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BATH AND NORTH EAST SOMERSET (commonly referred to as BANES or B"> The Great Bath at the Roman Baths . The entire structure above the level of the pillar bases is a later reconstruction.

The archaeological evidence shows that the site of the Roman Baths ' main spring was treated as a shrine by the Celts , and was dedicated to the goddess Sulis , whom the Romans identified with Minerva ; however, the name Sulis continued to be used after the Roman invasion, leading to Bath's Roman name of _Aquae Sulis _ (literally, "the waters of Sulis").

Excavations carried out before the flooding of Chew Valley Lake also uncovered Roman remains, indicating agricultural and industrial activity from the second half of the first century until the third century AD. The finds included a moderately large villa at Chew Park, where wooden writing tablets (the first in the UK) with ink writing were found. There is also evidence from the Pagans Hill Roman Temple at Chew Stoke , and a villa at Keynsham .

The Saxon advance from the east seems to have been halted by battles between the British and Saxons, for example; at the siege of Badon Mons Badonicus (which may mave been in the Bath region e.g. at Solsbury Hill ), or Bathampton Down . This area became the border between the Romano-British Celts and the West Saxons following the Battle of Deorham in 577 AD. The Western Wandsdyke was probably built during the 5th or 6th century. The ditch is on the north side, so presumably it was used by the Celts as a defence against Saxons encroaching from the upper Thames valley . According to the _ Anglo-Saxon Chronicle _, the Saxon Cenwalh achieved a breakthrough against the British Celtic tribes, with victories at Bradford-on-Avon (in the _Avon Gap_ in the Wansdyke) in 652 AD. In 675, Osric , King of the Hwicce , set up a monastic house at Bath, probably using the walled area as its precinct. King Offa of Mercia gained control of this monastery in 781 and rebuilt the church, which was dedicated to St. Peter . In the ninth century the old Roman street pattern had been lost and it had become a royal possession, with King Alfred laying out the town afresh, leaving its south-eastern quadrant as the abbey precinct. Edgar of England was crowned king of England in Bath Abbey in 973. Bath Abbey .

King William Rufus granted the city to a royal physician, John of Tours , who became Bishop of Wells and Abbot of Bath in 1088. It was papal policy for bishops to move to more urban seats, and he translated his own from Wells to Bath. He planned and began a much larger church as his cathedral, to which was attached a priory, with the bishop's palace beside it. New baths were built around the three springs. Later bishops, however, returned the episcopal seat to Wells, while retaining the name of Bath in their title as the Bishop of Bath and Wells . The priory at Hinton Charterhouse was founded in 1232 by Ela, Countess of Salisbury who also founded Lacock Abbey .

By the 15th century, Bath's abbey church was badly dilapidated and in need of repairs. Oliver King , Bishop of Bath and Wells , decided in 1500 to rebuild it on a smaller scale. The new church was completed just a few years before Bath Priory was dissolved in 1539 by Henry VIII . The abbey church was allowed to become derelict before being restored as the city's parish church in the Elizabethan period , when the city revived as a spa . The baths were improved and the city began to attract the aristocracy. Bath was granted city status by Royal Charter by Queen Elizabeth I in 1590. Keynsham , said to be named after Saint Keyne , developed into a medieval market town, its growth prompted by the foundation of an influential and prosperous abbey , founded by the Victorine order of Augustinian monks founded around 1170. It survived until the dissolution of the monasteries in 1539 and a house was built on the site. The remains have been designated as grade I listed building by English Heritage . The town was the site of a battle between royalist forces and the rebel Duke of Monmouth .

During the English Civil War , Somerset, which was largely Parliamentarian , was the site of a number of important battles between the Royalists and the Parliamentarians . The Battle of Lansdowne was fought on 5 July 1643 on the northern outskirts of the city.

