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Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
/bɑːrˈnɒldzwɪk/ (colloquially known as Barlick) is a town and civil parish in Lancashire, England. Near the county border with North Yorkshire, it is just outside the Yorkshire Dales National Park and the Forest of Bowland
Forest of Bowland
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The town is built in the shadow of Weets Hill, and Stock Beck, a tributary of the River Ribble, runs through the town. It has a population of 10,752.[1] Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
and the surrounding areas of West Craven were part of the historic West Riding of Yorkshire
West Riding of Yorkshire
between 876 (the earliest known written reference to the Ridings of York in the Anglo Saxon Chronicles) and 1974, when local government was reorganised; West Riding County Council and Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
Urban District Council were abolished and replaced in this area by the Borough of Pendle, a part of Lancashire. Situated on the lower slopes of Weets Hill
Weets Hill
in the Pennines
Pennines
astride the natural watershed between the Ribble and Aire valleys, Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
is the highest town on the Leeds
Leeds
and Liverpool Canal,[2] lying on the summit level of the canal between Barrowford
Barrowford
Locks to the south west and Greenberfield Locks just north east of the town. It is approximately 30 miles (48 km) from the cities of Leeds, Manchester
Manchester
and Preston. Nearby towns include Skipton
Skipton
to the east, Clitheroe
Clitheroe
to the west, Burnley
Burnley
to the south and Keighley
Keighley
to the east southeast. Barnoldswick, with twelve letters, is one of the longest place names in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
without repeating any letters. Buckfastleigh, Devon; Buslingthorpe, Leeds, West Yorkshire; and Buslingthorpe, Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
are longer, with 13 letters, while Bricklehampton
Bricklehampton
in Worcestershire
Worcestershire
has 14.

Contents

1 History 2 Governance 3 Local media 4 Local industry 5 Education 6 Transport 7 Sport 8 Notable residents 9 In popular culture 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

History[edit] Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
dates back to Anglo Saxon times. It was listed in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
as Bernulfesuuic, meaning Bernulf's Town (uuic being an archaic spelling of wick, meaning settlement, in particular, a dairy farm).[3][4] A Cistercian
Cistercian
monastery was founded there in 1147 by monks from Fountains Abbey. However, they left after six years, before construction was complete, driven out by crop failures and locals unhappy at their interference in the affairs of the local church. They went on to build Kirkstall Abbey. They returned after another ten years to build the isolated Church of St Mary-le-Ghyll close to the road between Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
and Thornton in Craven. For hundreds of years, Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
remained a small village. However, the arrival of the Leeds
Leeds
and Liverpool Canal, and later the (now closed) railway, spurred the development of the existing woollen industry, and helped it to become a major cotton town. The engine of the last mill to be built in Barnoldswick, Bancroft Mill, has been preserved and is now open as a tourist attraction – a 600hp steam engine which is still operational.[5] Governance[edit] Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
was an ancient parish in Staincliffe Wapentake
Staincliffe Wapentake
in the West Riding of Yorkshire
West Riding of Yorkshire
(although Blackburnshire
Blackburnshire
in Lancashire sometimes claimed the area).[6][7][8] The parish included the townships of Brogden with Admergill, Coates and Salterforth,[9] all of which became separate civil parishes in 1866. The civil parish of Coates rejoined the parish of Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
in 1923.[10] From 1894 until 1974, Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
formed an urban district within the administrative county of the West Riding of Yorkshire.[11] Until 1974 post used to be addressed via Colne, Lancashire, to addresses in Barnoldswick. Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
has had a Burnley
Burnley
telephone code even when it was in Yorkshire. Following the Local Government Act 1972, Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
and a number of surrounding Yorkshire villages, including Earby
Earby
and Kelbrook, were transferred to the Borough of Pendle
Pendle
in the Non-metropolitan county
Non-metropolitan county
of Lancashire
Lancashire
in 1974. This was a contentious issue locally and for some residents it remains so to this day.[citation needed] At present, Barnoldswick[12] has a town council, and forms part of the West Craven Area Committee on Pendle
Pendle
Borough Council.[13][14] Local media[edit] Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
receives television from Leeds; ITV (Yorkshire Television) and BBC Yorkshire
BBC Yorkshire
are both transmitted from the television mast at East Marton, three miles north east of Barnoldswick.[15] TV transmissions from the North West region BBC North West
BBC North West
and ITV (Granada Television) are blocked by Weets Hill. Up until 2011, analogue signals of Channel 4
Channel 4
could be received, but Five was extremely limited. Radio reception is also restricted in the town. There is a local low power FM relay station, transmitting the four main BBC national radio stations (Radio 1 to 4), but no local stations.[16] Fresh Radio[17] in Skipton
Skipton
covered the area on AM – 1413 kHz before being taken over by Stray FM, part of the UKRD Group, which also owns 2BR, the adjacent station based near Accrington The town now receives digital terrestrial signals. and cable services as well as via Sky or Freesat. The local press is published weekly; the Craven Herald & Pioneer and Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
and Earby
Earby
Times are published on Fridays, the daily Lancashire
Lancashire
Telegraph newspaper covers Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
in its Burnley, Pendle
Pendle
and Rossendale
Rossendale
edition and the Yorkshire Post
Yorkshire Post
is also prominent. Local industry[edit] Since 1854 Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
has been the home of Esse stoves, one of the country's oldest standing stove manufacturers. The company have manufactured in the town since 1854 and clients have included Florence Nightingale, Shackleton and Scott, Alan Hinkes and River Cottage. Esse have their head office at the Ouzledale Factory in the town and distribute all their stoves through a close link of specialist stove retailers.[18]

