BARNARD COLLEGE is a private women\'s liberal arts college in New
York City . Founded in 1889 as a response to
Columbia University 's
refusal to admit women into their institution, it is the only women's
New York City
The school was founded by
Annie Nathan Meyer and named after
Frederick Barnard , tenth president of Columbia. When Columbia became
coeducational in 1983 Barnard elected to remain legally and
financially separate but maintained its affiliated relationship with
the university. This includes shared academic programs and other
academic privileges, and a combined athletic program. Barnard students
Columbia University degrees and graduate at Columbia
University graduation. Barnard confers the
Bachelor of Arts degree in
about 50 areas of study. Students may also pursue elements of their
education at the
Barnard's 4-acre (1.6 ha) campus is located in the Manhattan neighborhood of Morningside Heights , stretching along Broadway between 116th and 120th Streets. It is directly across from Columbia's campus and near several other academic institutions . The college is a member of the Seven Sisters , an association of seven prominent women's liberal arts colleges.
* 1 History
* 1.1 19th century and founding
* 2 Academics
* 2.1 Admissions * 2.2 Rankings
* 3 Campus
* 3.1 Library * 3.2 Zine Collection
* 4 Student life
* 4.1 Student organizations * 4.2 Societies and clubs * 4.3 Traditions
* 5 Academic affiliations
* 5.1 Relationship with Columbia University
* 5.1.1 Before coeducation at Columbia * 5.1.2 After coeducation
* 5.2 Seven Sisters
19TH CENTURY AND FOUNDING
Members of the Barnard class of 1913 The facade of Barnard Hall
For its first 229 years Columbia College of Columbia University
admitted only men for undergraduate study.
The college was named after Frederick Augustus Porter Barnard , a deaf American educator and mathematician who served as the tenth president of Columbia from 1864 to 1889. He advocated equal educational privileges for men and women, preferably in a coeducational setting, and began proposing in 1879 that Columbia admit women. The board of trustees repeatedly rejected Barnard's suggestion, but in 1883 agreed to create a detailed syllabus of study for women. While they could not attend Columbia classes, those who passed examinations based on the syllabus would receive a degree. The first such woman graduate received her bachelor's degree in 1887. A former student of the program, Annie Meyer , and other prominent New York women persuaded the board in 1889 to create a women's college connected to Columbia.
Barnard College's original 1889 home was a rented brownstone at 343 Madison Avenue, where a faculty of six offered instruction to 14 students in the School of Arts, as well as to 22 "specials", who lacked the entrance requirements in Greek and so enrolled in science. When Columbia University announced in 1892 its impending move to Morningside Heights, Barnard built a new campus on 119th-120th Streets with gifts from Mary E. Brinckerhoff, Elizabeth Milbank Anderson and Martha Fiske. Milbank, Brinckerhoff, and Fiske Halls , built in 1897–1898, were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003.
Ella Weed supervised the college in its first four years; Emily James
Smith succeeded her as Barnard's first dean. As the college grew it
needed additional space, and in 1903 it received the three blocks
south of 119th Street from Anderson who had purchased a former portion
of the Bloomingdale Asylum site from the New York Hospital. By the
mid-20th century Barnard had succeeded in its original goal of
providing a top tier education to women. Between 1920 and 1974, only
the much larger
Hunter College and University of California, Berkeley
produced more women graduates who later received doctorate degrees.
