PRESIDENT Maqbul Ahmed
SECRETARY-GENERAL Dr. Shafiqur Rahman
FOUNDER Abbas Ali Khan ( Joypurhat )
STUDENT WING Bangladesh Islami Chhatra Shibir
SEATS IN THE JATYO SANGSHAD 0 / 300
* Politics of Bangladesh * Political parties * Elections
BANGLADESH JAMAAT-E-ISLAMI (Bengali : বাংলাদেশ জামায়াতে ইসলামী), previously known as JAMAAT-E-ISLAMI BANGLADESH, or JAMAAT for short, is the largest Islamist political party in Bangladesh . On 1 August 2013 the Bangladesh Supreme Court declared the registration of the Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami illegal, ruling that the party is unfit to contest national elections.
Its predecessor, the party ( Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan ), strongly opposed the independence of Bangladesh and break-up of Pakistan. In 1971, it collaborated with the Pakistani Army in its operations against Bengali nationalists and pro-liberation intellectuals.
Upon the independence of Bangladesh in 1971, the new government banned Jamaat-e-Islami from political participation and its leaders went into exile in Pakistan. Following the assassination of the first president and the military coup that brought Maj. Gen. Ziaur Rahman to power in Bangladesh in 1975, the ban on the Jamaat was lifted and the new party Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh was formed. Its leaders were allowed to return. Abbas Ali Khan was the acting Amir of Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh. The Jamaat agenda is the creation of an " Islamic state " with the Sha\'ria legal system, and outlawing "un-Islamic" practices and laws.
In the 1980s, the Jamaat joined the multi-party alliance for the
restoration of democracy. It later allied with Ziaur Rahman's
Bangladesh Nationalist Party and Jamaat leaders became ministers in
the two BNP-led regimes of prime minister
Begum Khaleda Zia
* 1 History
* 2 Controversy
* 2.1 Accusations of war crimes * 2.2 International Crimes Tribunal
* 3 Cancellation of registration * 4 Bangladesh Islami Chhatra Shibir * 5 2013 violence * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links
The Jamaat in parliamentary elections YEAR RESULTS
1973 Party banned because of opposition to Bangladeshi independence and collaboration with the Pakistani army.
1979 Party legalized under the name "Islamic Democratic League" Together with larger Muslim League won 20 seats
1986 10 seats.
1991 18 seats.
1996 3 seats.
2001 17 seats. (took part by forming alliance with 3 other parties.)
2008 2 seats. (took part by forming alliance with 3 other parties.)
BRITISH INDIA (1941–1947)
Main article: Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan
Jamaat-e-Islami was founded in pre-partition British India by
Syed Ab\'ul Ala Maududi at Islamia Park, Lahore on 26 August 1941 as a
movement to promote Social and Political Islam. Jamaat opposed the
creation of a separate state of
PAKISTAN PERIOD (1947–1971)
After the creation of Pakistan, Jamaat-e-Islami divided into separate Indian and Pakistani national organisations. The East Pakistan wing of Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan later became Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami.
Jammat-e-Islami participated in the democratic movement in Pakistan
during the Martial Law Period declared by General Ayub Khan . An
all-party democratic alliance (DAC) was formed in 1965. Jamaat head in
During the 1950s and especially the 1960s, tension developed and
escalated between East and West Pakistan, which had many differences
in language and culture although both were majority Muslim. East
In 1970 the pro-autonomy
Awami League won a majority in Pakistan's
Parliament but was blocked by West Pakistanis from taking office.
After compromise talks broke down, the
As an Islamist party JI was uninterested in ethnic issues or local
languages but strongly supported Islamic unity, and so supported the
Pakistani military in their campaign.
East Pakistan JI head Ghulam
Azam coordinated the development and operation of paramilitary forces
during the war, including Razakar ,
collaboration with the
Estimates of those East Pakistanis massacred throughout the war range from thirty thousand to three million.
