1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Bardoztars.
Bardos is located some 15 km east of Bayonne just south of Guiche. The north-eastern tip of the commune is also the departmental border between Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Landes. Access to the commune is by the D936 road from Briscous in the west which passes through the heart of the commune and the town and continues east to Bidache. The D253 goes north from the town to Guiche. The D318 goes south from the town to join the D123 west of Orègue. The D10 branches off the D936 in the west of the commune and goes south to La Bastide-Clairence. The A64 autoroute (E80) passes through the north of the commune with the nearest exit being Exit 4 which exits to the D936 just 1 km to the west of the commune. The commune is mostly farmland with scattered forested areas particularly on the slopes.
There is a dense network of streams across the whole commune. The north-eastern tip of the commune has the Bidouze as the communal and the departmental border. The Ruisseau d'Ermou flows through the commune and joins the Bidouze at the north-eastern tip of the commune. The Ruisseau du Termi forms much of the northern border as it flows north-west to join the Adour north of the commune. Numerous other streams rise in the commune and flow north to the Adour. The Lihoury river forms part of the south-eastern border of the commune as it flows north, fed by the Laharanne, and joins the Bidouze east of Bidache. The Ruisseau d'Appât rises in the commune and flows south to join the Lihoury. The Arbéroue forms much of the southern border of the commune as it flows east to join the Lihoury. The Aran forms most of the western border of the commune as it flows north then turns west to join the Adour. Numerous streams flow in the heart of the commune including the Ruisseau d'Artigue, the Ithurriague, and the Bardolle.
The area of the commune is 4,253 hectares with a maximum altitude of 186 m on the Miremont hill which is the location of an old 14th century mansion as well as a water tower built on a panoramic viewpoint overlooking the Adour valley.
The climate of Bardos, some twenty kilometres from the Basque coast, is relatively similar to that of Biarritz with fairly heavy rainfall: the oceanic climate due to its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. The average winter temperature is around 8 °C and around 20 °C in summer. The lowest temperature recorded was -12.7 °C on 16 January 1985 and the highest 40.6 °C on 4 August 2003. Rain on the Basque coast is rarely persistent except during winter storms. It often takes the form of intense thunderstorms of short duration.
|Climate data for Biarritz|
|Record high °C (°F)||23.4
|Average high °C (°F)||12.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||8.4
|Average low °C (°F)||4.8
|Record low °C (°F)||−12.7
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||128.8
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm)||13.4||12.0||11.9||13.6||12.9||10.4||8.8||9.6||9.7||12.5||13.0||12.6||140.4|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||98.5||115.6||163.4||171.7||194.2||206.9||216.5||209.1||197.1||146.5||106.6||93.9||1,920|
|Source #1: Meteorological data for Biarritz – 69m altitude, from 1981 to 2010 January 2015 (in French)|
|Source #2: Record Temperatures for Biarritz since 1951 January 2015 (in French)|
On the Napoleonic Cadastral Map of 1818 the commune was divided into four sections:
Today, although the division into districts is not precise, there are seven districts:
In 2011 the total number of dwellings in the commune was 716, down from 611 in 2006.
Of these dwellings, 87% were primary residences, 6.6% were second homes, and 6.3% were occasional homes or vacant units. 69.4% of these dwellings were detached houses and 29.6% were apartments.
The proportion of principle residences owned by their occupants was 74%. The percentage of empty rental public housing was 1.3%.
The name consists of the root bard- or bart- which designates the low terrain and clay soils along the river edges (barthe is from the Gaulish anthroponym bardus) plus the Basque-Aquitaine suffix -os. Jean-Baptiste Orpustan proposes the meaning "place of abundant clay soil".
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.
|Sancta Maria de Bardos||1693||Raymond||
|Gelos||l'ostau de Galos||1502||Raymond||
||Navarre||Stream rising in Bardos and Bidache and joining the Lihurry|
|Lichacz||l'ostau de Lissaze||1502||Raymond||
|Paloumères||l'ostau de las Paloumeres||1502||Raymond||
Bardos has a Paleolithic site. The parish of Bardos has been mentioned since 1072 and the barony of Bardos was created in 1320. The commune was incorporated into the Duchy of Gramont in 1643.
The parish of Bardos was admitted to the Biltzar of Labourd in 1763 and became a commune in 1790. Originally it was the capital of a canton including the communes of Bardos and Guiche and depended on the district of Ustaritz.
During the Ancien Régime the three parishes did not dependent judicially on the judicial institutions of Labourd but on the Seneschal of Came. Although they had ceased to participate in the work of the Labourd Biltzar, they are allowed back into meetings in 1763 to contribute to the work of the Biltzar. According to Anne Zink these events had little meaning: even before this assignment, the three parishes were fiscally labourdine and it was the customs of the province of Labourd that governed their civil law.
