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Baoding
Baoding
(Chinese: 保定; pinyin: Bǎodìng) is a city in Hebei province, China, approximately 150 kilometres (93 mi) southwest of the national capital, Beijing. At the 2010 census, Baoding
Baoding
City had 11,194,372 inhabitants out of which 2,176,857 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of 3 urban districts and Qingyuan and Mancheng counties largely being conurbated, on 1,840 km2 (710 sq mi).[2] Baoding
Baoding
is among 13 Chinese cities with a population of over 10 million, ranking seventh.[3]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Administrative divisions 4 Demographics 5 Economy 6 Renewable energy 7 Transport 8 Military 9 Culture

9.1 Historic Sites

10 Notable people 11 Sister cities 12 Gallery 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

History[edit] Baoding
Baoding
is a city with a history dating back to the Western Han Dynasty. It was destroyed by the Mongols in the 13th century, but after the Mongols established the Yuan Dynasty, it was rebuilt. It acquired the name "Baoding" during the Yuan dynasty
Yuan dynasty
— the name is roughly interpreted as "protecting the capital", referring to the city's proximity to Beijing. Baoding
Baoding
served for many years as the capital of Zhili, and was a significant centre of culture in the Ming Dynasty and early Qing Dynasty. During the Boxer rebellion, Boxer rebels killed a Turk, two Swiss, and an Italian in Baoding. Geography[edit] Baoding
Baoding
is located in the west-central portion of Hebei
Hebei
province and lies on the North China
China
Plain, with the Taihang Mountains
Taihang Mountains
to the west. Bordering prefecture-level cities in the province are Zhangjiakou
Zhangjiakou
to the north, Langfang
Langfang
and Cangzhou
Cangzhou
to the east, and Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
and Hengshui
Hengshui
to the south. Baoding
Baoding
also borders Beijing
Beijing
to the northeast and Shanxi
Shanxi
to the west. Elevations in Baoding's administrative area decrease from northwest to southeast. The western parts are dominated by mountains and hills that are generally more than 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) tall; this area includes parts of Laishui, Yi, Mancheng, Shunping, Tang and Fuping Counties as well as the entirety of Laiyuan County, occupying 30.6% of the prefecture's area.[2] The highest peak is Mount Waitou (歪头山), with an elevation of 2,286 metres (7,500 ft).[2] Moving southeast from this area, one encounters low-lying mountains and hills, taking up 18.9% of the prefecture's area.[2] Further to the east lies generally flat terrain of 30 to 100 metres (98 to 330 ft) elevation. Here the primary rivers are the Juma, Yishui (易水), Cao (漕河), Longquan (龙泉河), Tang (唐河), and Sha Rivers. Baiyangdian
Baiyangdian
Lake, the largest natural lake in northern China, can be found nearby. Climate[edit] Baoding
Baoding
has a continental, monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa),[4] characterised by hot, humid summers due to the East Asian monsoon, and generally cold, windy, very dry winters that reflect the influence of the vast Siberian anticyclone. Spring can bear witness to sandstorms blowing in from the Mongolian steppe, accompanied by rapidly warming, but generally dry, conditions. Autumn is similar to spring in temperature and lack of rainfall. The annual rainfall, about 60% of which falls in July and August alone, is highly variable and not reliable. In the city itself, this amount has averaged to a meagre 513 millimetres (20.2 in) per annum. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −3.2 °C (26.2 °F) in January to 26.8 °C (80.2 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 12.9 °C (55.2 °F). There are 2,500 to 2,900 hours of bright sunshine annually, and the frost-free period lasts 165−210 days.

Climate data for Baoding
Baoding
(1971−2000)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 14.9 (58.8) 23.1 (73.6) 26.7 (80.1) 33.8 (92.8) 37.8 (100) 41.6 (106.9) 41.6 (106.9) 37.7 (99.9) 34.3 (93.7) 31.0 (87.8) 23.5 (74.3) 17.1 (62.8) 41.6 (106.9)

Average high °C (°F) 2.5 (36.5) 5.8 (42.4) 12.6 (54.7) 21.3 (70.3) 27.0 (80.6) 31.7 (89.1) 31.7 (89.1) 30.1 (86.2) 26.5 (79.7) 20.0 (68) 10.8 (51.4) 4.1 (39.4) 18.7 (65.6)

