Barnoldswick /bɑːrˈnɒldzwɪk/ (colloquially known as Barlick) is a
town and civil parish in Lancashire, England. Near the county border
with North Yorkshire, it is just outside the Yorkshire Dales National
Park and the
Forest of Bowland
Forest of Bowland Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The
town is built in the shadow of Weets Hill, and Stock Beck, a tributary
of the River Ribble, runs through the town. It has a population of
Barnoldswick and the surrounding areas of
West Craven were part of the
West Riding of Yorkshire
West Riding of Yorkshire between 876 (the earliest known
written reference to the Ridings of York in the Anglo Saxon
Chronicles) and 1974, when local government was reorganised; West
Riding County Council and
Barnoldswick Urban District Council were
abolished and replaced in this area by the Borough of Pendle, a part
Situated on the lower slopes of
Weets Hill in the
Pennines astride the
natural watershed between the Ribble and Aire valleys,
the highest town on the
Leeds and Liverpool Canal, lying on the
summit level of the canal between
Barrowford Locks to the south west
and Greenberfield Locks just north east of the town. It is
approximately 30 miles (48 km) from the cities of Leeds,
Manchester and Preston. Nearby towns include
Skipton to the east,
Clitheroe to the west,
Burnley to the south and
Keighley to the east
Barnoldswick, with twelve letters, is one of the longest place names
United Kingdom without repeating any letters. Buckfastleigh,
Devon; Buslingthorpe, Leeds, West Yorkshire; and Buslingthorpe,
Lincolnshire are longer, with 13 letters, while
Worcestershire has 14.
3 Local media
4 Local industry
8 Notable residents
9 In popular culture
10 See also
12 External links
Barnoldswick dates back to Anglo Saxon times. It was listed in the
Domesday Book as Bernulfesuuic, meaning Bernulf's Town (uuic being an
archaic spelling of wick, meaning settlement, in particular, a dairy
Cistercian monastery was founded there in 1147 by monks from
Fountains Abbey. However, they left after six years, before
construction was complete, driven out by crop failures and locals
unhappy at their interference in the affairs of the local church. They
went on to build Kirkstall Abbey. They returned after another ten
years to build the isolated Church of St Mary-le-Ghyll close to the
Barnoldswick and Thornton in Craven.
For hundreds of years,
Barnoldswick remained a small village. However,
the arrival of the
Leeds and Liverpool Canal, and later the (now
closed) railway, spurred the development of the existing woollen
industry, and helped it to become a major cotton town. The engine of
the last mill to be built in Barnoldswick, Bancroft Mill, has been
preserved and is now open as a tourist attraction – a 600hp steam
engine which is still operational.
Barnoldswick was an ancient parish in
Staincliffe Wapentake in the
West Riding of Yorkshire
West Riding of Yorkshire (although
Blackburnshire in Lancashire
sometimes claimed the area). The parish included the
townships of Brogden with Admergill, Coates and Salterforth, all of
which became separate civil parishes in 1866. The civil parish of
Coates rejoined the parish of
Barnoldswick in 1923.
From 1894 until 1974,
Barnoldswick formed an urban district within the
administrative county of the West Riding of Yorkshire. Until 1974
post used to be addressed via Colne, Lancashire, to addresses in
Barnoldswick has had a
Burnley telephone code even when
it was in Yorkshire. Following the Local Government Act 1972,
Barnoldswick and a number of surrounding Yorkshire villages, including
Earby and Kelbrook, were transferred to the Borough of
Pendle in the
Non-metropolitan county of
Lancashire in 1974. This was a contentious
issue locally and for some residents it remains so to this
At present, Barnoldswick has a town council, and forms part of the
West Craven Area Committee on
Pendle Borough Council.
Barnoldswick receives television from Leeds; ITV (Yorkshire
BBC Yorkshire are both transmitted from the television
mast at East Marton, three miles north east of Barnoldswick. TV
transmissions from the North West region
BBC North West
BBC North West and ITV
(Granada Television) are blocked by Weets Hill. Up until 2011,
analogue signals of
Channel 4 could be received, but Five was
Radio reception is also restricted in the town. There is a local low
power FM relay station, transmitting the four main BBC national radio
stations (Radio 1 to 4), but no local stations. Fresh Radio in
Skipton covered the area on AM – 1413 kHz before being taken
over by Stray FM, part of the UKRD Group, which also owns 2BR, the
adjacent station based near Accrington
The town now receives digital terrestrial signals. and cable services
as well as via Sky or Freesat.
The local press is published weekly; the Craven Herald & Pioneer
Earby Times are published on Fridays, the daily
Lancashire Telegraph newspaper covers
Barnoldswick in its Burnley,
Rossendale edition and the
Yorkshire Post is also
Barnoldswick has been the home of Esse stoves, one of the
country's oldest standing stove manufacturers. The company have
manufactured in the town since 1854 and clients have included Florence
Nightingale, Shackleton and Scott,
Alan Hinkes and River Cottage. Esse
have their head office at the Ouzledale Factory in the town and
distribute all their stoves through a close link of specialist stove
The longest strike –
Silentnight picket line in June 1986
Barnoldswick is also home to
Silentnight Beds, the United Kingdom's
largest manufacturer of beds and mattresses. Silentnight, part of the
Silentnight Group, has its head office and manufacturing premises in
Silentnight is noteworthy in trade union history (in
this case Furniture, Timber and Allied Trades Union) as having the
longest ever strike, from 1985 to 1987.
Rolls Royce plc
Rolls Royce plc is a large employer based in the town. It was
originally a cotton mill that Rover used to produce the production
version of Whittles gas turbine and was purchased by Rolls Royce in
1943. The model number of many Rolls Royce jet engines start with
the initials RB (e.g. RB199) which stands for Rolls Barnoldswick, as
Rolls Royce aero's design centre was situated in Barnoldswick.