The longest strike – Silentnight
Silentnight
picket line in June 1986

Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
is also home to Silentnight
Silentnight
Beds, the United Kingdom's largest manufacturer of beds and mattresses. Silentnight, part of the Silentnight
Silentnight
Group, has its head office and manufacturing premises in the town.[19][20] Silentnight
Silentnight
is noteworthy in trade union history (in this case Furniture, Timber and Allied Trades Union) as having the longest ever strike, from 1985 to 1987.[21] Rolls Royce plc
Rolls Royce plc
is a large employer based in the town. It was originally a cotton mill that Rover used to produce the production version of Whittles gas turbine and was purchased by Rolls Royce in 1943.[22] The model number of many Rolls Royce jet engines start with the initials RB (e.g. RB199) which stands for Rolls Barnoldswick, as Rolls Royce aero's design centre was situated in Barnoldswick.[23] Hope Technology, a manufacturer of mountain bike parts such as disc brakes, hubs, and headsets, is based in Barnoldswick.[24] Albert Hartley Textiles is the last remaining textiles mill in the town and is a big employer for the local area. Originally there were 13 mills in the town, the last being constructed in 1920.[25] There are currently plans to renovate the mill and create a local apprenticeship scheme. Put in place by Manchester-based property developers, Capital & Centric Plc the scheme would involve construction of a new factory, and a medium-sized supermarket.[26] In August 2012, the plans were approved over two other competing schemes, the council citing that, in addition to adhering with planning policy, the Harley site was favoured because of the job creation for the town.[27] Education[edit] Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
is served by four primary schools; Gisburn Road, Church School and Coates Lane, whilst St. Joseph's caters to the town's Catholic population. Most secondary age students attend West Craven High School, a Technology specialist school situated in Barnoldswick itself, though a significant minority of students attend Fisher More Catholic Humanities College and Colne
Colne
Park High School, and the Skipton
Skipton
Grammar Schools, Ermysted's
Ermysted's
and Skipton
Skipton
Girls' High School. Transport[edit] Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
is often cited as the largest town in the British Isles not to be served by any A roads. However, in spite of this, road links to the town are comparatively good; easy access to the M65, A65 and A59 means that Manchester, Preston, Leeds
Leeds
and Bradford
Bradford
can all be reached in an hour by car. Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
was formerly served by Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
railway station, the only station on the Midland Railway's branch line off the Skipton
Skipton
to Colne
Colne
Line, though this was shut under the Beeching Axe
Beeching Axe
in 1965. The pressure group Selrap
Selrap
is currently campaigning for the reopening of the Skipton
Skipton
to Colne
Colne
line, and although their plans do not include the Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
Branch, rail travel to the town would be improved by such a reopening. At present, would be rail passengers must travel via Colne
Colne
or Clitheroe
Clitheroe
for trains serving Lancashire, or via Skipton
Skipton
for trains serving North and West Yorkshire. Public transport to the town is therefore restricted to buses. Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
lies on the bus routes between Skipton
Skipton
and Burnley
Burnley
and between Skipton
Skipton
and Clitheroe/Preston, operated by Burnley
Burnley
Bus Company and Preston Bus
Preston Bus
respectively. On Sundays there is a service from Burnley
Burnley
to Grassington in the Yorkshire Dales National Park
Yorkshire Dales National Park
that passes through Barnoldswick. The nearest airports are Manchester
Manchester
(about 1¼ hours by car or about 3 hours by public transport) and Leeds
Leeds
Bradford
Bradford
(just over 1 hour by car or about 2 hours by public transport).[28] Sport[edit] The town's main football club, Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
Town, play in the North West Counties League. Notable residents[edit]

The footballer Michael Holt was born in Barnoldswick Burnley
Burnley
and Scotland goalkeeper Adam Blacklaw lived in Barnoldswick Gordon Prentice, Pendle
Pendle
Labour MP (1992–2010)[citation needed]

In popular culture[edit] The film A Private Function was partly filmed in Barnoldswick. See also[edit]

Listed buildings in Barnoldswick

References[edit]