Daily mean °C (°F) −3.2 (26.2) −0.1 (31.8) 6.6 (43.9) 14.9 (58.8) 20.6 (69.1) 25.4 (77.7) 26.8 (80.2) 25.3 (77.5) 20.6 (69.1) 13.6 (56.5) 5.1 (41.2) −1.2 (29.8) 12.9 (55.2)

Average low °C (°F) −7.7 (18.1) −4.7 (23.5) 1.3 (34.3) 8.8 (47.8) 14.5 (58.1) 19.6 (67.3) 22.6 (72.7) 21.4 (70.5) 15.7 (60.3) 8.7 (47.7) 0.8 (33.4) −5.2 (22.6) 8.0 (46.4)

Record low °C (°F) −19.6 (−3.3) −15.7 (3.7) −14.8 (5.4) −3.2 (26.2) 5.5 (41.9) 10.7 (51.3) 13.4 (56.1) 12.6 (54.7) 5.7 (42.3) −2.3 (27.9) −11.6 (11.1) −17.9 (−0.2) −19.6 (−3.3)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.0 (0.079) 4.8 (0.189) 8.0 (0.315) 17.1 (0.673) 32.6 (1.283) 64.0 (2.52) 172.2 (6.78) 133.7 (5.264) 43.1 (1.697) 21.4 (0.843) 10.5 (0.413) 3.1 (0.122) 512.5 (20.178)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1.6 2.0 3.1 4.2 5.7 7.7 11.7 11.3 6.9 4.9 3.3 1.6 64.0

Source: Weather China

Administrative divisions[edit] Baoding
Baoding
prefecture-level city consists of 5 municipal districts, 4 county-level cities, 15 counties:

Map

1 2 Mancheng Qingyuan Xushui Laishui County Fuping County Dingxing County Tang County Gaoyang County Laiyuan County Wangdu County Anxin County Xiong County Rongcheng County Xiong'an Yi County Quyang County Li County Shunping County Boye County Zhuozhou (city) Dingzhou (city) Anguo (city) Gaobeidian (city) 1. Jingxiu 2. Lianchi

Division code[5] English name Simp. Chinese Pinyin Area in km2[6] Seat Postal code Divisions[7]

Subdistricts Towns Townships Ethnic townships Residential communities (居委会) Villages (村委会)

