Banastre Rebellion was an uprising in Lancashire, England in 1315
against the Earl of Lancaster and his supporters. It took place in
1315 when a group of disaffected knights decided to revenge themselves
on the Earl of Lancaster by attacking his chief retainer and their
rival, Sir Robert de Holland. The group was led by Sir Adam Banastre
of Bank Hall,
Bretherton who had extensive landholdings in the county,
Sir William de Bradshaigh of
Haigh Hall and Sir Henry Lea of Charnock
Richard. The cause of their grievance was that the powerful earl, the
dominant force in the North-west of England, appeared to be favouring
the Holland family to their disadvantage. 
The group met on 8 October 1315 at Wingates, in Westhoughton, where
they planned an attack on the pro-Holland Radcliffes of Radcliffe.
Adam de Radcliffe was captured and the raiding party moved to the home
of Sir Henry de Bury looking for his brothers and Sir Henry de Bury
was killed. The next day, having been joined by Sir Ralph Bickerstaff,
the High Sheriff of Lancashire, they raided the farm of the bailiff of
the Rector of Wigan, another Holland supporter, stealing crops and
other goods. They then raided Norley Hall, belonging to a Lancaster
adherent Thurstan de Norley, seizing goods and livestock. The mob
traversed far and wide across south Lancashire, attacking the homes
and property of the earl's supporters.
Halton Castle in Cheshire was
captured by burning down the gates and a failed attempt made to
Liverpool Castle (then in the hands of Sir Robert Holland).
Clitheroe Castle was taken and Preston terrorised.  
Eventually Edmund de Neville, the Deputy Sheriff of Lancashire,
organised a force loyal to the earl and confronted the rebels at
Deepdale in Preston. Within an hour the rebels were routed and Sir
Ralph Bickerstaff killed. Joined by a force under Robert de Holland,
Neville moved south to round up fugitives. Sir Adam Banastre and Sir
Henry de Lea were captured at
Charnock Richard after being betrayed
and were summarily beheaded. Sir William Bradshaigh escaped, possibly
to Wales, and was outlawed.
Battle of Boroughbridge
Battle of Boroughbridge the Earl of Lancaster was executed
Pontefract and Sir Robert de Holland imprisoned. Sir William
Bradshaigh was able to return to continue his feud with Sir Robert de
Holland's successor, Sir Richard de Holland. Edward II had them
arrested and Bradshaigh was imprisoned for several months. After
Edward was overthrown in 1326, Sir Robert de Holland was released,
only to be killed in 1328 by the new Earl of Lancaster's men for his
treachery at Boroughbridge. Sir William Bradshaigh was killed in 1333
in a fight with the Radcliffes at Newton-le-Willows. 
^ a b c d "Mabs Cross legend and Reality". Retrieved 2011-09-24.
^ "The Banastre Rebellion". Retrieved 2011-09-24.
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