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Barishal[4] (formerly Barisal, Bengali: বরিশাল Bengali Pron: [boɾiʃal]; historically Bakla-Chandradwip; also Gird-e-Bandar) is a major city that lies on the bank of Kirtankhola river in south-central Bangladesh. It is the largest city and the administrative headquarter of both Barisal district
Barisal district
and Barisal Division. It is one of the oldest municipalities and river ports of the country. Barisal
Barisal
municipality was established in the year 1876 during the British Raj
British Raj
and upgraded to City Corporation on 25 July 2002.[5] The city consists of 30 wards and 50 mahallas with a population of 328,278 according to the 2011 national census. The area of the city is 58 km².[6]

Contents

1 History 2 Population

2.1 Demographics 2.2 Languages 2.3 Religion

3 Geography 4 Climate 5 Economy 6 Points of interest 7 Architecture 8 Sports 9 Transport

9.1 Air 9.2 River port 9.3 Road

10 Education 11 Culture

11.1 Media

11.1.1 Newspapers 11.1.2 Periodicals

12 Notable people 13 Sister cities 14 See also 15 References 16 External links

History[edit] Barisal
Barisal
was a semi-independent area in the Mughal period because of heavy fighting between them and Hindu
Hindu
chiefs. In course of time, it fell under the Bengal
Bengal
Nawabs, the last being Raja Ramranjan Chakravarty and then colonial British India, later passed to East Pakistan at independence and finally Bangladesh. The ancient city of Barisal
Barisal
was known as Bacola in Europe. Ralph Fitch, the first ever Englishman, a leather merchant, known to have visited Bengal
Bengal
in the mid 1580s, described Barisal
Barisal
in his journal as, “From Chatigan in Bengal, I came to Bacola; the king whereof is a Gentile, a man very well disposed and delighted much to shoot in a gun. His country is very great and fruitful, and hath store of rice, much cotton cloth, and cloth of silk. The houses are very fair and high built, the streets large, and people naked, except a little cloth about their waist. The women wear a great store of silver hoops about their necks and arms, and their legs are ringed with silver and copper, and rings made from elephants’ teeth.”[7] The central city of this region is the city of Barisal. It is one of the biggest river ports in Bangladesh. It is a city with nearly 0.38 million people and a divisional headquarters, medical college, cadet college, some pharmaceutical industries, textile industries and the Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Inland Water Transport Authority's head office. Barisal
Barisal
is fast growing city of the country stands on the Kirtankhola River. Country's first short landing and take off airport has been completed in Barisal
Barisal
and a private Airlines named Air Bengal
Bengal
has begun its regular air flight between Dhaka
Dhaka
Tejgaon Airport and Barisal. The city is sometimes called the "Venice of the East" or the "Venice of Bengal".[8] Population[edit] Demographics[edit] According to provisional results of the 2011 national census, the population of Barisal
Barisal
(areas under the jurisdiction of the Barisal city corporation) stands at 328,278.[3] By gender, the population was 51.63 male and 48.37 percent female.[6] The literacy rate among the urban people of Barisal
Barisal
is 75.3%.[9] which is significantly higher than the national average of 56.5%. Most of the people in Barisal
Barisal
are the Bengali people, as is the case in most of Bangladesh. The long-standing inhabitants of the city are known as Barisaliya and they have a distinctive dialect. Apart from them.The city population is composed of people from neighboring Upazilas and districts (Patuakhali, Bhola, Pirojpur, Jhalakati, Barguna). Languages[edit] There are four major languages spoken in Barisal

Standard Bengali, which is the administrative language and thus mainly used in academia and offices. Barisali dialect, which is commonly spoken by almost all the native peoples of Greater Barisal
Barisal
region ( Barisal
Barisal
Division), is considered as a dialect of Bengali which does not have a written form. English, which is held in high esteem and is used by the educated elite. Marginalised Bengali, a cocktail language of Northern Bengali dialects spoken by migrant workers such as service holders, domestic servants, rickshaw peddlers and other menial labourers from different parts of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
living and working in Barisal.