130600 Baoding 保定市 Bǎodìng Shì 22185 Jingxiu District 071000 28 142 170 3 389 6209

130602 Jingxiu District 竞秀区 Jìngxiù Qū 149 Xianfeng Subdistrict (先锋街道) 071000 5

6

80 79

130603 Lianchi District 莲池区 Liánchí Qū 82 Wusi Road Subdistrict (五四路街道) 071000 10

7

91 121

130605 Mancheng District 满城区 Mǎnchéng Qū 658 Huiyang Subdistrict (惠阳街道) 072100 1 5 7

6 204

130606 Qingyuan District 清苑区 Qīngyuán Qū 856 Qingyuan (清苑镇) 071100

8 10

6 266

130607 Xushui District 徐水区 Xúshuǐ Qū 723 Ansu (安肃镇) 072500

7 7

15 304

130633 Yi County 易县 Yì Xiàn 2535 Yizhou (易州镇) 074200

9 18 1 7 469

130630 Laiyuan County 涞源县 Láiyuán Xiàn 2431 Laiyuan (涞源镇) 074300

7 10

8 285

130626 Dingxing County 定兴县 Dìngxīng Xiàn 714 Dingxing (定兴镇) 072600

5 11

8 274

130636 Shunping County 顺平县 Shùnpíng Xiàn 712 Puyang (蒲阳镇) 072200

5 5

4 237

130627 Tang County 唐县 Táng Xiàn 1414 Renhou (仁厚镇) 072300

7 13

8 345

130631 Wangdu County 望都县 Wàngdū Xiàn 358 Wangdu (望都镇) 072400

2 6

7 143

130623 Laishui County 涞水县 Láishuǐ Xiàn 1662 Laishui (涞水镇) 074100

7 8 1 6 284

130628 Gaoyang County 高阳县 Gāoyáng Xiàn 496 Gaoyang (高阳镇) 071500

4 5

11 170

130632 Anxin County 安新县 Ānxīn Xiàn 728 Anxin (安新镇) 071600

9 3

5 207

130638 Xiong County 雄县 Xióng Xiàn 513 Xiongzhou (雄州镇) 071800

6 3

7 223

130629 Rongcheng County 容城县 Róngchéng Xiàn 311 Rongcheng (容城镇) 071700

5 3

4 127

130634 Quyang County 曲阳县 Qūyáng Xiàn 1076 Hengzhou (恒州镇) 073100

5 13

6 367

130624 Fuping County 阜平县 Fùpíng Xiàn 2494 Fuping (阜平镇) 073200

5 8

5 209

130637 Boye County 博野县 Bóyě Xiàn 331 Boye (博野镇) 071300

3 4

4 133

130635 Li County 蠡县 Lǐ Xiàn 653 Liwu (蠡吾镇) 071400

8 5

6 232

130682 Dingzhou
Dingzhou
City 定州市 Dìngzhōu Shì 1284 Nanchengqu Subdistrict (南城区街道) 073000 3 17 5 1 31 486

130681 Zhuozhou City 涿州市 Zhuōzhōu Shì 751 Shuangta Subdistrict (双塔街道) 072700 3 6 5

39 404

130683 Anguo
Anguo
City 安国市 Ānguó Shì 485 Qizhouyaoshi Subdistrict (祁州药市街道) 071200 1 6 4

6 198

130684 Gaobeidian
Gaobeidian
City 高碑店市 Gāobēidiàn Shì 674 Xinghua Road Subdistrict (兴华路街道) 074000 5 6 4

19 442

  Xiong'an
Xiong'an
New Area 雄安新区 Xióng'ān Xīnqū 106.46 Rongcheng (容城镇)

Note: Baoding
Baoding
New High Technology Product Development Zone (保定高新技术产业开发区) includes Damafang Township (大马坊乡) of Jingxiu District and Jiantai Township (贤台乡) of Mancheng District; the Baigou New City (白沟新城) includes Baigou Town (白沟镇) of Gaobeidian
Gaobeidian
City.

Dissolved districts: Beishi District
Beishi District
and Nanshi District

Demographics[edit]

Baoding
Baoding
City Demographics

Division name

Residence population[8] (November 2010) Hukou population[9] (end of 2010)

Total Ratio (%) Population density (persons/km2)

Baoding
Baoding
City 11,194,379 100 504.55 11610199

Xinshi District 482,768 4.31 2540.88 459038

Beishi District 387,339 3.46 5164.52 322205

Nanshi District 287,784 2.57 2877.84 279725

Mancheng County 387,307 3.46 615.75 411417

Qingyuan County 631,659 5.64 728.56 648645

Laishui County 339,063 3.03 204.50 352993

Fuping County 205,299 1.83 82.28 223846

Xushui County 563,030 5.03 778.74 586104

Dingxing County 517,873 4.63 725.31 585913

Tang County 529,066 4.73 373.37 590575

Gaoyang County 345,160 3.08 695.89 340163

Rongcheng County 258,179 2.31 822.23 265389

Laiyuan County 260,678 2.33 106.49 283537

Wangdu County 250,014 2.23 781.29 265525

Anxin County 437,378 3.91 604.11 440817

Yi County 537,564 4.80 212.14 570806

Quyang County 588,559 5.26 542.95 610065

Li County 505,574 4.52 775.42 532322

Shunping County 295,764 2.64 417.75 317484

Boye County 245,504 2.19 741.70 268941

Xiong County 359,506 3.21 686.08 375470

Zhuozhou City 603,535 5.39 813.39 645542

Dingzhou
Dingzhou
City 1,165,182 10.41 914.59 1214852

Anguo
Anguo
City 370,314 3.31 761.96 409834

Gaobeidian
Gaobeidian
City 640,280 5.72 938.83 608991

Note: The 58,709 people residing in Baoding
Baoding
High Technology Product Development Zone and the 124,274 in the Baigou New City are not listed separately.