Bangladesh Liberation War, a by-election was ordered by
the military administration of
BANGLADESH PERIOD (1971–PRESENT)
Jamaat was banned after the independence of
Bangladesh in December
1971, and its top leaders fled to West Pakistan. Sheikh Mujibur
Rahman, first president of
Bangladesh also cancelled the citizenship
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was assassinated by a small group of Bangladesh Army officers in August 1975, enabling army chief Major general Ziaur Rahman to seize power in November after a series of coups and counter-coups. These post-Mujib regimes were immediately recognised by both Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, and the Jamaat once again resumed political activities in Bangladesh. Rahman also allowed Azam to return to Bangladesh as the leader of Jamaat.
After the end of military rule in 1990, mass protests began against Azam and Jamaat under war criminal charges headed by Jahanara Imam , an author who lost her two sons and husband in the liberation war. Azam's citizenship was challenged in a case that went to the Bangladesh Supreme Court , as he held only a Pakistani passport. Absent prosecution of Azam for war crimes, the Supreme Court ruled that he had to be allowed a Bangladeshi passport and the freedom to resume his political activities.
Bangladesh police arrested
Jamaat-e-Islami chief and former Industry
Matiur Rahman Nizami from his residence in the capital in a
graft case on 19 May 2008. Earlier, two former Cabinet Ministers of
the immediate past BNP-led alliance government, Abdul Mannan Bhuiyan
and Shamsul Islam were sent to
ACCUSATIONS OF WAR CRIMES
Many of Jamaat's leaders are accused of committing war crimes and genocide during the liberation war of Bangladesh in 1971 and several have been convicted by the International Crimes Tribunal .
INTERNATIONAL CRIMES TRIBUNAL
Main article: International Crimes Tribunal (Bangladesh)
The International Crimes Tribunal was formed in 2009 shortly after the Awami League came to power.
Abul Kalam Azad
The summary of verdict in the conviction of Abdul Quader Molla recognized the role played by Jamaat-e-Islami and its student wing ('Islami Chatra Sangha') as collaborators with the Pakistan Army in 1971. The party was found guilty of forming paramilitary forces, such as Razakar and Al-Badr . It was said to have taken part in the systematic genocide of the Bangladeshi people and other violent activities.
As a result of the trials, the activists of the 2013 Shahbag Protest have demanded that the government ban Jamaat from Bangladeshi politics. In response, the government started drafting a bill to ban Jamaat-e-Islami from Bangladeshi politics.
On 28 February 2013 Delwar Hossain Sayeedi , the deputy of Jamaat, was found guilty of genocide, rape and religious persecution. He was sentenced to death by hanging. His defence lawyer had earlier complained that a witness who was supposed to testify for him was abducted from the gates of the courthouse on 5 November 2012, reportedly by police, and has not been heard from since. The government did not seem to take the issue seriously after the prosecution denied there was a problem.
Muhammad Kamaruzzaman , senior assistant secretary general of Jamaat-e-Islami was indicted on 7 June 2012 on 7 counts of crimes against humanity. On 9 May 2013, he was convicted and given the death penalty on five counts of mass killings, rape, torture and kidnapping.
Ghulam Azam, ameer of Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh until 2000 was found guilty by the ICT on five counts. Incitement, conspiracy, planning, abatement and failure to prevent murder. He was sentenced on 15 July 2013 to 90 years imprisonment.
Chowdhury Mueen-Uddin , who fled to the UK after the liberation of Bangladesh and a leader of the London-based Jamaat organisation Dawatul Islam , was indicted for crimes against humanity and genocide and being a leader of the Al-Badr militia. He is also accused of the murder of Bangladesh's top intellectuals during the war, although he has denied all charges.
CANCELLATION OF REGISTRATION
On 27 January 2009, the Bangladesh Supreme Court issued a ruling after 25 people from different Islamic organisations, including Bangladesh Tariqat Federation's Secretary General Syed Rezaul Haque Chandpuri, Jaker Party's Secretary General Munshi Abdul Latif and Sammilita Islami Jote's President Maulana Ziaul Hasan, filed a joint petition. Jamaat e Islami chief Motiur Rahman Nizami , Secretary General Ali Ahsan Mujaheed and the Election Commission Secretary were given six weeks time to reply, but they did not. The ruling asked to explain as to "why the Jamaat's registration should not be declared illegal". As a verdict of the ruling, High Court cancelled the registration of the Jamaat-e-Islami on 1 August 2013, ruling that the party is unfit to contest national polls because its charter puts God above democratic process.