Students\' Hall , now known as Barnard Hall, was built in 1916. Brooks
and Hewitt Halls were built in 1906–1907 and 1926–1927,
respectively. They were listed on the National Register of Historic
Places in 2003. Jessica Finch is credited with coining the phrase,
"current events," while teaching at
Barnard confers the
Bachelor of Arts degree in about 50 areas of
study. Joint programs for the
Bachelor of Science and other degrees
exist with Columbia University,
The liberal arts requirements are called the Nine Ways of Knowing. Students must take one year of one laboratory science, study a single foreign language for four semesters, and complete one 3-credit course in each of the following categories: reason and value, social analysis, historical studies, cultures in comparison, quantitative and deductive reasoning, literature, and visual and performing arts. The use of AP or IB credit to fulfill these requirements is very limited, but Nine Ways of Knowing courses may overlap with major or minor requirements. In addition to the Nine Ways of Knowing, students must complete a first-year seminar, a first-year English course, and one semester of physical education. The Nine Ways of Knowing was replaced with Foundations in 2016. Students must take the First Year Experience which includes two semesters of seminars, complete Distributional Requirements within many subjects, and six Modes of Thinking courses. "Foundations is uniquely Barnard. It's a diverse and forward-looking curriculum that asks our students to think theoretically, empirically, and technologically, to write effectively; and to speak persuasively — all while giving them the freedom to shape their own educational experience." — Linda A. Bell, Provost
2017 2016 2015 2014
APPLICANTS 7,716 7,071 6,655 6,498
ADMITS 1,139 1,345 1,301 1,527
ADMIT RATE 14.8% 16.0% 19.5% 23.8%
ENROLLED TBD 619 N/A N/A
SAT RANGE N/A N/A N/A N/A
ACT RANGE N/A N/A 28 - 32 28 - 32
Admissions to Barnard is considered very selective by U.S. News in 2016, Barnard had the lowest acceptance rate of the five Seven Sisters that remain single-sex in admissions.
The class of 2021's admission rate was 14.8% of the 7,716 applicants, the lowest acceptance rate in the institution's history. The early-decision admission rate for the class of 2020 was 47.7%, out of 787 applications. The median SAT Combined was 2080, with median subscores of 700 in Math, in 705 Critical Reading, and 720 in Writing. The Median ACT score was 32. Of the women in the class of 2012, 89.4% ranked in first or second decile at their high school (of the 41.3% ranked by their schools). The average GPA of the class of 2012 was 94.3 on a 100-point scale and 3.88 on a 4.0 scale. In 2015 Barnard announced that it would admit transgender women who "consistently live and identify as women, regardless of the gender assigned to them at birth", and would continue to support and enroll those students who transitioned to males after they had already been admitted.
For more details on this topic, see Criticism of college and university rankings (2007 United States) .
LIBERAL ARTS COLLEGES
U.S. NEWS & WORLD REPORT 29
WASHINGTON MONTHLY 44
In the 2014 U.S. News ">'s swimsuit issue." According to Shapiro's letter, "Such a ranking system certainly does more harm than good in terms of educating the public." On June 19, 2007, following a meeting of the Annapolis Group , which represents over 100 liberal arts colleges, Barnard announced that it would no longer participate in the U.S. News annual survey, and that they would fashion their own way to collect and report common data.
While students are allowed to use the libraries at Columbia University, Barnard has always maintained a library of its own. Lehman Hall was the site of Barnard's Wollman Library from its opening in 1959 until 2015. As of August 2016 , the Lehman Hall building is being demolished to make way for a new library facility. Barnard's Teaching and Learning Center, the planned replacement for the earlier building, is scheduled to open in August 2018.
In 2016, portions of the Barnard Library were relocated to the former
LeFrak Gymnasium as well as the first two floors of Barnard Hall.
18,000 volumes were also moved to the Milstein rooms in Columbia
The LeFrak Center houses study space, librarians' offices, the zine
collection, course reserves, and new books acquired since July 2015.
The Barnard Library also houses the Archives and
Borne of a proposal by longtime zinester Jenna Freedman, Barnard collects zines in an effort to document third-wave feminism and Riot Grrrl culture. According to Freedman, zine collections such as Barnard's provide a home for the voices of young women otherwise not represented in library collections. The Zine Collection's website states:
"Barnard's zines are written by women (cis- and transgender) with an emphasis on zines by women of color. We collect zines on feminism and femme identity by people of all genders. The zines are personal and political publications on activism, anarchism, body image, third wave feminism, gender, parenting, queer community, riot grrrl, sexual assault, trans experience, and other topics".
