The Info List - Baptism Of The Lord

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The BAPTISM OF THE CHRIST (or the BAPTISM OF CHRIST) is the feast day commemorating the baptism of Jesus
in the Jordan
River by John the Baptist . Originally the baptism of Christ was celebrated on Epiphany , which commemorates the coming of the Magi , the baptism of Christ, and the wedding at Cana . Over time in the West, however, the celebration of the baptism of the Lord came to be commemorated as a distinct feast from Epiphany. It is celebrated in the Roman Catholic Church as well as the Anglican
and Lutheran
Churches on the first Sunday following The Epiphany of Our Lord (6 January).


* 1 Eastern celebration

* 2 Western celebration

* 2.1 Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
* 2.2 Anglican

* 3 References


In the Eastern Orthodox
Eastern Orthodox
and the Eastern Catholic Churches, the Baptism of the Lord
Baptism of the Lord
is celebrated as an integral part of the celebration on 6 January, the Great Feast
Great Feast
of the Theophany
. For those churches which follow the traditional Julian Calendar
Julian Calendar
, 6 January falls on 19 January of the modern Gregorian Calendar
Gregorian Calendar
(see Epiphany (holiday) and Theophany
for details).



The Baptism of the Lord
Baptism of the Lord
is observed as a distinct feast in the Roman rite , although it was originally one of three Gospel events marked by the feast of the Epiphany . Long after the visit of the Magi had in the West overshadowed the other elements commemorated in the Epiphany , Pope Pius XII
Pope Pius XII
instituted in 1955 a separate liturgical commemoration of the Baptism.

In fact, the Tridentine Calendar has no feast of the Baptism of the Lord. It was almost four centuries later that the feast was instituted, under the denomination "Commemoration of the Baptism of our Lord", for celebration on 13 January as a major double , using for the Office and the Mass those previously said on the Octave of the Epiphany, which Pius XII abolished; but if the Commemoration of the Baptism of Our Lord occurred on Sunday, the Office and Mass were to be those of the Feast of the Holy Family
Holy Family
without any commemoration.

In his revision of the calendar five years later, Pope John XXIII kept on 13 January the "Commemoration of the Baptism of our Lord Jesus Christ", with the rank of a second-class feast.

A mere 14 years after the institution of the feast, Pope Paul VI
Pope Paul VI
set its date as the first Sunday after 6 January or, if in a particular country the Epiphany is celebrated on 7 or 8 January, on the following Monday.

Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
initiated a custom whereby on this feast the Pope baptizes babies in the Sistine Chapel .

The feast marks the end of the liturgical season of Christmastide. On the following day the season of ordinary time begins.


In the Church of England
Church of England
, Epiphany may be observed on 6 January proper, or on the Sunday between 2 and 8 January. If Epiphany is observed on a Sunday on 6 January or before, the Baptism of Christ is observed on the following Sunday. If the Epiphany is observed on 7 or 8 January, the Baptism of Christ is observed on the following Monday. In the Church of England, Ordinary Time
Ordinary Time
does not begin until the day after the Presentation of Christ in the Temple .

In the Episcopal Church , Epiphany is always celebrated on January 6, and the Baptism of the Lord
Baptism of the Lord
is always celebrated on the following Sunday. It is not clear as to whether or not the Feast of the Baptism of our Lord is the end of Christmastide for the Episcopal Church. On one hand, the Prayer Book refers to the "Twelve Days of Christmas," and clearly distinguishes the Christmas
and Epiphany seasons, the latter extending until Ash Wednesday. On the other hand, the Prayer Book allows for the continued use of Christmas
prayers and readings on the weekdays following the Epiphany and leading up to the Baptism of our Lord. Further, the Epiphany and the Baptism of Christ are viewed as specially connected, allowing the interpretation that Christmastide does extend through and end with the Feast of our Lord's Baptism on the Sunday following the Epiphany.


* ^ Decree "Cum nostra hac aetate" (De rubricis ad simpliciorem formam redigendis) of 22 March 1955, in Acta Apostolicae Sedis 47(1955), pages 218-224, Title II: Changes in the calendar, 15-16 * ^ Calendarium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 1969), pp. 61 and 112 * ^ The Book of Common Prayer, 312 * ^ The Book of Common Prayer, 43, 80 * ^ The Book of Common Prayer, 31 * ^ The Book of Common Prayer, 162, 214 * ^ The Book of Common Prayer, 43, 81

* v * t * e

Liturgical year
Liturgical year
of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church

Based on the General Roman Calendar (1969)


* Advent
Sunday * Immaculate Conception
Immaculate Conception
^ * Gaudete Sunday * ( O Antiphons )


* Christmas
(Nativity of Jesus
)^ * Holy Family
Holy Family
* Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God ^ * Epiphany ^ * Baptism of the Lord


* Presentation of Jesus
at the Temple ( Candlemas
) * Saint Joseph\'s Day ^ * Annunciation * ( Carnival


* Ash Wednesday
Ash Wednesday
* Laetare Sunday * Holy Week
Holy Week
: Palm Sunday
Palm Sunday
, Holy Wednesday , Maundy Thursday
Maundy Thursday
(Mass of the Chrism )


* Maundy Thursday
Maundy Thursday
(Mass of the Lord\'s Supper )

* Good Friday
Good Friday

* Liturgy of the Word , Adoration of the Cross, Holy Communion

* Holy Saturday
Holy Saturday
* Easter Vigil


* Easter
Sunday : Resurrection of Jesus
* Octave of Easter
( Divine Mercy Sunday ) * Feast of the Ascension ^ * Pentecost


* Trinity Sunday * Corpus Christi ^ * Sacred Heart * Visitation of Mary * Saint John the Baptist
John the Baptist
* Feast of Saints Peter and Paul
Feast of Saints Peter and Paul
^ * Transfiguration of Jesus
* Assumption of Mary
Assumption of Mary
^ * Nativity of Mary
Nativity of Mary
* Feast of the Cross
Feast of the Cross
* All Saints\' Day ^ * All Souls\' Day * Presentation of Mary
Presentation of Mary
* Feast of Christ the King

Legend ^ = Holy days of obligation (10) Catholicism portal See also: Computus
Liturgical colours Solemnity
Older calendars: General Roman Calendar of 1960 General Roman Calendar of Pope Pius XII of 1950 General Roman Calendar of 1954 Tridentine Calendar

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