The BANASTRE REBELLION was an uprising in
Lancashire , England in
1315 against the Earl of Lancaster and his supporters. It took place
in 1315 when a group of disaffected knights decided to revenge
themselves on the Earl of Lancaster by attacking his chief retainer
and their rival, Sir Robert de Holland . The group was led by Sir Adam
Bank Hall ,
Bretherton who had extensive landholdings in
the county, Sir William de Bradshaigh of
Haigh Hall and Sir Henry Lea
Charnock Richard . The cause of their grievance was that the
powerful earl, the dominant force in the North-west of England,
appeared to be favouring the Holland family to their disadvantage.
The group met on 8 October 1315 at
Wingates , near
where they planned an attack on the pro-Holland Radcliffes of
Radcliffe . Adam de Radcliffe was captured and the raiding party moved
to the home of Sir Henry de Bury looking for his brothers and Sir
Henry de Bury was killed. The next day, having been joined by Sir
Ralph Bickerstaff, the High Sheriff of
Lancashire , they raided the
farm of the bailiff of the Rector of
Wigan , another Holland
supporter, stealing crops and other goods. They then raided Norley
Hall , belonging to a Lancaster adherent Thurstan de Norley, seizing
goods and livestock. The mob traversed far and wide across south
Lancashire, attacking the homes and property of the earl's supporters.
Halton Castle in Cheshire was captured by burning down the gates and a
failed attempt made to capture
Liverpool Castle (then in the hands of
Sir Robert Holland).
Clitheroe Castle was taken and Preston
Eventually Edmund de Neville, the Deputy Sheriff of Lancashire,
organised a force loyal to the earl and confronted the rebels at
Deepdale in Preston. Within an hour the rebels were routed and Sir
Ralph Bickerstaff killed. Joined by a force under Robert de Holland,
Neville moved south to round up fugitives. Sir Adam Banastre and Sir
Henry de Lea were captured at
Charnock Richard after being betrayed
and were summarily beheaded. Sir William Bradshaigh escaped, possibly
to Wales, and was outlawed.
Battle of Boroughbridge
Battle of Boroughbridge the Earl of Lancaster was executed
Pontefract and Sir Robert de Holland imprisoned. Sir William
Bradshaigh was able to return to continue his feud with Sir Robert de
Holland's successor, Sir Richard de Holland. Edward II had them
arrested and Bradshaigh was imprisoned for several months. After
Edward was overthrown in 1326, Sir Robert de Holland was released,
only to be killed in 1328 by the new Earl of Lancaster's men for his
treachery at Boroughbridge. Sir William Bradshaigh was killed in 1333
in a fight with the Radcliffes at Newton-le-Willows.
* ^ A B C D "Mabs Cross legend and Reality". Retrieved 2011-09-24.
* ^ "The Banastre Rebellion". Retrieved 2011-09-24.