In 1668 Thomas Guidott , who had been a student of chemistry and medicine at Wadham College Oxford , moved to Bath and set up practice. He became interested in the curative properties of the waters and in 1676 he wrote _A discourse of Bathe, and the hot waters there. Also, Some Enquiries into the Nature of the water_. This brought the health-giving properties of the hot mineral waters to the attention of the country and soon the aristocracy started to arrive to partake in them. Several areas of the city underwent development during the Stuart period, and this increased during Georgian times in response to increasing numbers of people visiting the spa and resort town and requiring accommodation. The architects John Wood the elder and his son John Wood the younger laid out the new quarters in streets and squares, the identical facades of which gave an impression of palatial scale and classical decorum providing a unique set of buildings and architecture . The creamy gold of Bath stone further unified the city, much of it obtained from the limestone Combe Down and Bathampton Down Mines , which were owned by Ralph Allen (1694–1764). Allen, in order to advertise the quality of his quarried limestone, commissioned the elder John Wood to build him a country house on his Prior Park estate between the city and the mines. Aerial photo of Pensford with the viaduct in the foreground

In north Somerset, around Radstock mining in the Somerset coalfield was an important industry, and in an effort to reduce the cost of transporting the coal the Somerset Coal Canal was built; part of it was later converted into a railway. It connected to the Kennet and Avon Canal which linked the River Thames at Reading and the Floating Harbour at Bristol , joining the River Avon at Bath via Bath Locks . The Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway connected Bath and Bournemouth . It was jointly operated by the Midland Railway and the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR). After the 1 January 1923 Grouping joint ownership of the S over 400 people were killed, and more than 19,000 buildings were damaged or destroyed. Houses in the Royal Crescent , Circus and Paragon were burnt out along with the Assembly Rooms, while the south side of Queen Square was destroyed. All have since been reconstructed.

The River Chew suffered a major flood in 1968 with serious damage to towns and villages along its route, including Chew Stoke , Chew Magna , Stanton Drew , Publow , Woollard , Compton Dando and Chewton Keynsham . The flood even swept away the bridge at Pensford .

GEOGRAPHY

Bath and North East Somerset covers an area of 136 square miles (352 km2), of which two thirds is green belt . It stretches from the outskirts of Bristol , south into the Mendip Hills and east to the southern Cotswold Hills and Wiltshire border. Surrounding local government areas include Bristol, North Somerset , Somerset, South Gloucestershire , and Wiltshire.

The city of Bath is the principal settlement in the district, but BANES also covers Keynsham , Midsomer Norton , Radstock and the Chew Valley . Bath lies on the River Avon and its tributaries such as the River Chew and Midford Brook cross the area.

In the west of the area the Chew Valley consists of the valley of the River Chew and is generally low-lying and undulating. It is bounded by higher ground ranging from Dundry Down to the north, the Lulsgate Plateau to the west, the Mendip Hills to the south and the Hinton Blewett , Marksbury and Newton St Loe plateau areas to the east. The River Chew was dammed in the 1950s to create Chew Valley Lake , which provides drinking water for the nearby city of Bristol and surrounding areas. The lake is a prominent landscape feature of the valley, a focus for recreation, and is internationally recognised for its nature conservation interest, because of the bird species, plants and insects.

To the north of Bath are Lansdown , Langridge and Solsbury hills. These are outliers of the Cotswolds .

GOVERNANCE

The council chamber in the Guildhall See also: Bath and North East Somerset Council and Bath and North East Somerset local elections

Historically part of the county of Somerset , Bath was made a county borough in 1889 so being independent of the newly created administrative Somerset county council , which covered the rest of the area that became B&NES. The area that would become B&NES became part of Avon when that non-metropolitan county was created in 1974. Since the abolition of Avon in 1996, Bath has been the main centre of the district of Bath and North East Somerset (B&NES), one of the four authorities that replaced Avon County Council and the six district councils of Avon. B&NES covers the combined areas of the non-metropolitan districts (that existed 1974 to 1996) of Wansdyke and Bath.

