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The Info List - Bangala Language





Bangala is a Bantu language
Bantu language
spoken in the northeast corner of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan
South Sudan
and the extreme western part of Uganda. A divergent form of Lingala, it is used as a lingua franca by people with different languages and rarely as a first language. The estimated number of speakers varies between 2 and 3.5 million.[4] It is spoken to the east and northeast of the area where Lingala
Lingala
is spoken.

Contents

1 History 2 Characteristics 3 References 4 External links

History[edit] As Lingala
Lingala
spread east and north, its vocabulary was replaced more and more by tribal and regional languages, and it became more of an interlanguage (a language that is a mix of two or more languages) and was classified as a separate language – Bangala. The vocabulary varies, depending on the first language of the speakers. Around the 1980s, with the popularity and increased availability of Lingala
Lingala
in modern music, young people in large villages and towns began adopting Lingala
Lingala
so much that their Bangala is becoming more of a dialect than a separate language.[5] Characteristics[edit] In Bangala, the words for six and seven (motoba, sambo) are replaced with the Swahili words sita and saba. Many Lingala
Lingala
words are replaced by words in Swahili, Zande, other local languages, plus English (bilizi is derived from the English word bridge) and, of course, French. The verb "to be" is conjugated differently in Bangala. Below is a comparison with Lingala.

English Lingala Bangala

I am nazali nazi

you are (singular) ozali ozi

he/she is azali azi

it is ezali ezi

we are tozali tozi

you are (plural) bozali bozi

they are bazali bazi

The verb prefix ko-, meaning "to" in Lingala
Lingala
is instead ku, as it is in Swahili, so "to be" in Bangala is kusala, not kosala. Many other Bangala words have an /u/ sound where Lingala
Lingala
has an /o/ sound, such as bisu (not biso - "we") and mutu (not moto - "person"). References[edit]

^ Bangala at Ethnologue
Ethnologue
(15th ed., 2005) ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Bangala". Glottolog
Glottolog
3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.  ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online ^ Ethnologue.com: Bangala - A language of the Democratic Republic of Congo ^ Ethnologue.com: Bangala - A language of the Democratic Republic of Congo

External links[edit]

Bangala Swadesh list of basic vocabulary words (from Wiktionary's Swadesh-list appendix) List of common words in Bangala List of common words in Lingala

v t e

Languages of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Official language

French

National languages

Kongo

Kituba

Lingala Swahili Tshiluba

Indigenous languages (by province)

Bandundu

Boma Chokwe Ding Hungana Kwese Lia-Ntomba Mbala Mpuono Nzadi Pende Sakata Sengele Shinji Sonde Suku Tiene Yaka Yansi

Équateur

Bala Bangi Bango Budza Central Banda Furu Losengo Mbaka Mbandja Mongo Mono Ndolo Ndunga Ngbaka Minagende Ngbinda Ngbundu Ngombe Pagibete Sango South Banda Yangere

Kasai-Occidental

Binji Bushong Chokwe Lele Lwalu Wongo

Kasai-Oriental

Budya Dengese Luna Nkutu Salampasu Songe Tetela

Katanga

Bangubangu Bemba Bwile Chokwe Hemba Kaonde Kebwe Lunda Ruund Sanga Tabwa Zela Yazi

Kinshasa

Mfinu

Maniema

Hendo Zimba

Nord-Kivu

Amba Havu Hunde Kinyarwanda Kirundi Nande Nyanga Talinga Tembo Vanuma Yaka

Orientale

Alur Asoa Avokaya Bangala Bangba Barambu Beeke Bila Budu Bwa Bwela Dongo Guru Hema Kaliko Kango Kari Kele Lendu Lese Lika Likile Linga Loki Logo Lombo Lugbara Ma Mangbetu Mangbutu Mayogo Mba Mbo Ndaka Ngbee Ngelima Nyali Nyanga-li Nzakara Omi Pambia Poke Soko Tagbo Zande

Sud-Kivu

Buyu Fuliiru Havu Kabwari Kinyarwanda Kirundi Shi Tembo

Sign languages

French African Sign

Authority control

SUDOC: 120942623

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