From 1770 to 1771 the overall trustee of the Biltzar was Pierre Damestoy from Bardos, notary of the house of Etxebeheiti.
Quarterly, 1 and 4 Azure, three pales of Or; 2 and 3 Gules, an oak eradicated Argent debruised by a bear of Or walking.
|2008||2020||Jean Paul Diribarne||Metallurgist|
(Not all data is known)
Bardos falls within the area of the Tribunal d'instance (District court) of Bayonne, the Tribunal de grande instance (High Court) of Bayonne, the Cour d'appel (Court of Appeal) of Pau, the Tribunal pour enfants (Juvenile court) of Bayonne, the Conseil de prud'hommes (Labour Court) of Bayonne, the Tribunal de commerce (Commercial Court) of Bayonne, the Tribunal administratif (Administrative tribunal) of Pau, and the Cour administrative d'appel (Administrative Court of Appeal) of Bordeaux.
The town belongs to nine inter-communal structures:
Bardos was not part of any community of communes until 1 January 2010 when it joined the community of communes of Pays de Bidache. Bardos is the headquarters of the Joint association for the Berriak Erreka and also for the union for the association for the Z.A. Etxecolu industrial area.
"Environment and Waste" policy is under inter-communal jurisdiction with household waste collection and sorting for the commune being provided by the Community of communes of Pays de Bidache.
The treatment of the waste is then managed by the Bil Ta Garbi joint association.
In 2010 the commune had 1,620 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
There are two industrial estates: Etxekolu and Saint-Martin. The EKI Basque brewery is located in Bardos.
In 2011 the median household income tax was €32,753, placing Bardos at 11,125th place among the 31,886 communes with more than 49 households in metropolitan France.
The tourist office of Pays de Bidache covers all seven communes of the community to which Bardos belongs. It is located in Bidache.
The Pays de Bidache is itself a member of the Tourist Information Organisation (PAT) of Nive-Adour-Ursuia with Pays de Hasparren.
The commune has two furnished rural cottages for visitors.
Bardos is located in the Academy of Bordeaux zone.
There are two primary schools in Bardos:
There is no Basque education available in the commune.
The college for the commune is located in Bidache (5.6 km away).
The high school for the commune is the General René-Cassin High School located in Bayonne (28.7 km away).
The town has a retirement home called Albodi.
The various sports clubs and associations in the village have several facilities available:
In 2011 a building was built next to the sports field for sports like weightlifting and with a dance hall: Erdizka. In 2012 a bowling alley has started near Erdizka.
There are several sports associations in the commune which allow residents regular exercise and sports: clay pigeon shooting, gymnastics, fitness, hiking, walking, Basque pelota, rugby, tennis, judo, and pilates.
There is no local media specific to Bardos except for Bardos-Info, a Municipal Bulletin published by the mayor with various articles from local associations.
There are three TV networks available in the commune:
News about the village is relayed to the press by local correspondents for three newspapers:
The communal cemetery is located along the D936. It was once located around the church and was moved to this location in May 1861.
The commune has many buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:
The Parish Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (19th century). It is located at the highest point in the village at 128 metres above sea level. The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:
According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces by Prince Louis Lucien Bonaparte dating from 1863, the dialect spoken in Bardos is eastern Low Navarrese. The village had its own dialect known as the dialect of Bardos which is also spoken on the neighbouring commune of Orègue. Notably, although Basque people were the majority, Gascon was once spoken by a significant part of the population, often more than Basque.
A local Basque saying:
Que bas entau Bidache ? Pot de grache.
Que bas entau Bardos ? Chuque aquét os.
A Bardos que minjà la carne e que dachen lous os.
You go to Bidache? Pot of fat.
You go to Bardos? Suck the bone.
In Bardos, eat the meat and leave the bone.
The people of Bardos, who are known as bardoztar have, like most of their neighbours, funny nicknames in Basque and in Gascon:
Two Natura 2000 areas are partially within the territory of the commune:
In addition there are three Zone naturelle d'intérêt écologique, faunistique et floristique (Natural areas of ecological interest, flora and fauna) (ZNIEFF) which are fully or partially located on the territory of the commune:
The premier event of the year in the commune is the Carnaval Labourdin (Labourdin Carnival) that spans three weekends and includes visits to houses in the districts by day and festive evenings on the town square. It is organized by the Foyer de Bardos, a local cultural association.
The Xarnegu Eguna festival that mixes Basque and Gascon cultures is also organized by the association of the same name every year around 1 May.
For over 30 years the Foyer de Bardos has organised an exhibition of contemporary art in order to diversify the cultural offering in rural areas. It takes place every summer between 15 June and 15 July.
The festivals are organized in Bardos by the Comité des Fêtes de Bardos (Festival Committee of Bardos) every summer around 15 August. The committee includes a large part of the villagers.
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