Before the Reform Act of 1832 Bath elected two members to the unreformed House of Commons . Bath now has a single parliamentary constituency , with Liberal Democrat Wera Hobhouse as Member of Parliament. The rest of the area falls within the North East Somerset constituency . Previously most of the area was in the Wansdyke constituency , which covers the part of B&NES that is not in the Bath constituency. It also contained four wards or parts of wards from South Gloucestershire Council. It was named after the former Wansdyke district.

Since B the Liberal Democrats went on to form a minority administration. In 2015 , the Conservative Party became the first party to secure a majority, with 37 seats. The current council composes of 65 councillors , 32 from Bath, 6 each from the Norton Radstock and Keynsham areas, and 21 others. The current political division after the election of May 2015 is:

PARTY COUNCILLORS +/-

Conservative Party 37 _+8_

Liberal Democrats 15 _-14_

Labour & Labour Co-op 6 _+1_

Independent 3 _+1_

Green 2 _+2_

No party, just Peasedown 2 _+2_

Local concerns include the building of a new road for buses on Conservation Area land as part of the Bath Transportation Package, the closure of a Bath Secondary School to remove excess places, economic difficulties in the Norton Radstock area, development of the large Western Riverside brownfield land site in Bath, and the now popular, but long delayed Thermae Bath Spa development. On 10 December 2003, Bath and North East Somerset was granted Fairtrade Zone status.

Bath and North East Somerset Council runs one of the most successful youth democracy groups in the UK, Democratic Action for B">Map all coordinates using OSM Map all coordinates using Google

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ELECTED MAYOR

Following a successful petition, a referendum was held on 10 March 2016 in proposition of a directly elected mayor for Bath and North East Somerset, however the majority of voters in the district opted to stay with the current system.

PARISHES

The area of the city of Bath , which was formerly the Bath county borough , is unparished . The electoral wards within Bath are the central Abbey , Kingsmead and Walcot wards, and the more outlying Bathwick , Combe Down , Lambridge, Lansdown , Lyncombe, Newbridge , Odd Down, Oldfield, Southdown, Twerton , Westmoreland , Weston and Widcombe wards.

IMAGE NAME STATUS POPULATION FORMER LOCAL AUTHORITY COORDINATES REFS

Bathampton Civil parish 1,603 Bathavon Rural District 51°23′N 2°19′W / 51.39°N 2.32°W / 51.39; -2.32 (Bathampton)

Batheaston Civil parish 2,735 Bathavon Rural District 51°25′N 2°19′W / 51.41°N 2.31°W / 51.41; -2.31 (Batheaston)

Bathford Civil parish 1,759 Bathavon Rural District 51°23′N 2°18′W / 51.39°N 2.30°W / 51.39; -2.30 (Bathford)

Cameley Civil parish 1,292 Clutton Rural District 51°19′N 2°34′W / 51.32°N 2.56°W / 51.32; -2.56 (Cameley)

Camerton Civil parish 655 Bathavon Rural District 51°19′N 2°27′W / 51.32°N 2.45°W / 51.32; -2.45 (Camerton)

Charlcombe Civil parish 422 Bathavon Rural District 51°25′N 2°22′W / 51.41°N 2.36°W / 51.41; -2.36 (Charlcombe)

Chelwood Civil parish 148 Clutton Rural District 51°21′N 2°31′W / 51.35°N 2.52°W / 51.35; -2.52 (Chelwood)

Chew Magna Civil parish 1,149 Clutton Rural District 51°22′N 2°37′W / 51.37°N 2.61°W / 51.37; -2.61 (Chew Magna)

Chew Stoke Civil parish 991 Clutton Rural District 51°21′N 2°38′W / 51.35°N 2.64°W / 51.35; -2.64 (Chew Stoke)

