small-scale research report. [Phnom Penh?]: Cooperation
Committee for Cambodia, 2003.
Catalla, Rebecca F. Crossing Borders, Crossing Norms Vulnerability and
Battambang Province. SCVCS report, #5. Phnom Penh, Cambodia:
UNICEF/AFSC, 2000. ISBN 0-910082-41-3
Kassie, Alebachew, and Nguon Sokunthea. Credit and Landlessness Impact
of Credit Access on Landlessness in Cheung Prey and Battambang
Districts. Phnom Penh: Oxfam GB
Cambodia Land Study Project, 2000.
Mourer, Cécile, and Roland Mourer. The Prehistoric Industry of Laang
Spean, Province of Battambang, Cambodia. Sydney: Australasian Medical
Robinson, Court, Suphāng Čhanthawānit, and Lekha Nou. Rupture and
Return Repatriation, Displacement, and Reintegration in Battambang
Province, Cambodia. Bangkok: The Center, 1994. ISBN 974-631-130-1
Grant Ross, Helen.
Battambang = Pâtṭaṃpaṅ = Bad Dambaung = Le
bâton perdu : histoire d'une ville. Phnom Penh, Cambodge:
3DGraphics Pub, 2003. ISBN 979-96974-4-1 in French and Khmer
Battambang During the Time of the Lord Governor. Phnom
Penh: Cedoreck, 1994.
Vinary, Vonn. "All Our Livelihoods Are Dead" Landlessness and Aquatic
Battambang Province. [Phnom Penh]: Oxfam GB
Study Project, 2000.
Wallgren, Pia, and Ray Sano. Report on the Reconciliation Areas Based
on in-Depth Interviews Conducted in Six Villages in Battambang,
Banteay Meanchey and
Siem Reap Provinces. Phnom Penh: UNDP/CARERE,
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Battambang.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Battambang.
Battambang - The Rice Bowl of
Cambodia (Official Website of the
Battambang on www.battambang-town.gov.kh) (in Khmer)
Phnom Bannon Hill Temple
Chaeng Mean Chey
Thma Koul District
Ou Ta Ki
Tuol Ta Aek
Preaek Preah Sdach
Kdol Doun Teav
Ampil Pram Daeum
Ek Phnom District
Kaoh Chiveang Thvang
Moung Ruessei District
Rotanak Mondol District
Ou Dambang Muoy
Ou Dambang Pir
Voat Ta Muem
Sampov Loun District
Serei Maen Cheay
Phnum Proek District
Koas Krala District
Cities in Cambodia
Coordinates: 13°06′N 103°12′E / 13.100°N 103.200°E /