Religion[edit]

Religion in Barisal
Barisal
City in 2011[10]

Religion

Percent

Islam

89.3%

Hinduism

9.7%

Others

1%

The majority of Barisal's people are Muslims (89.30%), mainly Sunni Islam Hanafi. Other religious groups include Hindus (9.7%), and very few numbers of other religions, mainly Christians (.98%) and Buddhists (0.01%).[10] Since end 2015, the Catholic minority has its own Roman Catholic Diocese of Barisal. Geography[edit]

Barisal
Barisal
City Areal view

Barisal
Barisal
city occupies an area of 58 km2. Barisal
Barisal
District, with an area of 2790.51 km2, is bounded by Madaripur, Shariatpur, Chandpur and Lakshmipur
Lakshmipur
districts on the north, Patuakhali, Barguna and Jhalokati
Jhalokati
districts on the south, Bhola
Bhola
and Lakshmipur
Lakshmipur
districts on the east, Jhalokati, Pirojpur
Pirojpur
and Gopalganj districts on the west. Several rivers flow across Barisal
Barisal
including the Kirtankhola, Arial Khan, Khoyrabad, Kalijira and Sandha. Climate[edit] Barisal
Barisal
has a tropical wet and dry climate.

Climate data for Barisal

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 25.6 (78.1) 28.2 (82.8) 32.2 (90) 33.3 (91.9) 33.0 (91.4) 31.7 (89.1) 30.9 (87.6) 30.9 (87.6) 31.5 (88.7) 31.5 (88.7) 29.6 (85.3) 26.5 (79.7) 30.4 (86.7)

Average low °C (°F) 11.9 (53.4) 14.9 (58.8) 20.2 (68.4) 23.6 (74.5) 24.7 (76.5) 25.6 (78.1) 25.5 (77.9) 25.5 (77.9) 25.3 (77.5) 23.6 (74.5) 18.8 (65.8) 13.3 (55.9) 21.1 (70)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 8 (0.31) 27 (1.06) 56 (2.2) 128 (5.04) 230 (9.06) 409 (16.1) 408 (16.06) 370 (14.57) 258 (10.16) 162 (6.38) 53 (2.09) 15 (0.59) 2,124 (83.62)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1 3 3 7 11 18 23 22 16 8 2 0 114

Source: WMO[11]

Economy[edit] Barisal
Barisal
is a rice producing center of Bangladesh. Balam (a kind of basmati) is the most popular rice in Barisal. It is also famous for Betel Leaf, a typical south Asian chewing item. As Barisal
Barisal
is surrounded by river so fish is plenty in there. A Bengali saying states, "Dhan, nadi, khal ai tin e Barisal" which translates to "paddy, river and canal are these three things that make Barisal". Coconut is a common fruit as the city is located near the coast. Barisal
Barisal
is also known for its hog plum. Exports: Agricultural products, Hilsha fish, Medicine, Empty Gelatine Capsules, Anchor Cement etc. Points of interest[edit]

Durga Sagar
Durga Sagar
in Madhabpasha

Baitul Aman Jame Masjid Complex

Shohel Chattar, Bibir Pukur Par

Padma Pukur, Barisal

Bell's Park aka Bangabandhu Udyan

30 Godown Freedom Fighters Monument

Durgasagar: with an area of about 2,500 hectare, is the largest pond or dighi of southern Bangladesh. It is located at Madhabpasa village of babuganj upazila, about 11 km away from Barisal
Barisal
town. Locally it is known as Madhabpasha Dighi. According to a desire of Rani Durgavati, mother of Raja Joynarayan, the dighi was dug in 1780 (1187 BS). There are coconut trees around the dighi which together with the dighi are bounded by brick-walls. In the middle of the dighi, there is an island with bushes. Migratory birds usually come here during winter. The surrounding areas of the dighi has now been turned into a picnic spot. Madhabpasha was a capital of the kingdom of Chandradvipa.