Claverton Civil parish 115 Bathavon Rural District 51°23′N 2°19′W / 51.38°N 2.31°W / 51.38; -2.31 (Claverton, Somerset)

Clutton Civil parish 1,602 Clutton Rural District 51°20′N 2°32′W / 51.33°N 2.54°W / 51.33; -2.54 (Clutton, Somerset)

Combe Hay Civil parish 147 Bathavon Rural District 51°20′N 2°23′W / 51.34°N 2.38°W / 51.34; -2.38 (Combe Hay)

Compton Dando Civil parish 579 Keynsham Urban District 51°23′N 2°31′W / 51.38°N 2.51°W / 51.38; -2.51 (Compton Dando)

Compton Martin Civil parish 508 Clutton Rural District 51°19′N 2°39′W / 51.31°N 2.65°W / 51.31; -2.65 (Compton Martin)

Corston Civil parish 494 Bathavon Rural District 51°23′N 2°26′W / 51.39°N 2.44°W / 51.39; -2.44 (Corston, Somerset)

Dunkerton Civil parish 502 Bathavon Rural District 51°20′N 2°25′W / 51.33°N 2.41°W / 51.33; -2.41 (Dunkerton, Somerset)

East Harptree Civil parish 644 Clutton Rural District 51°18′N 2°37′W / 51.30°N 2.62°W / 51.30; -2.62 (East Harptree)

Englishcombe Civil parish 318 Bathavon Rural District 51°22′N 2°25′W / 51.36°N 2.41°W / 51.36; -2.41 (Englishcombe)

Farmborough Civil parish 1,035 Clutton Rural District 51°20′N 2°29′W / 51.34°N 2.48°W / 51.34; -2.48 (Farmborough)

Farrington Gurney Civil parish 901 Clutton Rural District 51°17′N 2°32′W / 51.29°N 2.53°W / 51.29; -2.53 (Farrington Gurney)

Freshford Civil parish 551 Bathavon Rural District 51°20′N 2°19′W / 51.34°N 2.31°W / 51.34; -2.31 (Freshford)

High Littleton Civil parish 2,104 Clutton Rural District 51°19′N 2°31′W / 51.32°N 2.51°W / 51.32; -2.51 (High Littleton)

Hinton Blewett Civil parish 308 Clutton Rural District 51°19′N 2°35′W / 51.31°N 2.58°W / 51.31; -2.58 (Hinton Blewitt)

Hinton Charterhouse Civil parish 515 Bathavon Rural District 51°20′N 2°19′W / 51.33°N 2.32°W / 51.33; -2.32 (Hinton Charterhouse)

Kelston Civil Parish 248 Bathavon Rural District 51°24′N 2°26′W / 51.40°N 2.43°W / 51.40; -2.43 (Kelston)

Keynsham Town 15,641 Keynsham Urban District 51°25′N 2°29′W / 51.41°N 2.49°W / 51.41; -2.49 (Keynsham)

Marksbury Civil parish 397 Bathavon Rural District 51°22′N 2°29′W / 51.36°N 2.48°W / 51.36; -2.48 (Marksbury)

Midsomer Norton Town 10,997 Norton Radstock 51°17′N 2°29′W / 51.28°N 2.48°W / 51.28; -2.48 (Midsomer Norton)

Monkton Combe Civil parish 554 Bathavon Rural District 51°22′N 2°20′W / 51.36°N 2.33°W / 51.36; -2.33 (Monkton Combe)

Nempnett Thrubwell Civil parish 177 Clutton Rural District 51°20′N 2°41′W / 51.34°N 2.68°W / 51.34; -2.68 (Nempnett Thrubwell)

Newton St Loe Civil parish 681 Bathavon Rural District 51°23′N 2°26′W / 51.38°N 2.43°W / 51.38; -2.43 (Newton Saint Loe)

Norton Malreward Civil parish 246 Clutton Rural District 51°23′N 2°34′W / 51.39°N 2.57°W / 51.39; -2.57 (Norton Malreward)