On 5 August 2013 the Supreme Court rejected Jamaat's plea against the High Court. The chamber judge of the Appellate Division Justice AHM Shamsuddin Choudhury Manik while rejecting the Jamaat's petition seeking stay on the High Court verdict, said that the Jamaat could move a regular appeal before the Appellate Division against the verdict after getting its full text.
BANGLADESH ISLAMI CHHATRA SHIBIR
The student wing of this organisation is the
Chhatra Shibir , a major organisation at many colleges and
universities including the
Further information: 2013 Bangladesh riots
In February 2013, following the verdict by the International Crimes
Tribunal (ICT), and the announcement of death sentence of Delwar
Hossain Sayidee (a leader of
Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami, during the
Bangladesh liberation war of 1971 ), supporters of Bangladesh
Jamaat-e-Islami and its student wing
Islami Chhatra Shibir were
involved in country-wide violence, including attacks on police,
minorities, the setting fire to Hindu temples, and other destruction
of property. More than 50 temples were damaged, and more than 1500
houses and business establishments of Hindus were torched in Noakhali
, Gaibandha ,
Chittagong , Rangpur ,
Chapainawabganj , Bogra
and in many other districts of the country, By March 2013, at
least 87 people killed by the government security forces . The
Jamaat-e-Islami supporters called for the fall of the government and
Supporters of Jamaat and its student wing Shibir stand accused of being involved in committing violence to retain their political power. They have been accused widely from murdering opponent political party activists to instigating riot by spreading false news.
* ^ A B C D E F Rahman, FM Mostafizur (2012). "Jamaat-e-Islami
Bangladesh". In Islam, Sirajul ; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National
Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh
* ^ Sanjay Kumar (15 January 2014). "Islamic Fundamentalists
Terrorize Minorities in Bangladesh". The Diplomat. Retrieved 26
* ^ "Bangladesh\'s election: The tenacity of hope".
The Economist .
30 December 2008. Retrieved 26 January 2015. seems also to have been
hurt by its alliance with Islamist parties, the largest of which,
Jamaat-e-Islami, was reduced from 17 seats to just two.
* ^ "
Bangladesh and war crimes: Blighted at birth". The Economist.
1 July 2010. West 's army had the support of many of East Pakistan's
Islamist parties. They included Jamaat-e-Islami, still Bangladesh's
largest Islamist party ... reinstating and enforcing that original
constitution might amount to an outright ban on Jamaat, the standard
Bangladesh for a conservative strain of Islam.
* ^ A B "Jamaat loses registration". bdnews24.com. 1 August 2013.
* ^ A B C "
Bangladesh court declares Jamaat illegal". Al Jazeera. 1
August 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
* ^ A B C "
Bangladesh high court restricts Islamist party Jamaat".
BBC News. 1 August 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
* ^ A B C Farid Ahmed; Saeed Ahmed (1 August 2013). "Bangladesh
high court declares rules against Islamist party". CNN. Retrieved 26
* ^ A B Rubin, Barry A. (2010). Guide to Islamist Movements. M.E.
Sharpe. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-7656-4138-0 .
* ^ "
Bangladesh party leader accused of war crimes in 1971
conflict". The Guardian. 3 October 2011. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
* ^ "Charges pressed against Ghulam Azam". New Age. Dhaka. 12
December 2011. Archived from the original on 16 December 2013.
Retrieved 23 January 2013.
* ^ "
* ^ A B "
Bangladesh war crimes trial: Key accused". BBC News. 16
* ^ Karlekar, Hiranmay (2005). Bangladesh: The Next Afghanistan?.
SAGE. p. 48.
* ^ Azad, M Abul Kalam (30 December 2008). "Jamaat in checkmate".
The Daily Star.
* ^ "
Jamaat-e-Islami leader to death for war