Durga Sagar Baitul Aman Jame Masjid Complex Oxford Mission Church Bell's Park aka Bangubandhu Udyan 30 Godown Planet World Muktijoddha Park Narikel Bagan & Horticulture (Agriculture Training Institute) Lakhutia Zamindar Bari Korapur Miah Bari Masjid Shankar Math Town Hall Sher-e-Bangla Museum Bir Sreshtho Captain Mohiuddin Jahangir
Mohiuddin Jahangir
Library and Museum Jibanananda Das
Jibanananda Das
Museum Dapdapia Bridge Bibir Pukur Padma Pukur (Pond of Lotus) Kali Mandir founded by the Poet Mukunda Das BadhyaBhumi Monument (বধ্যভূমি স্মৃতিসৌধ) Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Rice Research Institute Regional Centre (Coconut Garden)

Architecture[edit]

Miah Bari Mosque in Karapur, Barisal

Barisal's buildings are too diverse to be characterised by any particular architectural style, and have been built over a long period of time. Some well known heritage buildings are:

Guthia Baitul Aman Jame Mashjid Complex Rammohan Samadhi Mandir Sujabad Kella Sangram Kella Sharkal Fort Girja Mahalla Bangabondhu Uddyan Ebadullah Mosque Kasai Mosque Oxford Mission Church Shankar Math Kali Bari of Mukunda Das Joint Mosque at Bhatikhana Aswini kumar town hall Charkella Durgasagar Dighi One domed Mosque (Kasba) Fakir Bari jamee Mosjid Housing Estate Jame Mosjid

Sports[edit] Cricket and football are the two most popular sports in Barisal
Barisal
while tennis and kabaddi are also popular. There is a national stadium in the city known as Barisal Divisional Stadium (also known as Abdur Rab Serniabad Stadium). It is a multi-purpose stadium and has a capacity of 15,000 spectators. It is currently used mostly for cricket matches. It is also used for football and other sports. Besides different organization share to stage a show there occasionally. Notable players from Barisal
Barisal
who have played for the national team include Sohag Gazi, Shahriar Nafees and Iftekhar Nayem. There is a regional sports training center under Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Krira Shiksha Pratisthan (BKSP) situated at Rahamatpur in Barisal[12] Barisal
Barisal
is also home to the Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Premier League franchise Barisal
Barisal
Bulls. Transport[edit] Air[edit] Barisal Airport
Barisal Airport
is a domestic airport. Biman Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Airlines, Novoair
Novoair
and US-Bangla Airlines
US-Bangla Airlines
use this port. Active air-route is Barisal-Dhaka-Barisal. River port[edit] Barisal
Barisal
River Port is the second largest river port of Bangladesh. It's the most popular way of communication for the people of Barisal to Dhaka, the capital city. It is also a popular transport system with other districts like Bhola, Barguna, Lakshimipur. Road[edit] Barisal
Barisal
is connected to most other regions of the country via the N8 national highway. There are two bus terminals in Barisal, Nathullabad Central Bus terminal and Rupatali Bus Terminal. Many Bus company connect Barisal
Barisal
to other districts. Education[edit]

Academic Buildings of the University of Barisal.

Barisal
Barisal
is home to many educational institutions. Govt. Brojomohan College is the oldest institution of higher education in the city, founded in 1889. There is a government medical college Sher e Bangla Medical College (SBMC), a public university University of Barisal
University of Barisal
and a textile engineering college Shaheed Abdur Rab Serniabat Textile Engineering College. There are also educational institutions like Barisal
Barisal
Cadet College, Govt. Syed Hatem Ali College, Government Women's College, Govt. Barisal
Barisal
College, Amrita Lal Dey College, Barisal
Barisal
Zilla School, Barisal
Barisal
Govt. Girls School, Barisal
Barisal
Model School and College and Barisal
Barisal
Asmat Ali Khan Institution (A.K. School). Besides these there are three teacher training colleges, a Government Polytechnic institute, two technical institutes, a homeopathic college and a social welfare training centre. Barisal
Barisal
is under the Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education, Barisal. This board varies the SSC and HSC standard. Major institutions include:

University of Barisal Sher e Bangla Medical College Brojomohun College Government Syed Hatem Ali College Barisal
Barisal
Government Women's College Amrita Lal Dey College Barisal
Barisal
Cadet College Shaheed Abdur Rab Serniabat Textile Engineering College Barisal
Barisal
Engineering College Barisal
Barisal
Govt. Polytechnic Institute Barisal
Barisal
Zilla School

Culture[edit] Media[edit] Barisal
Barisal
is a center for the newspaper, periodical and book publishers. Some locally published newspapers and periodicals are: Newspapers[edit]

Daily Ajker Barta Daily Dakkhinanchal Daily Shahnama Daily Bhorer Alo Daily Banglar Bone Daily Ajker poribartan Daily Barisal
Barisal
Protidin Daily Motobad Daily Satya Songbad Daily Barisal
Barisal
Barta Daily Bhorer Angikar Daily Biplobi Bangladesh Daily Barisal
Barisal
er Ajkal Daily Ajker barisal

Source:[13] Periodicals[edit]

Bakerganj Parikrama Chirantan Bangla Upakul Gournadi Parikrama Khadem

Notable people[edit]

A. K. Fazlul Huq, Bengali nationalist, politician, Prime Minister of Bengal
Bengal
and Governor of East Pakistan Abdul Gaffar Choudhury, Bangladeshi author, newspaper columnist and lyricist of Amar Bhaier Rokte Rangano Altaf Mahmud Bengali film song composer and one of the martyred intelligentsia in 1971 Major M. A. Jalil, commander of Sector 9 during Bangladesh
Bangladesh
War of Liberation in 1971 Mohiuddin Jahangir
Mohiuddin Jahangir
(Bir Shreshto) Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Army Captain during the 1971 Liberation War Abala Bose, social reformer and wife of Jagadish Chandra Bose Kusumkumari Das, poet Jibanananda Das, Bengali poet Abu Zafar Obaidullah, poet, former agricultural minister of Bangladesh Sufia Kamal, poet Hem Chandra Raychaudhuri, historian, known for his studies on ancient India. Ashwini Kumar Dutta, social reformer and philanthropist Aroj Ali Matubbar, astronomer and philosopher Abdur Rahman Biswas, former President of Bangladesh Amal Kumar Raychaudhuri, physicist Anil Biswas, Hindi and Bengali film song composer Kamini Roy, poet and first woman graduate with honours in the subcontinent. Ahsan Habib, poet and literary figure in Bengali culture Narayan Gangopadhyay, poet, academic, writer Kadambini Ganguly, first female graduate and first female physician in the entire British empire[citation needed] Aruna Asaf Ali, first elected mayor of Delhi Hanif Sanket, TV presenter, entertainer, writer and producer Dhirendra Nath Ganguly, one of the earliest film directors Nachiketa Chakraborty, an Indian Bengali singer-songwriter and composer Ghulam Murshid, author, scholar and journalist, based on London Buddhadeb Guha, author Jewel Aich, Bangladeshi magician Mosharraf Karim, actor Manabendra Mukherjee, Singer and composer Mir Maswood Ali, mathematician and statistician Mithun Chakraborty, actor Pannalal Ghosh, musician and flautist Partha Dasgupta, economist Parul Ghosh, Hindi and Bengali film singer Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi, ex-Minister of parliamentary affairs and information, India Sohag Gazi, cricketer Tapan Raychaudhuri, historian Tofazzal Hossain Manik Miah, founding editor of The Daily Ittefaq Utpal Dutt
Utpal Dutt
(29 March 1929 – 19 August 1993), actor, director and writer-playwright Jyotirmoy Guhathakurta, educator, humanist and a martyred intellectual in the Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Liberation War Swami Machhindranath, popularly known as Minanatha, an inhabitant of either Chandradwip (Barisal) or sandwip in Bengal Arundhati Devi, actress Swadesh Bose, Bangladeshi economist and organiser of the Liberation War M Sakhawat Hossain, Former Election Commissioner of Bangladesh (2007–2012) & Brigadier General (retd) in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Army Rashed Khan Menon, Politician Abdul Jabbar Khan, Speaker of the National Assembly of Pakistan Sadek Khan, Bangladeshi journalist, columnist and filmmaker Selima Rahman, politician of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Nationalist Party (BNP)

