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Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
Regency is a regency (Indonesian: kabupaten) of East Java province in Indonesia. The regency is located at the easternmost end of Java
Java
Island. It serves as a port between Java
Java
and Bali. It is surrounded by mountains and forests to the west; by sea to the east and south. Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
is separated by the Strait of Bali
Bali
from Bali. With an area of 5,782.4 km2, this regency is the largest in Java. It had a population of 1,488,791 according to the 2000 Census; by the 2010 Census it had risen to 1,556,078; and the latest official estimate (for January 2014) is 1,599,788. The city of Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
is the administrative capital. The name Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
is Javanese for "fragrant water", connected to the Javanese folklore of Sri Tanjung.

Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
Regency in East Java
East Java
province

Contents

1 Society and history 2 Culture

2.1 Gandrung Dance 2.2 Janger
Janger
or Damarwulan

3 Administrative districts 4 Tourism 5 Climate 6 Environment 7 References 8 External links

Society and history[edit]

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View of Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
during colonial period.

One Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
native group is the Osing community which has a Hindu culture although they can be considered as a Javanese sub-ethnic group. They live mainly in the central part of Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
and they sometimes consider themselves as Majapahit
Majapahit
descendants.[citation needed] Other groups are Javanese (living mostly in the south and west), Madurese (mainly in the north and coastal area) and Balinese (scattered but more concentrated in the east). Other smaller groups include Chinese, Buginese, and Arabs. Once known as Blambangan (or its variation: Balambangan and Balumbungan), it was a vassal of the Majapahit
Majapahit
Kingdom and a regional trade centre. After the Majapahit
Majapahit
Kingdom ceased to exist, it became an independent kingdom and, as such, the last Hindu kingdom of Java. In order to defend itself from the troops of the Sultanate of Demak, which tried to occupy it, Blambangan asked for help from Balinese kings, which caused it to lose its independence to Balinese kingdoms. During this time Blambangan was deeply influenced by Balinese culture. After around 150 years of Balinese occupation, the Sultanate of Mataram gained control of the territory and renamed it Banyuwangi. Later, it was part of the Mataram territory controlled by the VOC (1770). During the expansion of plantations in the 19th century, many parts of Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
were planted with coffee and sugar cane, which feature its landscape even now. The Chinese and Arabs came mostly during this period. Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
people are known for their combination of Islamic and pre-Islamic tradition. During the Fall of Suharto
Fall of Suharto
a witchhunt in Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
against alleged sorcerers spiraled into widepsread riots and violence. In addition to alleged sorcerers, Islamic clerics were also targeted and killed, Nahdlatul Ulama
Nahdlatul Ulama
members were murdered by rioters.[1][2] Culture[edit]

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Gandrung Dance[edit] This is a Banyuwangi-typical dance which performed by a woman and along with simple music like violin, triangle (called kluncing), gong (or kempul), kendhang and sometimes with keyboard as result of modern influence. It is performed during night until dawn particularly in parties. Janger
Janger
or Damarwulan[edit] Damarwulan
Damarwulan
is a legendary hero who features in traditional theatre art which has been developed since the 19th century in Banyuwangi. It is a combination of Balinese, Javanese and local cultures. Balinese influences can be seen in its performers' costumes and instruments. Meanwhile, Javanese influences is in its "lakon" or stories as well as language in dialogues. It is distinct from the Balinese Janger. Administrative districts[edit] Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
Regency is divided into 24 districts (Indonesian: kecamatan), listed below with their populations at the 2010 Census:[3]

Pesanggaran (49,412) Siliragung (44,390) Bangorejo (59,442) Purwoharjo (64,949) Tegaldlimo (61,176) Muncar (128,924) Cluring (70,044) Gambiran (58,412) Tegalsari (46,161) Glenmore (69,471) Kalibaru (61,182) Genteng (83,123) Srono (87,209) Rogojampi (92,358) Kabat (67,137) Singojuruh (45,242) Sempu (71,281) Songgon (50,275) Glagah (34,002) Licin
Licin
(27,878) Banyuwangi (city)
Banyuwangi (city)
(106,000) Giri (28,510) Kalipuro (76,178) Wongsorejo (74,307)

Tourism[edit]

Reede on Bali
Bali
Street, Banjuwangi, East Java

Many European tourists visiting Bali
Bali
come to Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
to surf in Plengkung and dive in Tabuhan Island. Ferries from Bali
Bali
arrive at the port of Ketapang, some 8 km to the north of Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
city. Plekung Beach is also known as G-Land
G-Land
or green land have 3 types of waves up to 6 to 8 meters tall.[4]

Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
International Surfing Competition 2014

This was the second time competition after the 2012 competition. 23–25 May 2014 competition is followed by at least 15 countries in Pantai Pulau Merah (Red Island Beach) which has 4 meters height and 400 meters long of waves.[5]

Diamond Triangle

Diamond Triangle consists of:[6]

Ijen
Ijen
Crater Nature Tourist Park, we can see tosca lake crater and traditional sulphur mining which the sulphur bunch mobilization still use human to hike and down to the crater. Alas Purwo National Park, besides see the animals we can surf at G-Land/Plengkung with Money Trees, Speddy's, Kongs, Twenty-twenty and Tiger Track waves. Meru Betiri National Park, Sukamade Turtle Breeding Station regularly releases baby marine turtles to open ocean. 4 of 6 kind of turtles can be found in Indonesia
Indonesia
regularly visit Sukamade to put their eggs. Penyu Hijau (Chelonia mydas) visit the Sukamade Beach almost everynight, Penyu Lekang (Lepidochelys olivacea) visit in March to June, Penyu Belimbing (Dermochelys coriacea) put the egg every 4 years in June to September and the scare Penyu Sisik (Eremochelys olivacea) very seldom to visit the beach.

