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Bathinda
Bathinda
(also known as Tabar-e-Hind or Tabarhindh meaning the Gateway to India) is a city and Municipal Corporation
Municipal Corporation
in Southern part of Punjab, India. It is one of the oldest cities in Punjab, India
India
and the current administrative headquarters of Bathinda
Bathinda
District. It is in northwestern India
India
in the Malwa Region, 227 km west of the capital city of Chandigarh
Chandigarh
and is the fifth largest city of Punjab. Bathinda's nicknamed the 'City of Lakes', courtesy of the artificial lakes in the city. The first empress of India, Razia Sultan was imprisoned in the Qila Mubarak
Qila Mubarak
fort in Bathinda.[1] The gurudwara and mazaar of Haji Rattan is a popular tourist centre of Bathinda
Bathinda
having connections with popular legends.[2] Bathinda
Bathinda
is a home of Central University of Punjab
Central University of Punjab
and upcoming AIIMS. Bathinda
Bathinda
is home to two modern thermal power plants, Guru Nanak Dev Thermal Plant and Guru Hargobind Thermal Plant at Lehra Mohabbat.[3] The city has a fertilizer plant,[4] a large oil refinery, Bathinda
Bathinda
is home of two cement plants, Ambuja Cements
Ambuja Cements
and UltraTech Cement Limited. A zoo,[3] and a historic Qila Mubarak
Qila Mubarak
fort.[5] Bathinda
Bathinda
is one of the largest food grain and cotton markets in northern India; the area around Bathinda
Bathinda
is a prolific grape growing area. It is one of the leading cities in education in Punjab.[6][better source needed]

Contents

1 History 2 Demographics 3 Geography and climate 4 Economy 5 Suburbs In Bathinda 6 Environment 7 Transportation 8 Education

8.1 School Education 8.2 Central University of Punjab 8.3 Shopping and Entertainment Center

9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit]

The iconical Qila Mubarak
Qila Mubarak
which was built by King Kanishka
Kanishka
in 2nd CE century and is the location where the first Empress
Empress
of India
India
Razia Sultana was held captive[1]

Bhatinda was changed to Bathinda
Bathinda
to conform to the phonetical expression as locally pronounced.[7] According to Henry George Raverty, Bathinda
Bathinda
was known as Tabarhindh (Labb-ut-Twarikh). The earliest mention of Tabarhindh occurs in the Jami-Ul-Hakayat written about 607 Hijri or 1211 AD. In 1004, Mahmud of Ghazni
Mahmud of Ghazni
besieged the local fort, which was located on the route from the northwest into the rich Ganges
Ganges
valley. In 1189, Muhammad Ghori
Muhammad Ghori
attacked and occupied the fort of Bathinda. Prithvi Raj Chauhan, the ruler of this region, managed to recover possession of the fort thirteen months later in 1191 after the first battle of Tarain. In 1634, a battle named Battle of Lahira (at Lahira in Bathinda) was fought between Guru Hargobind and Mughals. In circa 1754, the town was conquered by Maharaja Ala Singh, the Maharaja of Patiala
Maharaja of Patiala
and since then it followed the history of erstwhile princely state of Patiala. With the dawn of independence and merger of Patiala
Patiala
and East Punjab States into a division called PEPSU, Bathinda
Bathinda
become a full-fledged district with headquarters at Bathinda city.[7] Demographics[edit] See also: List of cities in Punjab and Chandigarh As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Bathinda city in 2011 is 285,813; male and female are 151,782 and 134,031 respectively. The sex ratio of Bathinda
Bathinda
city is 883 per 1000 males. The number of literate people in Bathinda
Bathinda
city are 211,318 of which 118,888 are males while 92,430 are females, average literacy rate is 82.84 percent of which male and female literacy is 87.86 and 77.16 percent respectively. Total children (ages 0 to 6) in Bathinda
Bathinda
city are 30,713: 16,472 boys and 14,241 girls. Child sex ratio of girls is 865 per 1000 boys.[8] Hinduism
Hinduism
is the majority religion in Bathinda
Bathinda
city with 62.61% people following the faith. Sikhism
Sikhism
is the second most popular religion in the city which is followed by 35.04% of the people. Minorities are Muslims, Christians, Buddhists and Jains. Sikhs
Sikhs
count for 70.89% of the population in Bathinda District
Bathinda District
on a whole in spite of not being a majority in the city.[9]

Religion in Bathinda[10]

Religion

Percent

Hinduism

62.61%

Sikhism

35.04%

Islam

1.12%

Christianity

0.33%

Others

0.90%

Geography and climate[edit] Bathinda
Bathinda
is in the northwestern region of India
India
and is a part of the Indo-Gangetic alluvial plains. The exact cartographic co-ordinates of Bathinda
Bathinda
are 30°12′N 74°57′E / 30.20°N 74.95°E / 30.20; 74.95.[11] It has an average elevation of 201 metres (660 ft).

