Barishal (formerly Barisal, Bengali: বরিশাল Bengali
Pron: [boɾiʃal]; historically Bakla-Chandradwip; also Gird-e-Bandar)
is a major city that lies on the bank of
Kirtankhola river in
south-central Bangladesh. It is the largest city and the
administrative headquarter of both
Barisal district and Barisal
Division. It is one of the oldest municipalities and river ports of
Barisal municipality was established in the year 1876
British Raj and upgraded to City Corporation on 25 July
2002. The city consists of 30 wards and 50 mahallas with a
population of 328,278 according to the 2011 national census. The area
of the city is 58 km².
6 Points of interest
9.2 River port
12 Notable people
13 Sister cities
14 See also
16 External links
Barisal was a semi-independent area in the Mughal period because of
heavy fighting between them and
Hindu chiefs. In course of time, it
fell under the
Bengal Nawabs, the last being Raja Ramranjan
Chakravarty and then colonial British India, later passed to East
Pakistan at independence and finally Bangladesh.
The ancient city of
Barisal was known as Bacola in Europe. Ralph
Fitch, the first ever Englishman, a leather merchant, known to have
Bengal in the mid 1580s, described
Barisal in his journal as,
“From Chatigan in Bengal, I came to Bacola; the king whereof is a
Gentile, a man very well disposed and delighted much to shoot in a
gun. His country is very great and fruitful, and hath store of rice,
much cotton cloth, and cloth of silk. The houses are very fair and
high built, the streets large, and people naked, except a little cloth
about their waist. The women wear a great store of silver hoops about
their necks and arms, and their legs are ringed with silver and
copper, and rings made from elephants’ teeth.”
The central city of this region is the city of Barisal. It is one of
the biggest river ports in Bangladesh. It is a city with nearly 0.38
million people and a divisional headquarters, medical college, cadet
college, some pharmaceutical industries, textile industries and the
Bangladesh Inland Water Transport Authority's head office.
fast growing city of the country stands on the
Country's first short landing and take off airport has been completed
Barisal and a private Airlines named Air
Bengal has begun its
regular air flight between
Dhaka Tejgaon Airport and Barisal.
The city is sometimes called the "Venice of the East" or the "Venice
According to provisional results of the 2011 national census, the
Barisal (areas under the jurisdiction of the Barisal
city corporation) stands at 328,278. By gender, the population was
51.63 male and 48.37 percent female.
The literacy rate among the urban people of
Barisal is 75.3%. which
is significantly higher than the national average of 56.5%.
Most of the people in
Barisal are the Bengali people, as is the case
in most of Bangladesh. The long-standing inhabitants of the city are
known as Barisaliya and they have a distinctive dialect. Apart from
them.The city population is composed of people from neighboring
Upazilas and districts (Patuakhali, Bhola, Pirojpur, Jhalakati,
There are four major languages spoken in Barisal
Standard Bengali, which is the administrative language and thus mainly
used in academia and offices.
Barisali dialect, which is commonly spoken by almost all the native
peoples of Greater
Barisal region (
Barisal Division), is considered as
a dialect of Bengali which does not have a written form.
English, which is held in high esteem and is used by the educated
Marginalised Bengali, a cocktail language of Northern Bengali dialects
spoken by migrant workers such as service holders, domestic servants,
rickshaw peddlers and other menial labourers from different parts of
Bangladesh living and working in Barisal.
Barisal City in 2011
The majority of Barisal's people are Muslims (89.30%), mainly Sunni
Islam Hanafi. Other religious groups include Hindus (9.7%), and very
few numbers of other religions, mainly Christians (.98%) and Buddhists
Since end 2015, the Catholic minority has its own Roman Catholic
Diocese of Barisal.
Barisal City Areal view
Barisal city occupies an area of 58 km2.
Barisal District, with an area of 2790.51 km2, is bounded by
Madaripur, Shariatpur, Chandpur and
Lakshmipur districts on the north,
Jhalokati districts on the south,
Lakshmipur districts on the east, Jhalokati,
Pirojpur and Gopalganj
districts on the west. Several rivers flow across
the Kirtankhola, Arial Khan, Khoyrabad, Kalijira and Sandha.
Barisal has a tropical wet and dry climate.