^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
Parish (1170215066)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 February 2018.  ^ "The Leeds
Leeds
& Liverpool Canal". Canal Junction. canaljunction.com. Retrieved 2 October 2009.  ^ Kabrna, P. "Barnoldswick". kabrna.com. Retrieved 13 September 2016.  ^ "Early History of Barnoldswick". my-barlick.me.uk. Archived from the original on 12 June 2010. Retrieved 13 September 2016.  ^ "Bancroft Mill". bancroftmill.org.uk. Retrieved 13 September 2016.  ^ http://cistercians.shef.ac.uk/kirkstall/lands/lands8.php Monks' Lands at Barnoldswick ^ http://www.barrowford.org/page13.html Local Area History ^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=36238 House of Kirkstall history ^ http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/WRY/Barnoldswick/Barnoldswick68.html Genuki website ^ http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit/10397029/relationships Vision of Britain website: Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
AP/CP ^ http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit/10136398 A Vision of Britain Through Time : Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
Urban District ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 November 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2014.  About Barnoldswick ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 October 2007. Retrieved 2 October 2007.  Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
Town Council ^ West Craven Committee ( Pendle
Pendle
Borough Council Archived 15 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ http://tx.mb21.co.uk/gallery/skipton.php Craven/ Skipton
Skipton
Area TV Transmitter ^ http://tx.mb21.co.uk/gallery/barnoldswick.php Local BBC FM Transmitter ^ http://www.freshradio.co.uk Fresh Radio
Fresh Radio
Website ^ http://www.esse.com ESSE Engineering Ltd Website ^ http://www.silentnightgroup.co.uk/ Silentnight
Silentnight
Group Website ^ http://www.silentnight.co.uk/ Silentnight
Silentnight
Beds Website ^ "What came after the longest strike in history was finally put to bed". Craven Herald. 11 April 2009. Retrieved 14 June 2016.  ^ "North West Development Agency Press Release 2006". nwda.co.uk. Archived from the original on 8 February 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2016.  ^ LCC Lancashire
Lancashire
Aerospace Heritage Archived 5 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Hope Tech - Made in Barnoldswick, England". Hope Technologies. Retrieved 29 November 2017.  ^ "Barnoldswick". Pendle.net. Archived from the original on 27 November 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2014.  ^ "> News > Consultation into textile mill plans". Place North West. 20 June 2012. Retrieved 13 June 2014.  ^ "Three-way supermarket fight in Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
sees local fabric firm triumph (From Lancashire
Lancashire
Telegraph)". Lancashiretelegraph.co.uk. 21 August 2012. Retrieved 13 June 2014.  ^ "Route Planner Public Transport & Car Journey Planner Transport Direct". Transportdirect.info. Archived from the original on 13 June 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Barnoldswick.

Visit Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
website Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick
in the Domesday Book

Lancashire
Lancashire
portal England
England
portal United Kingdom
United Kingdom
portal

v t e

Ceremonial county of Lancashire

North West England
North West England
Portal

Unitary authorities

Blackburn
Blackburn
with Darwen Blackpool

Boroughs or districts

City of Lancaster City of Preston Burnley Chorley Fylde Hyndburn Pendle Ribble Valley Rossendale South Ribble West Lancashire Wyre

Major settlements

Accrington Adlington Bacup Barnoldswick Blackburn Blackpool Brierfield Burnley Carnforth Chorley Cleveleys Clitheroe Colne Darwen Earby Fleetwood Garstang Great Harwood Haslingden Kirkham Lancaster Leyland Longridge Lytham St Annes Morecambe Nelson Ormskirk Oswaldtwistle Padiham Penwortham Poulton-le-Fylde Preesall Preston Rawtenstall Rishton Skelmersdale Waterfoot Whitworth See also: List of civil parishes in Lancashire

Rivers

Calder Darwen Douglas Hodder Irwell Lune Ribble Wyre

Canals

Lancaster Leeds
Leeds
and Liverpool

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Places Population of major settlements Schools SSSIs Country houses Grade I buildings Grade II* buildings History Museums Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs

v t e

Geography of the Borough of Pendle

Towns

Barnoldswick Brierfield Colne Earby Nelson

Villages

Barley Barrowford Blacko Brogden Cottontree Fence Foulridge Higham Higherford Kelbrook Laneshawbridge Newchurch-in-Pendle Roughlee Salterforth Sough Trawden Wheatley Lane Winewall Wycoller

Parishes

Barley-with-Wheatley Booth Barnoldswick Barrowford Blacko Bracewell and Brogden Brierfield Colne Earby Foulridge Goldshaw Booth Higham-with-West Close Booth Kelbrook
Kelbrook
and Sough Laneshaw Bridge Nelson Old Laund Booth Reedley Hallows Roughlee
Roughlee
Booth Salterforth Trawden
Trawden
Forest

Topography

Forest of Bowland
Forest of Bowland
AONB Forest of Pendle South Pennines

Footpaths

Brontë Way Lancashire
Lancashire
Witches Walk Pendle
Pendle
Way

Hills

Boulsworth Hill Noyna Hill Pendle
Pendle
Hill Weets Hill

Reservoirs

Black Moss Reservoirs Ogden Reservoirs

Waterways

River Calder Colne
Colne
Water River Laneshaw Leeds
Leeds
and Liverpool Canal Pendle
Pendle
Water Stock Beck Trawden
Trawden
Brook Walverden W

.