According to the 2010 Census, the residence population stood at 11,194,379, an increase of 605,100 (5.71%) from 2000. The male-female ratio was 101.94:100. Children aged up to 14 numbered 1,915,800 (17.11% of the population), citizens 15 to 64 numbered 8,370,600 (74.78%), and 65+ numbered 908,000 (8.11%). The urban area of Baoding has a population of around 1,006,000 (2009). The overwhelming majority of the population is Han Chinese. The language of Baoding
Baoding
is Mandarin Chinese — specifically, the Baoding
Baoding
dialect of Ji-Lu Mandarin. Despite Baoding's proximity to Beijing, the Chinese spoken in Baoding is not particularly close to the Beijing
Beijing
dialect — rather, it is more closely related to Tianjin
Tianjin
dialect. Economy[edit] Baoding
Baoding
is located in the centre of the Bohai Rim economic area which includes Beijing, Tianjin
Tianjin
and Shijiazhuang. One of the largest employers in Baoding
Baoding
is China
China
Lucky Film, the largest photosensitive materials and magnetic recording media manufacturer in China.[10] And, Yingli group, 2010 World Cup sponsor, has its headquarters in Baoding, who is the Global Top 10 solar panel manufacturer. More renowned companies include ZhongHang HuiTeng Windpower Equipment Co., Ltd (Wind Turbine), Baoding
Baoding
Tianwei Group Co., Ltd (Transformer) and Great Wall Motor. In April 2017, an area in Baoding
Baoding
was designated as a Xiong'an
Xiong'an
New Area, a development zone of initially 100 sq km and up to 2000 sq km, the site of what will eventually be a new city and the hub of the Beijing-Tinajin- Hebei
Hebei
development area.

Baoding
Baoding
High-tech Industrial Development Zone [1]

Renewable energy[edit] Baoding
Baoding
city has one of China's biggest plants which manufacture blades used in wind turbine generators, catering mainly to the domestic market. Tianwei Wind Power Technology is one of the three main plants in Baoding
Baoding
that produces wind turbine generators. It wheeled out its first 20 turbines in 2008, and it will produce 150 units in 2009 and another 500 in 2010. Nevertheless Baoding
Baoding
is currently listed as the most polluted city in China.[11] Transport[edit]

Bus line 1

Baoding
Baoding
has good connections to other cities, being located on one of the main routes in and out of Beijing. The Jingshi Expressway
Jingshi Expressway
connects the two cities, and Baoding
Baoding
is also the western terminus of the Baojin Expressway linking Baoding
Baoding
with Tianjin, which is one out of two nearest ports ( Huanghua
Huanghua
is the other one). The Jingguang Railway provides frequent services to Beijing
Beijing
West Railway Station. On 30 December 2012, a new railway station was opened in Baoding, while the old train station was closed for passengers.[12] Military[edit] Baoding
Baoding
is headquarters of the 38th Mechanized Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the three group armies that comprise the Beijing
Beijing
Military Region responsible for defending the PRC capital. Culture[edit]

A courtyard in the mansion of the governor of Zhili

Another street of Baoding

Perhaps the best-known item to supposedly originate in Baoding
Baoding
are Baoding
Baoding
Balls, which can be used to relax one's keyboard hand and strengthen one's wrist. The most famous local specialty food is the Donkey Burger
Donkey Burger
(驴肉火烧). Anxin County
Anxin County
is home to the Quantou Village Music Association (圈头村音乐会), a well known traditional music group performing on guan (oboes), sheng (mouth organs), and percussion. The village of Quantou is located on an island in Lake Baiyangdian. The city's streets follow a rough grid pattern, although this is less obvious in the older part of the city. The traditional main street of old Baoding
Baoding
is Yuhua Road, running from the city's centre to its eastern edge — most of Baoding's historic buildings are located in this area, along with some of its larger shopping centres. Other major streets include Dongfeng Road and Chaoyang Avenue. There is a ring road around the city. Baoding
Baoding
is home to Hebei
Hebei
University, North China
China
Electric Power University with other 3 universities and 12 colleges. Historic Sites[edit]

Baoding's ancient lotus gardens

Baoding
Baoding
contains a number of notable historic sites. In the city proper, there can be found a historic provincial governor's mansion and an ancient lotus garden. In the hills to the northwest of the city, near the suburb of Mancheng, there are the Mancheng Han Tombs, where Prince Liu Sheng and his wife Dou Wan
Dou Wan
were buried. The greater Baoding
Baoding
administrative area has 16 designated state-level cultural relics:

Yan State Capital Relics (475BC-221BC, Yixian County) Great Wall at Zijinguan Pass (1368–1644, Yixian County and Laiyuan County) Stele of Lao Tzu's Tao Te Ching
Tao Te Ching
(618-907, Yixian County) Western Qing Tombs
Western Qing Tombs
(1730–1915, Yixian County) Geyuan Temple
Geyuan Temple
(916-1125, Laiyuan County) Ciyun Pavilion (1306, Dingxing County) Yicihui Stone Pillar (550-577, Dingxing County) Kaiyuan Temple (960-1127, Dingzhou
Dingzhou
County) Kaishan Temple
Kaishan Temple
(618-907, Gaobeidian
Gaobeidian
County) Dingzhou
Dingzhou
Porcelain Kiln Relic (960-1127, Quyang County) Beiyue Temple
Beiyue Temple
(386-543, Quyang County) Jin-cha-ji Border Region Headquarters Ruins (1938, Fuping County) Ranzhuang Underground Tunnel (1937–1945, Qingyuan County) Mancheng Han Tombs (154BC-113BC, Mancheng County) Zhili Provincial Governor Office (1730–1911, Baoding) Historical Site of the Baoding Military Academy (1902–1923)

Notable people[edit]

Fan Ye - gymnast, 2003 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships
2003 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships
Balance Beam Gold Medalist Guo Jingjing
Guo Jingjing
- diver and Olympic gold medalist in 2004 and 2008 Summer Olympics. Qian Hong - swimmer and Olympic gold medalist in 1992 Summer Olympics. Fan Hongbin - gymnast, Olympic silver medalist in 1996 Summer Olympics. Wei Jianjun - billionaire, Chairman of Great Wall Motors[13] . Shi Changxu -materials scientist. recipient of the 2010 State Preeminent Science and Technology Award Yan Su
Yan Su
- Chinese playwright and lyricist. Tie Ning
Tie Ning
-Author ,the president of the China
China
Writers Association.

Sister cities[edit]

Charlotte, North Carolina, United States[14]

Gallery[edit]

Images from Baoding

Temple in the centre of old Baoding

Part of Yuhua Road, the main street of old Baoding

Arch on Yuhua Road, old Baoding

An intersection in Yuhua Road's shopping district

A civic monument

A public park

A public park

Baoding
Baoding
Cathedral

Baoding
Baoding
Railway Station

Baoding
Baoding
city buses before 2007

Baoding
Baoding
in the evening

Old Baoding
Baoding
Railway station

Old Baoding
Baoding
Railway Station

Baoding
Baoding
Old Quarter

See also[edit]

List of twin towns and sister cities in China

China
China
portal

References[edit]

^ http://www.citypopulation.de/php/china-hebei-admin.php ^ a b c d e f 概况 (in Chinese). Baoding
Baoding
People's Government. Archived from the original on 27 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-20.  ^ "最新中国城市人口数量排名(根据2010年第六次人口普查)". www.elivecity.cn. 2012. Retrieved 2014-05-28.  ^ Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification". Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633-1644. ISSN 1027-5606. ^ 国家统计局统计用区划代码 Archived 2012-04-07 at the Wayback Machine. ^ 《保定经济统计年鉴2011》 ^ 《中国民政统计年鉴2012》 ^ 《保定市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报》 ^ 《中华人民共和国全国分县市人口统计资料2010》 ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-03-04. Retrieved 2008-12-14.  ^ " China
China
names 10 most polluted cities". Retrieved 2016-10-08.  ^ " Baoding
Baoding
new railway station". Retrieved 2013-01-03.  ^ "Wei Jianjun". Forbes. Retrieved 3 January 2015.  ^ "Interactive City Directory". Sister Cities International. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 

Preston, Diana (2000). The Boxer Rebellion: The Dramatic Story of China's War on Foreigners That Shook the World in the Summer of 1900 (illustrated, reprint ed.). Bloomsbury Publishing USA. ISBN 0802713610. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Baoding.

Baoding
Baoding
Government Website

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