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Bombay Hindi, also known as Bambaiya Hindi, Mumbaiyya,[1] or Bombay Hindi-Urdu,[2] is the variety of Hindi-Urdu
Hindi-Urdu
(Hindustani) spoken in Mumbai
Mumbai
(formerly Bombay), India.[1][2] The dialect incorporates words and pronunciations mainly from Hindi
Hindi
and Urdu, collectively known as Hindi-Urdu, or Hindustani.[1][2] In addition, the predominant substratum influence on Bombay is Marathi, reflecting Mumbai's location in a wider Marathi-speaking area, Maharashtra.[3] Bombay Hindi
Hindi
also has elements of Gujarati, and a little from other languages of India, such as Tamil.[citation needed]

Contents

1 General 2 Words and expressions of Mumbai
Mumbai
Hindi 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

General[edit] While many such local dialects have evolved in cosmopolitan cities around the world, Bombay Hindi
Hindi
is widely known throughout India[citation needed] as a result of its frequent use in Bollywood movies. Initially, this dialect was used to represent crooks and uncouth characters as, to quote film critic Shoma A. Chatterji, "Indian films have the unique quality of different characters speaking different varieties of Hindi
Hindi
according to their social status, their caste, communal identity, education, profession, financial status, etc. [...] The villain's goons, speak in a special vulgarised, Bambaiya Hindi
Hindi
concocted specifically to typify such screen characters in Hindi
Hindi
cinema.".[4] Lately, however, Bambaiya Hindi
Hindi
has become popular and prominent, particular with the success of the Munnabhai movies, in which the lead characters - being members of the Mumbai criminal underworld - speak entirely in this dialect.[5] Despite this increase in popularity, this dialect has its critics, and is sometimes seen as being disrespectful and vulgar.[6] Among the more prominent neologisms which originated in Bambaiya Hindi but have spread throughout India
India
are the words bindaas (from Marathi (Bin + Dhast = Without Fear, meaning 'relaxed'; this word was incorporated into the Oxford English Dictionary
Oxford English Dictionary
in 2005[7]) and Gandhigiri
Gandhigiri
(invented in the movie Lage Raho Munna Bhai, a portmanteau of Gandhi and -giri, which is similar to the English 'ism' (as in Gandhi-ism), though slightly more informal). Bollywood
Bollywood
has also incorporated many Marathi words in Hindi
Hindi
like Thaska, Wakda, Porgi, Navri, Navrai. Many Hindi
Hindi
songs have some Marathi words added. Words and expressions of Mumbai
Mumbai
Hindi[edit]

Mumbai
Mumbai
Hindi Transliteration English Standard Hindustani Notes

अपुन apun I (myself) मैं (maĩ) Based on the Marathi word अपण (apaṇ) meaning an inclusive "we." (The person being spoken to is included in "we.")

तेरेको tereko you (oblique case) तुझे (tujhe)

मेरेको mereko me (oblique case) मुझे (mujhe)

धो डालना dho ḍālnā to beat up पीट देना (pīṭ denā) Often used in the context of a physical fight/competition between two people or teams. Lit. to wash up, as in the loser of the fight.

येडे/येडा/येडी yeḍe/ā/ī idiot पागल (pāgal) Based on Marathi word येड्या (yedya) meaning Idiot.

इधरिच idharic right here यहीं पर (yahī̃ par) or इधर ही (idhar hī)

उधरीच udharīc right there उधर ही (udhar hī) or वहीं पर (vahī̃ par)

कोपचा kopcā corner कोना (konā) From Marathi work कोपरा (kopra) meaning corner.

कायको, कायकू kāyko, kāykū why क्यों (kyõ)

लोचा or लोचा लबाचा locā or locā labācā problem समस्या (samasyā) From the Marathi/Gujarati word लोचा (locā) meaning "problem".

मचमच, बड़बड़ macmac, baṛbaṛ Someone who annoys you by talking their problems, crib-crib, rambling खिटपिट (khiṭpiṭ) From Marathi/Gujarati word मचमच / बडबड macmac/baḑbaḍ

झकास, फट्टे, धासू, कड़क, ढिंचक, रापचिक, फट्टांग jhakās, faṭṭe, dhāsū, kaṛak, ḍhincak, rāpcik, faṭṭāng, sallang, rawas Excellent बढ़िया (baṛhiyā)

मांडवली mānḍavlī compromise or understanding समझौता (samjhautā) Used primarily to agree on territory demarcation.