Bathinda

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    10     20 7

    19     24 10

    7.9     30 15

    9.8     37 21

    20     41 26

    38     41 28

    90     37 28

    84     36 27

    52     36 25

    9.4     34 19

    1.4     29 13

    3.6     23 8

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation totals in mm

Source: MSN World Weather

Imperial conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    0.4     68 45

    0.8     75 50

    0.3     86 59

    0.4     99 70

    0.8     106 79

    1.5     106 82

    3.6     99 82

    3.3     97 81

    2     97 77

    0.4     93 66

    0.1     84 55

    0.1     73 46

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation totals in inches

Bathinda's climate correspond to semi arid with high variation between summer and winter temperatures. Average annual rainfall is in a range of 20 mm to 40 mm.[12] In recent times, Summer temperaures of 49 °C (120 °F)[13] and winter temperatures of 1 °C (about 33 °F)[14] were not unknown in Bathinda, lowest being -1.4 °C (29.48 °F) in the winter of 2013[15] Economy[edit] Major industries in Bathinda
Bathinda
include National Fertilizers Plant, Bathinda
Bathinda
is home of two cement plants, Ambuja Cements
Ambuja Cements
and UltraTech Cement Limited. Two power plants ( Guru Nanak Dev Thermal Plant
Guru Nanak Dev Thermal Plant
and Guru Hargobind Thermal Plant(Lehra Mohabbat)), Petrochemical Plants, Yarn & Textiles Plants, Citrus Fruit Belts and Sugar Mills. Guru Gobind Singh Refinery, a joint project between HPCL and Mittal Energy Limited is also located in Bathinda. Suburbs In Bathinda[edit]

Bhucho Mandi
Bhucho Mandi
10 km Goniana
Goniana
10 km Maur Mandi
Maur Mandi
35 km Rampura Phul
Rampura Phul
28 km Talwandi Sabo
Talwandi Sabo
28 km Raman 34 km Sangat, India
India
20 km

Environment[edit] There has been increasing incidence of various types of cancer in and around Bathinda. It is attributed to the presence of polluting industries and the indiscriminate use of modern pesticides and other toxic materials in farming. A 2007 epidemiological study found that the surface waters of Bathinda
Bathinda
are contaminated with arsenic, cadmium, chromium, selenium and mercury primarily due to the discharge of untreated waste water from surrounding industries. Unscientific farming practices, that emerged after the introduction of Green Revolution, are also alleged to be a reason for growing incidence of not just cancer but also, high rates of spontaneous abortions, reproductive aliments, genetic deformities, anaemia, diarrhoea, vomiting, fluorosis and a host of skin ailments including rashes and boils. Many young couples are also reported to be migrating out to save their children from adverse effects. Hence the government has completely banned the use of ground water in the city for drinking purposes.[16] Transportation[edit] Bhatinda Railway Station has connectivity to most of the major cities in India. Three national highways, NH 7
NH 7
( Fazilka
Fazilka
- Badrinath
Badrinath
National Highway) and NH 54
NH 54
( Dabwali
Dabwali
- Pathankot
Pathankot
National Highway) and NH 148B Bathinda
Bathinda
to Narnaul
Narnaul
pass through the city.[17] Education[edit] School Education[edit] The city has many prestigious school chains too - S.S.D. Senior Secondary School (Boys) is one of the oldest educational institutes and many English medium schools have also come up in the city during the last 30 years. The city also has DAV College which offers various Graduation and Post Graduation Courses.[18] St. Paul's High School is one and only school affiliated to ICSE board. DAV Public School, Shri Guru Hargobind Convent School (Nathana), Delhi Public School and Police Public School have opened their branches in the city. Many missionary schools are being run in the city, such as St. Joseph's Convent Secondary School (found in 1960) and St. Xavier's Senior Secondary School. Bathinda
Bathinda
is also a famous coaching hub. There are very good coaching institutes for medical and non medical coaching. This is also developing center for competitive examination like CAT, S.S.C. , Bank etc. Central University of Punjab[edit]

Central University of Punjab, Bathinda

The Central University of Punjab
Central University of Punjab
Bathinda
Bathinda
(Punjab) has been established through the Central Universities Act 2009 which received the assent of the President of India
India
on 20 March 2009. Its territorial jurisdiction extends to the whole State of Punjab. It started its functioning from Camp Office in April, 2009, which happens to be the residence of the Vice Chancellor, and from November 2009 it shifted to its City Campus spread over an area of 35 acres. Construction of the main campus has started on 540 acres of land in Ghudda Village (21.5 km from Bathinda
Bathinda
ISBT) on Badal Road. Engineers India
India
Limited, a Navratna Public Sector Undertaking, is providing PMC services for the project.[19] Shopping and Entertainment Center[edit]

City Center Mall — Built by Amravati Infrastructure in collaborated with the Satya Group, this is the city's first mall.[20] It is designed by India
India
's ace architect Mr. Mohit Gujral.[21] The mall is spread across 1,00,000 sqr. ft. space.[22] Mittal's City Mall — Built by Ganpati Township ltd, it is considered to be an entertainment and retail project.[23] City Mall is spread over 3 lakh square feet and it has 8 floors.[24] Peninsula Mall — Built by HBN group the mall consists of around 2,50,000 sq. ft of retail space, sprawling across 5 floors with a view of lakes.[25]