A K Fazlul Huq

Jibanananda Das

Sister cities[edit] Barisal
Barisal
is Sister cities
Sister cities
with:

Bukhara Rochdale, Greater Manchester, United Kingdom Yangon Ludhiana

See also[edit]

Barisal
Barisal
District Barisal
Barisal
Division

References[edit]

^ " Barisal
Barisal
City Master Plan - Urban Development Directorate". Urban Development Directorate - Government of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 14 April 2015. Retrieved 14 April 2015.  ^ " Barisal
Barisal
City Corporation, Bangladesh" (PDF). ICLEI. Retrieved 12 April 2015.  ^ a b "Population & Housing Census-2011" (PDF). Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Bureau of Statistics. p. 38. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015.  ^ staff (2018-02-04). " Bangladesh
Bangladesh
changes English spellings of five districts". Bdnews24.com. Dhaka: Bdnews24.com. Retrieved 2018-04-02.  ^ Tapan Palit (2012). " Barisal
Barisal
City Corporation". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.  ^ a b " Barisal
Barisal
City Corporation". Barisal
Barisal
City Corporation. Archived from the original on 2013-07-23. Retrieved 2014-09-19.  ^ Ryley, J. Horton (1998). Ralph Fitch, England's pioneer to India
India
and Burma : his companions and contemporaries ; with his remarkable narrative told in his own words (Reprint [der Ausg.] London, Fisher Unwin, 1899. ed.). New Delhi
Delhi
[u.a.]: Asian Educational Services. p. 118. ISBN 9788120613249.  ^ "Our Cities: Beyond the Capital". 15th Anniversary Special. The Daily Star. 10 February 2006.  ^ " Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Bureau of Statistics Region Census 2011 page 30" (PDF). Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2014-09-20.  ^ a b "..:: Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Bureau of Statistics ::.. Region Census 2011 page 28" (PDF). Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2014-09-20.  ^ "Climatological Information". WMO. Retrieved 29 January 2016.  ^ "BKSP-Banglapedia". Retrieved 10 July 2014.  ^ "পত্র-পত্রিকা" [Newspapers]. Barisal
Barisal
(in Bengali). Bangladesh
Bangladesh
National Portal. 

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Barisal.

Official City of Barisal
Barisal
website

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Barisal.

v t e

Cities and towns in Bangladesh

Ministry of Public Administration Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-operatives

Barisal
Barisal
Division

Barguna Barisal Bhola Jhalokati Patuakhali Pirojpur

Chittagong
Chittagong
Division

Bandarban Brahmanbaria Chandpur Chittagong Comilla Cox's Bazar Feni Khagrachhari Lakshmipur Noakhali Rangamati

Dhaka
Dhaka
Division

Dhaka Faridpur Gazipur Gopalganj Kishoreganj Madaripur Manikganj Munshiganj Narayanganj Narsingdi Rajbari Shariatpur Tangail

Khulna
Khulna
Division

Bagerhat Chuadanga Jessore Jhenaidah Khulna Kushtia Magura Meherpur Narail Satkhira

Mymensingh
Mymensingh
Division

Jamalpur Mymensingh Netrokona Sherpur

Rajshahi
Rajshahi
Division

Bogra Jaipurhat Naogaon Natore Chapai Nawabganj Pabna Rajshahi Sirajganj

Rangpur Division

Dinajpur Gaibandha Kurigram Lalmonirhat Nilphamari Panchagarh Rangpur Thakurgaon

Sylhet
Sylhet
Division

Habiganj Moulvibazar Sunamganj Sylhet

Coordinates: 22°42′N 90°22′E / 22.700°N 90.367°E / 22

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