Paulton Civil parish 5,302 Clutton Rural District 51°19′N 2°30′W / 51.31°N 2.50°W / 51.31; -2.50 (Paulton)

Peasedown St John Civil parish 6,446 Bathavon Rural District 51°19′N 2°26′W / 51.32°N 2.44°W / 51.32; -2.44 (Peasedown St John)

Priston Civil parish 232 Bathavon Rural District 51°20′N 2°26′W / 51.34°N 2.44°W / 51.34; -2.44 (Priston)

Publow with Pensford Civil parish 1,119 Clutton Rural District 51°22′N 2°33′W / 51.37°N 2.55°W / 51.37; -2.55 ( Publow with Pensford)

Radstock Town 5,620 Norton Radstock Town Council 51°17′24″N 2°26′52″W / 51.29°N 2.4477°W / 51.29; -2.4477 (Westfield)

Saltford Civil parish 4,073 Keynsham Urban District 51°24′N 2°28′W / 51.40°N 2.46°W / 51.40; -2.46 (Saltford)

Shoscombe Civil parish 443 Bathavon Rural District 51°18′N 2°25′W / 51.30°N 2.41°W / 51.30; -2.41 (Shoscombe)

Southstoke Civil parish 460 Bathavon Rural District 51°21′N 2°22′W / 51.35°N 2.36°W / 51.35; -2.36 (Southstoke)

Stanton Drew Civil parish 787 Clutton Rural District 51°22′N 2°35′W / 51.37°N 2.58°W / 51.37; -2.58 (Stanton Drew)

Stowey-Sutton Civil parish 1,361 Clutton Rural District 51°20′N 2°35′W / 51.34°N 2.59°W / 51.34; -2.59 (Stowey-Sutton)

Swainswick Civil parish 265 Bathavon Rural District 51°25′N 2°21′W / 51.41°N 2.35°W / 51.41; -2.35 (Swainswick)

Timsbury Civil parish 2,624 Clutton Rural District 51°20′N 2°29′W / 51.33°N 2.48°W / 51.33; -2.48 (Timsbury, Somerset)

Ubley Civil parish 331 Clutton Rural District 51°19′N 2°41′W / 51.32°N 2.68°W / 51.32; -2.68 (Ubley)

Wellow Civil parish 529 Bathavon Rural District 51°19′N 2°22′W / 51.32°N 2.37°W / 51.32; -2.37 (Wellow, Somerset)

Westfield Civil parish 5,854 Norton Radstock Town Council 51°17′24″N 2°26′53″W / 51.29°N 2.448°W / 51.29; -2.448 (Westfield)

West Harptree Civil parish 439 Clutton Rural District 51°19′N 2°38′W / 51.31°N 2.63°W / 51.31; -2.63 (West Harptree)

Whitchurch Civil parish 1,354 Bathavon Rural District 51°25′N 2°34′W / 51.41°N 2.56°W / 51.41; -2.56 (Whitchurch)

DEMOGRAPHY

POPULATION PROFILE

UK CENSUS 2001 BANES UA SOUTH WEST ENGLAND ENGLAND

Total population 169,040 4,928,434 49,138,831

Foreign born 11.2% 9.4% 9.2%

White 97.3% 97.7% 91%

Asian 0.5% 0.7% 4.6%

Black 0.5% 0.4% 2.3%

Christian 71.0% 74.0% 72%

Muslim 0.4% 0.5% 3.1%

Hindu 0.2% 0.2% 1.1%

No religion 19.5% 16.8% 15%

Over 75 years old 8.9% 9.3% 7.5%

Unemployed 2.0% 2.6% 3.3%

170,238 people live in the area and approximately half live in the City of Bath making it 12 times more densely populated than the rest of the area.

