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The BAPTISM OF THE CHRIST (or the BAPTISM OF CHRIST) is the feast day commemorating the baptism of Jesus
Jesus
in the Jordan
Jordan
River by John the Baptist . Originally the baptism of Christ was celebrated on Epiphany , which commemorates the coming of the Magi , the baptism of Christ, and the wedding at Cana . Over time in the West, however, the celebration of the baptism of the Lord came to be commemorated as a distinct feast from Epiphany. It is celebrated in the Roman Catholic Church as well as the Anglican
Anglican
and Lutheran
Lutheran
Churches on the first Sunday following The Epiphany of Our Lord (6 January).

CONTENTS

* 1 Eastern celebration

* 2 Western celebration

* 2.1 Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
* 2.2 Anglican
Anglican
Communion

* 3 References

EASTERN CELEBRATION

In the Eastern Orthodox and the Eastern Catholic
Eastern Catholic
Churches, the Baptism of the Lord
Baptism of the Lord
is celebrated as an integral part of the celebration on 6 January, the Great Feast of the Theophany . For those churches which follow the traditional Julian Calendar , 6 January falls on 19 January of the modern Gregorian Calendar (see Epiphany (holiday) and Theophany for details).

WESTERN CELEBRATION

ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH

The Baptism of the Lord
Baptism of the Lord
is observed as a distinct feast in the Roman rite , although it was originally one of three Gospel events marked by the feast of the Epiphany . Long after the visit of the Magi had in the West overshadowed the other elements commemorated in the Epiphany , Pope Pius XII
Pope Pius XII
instituted in 1955 a separate liturgical commemoration of the Baptism.

In fact, the Tridentine Calendar
Tridentine Calendar
has no feast of the Baptism of the Lord. It was almost four centuries later that the feast was instituted, under the denomination "Commemoration of the Baptism of our Lord", for celebration on 13 January as a major double , using for the Office and the Mass those previously said on the Octave of the Epiphany, which Pius XII abolished; but if the Commemoration of the Baptism of Our Lord occurred on Sunday, the Office and Mass were to be those of the Feast of the Holy Family
Holy Family
without any commemoration.

In his revision of the calendar five years later, Pope John XXIII kept on 13 January the "Commemoration of the Baptism of our Lord Jesus Christ", with the rank of a second-class feast.

A mere 14 years after the institution of the feast, Pope Paul VI
Pope Paul VI
set its date as the first Sunday after 6 January or, if in a particular country the Epiphany is celebrated on 7 or 8 January, on the following Monday.

Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
initiated a custom whereby on this feast the Pope baptizes babies in the Sistine Chapel
Sistine Chapel
.

The feast marks the end of the liturgical season of Christmastide. On the following day the season of ordinary time begins.

ANGLICAN COMMUNION

In the Church of England
Church of England
, Epiphany may be observed on 6 January proper, or on the Sunday between 2 and 8 January. If Epiphany is observed on a Sunday on 6 January or before, the Baptism of Christ is observed on the following Sunday. If the Epiphany is observed on 7 or 8 January, the Baptism of Christ is observed on the following Monday. In the Church of England, Ordinary Time does not begin until the day after the Presentation of Christ in the Temple .

In the Episcopal Church , Epiphany is always celebrated on January 6, and the Baptism of the Lord
Baptism of the Lord
is always celebrated on the following Sunday. It is not clear as to whether or not the Feast of the Baptism of our Lord is the end of Christmastide
Christmastide
for the Episcopal Church. On one hand, the Prayer Book refers to the "Twelve Days of Christmas," and clearly distinguishes the Christmas
Christmas
and Epiphany seasons, the latter extending until Ash Wednesday. On the other hand, the Prayer Book allows for the continued use of Christmas
Christmas
prayers and readings on the weekdays following the Epiphany and leading up to the Baptism of our Lord. Further, the Epiphany and the Baptism of Christ are viewed as specially connected, allowing the interpretation that Christmastide
Christmastide
does extend through and end with the Feast of our Lord's Baptism on the Sunday following the Epiphany.

REFERENCES

* ^ Decree _"Cum nostra hac aetate"_ (De rubricis ad simpliciorem formam redigendis) of 22 March 1955, in Acta Apostolicae Sedis 47(1955), pages 218-224, Title II: Changes in the calendar, 15-16 * ^ _Calendarium Romanum_ (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 1969), pp. 61 and 112 * ^ The Book of Common Prayer, 312 * ^ The Book of Common Prayer, 43, 80 * ^ The Book of Common Prayer, 31 * ^ The Book of Common Prayer, 162, 214 * ^ The Book of Common Prayer, 43, 81

* v * t * e

Liturgical year
Liturgical year
of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church

Based on the General Roman Calendar (1969)

ADVENT

* Advent
Advent
Sunday * Immaculate Conception
Immaculate Conception
^ * Gaudete Sunday * ( O Antiphons )

CHRISTMASTIDE

* Christmas
Christmas
(Nativity of Jesus
Jesus
)^ * Holy Family
Holy Family
* Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God ^ * Epiphany ^ * Baptism of the Lord

ORDINARY TIME I

* Presentation of Jesus
Jesus
at the Temple ( Candlemas
Candlemas
) * Saint Joseph\'s Day ^ * Annunciation * ( Carnival
Carnival
)

LENT

* Ash Wednesday * Laetare Sunday * Holy Week : Palm Sunday , Holy Wednesday , Maundy Thursday (Mass of the Chrism )

PASCHAL TRIDUUM

* Maundy Thursday (Mass of the Lord\'s Supper )

* Good Friday

* Liturgy of the Word , Adoration of the Cross, Holy Communion

* Holy Saturday
Holy Saturday
* Easter Vigil

EASTERTIDE

* Easter
Easter
Sunday : Resurrection of Jesus
Jesus
* Octave of Easter
Easter
( Divine Mercy Sunday ) * Feast of the Ascension ^ * Pentecost
Pentecost

ORDINARY TIME II

* Trinity Sunday * Corpus Christi ^ * Sacred Heart
Sacred Heart
* Visitation of Mary * Saint John the Baptist
John the Baptist
* Feast of Saints Peter and Paul ^ * Transfiguration of Jesus
Jesus
* Assumption of Mary
Assumption of Mary
^ * Nativity of Mary * Feast of the Cross * All Saints\' Day ^ * All Souls\' Day * Presentation of Mary * Feast of Christ the King

Legend ^ = Holy days of obligation (10) Catholicism portal See also: Computus Liturgical colours
Liturgical colours
Solemnity Older calendars: General Roman Calendar of 1960 General Roman Calendar of Pope Pius XII of 1950 General Roman Calendar of 1954 Tridentine Calendar
Tridentine Calendar

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