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The BARENTS SEA (Norwegian : Barentshavet; Russian : Баренцево море, Barentsevo More) is a marginal sea of the Arctic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
, located off the northern coasts of Norway
Norway
and Russia divided between Norwegian and Russian territorial waters . Known among Russians in the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
as the Murman Sea
Sea
("Norwegian Sea"), the sea takes its current name from the Dutch navigator Willem Barentsz .

It is a rather shallow shelf sea, with an average depth of 230 metres (750 ft), and is an important site for both fishing and hydrocarbon exploration . The Barents Sea
Sea
is bordered by the Kola Peninsula to the south, the shelf edge towards the Norwegian Sea
Sea
to the west, and the archipelagos of Svalbard to the northwest, Franz Josef Land to the northeast and Novaya Zemlya
Novaya Zemlya
to the east. The islands of Novaya Zemlya, an extension of the northern end of the Ural Mountains, separates the Barents Sea
Sea
from the Kara Sea
Sea
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography

* 1.1 Extent

* 2 Geology * 3 Ecology

* 4 History

* 4.1 Name * 4.2 Modern era

* 5 Economy

* 5.1 Political status * 5.2 Oil and gas * 5.3 Fishing
Fishing

* 5.4 Barents Sea
Sea
biodiversity and marine bioprospecting

* 5.4.1 Institutions and industry supporting marine bioprospecting in Barents Sea
Sea

* 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 External links

GEOGRAPHY

Shores of the Barents (Murman) Sea. From "Tabula Russiae", Joan Blaeu's, Amsterdam, 1614.

The southern half of the Barents Sea, including the ports of Murmansk (Russia) and Vardø (Norway) remain ice -free year round due to the warm North Atlantic drift . In September, the entire Barents Sea
Sea
is more or less completely ice-free. Until the Winter War
Winter War
(1939–40), Finland
Finland
's territory also reached to the Barents Sea, with the harbor at Petsamo being Finland's only ice-free winter harbor.

There are three main types of water masses in the Barents Sea: Warm, salty Atlantic water (temperature >3 °C, salinity >35) from the North Atlantic drift , cold Arctic water (temperature

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