The BARENTS SEA (Norwegian : _Barentshavet_; Russian :
Баренцево море, _Barentsevo More_) is a marginal sea of
Arctic Ocean , located off the northern coasts of
It is a rather shallow shelf sea, with an average depth of 230 metres (750 ft), and is an important site for both fishing and hydrocarbon exploration . The Barents Sea is bordered by the Kola Peninsula to the south, the shelf edge towards the Norwegian Sea to the west, and the archipelagos of Svalbard to the northwest, Franz Josef Land to the northeast and Novaya Zemlya to the east. The islands of Novaya Zemlya, an extension of the northern end of the Ural Mountains, separates the Barents Sea from the Kara Sea .
* 1 Geography
* 1.1 Extent
* 2 Geology * 3 Ecology
* 4 History
* 4.1 Name * 4.2 Modern era
* 5 Economy
* 5.1 Political status * 5.2 Oil and gas * 5.3 Fishing
* 5.4 Barents Sea biodiversity and marine bioprospecting
* 5.4.1 Institutions and industry supporting marine bioprospecting in Barents Sea
* 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 External links
_ Shores of the Barents (Murman_) Sea. From "Tabula Russiae", Joan Blaeu's, Amsterdam, 1614.
The southern half of the Barents Sea, including the ports of Murmansk (Russia) and Vardø (Norway) remain ice -free year round due to the warm North Atlantic drift . In September, the entire Barents Sea is more or less completely ice-free. Until the Winter War (1939–40), Finland 's territory also reached to the Barents Sea, with the harbor at Petsamo being Finland's only ice-free winter harbor.
There are three main types of water masses in the Barents Sea: Warm, salty Atlantic water (temperature >3 °C, salinity >35) from the North Atlantic drift , cold Arctic water (temperature