As of June 2015 , the library had approximately 4,000 different zines available to library patrons, including zines about race , gender, sexuality , childbirth , motherhood , politics , and relationships . The library keeps a collection of zines for lending and another archived collection in the Barnard Archives. Both collections are catalogued in CLIO, the Columbia/Barnard Online public access catalog .
College life as depicted by the college's newspaper in 1923. A 1902 depiction of a "modern" Barnard women. A depiction of the Barnard Bear, commonly referred to by students as Millie the Dancing Bear.
Every Barnard student is part of the Student Government Association (SGA), which elects a representative student government . SGA aims to facilitate the expression of opinions on matters that directly affect the Barnard community.
Student groups include theatre and vocal music groups, language clubs, literary magazines , a freeform radio station called WBAR , a biweekly magazine called the Barnard Bulletin, community service groups, and others.
Barnard students can also join extracurricular activities or organizations at Columbia University, while Columbia University students are allowed in most, but not all, Barnard organizations. Barnard's McIntosh Activities Council (commonly known as McAC), named after the first President of Barnard, Millicent McIntosh, organizes various community focused events on campus, such as Big Sub and Midnight Breakfast . McAC is made up of five sub-committees which are the Mosaic committee (formerly known as Multicultural), the Wellness committee, the Network committee, the Community committee, and the Action committee. Each committee has a different focus, such as hosting and publicizing identity and cultural events (Mosaic), having health and wellness related events (Wellness), giving students opportunities to be involved with Alumnae and various professionals (Network), planning events that bring the entire student body together (Community), and planning community service events that give back to the surrounding community (Action).
SOCIETIES AND CLUBS
TAKE BACK THE NIGHT: Each April, Barnard and Columbia students participate in the Take Back the Night march and speak-out. This annual event grew out of a 1988 Seven Sisters conference. The march has grown from under 200 participants in 1988 to more than 2,500 in 2007.
MIDNIGHT BREAKFAST marks the beginning of finals week. As a highly popular event and long-standing college tradition, Midnight Breakfast is hosted by the student-run activities council, McAC (McIntosh Activities Council). In addition to providing standard breakfast foods, each year's theme is also incorporated into the menu. Past themes have included "I YUMM the 90s," "Grease ," and "Take Me Out to the Ballgame ." The event is a school-wide affair as college deans, trustees and the President, Debora Spar , serve food to about a thousand students. It takes place the- night before finals begin every semester.
NIGHT CARNIVAL: In the spring of each year, Barnard holds the Night Carnival, in which many of Barnard's student groups set up tables with games and prizes. The event is organized by the student-run activities council, McAC (McIntosh Activities Council).
RELATIONSHIP WITH COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY
Greek Games statue Front gates, reading "
The Barnard Bulletin in 1976 described the relationship between the college and Columbia University as "intricate and ambiguous". Barnard president Debora Spar said in 2012 that "the relationship is admittedly a complicated one, a unique one and one that may take a few sentences to explain to the outside community".
Outside sources often describe Barnard as part of Columbia; The New
York Times in 2013, for example, called Barnard "an undergraduate
women's college of Columbia University". The college's front gates
Columbia describes Barnard as an affiliated institution that is a faculty of the university or is "in partnership with" it. Both the college and Columbia evaluate Barnard faculty for tenure, and Barnard graduates receive Columbia University diplomas signed by both the Barnard and Columbia presidents.
Before Coeducation At Columbia
Smith and Columbia president
Except for Columbia College, by the 1940s other undergraduate and
graduate divisions of
Columbia University admitted women. Columbia
William J. McGill predicted in 1970 that
After Barnard rejected subsequent merger proposals from Columbia and a one-year extension to the 1973 agreement expired, in 1977 the two schools began discussing their future relationship. By 1979 the relationship had so deteriorated that Barnard officials stopped attending meetings. Because of an expected decline in enrollment, In 1980 a Columbia committee recommended that Columbia College begin admitting women without Barnard's cooperation. A 1981 committee found that Columbia was no longer competitive with other Ivy League universities without women, and that admitting women would not affect Barnard's applicant pool. That year Columbia president Michael Sovern agreed for the two schools to cooperate in admitting women to Columbia, but Barnard faculty's opposition caused president Ellen Futter to reject the agreement.