Hope Technology, a manufacturer of mountain bike parts such as disc
brakes, hubs, and headsets, is based in Barnoldswick.
Albert Hartley Textiles is the last remaining textiles mill in the
town and is a big employer for the local area. Originally there were
13 mills in the town, the last being constructed in 1920.
There are currently plans to renovate the mill and create a local
apprenticeship scheme. Put in place by Manchester-based property
developers, Capital & Centric Plc the scheme would involve
construction of a new factory, and a medium-sized supermarket. In
August 2012, the plans were approved over two other competing schemes,
the council citing that, in addition to adhering with planning policy,
the Harley site was favoured because of the job creation for the
Barnoldswick is served by four primary schools; Gisburn Road, Church
School and Coates Lane, whilst St. Joseph's caters to the town's
Catholic population. Most secondary age students attend West Craven
High School, a Technology specialist school situated in Barnoldswick
itself, though a significant minority of students attend Fisher More
Catholic Humanities College and
Colne Park High School, and the
Skipton Grammar Schools,
Skipton Girls' High School.
Barnoldswick is often cited as the largest town in the British Isles
not to be served by any A roads. However, in spite of this, road links
to the town are comparatively good; easy access to the M65, A65 and
A59 means that Manchester, Preston,
Bradford can all be
reached in an hour by car.
Barnoldswick was formerly served by
Barnoldswick railway station, the
only station on the Midland Railway's branch line off the
Colne Line, though this was shut under the
Beeching Axe in 1965. The
Selrap is currently campaigning for the reopening of
Colne line, and although their plans do not include the
Barnoldswick Branch, rail travel to the town would be improved by such
a reopening. At present, would be rail passengers must travel via
Clitheroe for trains serving Lancashire, or via
trains serving North and West Yorkshire.
Public transport to the town is therefore restricted to buses.
Barnoldswick lies on the bus routes between
Skipton and Clitheroe/Preston, operated by
Burnley Bus Company
Preston Bus respectively. On Sundays there is a service from
Burnley to Grassington in the
Yorkshire Dales National Park
Yorkshire Dales National Park that
passes through Barnoldswick.
The nearest airports are
Manchester (about 1¼ hours by car or about 3
hours by public transport) and
Bradford (just over 1 hour by car
or about 2 hours by public transport).
The town's main football club,
Barnoldswick Town, play in the North
West Counties League.
The footballer Michael Holt was born in Barnoldswick
Burnley and Scotland goalkeeper
Adam Blacklaw lived in Barnoldswick
Pendle Labour MP (1992–2010)
In popular culture
A Private Function was partly filmed in Barnoldswick.
Listed buildings in Barnoldswick
^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report –
(1170215066)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8
Leeds & Liverpool Canal". Canal Junction.
canaljunction.com. Retrieved 2 October 2009.
^ Kabrna, P. "Barnoldswick". kabrna.com. Retrieved 13 September
^ "Early History of Barnoldswick". my-barlick.me.uk. Archived from the
original on 12 June 2010. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
^ "Bancroft Mill". bancroftmill.org.uk. Retrieved 13 September
^ http://cistercians.shef.ac.uk/kirkstall/lands/lands8.php Monks'
Lands at Barnoldswick
^ http://www.barrowford.org/page13.html Local Area History
^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=36238 House of
^ http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit/10397029/relationships Vision
of Britain website:
^ http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit/10136398 A Vision of Britain
Through Time :
Barnoldswick Urban District
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 November 2013.
Retrieved 13 June 2014. About Barnoldswick
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 October 2007.
Retrieved 2 October 2007.
Barnoldswick Town Council
West Craven Committee (
Pendle Borough Council Archived 15 May 2011
at the Wayback Machine.
^ http://tx.mb21.co.uk/gallery/skipton.php Craven/
Skipton Area TV
^ http://tx.mb21.co.uk/gallery/barnoldswick.php Local BBC FM
Fresh Radio Website
^ http://www.esse.com ESSE Engineering Ltd Website
Silentnight Group Website
Silentnight Beds Website
^ "What came after the longest strike in history was finally put to
bed". Craven Herald. 11 April 2009. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
^ "North West Development Agency Press Release 2006". nwda.co.uk.
Archived from the original on 8 February 2012. Retrieved 13 September
Lancashire Aerospace Heritage Archived 5 January 2010 at the
^ "Hope Tech - Made in Barnoldswick, England". Hope Technologies.
Retrieved 29 November 2017.
^ "Barnoldswick". Pendle.net. Archived from the original on 27
November 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
^ "> News > Consultation into textile mill plans". Place North
West. 20 June 2012. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
^ "Three-way supermarket fight in
Barnoldswick sees local fabric firm
Lancashire Telegraph)". Lancashiretelegraph.co.uk. 21
August 2012. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
^ "Route Planner Public Transport & Car Journey Planner
Transport Direct". Transportdirect.info. Archived from the original on
13 June 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Barnoldswick.
Barnoldswick in the Domesday Book
United Kingdom portal
Ceremonial county of Lancashire
North West England
North West England Portal
Blackburn with Darwen
Boroughs or districts
City of Lancaster
City of Preston
Lytham St Annes
See also: List of civil parishes in Lancashire
Leeds and Liverpool
Population of major settlements
Grade I buildings
Grade II* buildings
Geography of the Borough of Pendle
Bracewell and Brogden
Higham-with-West Close Booth
Kelbrook and Sough
Old Laund Booth
Forest of Bowland
Forest of Bowland AONB
Forest of Pendle
Lancashire Witches Walk
Black Moss Reservoirs
Leeds and Liverpool Canal