The Info List - Barents Sea

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The BARENTS SEA (Norwegian : Barentshavet; Russian : Баренцево море, Barentsevo More) is a marginal sea of the Arctic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
, located off the northern coasts of Norway
and Russia divided between Norwegian and Russian territorial waters . Known among Russians in the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
as the Murman Sea
("Norwegian Sea"), the sea takes its current name from the Dutch navigator Willem Barentsz .

It is a rather shallow shelf sea, with an average depth of 230 metres (750 ft), and is an important site for both fishing and hydrocarbon exploration . The Barents Sea
is bordered by the Kola Peninsula
Kola Peninsula
to the south, the shelf edge towards the Norwegian Sea
to the west, and the archipelagos of Svalbard
to the northwest, Franz Josef Land
Franz Josef Land
to the northeast and Novaya Zemlya
Novaya Zemlya
to the east. The islands of Novaya Zemlya, an extension of the northern end of the Ural Mountains, separates the Barents Sea
from the Kara Sea


* 1 Geography

* 1.1 Extent

* 2 Geology * 3 Ecology

* 4 History

* 4.1 Name * 4.2 Modern era

* 5 Economy

* 5.1 Political status * 5.2 Oil and gas * 5.3 Fishing

* 5.4 Barents Sea
biodiversity and marine bioprospecting

* 5.4.1 Institutions and industry supporting marine bioprospecting in Barents Sea

* 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 External links


Shores of the Barents (Murman) Sea. From "Tabula Russiae", Joan Blaeu's, Amsterdam, 1614.

The southern half of the Barents Sea, including the ports of Murmansk (Russia) and Vardø (Norway) remain ice -free year round due to the warm North Atlantic drift . In September, the entire Barents Sea
is more or less completely ice-free. Until the Winter War