A decade of negotiations for a Columbia-Barnard merger akin to Harvard and Radcliffe had failed. In January 1982, the two schools instead announced that Columbia College would begin admitting women in 1983, and Barnard's control over tenure for its faculty would increase; previously, a committee on which Columbia faculty outnumbered Barnard's three to two controlled the latter's tenure. Applications to Columbia rose 56% that year, making admission more selective, and nine Barnard students transferred to Columbia. Eight students admitted to both Columbia and Barnard chose Barnard, while 78 chose Columbia. Within a few years, however, selectivity rose at both schools as they received more women applicants than expected.
The Columbia-Barnard affiliation continued. As of 2012 Barnard pays Columbia about $5 million a year under the terms of the "interoperate relationship", which the two schools renegotiate every 15 years. Despite the affiliation Barnard is legally and financially separate from Columbia, with an independent faculty and board of trustees. It is responsible for its own separate admissions, health, security, guidance and placement services, and has its own alumnae association. Nonetheless, Barnard students participate in the academic, social, athletic and extracurricular life of the broader University community on a reciprocal basis. The affiliation permits the two schools to share some academic resources; for example, only Barnard has an urban studies department, and only Columbia has a computer science department. Most Columbia classes are open to Barnard students and vice versa. Barnard students and faculty are represented in the University Senate, and student organizations such as the Columbia Daily Spectator are open to all students. Barnard students play on Columbia athletics teams, and Barnard uses Columbia email, telephone and network services.
Barnard athletes compete in the Ivy League (NCAA Division I ) through the Columbia/Barnard Athletic Consortium, which was established in 1983. Through this arrangement, Barnard is the only women\'s college offering Division I athletics. There are 15 intercollegiate teams , and students also compete at the intramural and club levels. From 1975–1983, before the establishment of the Columbia/Barnard Athletic Consortium, Barnard students competed as the "Barnard Bears". Prior to 1975, students referred to themselves as the "Barnard honeybears".
Main article: Seven Sisters (colleges)
Established within the Barnard Student Government Association (SGA),
The Seven Sisters Governing Board represents
In the spring of 1960, Columbia University president Grayson Kirk complained to the president of Barnard that Barnard students were wearing inappropriate clothing. The garments in question were pants and Bermuda shorts. The administration forced the student council to institute a dress code. Students would be allowed to wear shorts and pants only at Barnard and only if the shorts were no more than two inches above the knee and the pants were not tight. Barnard women crossing the street to enter the Columbia campus wearing shorts or pants were required to cover themselves with a long coat.
In March 1968,
The New York Times ran an article on students who
cohabited, identifying one of the persons they interviewed as a
# PRESIDENT TERM OFFICE CITE
1 Ella Weed (1889–1894) College Secretary
2 Emily James Smith (1894–1900) Dean
3 Laura Drake Gill (1901–1907) Dean
5 Millicent McIntosh (1952–1962) Dean
6 Rosemary Park (1962–1967) Dean
7 Martha Peterson (1967–1975) Dean
8 Jacquelyn Mattfield (1975–1981) President
9 Ellen Futter (1981–1993) President
10 Judith Shapiro (1994–2008) President
11 Debora Spar (2008–2017) President
12 Sian Beilock (2017-) President
Main article: List of Barnard College people
Elizabeth Hardwick *
New York City
Barnard Center for Research on Women
* ^ "Fact Sheet". Barnard College. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
* ^ "At-a-Glance". Barnard College. Retrieved May 15, 2014.
* ^ A B C D Farmer, Melanie. "College Marks 25 years of
Coeducation". The Record. Retrieved October 23, 2014.
* ^ A B C D E F Weneck, Bette (Spring 1991). "Social and Cultural
Stratification in Women's Higher Education:
* Horowitz, Helen Lefkowit