Barinque is a commune of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.[1]

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Barinquais or Barinquaises.[2]


Barinque is located on a steep hill overlooking the Souye valley, some 15 kilometres north-east of Pau and 7 km south-east of Auriac in the Vic-Bihl region. Access to the commune is by the D222 road from Higuères-Souye in the south which goes north through the west of the commune to the village then continues east to join the D43 which forms the south-eastern border of the commune as it goes from Escoubès in the east to Saint-Jammes in the south. There are large areas of forest in the south of the commune and scattered forests in the commune however most of the commune is farmland.[3]

The Luy de France flows from the south forming the entire western border of the commune before continuing north to eventually join the Luy north of Castel-Sarrazin. The Souye river flows from south to north-west through the heart of the commune joining the Luy de France on the western border of the commune. The Ruisseau de Cimpceu rises east of the village and flows north to join the Gabas west of Sévignacq.[3]

Places and Hamlets

Below is a list of places and hamlets in the commune:[4]

  • Antoni
  • Arnaud
  • Artigou
  • Auguste
  • Barbe
  • Barthe
  • Bié
  • Bourdallé
  • Castagnet
  • Champrilh
  • Charron
  • Coulate
  • Daguet
  • Fisse
  • La Gare
  • Garimbay
  • Gélizé
  • Grabette
  • Jeanbounat
  • Labat
  • Laragnou
  • Lardas
  • Lasalle
  • Lauga
  • Lavigne (2 places)
  • Loudet[5]
  • Loustau
  • Margotou
  • Mariette
  • Marque
  • Mingenette
  • Monge
  • Mouchou
  • Parjouan
  • Pébrocq
  • Picou
  • Pierrot[6]
  • Piot
  • Piquet
  • Pisseu
  • Portaix
  • Prétou
  • Prince
  • Pucheu
  • Saubade[7]
  • Soubirou
  • Toulardet


The commune name in béarnais is Barinco (pronounced Barincou). Michel Grosclaude concluded that the name is of Occitan origin with the meaning "slope towards a ravine",[8] following Dauzat and Rostaing who offered a Gaulish and pre-Gaulish root barr- meaning "height" or "summit" with the suffix -incum.[9]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Barinque Barinco 1385 Grosclaude Village
Barinco 1402 Raymond
Barincquo 1538 Raymond
Barinquo 1542 Raymond
Barincou 1676 Raymond
Barrinque 1801 Raymond
Bulletin des lois
Sansous Sansous 1385 Raymond
Census Farm



  • Census: Census of Béarn[11]
  • Reformation: Reformation of Béarn[12]
  • Barinque: Titles of Barinque[13]


Countryside in Barinque

Paul Raymond noted on page 21 of his 1863 dictionary that Barinque had a Lay Abbey, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn. In 1385 Barinque had 15 fires and depended on the bailiwick of Pau.[10]

Barinque was part of the Barony of Navailles in the Middle Ages.[14]

The commune was part of the Arch-Deaconry of Vic-Bilh which depended on the Bishop of Lescar and Lembeye was the capital.[10]

Barinque appears as Barinque on the 1750 Cassini Map[15] but as Barringue on the 1790 version.[16]


List of Successive Mayors[17]

From To Name Party Position
1900 1929 Alphonse Castagnet
1929 1931 Bernard Millet
1931 1944 Guillaume Piot
1944 1945 Jean Laborde-Loustau
1945 1947 Guillaume Piot
1947 1977 Jean Laborde-Loustau
1977 2008 José Laborde-Loustau
2008 2020 Bernard Buron

(Not all data is known)


In 2010 the commune had 587 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
525 547 564 559 584 624 642 653 641
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
617 592 558 512 504 501 503 460 482
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
488 466 417 352 346 331 345 304 283
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
261 257 269 370 470 489 - 587 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

The War Memorial
Population of Barinque

Culture and heritage

Civil heritage

The commune has a number of buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Farmhouse at Saubade (1733)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • A Farmhouse at Pierrot (1765)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • A Farmhouse at Loudet (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • Houses and Farms (18th-19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]

Religious heritage

The Parish Church of Saint-Barthélémy

The Parish Church of Saint-Barthélémy (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[19] The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:

See also

Notes and references


  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.


  1. ^ Barinque on Lion1906
  2. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  3. ^ a b c Barinque on Google Maps
  4. ^ Barinque on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (in French)
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026900 Farmhouse at Loudet (in French)
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026901 Farmhouse at Pierrot (in French)
  7. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026902 Farmhouse at Saubade (in French)
  8. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3(in French)
  9. ^ Albert Dauzat and Charles Rostaing, Etymological Dictionary of place names in France, Larousse, Paris, 1963 (in French)
  10. ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
  11. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  12. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  13. ^ Titles of Barinque in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  14. ^ Barinque official website - History page (in French)
  15. ^ Barinque on the 1750 Cassini Map
  16. ^ Barringue on the 1790 Cassini Map
  17. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026899 Houses and Farms (in French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026903 Parish Church of Saint-Barthélémy (in French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000497 Furniture in the Church (in French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000496 Container for Baptismal water (in French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000495 Collection Plate (in French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000494 6 Candlesticks (in French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000493 Chalice (in French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000491 Processional Banner (1) IM64000492 Processional Banner (2) (in French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000490 Mural Painting: Saints Paul and Peter and 2 Angels (in French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000489 Stoup (in French)
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000488 Secondary Altar of the Virgin with Tabernacle and stand for a Monstrance (in French)
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000487 Altar Painting: the Martyrdom of Saint Barthélémy (in French)
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000486 Retable (in French)
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000485 3 Statuettes: Saint Peter, Saint Paul, and the Virgin with child (in French)
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000484 Tabernacle (in French)
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000483 Main Altar and Tomb (in French)
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000482 Main Altar, Tabernacle, and Retable (in French)
  35. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000481 Stained glass window: Saint John (Bay 2) (in French)
  36. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000480 4 Stained glass windows (Bays 3-6) (in French)
  37. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000479 Capital and recessed Stoup (in French)

External links