Climate data for Barisal
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)
Barisal is a rice producing center of Bangladesh. Balam (a kind of
basmati) is the most popular rice in Barisal. It is also famous for
Betel Leaf, a typical south Asian chewing item. As
surrounded by river so fish is plenty in there. A Bengali saying
states, "Dhan, nadi, khal ai tin e Barisal" which translates to
"paddy, river and canal are these three things that make Barisal".
Coconut is a common fruit as the city is located near the coast.
Barisal is also known for its hog plum.
Exports: Agricultural products, Hilsha fish, Medicine, Empty Gelatine
Capsules, Anchor Cement etc.
Points of interest
Durga Sagar in Madhabpasha
Baitul Aman Jame Masjid Complex
Shohel Chattar, Bibir Pukur Par
Padma Pukur, Barisal
Bell's Park aka Bangabandhu Udyan
30 Godown Freedom Fighters Monument
Durgasagar: with an area of about 2,500 hectare, is the largest pond
or dighi of southern Bangladesh. It is located at Madhabpasa village
of babuganj upazila, about 11 km away from
Barisal town. Locally
it is known as Madhabpasha Dighi. According to a desire of Rani
Durgavati, mother of Raja Joynarayan, the dighi was dug in 1780 (1187
BS). There are coconut trees around the dighi which together with the
dighi are bounded by brick-walls. In the middle of the dighi, there is
an island with bushes. Migratory birds usually come here during
winter. The surrounding areas of the dighi has now been turned into a
picnic spot. Madhabpasha was a capital of the kingdom of Chandradvipa.
Baitul Aman Jame Masjid Complex
Oxford Mission Church
Bell's Park aka Bangubandhu Udyan
Narikel Bagan & Horticulture (Agriculture Training Institute)
Lakhutia Zamindar Bari
Korapur Miah Bari Masjid
Bir Sreshtho Captain
Mohiuddin Jahangir Library and Museum
Jibanananda Das Museum
Padma Pukur (Pond of Lotus)
Kali Mandir founded by the Poet Mukunda Das
BadhyaBhumi Monument (বধ্যভূমি
Bangladesh Rice Research Institute Regional Centre (Coconut Garden)
Miah Bari Mosque in Karapur, Barisal
Barisal's buildings are too diverse to be characterised by any
particular architectural style, and have been built over a long period
Some well known heritage buildings are:
Guthia Baitul Aman Jame Mashjid Complex
Rammohan Samadhi Mandir
Oxford Mission Church
Kali Bari of Mukunda Das
Joint Mosque at Bhatikhana
Aswini kumar town hall
One domed Mosque (Kasba)
Fakir Bari jamee Mosjid
Housing Estate Jame Mosjid
Cricket and football are the two most popular sports in
tennis and kabaddi are also popular. There is a national stadium in
the city known as
Barisal Divisional Stadium (also known as Abdur Rab
Serniabad Stadium). It is a multi-purpose stadium and has a capacity
of 15,000 spectators. It is currently used mostly for cricket matches.
It is also used for football and other sports. Besides different
organization share to stage a show there occasionally. Notable players
Barisal who have played for the national team include Sohag Gazi,
Shahriar Nafees and Iftekhar Nayem.
There is a regional sports training center under
Shiksha Pratisthan (BKSP) situated at Rahamatpur in Barisal
Barisal is also home to the
Bangladesh Premier League franchise
Barisal Airport is a domestic airport. Biman
US-Bangla Airlines use this port. Active air-route is
Barisal River Port is the second largest river port of Bangladesh.
It's the most popular way of communication for the people of Barisal
to Dhaka, the capital city. It is also a popular transport system with
other districts like Bhola, Barguna, Lakshimipur.
Barisal is connected to most other regions of the country via the N8
national highway. There are two bus terminals in Barisal, Nathullabad
Central Bus terminal and Rupatali Bus Terminal. Many Bus company
Barisal to other districts.
Academic Buildings of the University of Barisal.
Barisal is home to many educational institutions. Govt. Brojomohan
College is the oldest institution of higher education in the city,
founded in 1889. There is a government medical college Sher e Bangla
Medical College (SBMC), a public university
University of Barisal
University of Barisal and
a textile engineering college Shaheed Abdur Rab Serniabat Textile
Engineering College. There are also educational institutions like
Barisal Cadet College, Govt. Syed Hatem Ali College, Government
Women's College, Govt.
Barisal College, Amrita Lal Dey College,
Barisal Zilla School,
Barisal Govt. Girls School,
Barisal Model School
and College and
Barisal Asmat Ali Khan Institution (A.K. School).