टोपी, झोलर ṭopī, jholar Fraud धोखा (dhokhā) Slang usage, टोपी literally means cap.

नल्ला nallā Transgender प्रतिलिपि (pratilipi), छक्का (chakkā)

शाणा śāṇā Smart fellow or wiseass होशियार (hośiyār), सयाना (sayānā) From the Marathi word शहाणा (śahāṇā) wise.

साला, साली sālā, sālī As Dude, wives brother/ sister कमीना (kamīnā), कमीनी (kamīnī) Mild swear word.

शाणापंती, शानपट्टी śāṇāpantī, śānpaṭṭī Acting smart होशियारी (hośiyārī), सयानापन (sayānāpan) Based on Marathi word शहाणपण (śahāṇpaṇ) meaning Acting smart.

चिड़िया ciṛiyā pager पेजर (pejar) literally means Sparrow

कौवा kauvā mobile phone मोबाइल (mobāil) or दूरभाष (dūrbhāṣ) literally means crow

घोड़ा ghoṛā Gun बंदूक (bandūk)(specially for trigger of the gun) literally means horse

सटक ले, कट ले saṭak le, kaṭ le get out, beat it खिसक ले (khisak le) or निकल ले (nikal le)

घंटा ghaṇṭā nothing कुछ नहीं literally means bell

टपोरी ṭaporī Dude, guy, hoodlum आवारा, लफ़ंगा See dedicated page Tapori (word)

मामू māmū Sir (Police) / Gullible Person (a fool) साहब (sahāb), सरजी (sarjī) / भोला (bholā) Local slang, literally means Maternal Uncle

सुल्टाना sulṭānā To resolve an issue सुलझाना (suljhānā)

फट्टू phaṭṭū coward डरपोक (ḍarpok), कायर (kāyar) From Marathi slang फटरू (phaṭarū) with the same meaning

मामा / पांडु māmā, pāṇḍu Cop पुलिसवाला (pulisavālā) Local slang, literally means maternal uncle; originating from the Marathi film Pandu Hawaldar

लफड़ा laphṛā Fight, problem, Love-Affair लड़ाई (laṛāī), प्रेम-संबन्ध (prēm-sambandh) From Gujarati word lafda

छावी, माल, आइटम, लैला chāvī, māl, laila Girlfriend सहेली (sahelī)

चिकना, चिकनी ciknā, ciknī Fair complexioned person, well dressed person, gay person, homosexual गोरा (gorā), गोरी (gorī) Local slang, literally means smooth or slick/oily

ठासना or tharra ṭhāsnā Alcohol शराब (śarāb) or मदिरा (madirā)

हड़कना haṛaknā To eat खाना (khānā)

बाबल्या bābalyā bus driver/conductor or ticket collector

Marathi for baby(kid)

सुट्टा suṭṭā cigarette सिगरेट (sigreṭ) This slang term has achieved near-universal usage in India
India
and Pakistan

[8] [9]

वाट लगना vāṭ lagnā to have a major problem मुसीबत में आना (musībat mẽ ānā) From Marathi word वाट लागणे (vāṭ lāgṇē)

वट ले, फूट, वंटास की गोली ले vaṭ lē, phūṭ, vaṇṭās kī gōlī lē Get out, Run from The problem, save your soul भागना (bhāgnā), भगाना (bhagānā)

डब्बा ḍabbā Police vehicle पुलिस गाड़ी (pulis gāṛī) literally means box

सामान sāmān weapon हथियार (hathiyār) literally means luggage or the stuff

कच्चा लिम्बू kaccā limbū rookie/ Noob नौसिखिया (nausikhiyā) Usually used during gully cricket for a noob or to downright embarrass someone. To play "kaccā limbū" means to play with modified rules to make it easier for a noob.

लफड़ा नहीं करने का laphṛā nahī̃ karnē kā Do not fight लड़ना मत (laṛnā mat) or लड़ाई नहीं करना (laṛāī nahī̃ karnā) लड़ना (laṛnā) functions a verb, लफड़ा (laphṛā) as a noun

पतली गली से सटक ले patlī galī se saṭak le go away from here quietly कोई रास्ता देख के भाग ले (koi rāsta dekh ke bhāg le) It is used when you want to warn a person by telling him to go away from the scene

हवा आने दे havā āne de Go away, let me breathe some air

It is used when you want to warn a person by telling him to go away from the scene

अबे साले abe sāle hello friend, listen

Casual way of calling when other friend is not ready for something.