According to the UK Government 's 2001 census , Bath, together with North East Somerset, which includes areas around Bath as far as the Chew Valley , has a population of 169,040, with an average age of 39.9 (the national average being 38.6). According to the same statistics, the district is overwhelmingly populated by people of a white ethnic background at 97.2% — significantly higher than the national average of 90.9%. Other non-white ethnic groups in the district, in order of population size, are multiracial at 1%, Asian at 0.5% and black at 0.5% (the national averages are 1.3%, 4.6% and 2.1%, respectively).

The district is largely Christian at 71%, with no other religion reaching more than 0.5%. These figures generally compare with the national averages, though the non-religious , at 19.5%, are significantly more prevalent than the national 14.8%. Since Bath is known for the restorative powers of its waters, it is interesting to note that only 7.4% of the population describe themselves as "not healthy" in the last 12 months, compared to a national average of 9.2%; only 15.8% of the inhabitants say they have had a long-term illness, as against 18.2% nationally.

POPULATION SINCE 1801 – Source: A Vision of Britain through Time

YEAR 1801 1851 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001

POPULATION BANES 57,188 96,992 107,637 113,732 113,351 112,972 123,185 134,346 144,950 156,421 154,083 164,737 169,045

ECONOMY

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of North and North East Somerset and South Gloucestershire at current basic prices published by _Office for National Statistics_ with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

YEAR REGIONAL GROSS VALUE ADDED AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY SERVICES

1995 5,916 125 1,919 3,872

2000 8,788 86 2,373 6,330

2003 10,854 67 2,873 7,914

SETTLEMENTS

The major towns and villages in the district are:

* Bath * Bathampton * Peasedown * Keynsham * Midsomer Norton * Paulton * Radstock * Saltford

TRANSPORT

Bath is approximately 12 miles (19 km) south-east of the larger city and port of Bristol , to which it is linked by the A4 road , and is a similar distance south of the M4 motorway . Bath and North East Somerset is also served by the A37 and A368 trunk roads, and a network of smaller roads. Bath is also 12 miles (19 km) south-west of Chippenham , and 8 miles (13 km) south-west of Corsham .

Bath is connected to Bristol and the sea by the River Avon , navigable via locks by small boats. The river was connected to the River Thames and London by the Kennet and Avon Canal in 1810 via Bath Locks ; this waterway – closed for many years, but restored in the last years of the 20th century – is now popular with narrow boat users. Bath is on National Cycle Route 4 , with one of Britain's first cycleways , the Bristol this example of an English rural line was closed by Beeching in March 1966, with few remaining signs of its existence, but its Bath station building survives and now houses a number of shops.

The 2004 Bristol/Bath to South Coast Study was commissioned as a result of the de-trunking in 1999 of the A36/A46 trunk road network from Bath to Southampton.

EDUCATION

See also: List of schools in Bath and North East Somerset

State-funded schools are organised within the district of Bath and North East Somerset. A review of Secondary Education in Bath was started in 2007, primarily to reduce surplus provision and reduce the number of single-sex secondary schools in Bath, and to access capital funds available through the government's Building Schools for the Future programme.

The city contains one further education college, Bath College , and several sixth forms as part of both state , private, and public schools . In England, on average in 2006, 45.8% of pupils gained 5 grades A-C including English and Maths; for Bath and North East Somerset pupils taking GCSE at 16 it is 52.0%. Special needs education is provided by Three Ways School .

Bath has two universities. The University of Bath was established in 1966. It is known, academically, for the physical sciences, mathematics, architecture, management and technology.

Bath Spa University was first granted degree-awarding powers in 1992 as a university college (Bath Spa University College), before being granted university status in August 2005. It has schools in Art and Design, Education, English and Creative Studies, Historical and Cultural Studies, Music and the Performing Arts, and Social Sciences. It also awards degrees through colleges such as Weston College in nearby Weston-super-Mare .

SPORTS

Bath Rugby plays at the Recreation Ground . Bath Cricket Club play at the North Parade cricket ground next door to the Recreation Ground.

