Bari, Somalia
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Bari ( so, Bari, ar, ุจุงุฑูŠ) is an administrative region (''
gobol
gobol
'') in northeastern
Somalia Somalia,, Osmanya script: ๐’ˆ๐’๐’‘๐’›๐’๐’˜๐’•๐’–; ar, ุงู„ุตูˆู…ุงู„, aแนฃ-แนขลซmฤl officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe ''Federal Republic of Somalia'' is the country's name per Article 1 of thProvisional Constitutio ...

Somalia
.


Overview

It is bordered by
Somaliland Somaliland ( so, Soomaaliland; ar, ุตูˆู…ุงู„ูŠู„ุงู†ุฏ ', '), officially the Republic of Somaliland ( so, Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland, ar, ุฌู…ู‡ูˆุฑูŠุฉ ุตูˆู…ุงู„ูŠู„ุงู†ุฏ ''Jumhลซrฤซyat แนขลซmฤlฤซlฤnd''), is a de facto sovereign ...

Somaliland
to the west, Nugal to the south, the
Gulf of Aden The Gulf of Aden ( ar, ุฎู„ูŠุฌ ุนุฏู†, so, Gacanka Cadmeed ๐’…๐’–๐’๐’•๐’Œ ๐’‹๐’–๐’†๐’—๐’’) also known as the ''Gulf of Berbera Berbera (; so, Barbara, ar, ุจุฑุจุฑุฉ) is the capital of the Sahil, Somaliland, Sahil region of Soma ...

Gulf of Aden
to the north and the
Guardafui Channel The Guardafui Channel ( so, Marinka Gardafuul) is an oceanic strait A strait is a naturally formed, narrowing, typically navigable waterway that connects two larger bodies of water. The surface water generally flows at the same elevation o ...
to the east. It is located the tip of the
Horn of Africa The Horn of Africa (HoA), also known as the Somali Peninsula, is a large peninsula of East Africa.Robert Stock, ''Africa South of the Sahara, Second Edition: A Geographical Interpretation'', (The Guilford Press; 2004), p. 26 Located on the ea ...

Horn of Africa
. In terms of landmass, Bari is the largest province in the Federal Republic of Somalia. The highest point in this region is
Mount Bahaya Mount Bahaya (Somali language: ''Buurta Baxaya'', sometimes spelled Mount Bahaja), also known as Mount Bahaya, is the fourth-tallest mountain in Somalia, after the triple-peaked mountains Mount Shimbiris, Mount Surud Cad, and Mount Warraq. It is t ...
, the third tallest mountain in Somalia with an elevation of 2120 meters; other notable peaks include
Karkaar Karkaar is a mountain range A mountain range is a series of mountains ranged in a line and connected by high ground. A mountain system or mountain belt is a group of mountain ranges with similarity in form, structure, and alignment that have ...
and
Cal Miskaad Cal Miskaad (also Calmiskaad, Al Miskad; so, Buuraha Cal Miskaad; ar, ุงู„ู…ุณูƒุงุฏ, สฟAlamiskad) is a mountain range in Somalia. It stretches across an area between the east of Karin, Bari Somalia, Karin, Somalia, to the tip of the Horn of A ...
mountains.


Demographics

Most of the inhabitants of the Bari region belong to the Somali people, Somali ethnic group; in particular the Deshiishe, Warsangali (clan), Warsangeli, Majeerteen and Leelkase sub-clans of the Darod, and the Madhiban. According to the 2015 Population Estimation Survey, the population was 1,387,568 inhabitants. This figure combines both the rural and urban populations of Bari as well all IDPs (internally displaced persons).


Administrative divisions

In the official administrative divisions of Somalia, the Bari region consists of the following six districts: *Alula District *Bayla District, Bandarbayla District *Bosaso ''The capital and biggest'' *Iskushuban District *Qandala District *Qardho District. In 1998, Bari became a part of Puntland, an autonomous region in northeastern Somalia. In the ''Transitional Constitution of the Puntland Regional Government'' of 2001, Puntland's territory is defined in terms of Somalia's official regions, Bari being one of them. In the years thereafter, Puntland changed its internal administrative division, and the Bari region was split in two: the southern half, roughly coinciding with the Qardho District, Qardho and Bayla District, Bandarbayla Districts, became the new region of
Karkaar Karkaar is a mountain range A mountain range is a series of mountains ranged in a line and connected by high ground. A mountain system or mountain belt is a group of mountain ranges with similarity in form, structure, and alignment that have ...
(also spelled as Karkar). It was subdivided into five new districts: Qardho, Bandarbayla, Waiye, Rako District, Rako and Hafun District, Hafun Armo District. The northern half continued to be known as Bari and was split into seven districts: four of them keeping their original names (Bosaso District, Bosaso, Iskushuban District, Iskushuban, Qandala District, Qandala and Alula District, Alula), as well as three new ones: Carmo District, Carmo, Ufayn District, Ufayn and Bargal District, Bargal. Radio Galkacyo reported on 19 April 2011 that a new administration, called Raas Asayr, had been declared in parts of Bari Region. Farah Mahmud Yusuf was reported to have been elected as its president. Later, Barre Fatah Said there were possibilities of starting negotiation between Puntland Government and the founders of Raas Assayr state. The leaders of this prospective polity retracted their claims a few months later in June 2012, indicating that they now supported Puntland and were satisfied with the Puntland authorities' new development projects in the region. On 8 April 2013, the Puntland government announced the creation of a new region named Cape Guardafui, Gardafuul. Carved out of the Bari region, it consists of three districts and has its capital at Alula, Somalia, Alula.


Major towns

*Bosaso *Waiye *Qardho *Armo District, Armo *Qandala *Ufeyn *Tisjiic *Bander Bayla *Xidda *Balidhidin *Bargaal *Murcanyo, Bander Murcaayo *Laas Dawaco *Iskushuban *Alula, Somalia, Alula *Bandar Siyada *Yalho *Rako


Notes

{{Authority control Bari, Somalia, Puntland Gulf of Aden Regions of Somalia