थकेला thakelā a weak person कमज़ोर (kamzor) used for a person who is not energetic or seems dull most of the time

हरी पत्ती harī pattī money पैसा (paisā) हरी पत्ती means green note, directly referring to the 500 rupee note, which is green in colour

चूरन cūran Lie झूठ (jhūṭh) चूरन (cūran) is a slang used to describe a lie spoken by a person

टालिया / टकल्या ṭāliyā / taklyā Bald गंजा (gan̄jā) टालिया (ṭāliyā) is a slang used to describe a bald person especially at the crown part of the head, although can be used for any conspicuous bald person

पेटी peṭī One Lakh Rupees एक लाख रुपये (ek lākh rupaye) One hundred thousand rupees

खोका khokā One Crore Rupees एक करोड़ रुपये (ek karoṛ rupaye) Ten million rupees

तिजोरी tijorī 50 Crore or equivalent to 500 million INR. पचास करोड़ रुपये (pachaas karoṛ rupaye) 500 million rupees

बिड़ु biḍu Friend दोस्त (dost), यार (yār)

बकरी bakrī Smartphone (with a touchscreen) स्मार्टफोन (smārṭphōn) literally means goat/sheep

भैंस bhaĩs Laptop computer लैपटॉप (laipṭŏp), सुवाह्य संगणक (suvāhya saṅgaṇak) literally means buffalo

हाथी hāthī Desktop computer संगणक (saṅgaṇak) literally means elephant

सुमड़ी में sumaṛī mẽ Incognito or secret चुपके से (cupkē sē) Local slang, Means to something without making any noise

बोल बच्चन bol baccan Talk बातचीत (bātcīt) Generally means a disparaging address to talkative person, indicating that the content of his talk is previously known and so is uninteresting (Boring out of predictability, repetitive or tedious) and perhaps empty talk.

झोल jhol Scam घपला (ghaplā), घोटाला (ghoṭālā) Generally means scam. Sometimes can be used for arranagement (as in "झोल करना")

कीड़ा kīṛā Pest कीड़ा (keeda) A trouble or nuisance maker.

Fund / Pant

To steal, scam चोरी (corī) Generally refers to a small robbery.

रे, बंटाई re, baṇṭāī Hey! हे (he) Attention grabber in conversation with another.

कटिंग kaṭiṅg Half cup of Tea आधी ग्लास चाय (ādhī glāsa cāya) तंबी, एक कटिंग दे: Waiter: I'll take half cup of tea.

डब्बा डालना ḍabbā ḍālanā to use the bathroom for pooping टॉयलेट हो के आता हूँ (toilet hoke aata hun) 'I'm going to the toilet'.

मूत मारना, धार मारना mūt mārnā, dhār mārnā to go pee मूत्र विसर्जन करना (mūtra visarjan karnā) Literally give out urine.

घुंघरू सलमान ghuṅgharū salamāna Curly haired घुंगराले बालवाला (ghuṅgarālē bālvālā) घुंघरू (ghuṅgharū) refers to a curly haired guy.[10]

ऑफ हो जाना, टपक जाना ŏph ho jānā, ṭapaka jānā To Die/ Died मर गया (Mar gaya) E.g.: Mera dost off ho gaya = My friend died.

खर्चा-पानी kharcā-pānī Bribe/Pocket Money and To beat रिश्वत (riśvat) and मारना (mārnā) E.g.: कोपचे में दूँ क्या खर्चा-पानी = Do you want me to beat you in a corner.

रापचिक rāpcik Looking Hot सुन्दर (sundar) E.g.: Aaj bahut Rapchik lag rahi hai tu

चैप्टर chapter Cunning / Shrewd चालाक E.g. बहुत चैप्टर है वो, उसे कम मत समझो. He is quite cunning. Do not underestimate him.

हटेला haṭēlā Highly Stubborn हठी, अड़ियल (अगर जिद पर आ गया तो कुछ भी कर डालेगा) उससे पंगा मत लो, हटेला है वो. Don't take issues with him, he is quite stubborn and can lose his balance.

पानचाट pāncāṭ useless, unworthy फालतु, बकवास From Marathi पाणचट (pāṇcaṭ) meaning "watered down" मेरा नया फोन एकदम पानचाट है.