Bath City F.C. is the major football team in Bath city but there are also clubs in the surrounding areas such as; Paulton Rovers F. C. , Bishop Sutton A.F.C. , Radstock Town F.C. and Welton Rovers F.C. .

The Bath Half Marathon is run annually through the city streets, with over 10,000 runners. Bath also has a thriving cycling community, with places for biking including Royal Victoria Park , 'The Tumps' in Odd Down/east, the jumps on top of Lansdown , and Prior Park. Places for biking near Bath include Brown\'s Folly in Batheaston and Box Woods, in Box .

There are sport and leisure centres in Bath, Keynsham the Chew Valley and Midsomer Norton . Much of the surrounding countryside is accessible for walking and both Chew Valley Lake and Blagdon Lake provide extensive fishing under permit from Bristol Water . The River Chew and most of its tributaries also have fishing but this is generally under licences to local angling clubs. Chew Valley Sailing Club is situated on Chew Valley Lake and provides dinghy sailing at all levels and hosts national and international competitions.

PLACES OF INTEREST

There are a total of 72,000 dwellings within the area, 6,408 are listed buildings , 662 Grade 1and 145 Grade 2 and classified as of historical or architectural importance. These include many buildings and areas of Bath such as Lansdown Crescent , the Royal Crescent , The Circus and Pulteney Bridge . Outside the city there are also several historic manor houses such as St Catherine\'s Court and Sutton Court .

Bath is a major tourist centre and has a range of museums and art galleries including the Victoria Art Gallery , the Museum of East Asian Art , and Holburne Museum of Art , numerous commercial art galleries and antique shops, as well as numerous museums, among them Bath Postal Museum , The Fashion Museum , the Jane Austen Centre , the Herschel Museum of Astronomy and the Roman Baths .

The Radstock Museum details the history of the Somerset coalfield .

The Avon Valley Railway serves Avon Riverside railway station .

SEE ALSO

* Somerset portal

* List of places of interest in Bath, Somerset * Grade I listed buildings in Bath and North East Somerset * Grade II* listed buildings in Bath and North East Somerset * List of Scheduled Monuments in Bath and North East Somerset

REFERENCES

* ^ "Office for National Statistics – Neighbourhood Statistics – Area: Bath and North East Somerset (Local Authority)". Neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 1 November 2008. * ^ "Stanton Drew Stone Circles". _ English Heritage Archeometry_. Archived from the original on 30 June 2006. Retrieved 8 July 2006. * ^ "Stoney Littleton". _Stones of England_. Archived from the original on 8 March 2008. Retrieved 15 March 2008. * ^ Wessex Archaeology. "Archaeological Desk- based Assessment" (PDF). _University of Bath, Masterplan Development Proposal 2008_. Bath University. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 September 2011.

* ^ "Monument No. 204162". _Pastscape National Monuments Record_. English Heritage . Archived from the original on 4 May 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2011. * ^ Thomas, Rod (2008). _A Sacred landscape: The prehistory of Bathampton Down_. Bath: Millstream Books. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-948975-86-8 . * ^ Thomas, Rod (2008). _A Sacred landscape: The prehistory of Bathampton Down_. Bath: Millstream Books. pp. 46–48. ISBN 978-0-948975-86-8 . * ^ " Bathampton Camp". _Pastscape National Monuments Record_. English Heritage . Archived from the original on 4 May 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2011. * ^ "The Beaker people and the Bronze Age". Somerset County Council . Retrieved 22 January 2011. * ^ "The Roman Baths". _ Somerset Tourist Guide_. Archived from the original on 1 January 2007. Retrieved 1 November 2007. * ^ " Mendip Hills An Archaeological Survey of the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty" (PDF). _ Somerset County Council Archaeological Projects_. Retrieved 16 January 2011. * ^ Ross, Lesley (Ed.) 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