Besides these there are three teacher training colleges, a Government
Polytechnic institute, two technical institutes, a homeopathic college
and a social welfare training centre.
Barisal is under the Board of
Intermediate and Secondary Education, Barisal. This board varies the
SSC and HSC standard.
Major institutions include:
University of Barisal
Sher e Bangla Medical College
Government Syed Hatem Ali College
Barisal Government Women's College
Amrita Lal Dey College
Barisal Cadet College
Shaheed Abdur Rab Serniabat Textile Engineering College
Barisal Engineering College
Barisal Govt. Polytechnic Institute
Barisal Zilla School
Barisal is a center for the newspaper, periodical and book publishers.
Some locally published newspapers and periodicals are:
Daily Ajker Barta
Daily Bhorer Alo
Daily Banglar Bone
Daily Ajker poribartan
Daily Satya Songbad
Daily Bhorer Angikar
Daily Biplobi Bangladesh
Barisal er Ajkal
Daily Ajker barisal
A. K. Fazlul Huq, Bengali nationalist, politician, Prime Minister of
Bengal and Governor of East Pakistan
Abdul Gaffar Choudhury, Bangladeshi author, newspaper columnist and
lyricist of Amar Bhaier Rokte Rangano
Altaf Mahmud Bengali film song composer and one of the martyred
intelligentsia in 1971
Major M. A. Jalil, commander of Sector 9 during
Bangladesh War of
Liberation in 1971
Mohiuddin Jahangir (Bir Shreshto)
Bangladesh Army Captain during the
1971 Liberation War
Abala Bose, social reformer and wife of Jagadish Chandra Bose
Kusumkumari Das, poet
Jibanananda Das, Bengali poet
Abu Zafar Obaidullah, poet, former agricultural minister of Bangladesh
Sufia Kamal, poet
Hem Chandra Raychaudhuri, historian, known for his studies on ancient
Ashwini Kumar Dutta, social reformer and philanthropist
Aroj Ali Matubbar, astronomer and philosopher
Abdur Rahman Biswas, former President of Bangladesh
Amal Kumar Raychaudhuri, physicist
Anil Biswas, Hindi and Bengali film song composer
Kamini Roy, poet and first woman graduate with honours in the
Ahsan Habib, poet and literary figure in Bengali culture
Narayan Gangopadhyay, poet, academic, writer
Kadambini Ganguly, first female graduate and first female physician in
the entire British empire
Aruna Asaf Ali, first elected mayor of Delhi
Hanif Sanket, TV presenter, entertainer, writer and producer
Dhirendra Nath Ganguly, one of the earliest film directors
Nachiketa Chakraborty, an Indian Bengali singer-songwriter and
Ghulam Murshid, author, scholar and journalist, based on London
Buddhadeb Guha, author
Jewel Aich, Bangladeshi magician
Mosharraf Karim, actor
Manabendra Mukherjee, Singer and composer
Mir Maswood Ali, mathematician and statistician
Mithun Chakraborty, actor
Pannalal Ghosh, musician and flautist
Partha Dasgupta, economist
Parul Ghosh, Hindi and Bengali film singer
Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi, ex-Minister of parliamentary affairs and
Sohag Gazi, cricketer
Tapan Raychaudhuri, historian
Tofazzal Hossain Manik Miah, founding editor of The Daily Ittefaq
Utpal Dutt (29 March 1929 – 19 August 1993), actor, director
Jyotirmoy Guhathakurta, educator, humanist and a martyred intellectual
Bangladesh Liberation War
Swami Machhindranath, popularly known as Minanatha, an inhabitant of
either Chandradwip (Barisal) or sandwip in Bengal
Arundhati Devi, actress
Swadesh Bose, Bangladeshi economist and organiser of the Liberation
M Sakhawat Hossain, Former Election Commissioner of Bangladesh
(2007–2012) & Brigadier General (retd) in
Rashed Khan Menon, Politician
Abdul Jabbar Khan, Speaker of the National Assembly of Pakistan
Sadek Khan, Bangladeshi journalist, columnist and filmmaker
Selima Rahman, politician of
Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP)
A K Fazlul Huq
Sister cities with:
Rochdale, Greater Manchester, United Kingdom
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Bangladesh National Portal.
Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article
Official City of
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Barisal.
Cities and towns in Bangladesh
Ministry of Public Administration
Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-operatives
Coordinates: 22°42′N 90°22′E / 22.700°N 90.367°E /