Many waterfalls

Visitors may be interested to find several waterfalls in one locality. Opened formally in 2014, there are a number of waterfalls in Kampung Anyar (New Village), near Kalibendo Plantation, around 15 kilometers from Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
on the way to Mount Ijen. There are 3 waterfalls near to each other known as the "Triple Waterfall" to be found 10 minutes walk down the stairs from a parking area. Or about 300 meters along the river, walking uphill, Kethagen Waterfall can be found. The cliff besides the river can reflect sunlight, glittering like diamonds.[7] Climate[edit] Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
has a temperate tropical and wet dry climate, similar to Banyuwangi's dry season start from May until October, and the rest is wet season. in 2013, Banyuwangi's highest average temperature is on October with 28.2 °C and lowest average temperature is on April with 24.8 °C

Climate Data For Banyuwangi

Year 2013

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec

Av. High (Celsius) 31.7 32.3 32 31.7 31.5 30.3 29.6 29.4 30.1 325 31.9 31.7

Daily (Celsius) 26.7 27.7 27.4 24.8 27.5 27 26.1 26 26.3 28.2 27.4 27.2

Av. Low (Celsius) 24.1 24.7 24.3 24.8 24.7 24.4 24.6 23.3 23.6 24.7 24.6 24.4

AV. Rainfall (mm) 527.5 100.2 193.1 228.8 97.3 122.8 156 37.3 6.9 0.8 237.6 160.3

Av. Rainy Days 25 14 19 16 16 18 19 8 4 4 21 21

Source:[8][9]

Wind Speed and Humidity

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Wind Speed (Knot) 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.2 2.6 3 3 2.8 3.1 2.3 2.1

Humidity (%) 86 81 82 83 84 86 82 78 77 75 82 83

Source:[10]

Air Pressure and Sunlight Exposure

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Air Pressure (mb) 1008.7 1008.3 1010.2 1004.2 1010.2 1009.2 1011.5 1012.8 1012.8 1012.4 1009.5 1008.8

Sunlight Exposure 45 71 72 67 70 58 60 87 96 99 67 61

Source:[11]

Environment[edit] The forest and river in Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
is well-preserved, says the Indonesia
Indonesia
Dragonfly Society because they found 3 dragonfly species which only can live in good environment.[12] Nevertheless, there are local controversies in the Regency over the impact of gold mining activities in the locality of Tumpang Pitu village. In 2006, the Banywangi regency administration granted a mining licence to one company, PT Indo Multi Niaga, which later transferred the licence to another company. However, the local community had expressed concern about gold mining activities as early as 1997. The issues partly related to the protection of the area around a local Hindu temple, partly relate to environmental matters, and partly related to local community views about the economic and social impact of the mining.[13] References[edit]

^ http://www.insideindonesia.org/weekly-articles/the-banyuwangi-murders ^ "Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews - TIME.com". Time. October 19, 1998.  ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011. ^ "Pantai Plekung, Destinasi untuk Berselancar". October 17, 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-10-18.  ^ "Puluhan Peselancar Mancanegara Ikuti Kompetisi Surfing di Banyuwangi". May 17, 2014.  ^ "Triangle Diamond Banyuwangi". Archived from the original on December 6, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2013.  ^ Agoes Santoso. "Segarnya Air Terjun Kembar Kampung Anyar". Retrieved January 31, 2015.  ^ "BPS Kabupaten Banyuwangi". banyuwangikab.bps.go.id. Retrieved 2016-04-12.  ^ "BPS Kabupaten Banyuwangi". banyuwangikab.bps.go.id. Retrieved 2016-04-12.  ^ "BPS Kabupaten Banyuwangi". banyuwangikab.bps.go.id. Retrieved 2016-04-12.  ^ "BPS Kabupaten Banyuwangi". banyuwangikab.bps.go.id. Retrieved 2016-04-12.  ^ Ika Ningtyas (January 30, 2014). "Rare Dragonfly Species Found in Banyuwangi".  ^ Indra Harsaputra, 'Banywangi mining site risks triggering social conflight: Experts', The Jakarta Post, 30 January 2016.

External links[edit] Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
travel guide from Wikivoyage

(in Indonesian) Official site Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
site

Coordinates: 8°13′07″S 114°22′01″E / 8.21861°S 114.36694°E / -8.21861; 114.36694

v t e

Regencies and cities of East Java

Capital: Surabaya

Regencies

Banyuwangi Bangkalan Blitar Bojonegoro Bondowoso Gresik Jember Jombang Kediri Lamongan Lumajang Madiun Magetan Malang Mojokerto Nganjuk Ngawi Pacitan Pamekasan Pasuruan Ponorogo Probolinggo Sampang Sidoarjo Situbondo Sumenep Trenggalek Tuban Tulungagung

Cities

Batu Blitar Kediri Madiun Malang Mojokerto Probolinggo Pasuruan Surabaya

See also: List of regencies and cities

.