See also[edit]

Bathinda
Bathinda
district

References[edit]

^ a b "Raziya Sultan".  ^ https://www.nativeplanet.com/bathinda/attractions/mazaar-of-peer-haji-rattan/#overview ^ a b "Places to Visit".  ^ "Industry". Archived from the original on 2005-06-07.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2008-07-27.  ^ "Faridkot".  ^ a b "District at A glance".  ^ "Census 2011".  ^ " Bathinda District
Bathinda District
Population Census 2011, Punjab literacy sex ratio and density".  ^ " Bathinda
Bathinda
City Population Census 2011 - Punjab".  ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Bhatinda, India".  ^ http://www.mapsofindia.com/ maps/india/annualrainfall.htm ^ under the section 'historical monthly average for may', subsection 'temperature', http://www.myweather2.com/City-Town/India/Bhatinda/climate-profile.aspx?month=5 ^ under the section 'historical monthly average for Jan', subsection 'temperature', http://www.myweather2.com/City-Town/India/Bhatinda/climate-profile.aspx?month=1 ^ A news report, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-31. Retrieved 2014-05-30.  ^ "Cancer Bathinda's dubious distinction". 6 September 2011 – via The Hindu.  ^ "National Highways of India" (PDF). National Highway Authority of India. Wayback Machine. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 January 2018. Retrieved 27 January 2018.  ^ "Welcome to DAV College, Bathinda".  ^ http://www.cup.ac.in/publications/newsletter_vol.1%3B%20no.3%3B%20august-october2013.pdf ^ "Amravati".  ^ "How Mohit Gujral changed India's skyline".  ^ "Location Details of City Centre Mall Bathinda
Bathinda
in India".  ^ "Location Details of Mittals City Mall Bathinda
Bathinda
in India".  ^ " File
File
Not Found".  ^ ":: Welcome to HBN Global ::". 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bathinda.

Official website of Bathinda
Bathinda
district

v t e

Cities and towns in Bathinda
Bathinda
district

Bathinda

Bathinda Bhisiana Bhucho Mandi Gill Patti Goniana Kot Fatta Maur Raman Rampura Phul Sangat Bhai Rupa Talwandi Sabo

Subdivision and Block

Rampura Phul Bathinda Talwandi Sabo Sangat Nathana Rampura Phul Maur Bhagta Bhai Rama Mandi

Town

Nathana Mehraj Bhai Rupa Bhagta Bhai Kotphata Sangat

Villages

Aaklia Jalal Balanwali Balluana Bangi Kalan Behman Diwana Bhagi Wandar Bhagwangarh
Bhagwangarh
(Bhukhianwali) Bhodipura Bhokhra Bhucho kalan Chak Fateh Singh Wala Chak Ruldu Singh Wala Chaonke Ganga Jiwan Singh Wala Kalal wala Kotha Guru Malkana Mall Wala Maluka Sema Sekhu

Other districts

Ajitgarh Amritsar Barnala Faridkot Fatehgarh Sahib Firozpur Gurudaspur Hoshiarpur Jalandhar Kapurthala Ludhiana Mansa Moga Sri Muktsar Sahib Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar Patiala Rupnagar Sangrur Tarn Taran

v t e

State of Punjab, India

Capital: Chandigarh

Topics

Demographics Economy Education History

King Porus

People Tourism Music

Administration

Government Legislative Assembly Chief Ministers Governors Raj Bhavan Police

Culture

Cinema Cuisine

Folk dances Bhangra Giddha Aawat pauni

Folklore Punjabi folk religion

Sanjhi Gugga Chhapar Mela Sakhi Sarwar Saint Punjabi fasts

Bhangala Language

Gurmukhī

Music

Bhangra Folk music

Dress

Salwar (Punjabi) Suit Punjabi ghagra Patiala
Patiala
salwar Punjabi Tamba and Kurta Phulkari Jutti

Calendars

Punjabi calendar Nanakshahi calendar Bikrami calendar

Fairs and Festival of Punjab India Punjabi festivals

Lohri Basant Kite Festival (Punjab) Maghi Holi, Punjab Teeyan Rakhri Vaisakhi

Religious festivals

Hindu Punjabi Festivals Sikh festivals

Sports

Kabaddi Kabaddi
Kabaddi
in India Kila Raipur Sports Festival Punjabi Kabaddi

Punjabi Suba movement

Regions

Majha Malwa Doaba Powadh

Districts

SAS Nagar Sri Amritsar Barnala Bathinda Faridkot Fatehgarh Sahib Fazilka Firozpur Gurdaspur Hoshiarpur Jalandhar Kapurthala Ludhiana Mansa Moga Pathankot Patiala Sri Muktsar Sahib Rupnagar Sangrur Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar Tarn Taran Sahib

Major Cities

Ludhiana Amritsar Jalandhar Patiala Bathinda Hoshiarpur Mohali Bat

.