हफ्ता haphtā protection money, bribe रिश्वत (riśvat), घूस (ghūs), रंगदारी(raṅgdārī)

बिंदास bindaas fearless, bold निर्भय, निडर बंदा बिंदास है भिड्डू. (That dude is fearless man.)

भन्कस bhankas useless talk/activity बेकार अबे भन्कस बंद कर. (Cut the crap)

See also[edit]

Tapori (word)

References[edit]

^ a b c Dialects of Hindi ^ a b c Shapiro, Michael C.; Schiffman, Harold F. (1981). Language and Society in South Asia. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 209. ISBN 9788120826076.  ^ University of Kerala. Dept. of Linguistics, International journal of Dravidian linguistics, Volume 3, Dept. of Linguistics, Univ. of Kerala., 1974, ... In the case of Bombay Hindi, the predominant sub-stratum structure is that of Marathi, a language which is structurally quite close of Hindi
Hindi
...  ^ See 'The Language Detail' in Shoma A. Chatterji's paper, The Culturespecific Use of Sound in India
India
Cinema, presented in 1999. ^ The Hindu
The Hindu
newspaper, May 11, 2007. Chronicles of the City. Read online. ^ DNA, Verbal assault of Bambaiya Hindi, December 12, 2006. Read online. ^ Indian Express, August 10, 2005, 'Bindaas' finds its way to the Oxford Dictionary. Read online. ^ Patel ^ Style ^ Mid Day
Mid Day
newspaper, May 5, 2005. Diary. Read online.

External links[edit]

Dialects of Hindi Metroblogging Mumbai
Mumbai
Dictionary Exhaustive List of Bambaiyya Hindi
Hindi
Words List of Bambaiyya Idioms, Phrases and Expressions

v t e

Mumbai
Mumbai
topics

History

Timeline Silhara dynasty Bombay Presidency Seven Islands of Bombay Elephanta Caves Banganga Tank Old Bombay Worli Fort Girangaon Samyukta Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Movement Tanks Growth of Mumbai 1992–93 riots 1993 bombings 2008 attacks Terrorism

Geography

Powai Lake Vihar Lake Tulsi Lake Thane Creek Mahim Bay Back Bay Mithi River Ulhas River Gilbert Hill Malabar Hill Salsette Island Mumbai
Mumbai
Harbour Middle Ground Climate Beaches Eastern Suburbs Western Suburbs South Mumbai Neighbourhoods

Buildings

Architecture of Mumbai Gateway of India Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Naval Dockyard Bombay Stock Exchange Hutatma Chowk General Post Office Shreepati Arcade Regal Cinema Mount Mary's Church Haji Ali Dargah Flora Fountain David Sassoon Library Mumba Devi Temple Mahalaxmi Temple Prince of Wales Museum National Gallery of Modern Art Asiatic Society of Mumbai Jehangir Art Gallery Gowalia Tank Shri Swaminarayan Mandir Mahim Church

Transport

Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport
Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport
(BEST) Mumbai
Mumbai
Suburban Railway Central Railway Western Railway Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport Juhu Aerodrome Auto rickshaw Metro Monorail Skywalk Western railway elevated corridor Water transport Mumbai
Mumbai
Bus Rapid Transit System Mumbai
Mumbai
Urban Transport Project

Roads

Airoli Bridge Altamount Road Bandra–Worli Sea Link Carmichael Road Colaba Causeway Currey Road Bridge Dadabhai Naoroji Road Eastern Express Highway Eastern Freeway Fashion Street Hughes Road Jeejabai Bhosle Marg JVLR Linking Road Lady Jamshetjee Road LBS Marg Lamington Road Mahim Causeway Marine Drive MTHL Nepean Sea Road P D'Mello Road Pedder Road Princess Street SCLR SV Road Sahar Elevated Access Road Sion Panvel Highway Vashi Bridge Veera Desai Road Western Express Highway

Economy

Bombay Stock Exchange National Stock Exchange of India Reserve Bank of India Mint Dalal Street Nariman Point

Education and Research

Universities & Colleges

University of Mumbai
Mumbai
(MU) SNDT Women's University Indian Institute of Technology - Bombay (IIT-B) Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute
Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute
(VJTI) Mulund College of Commerce ICT (formerly UDCT) NITIE Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies
Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies
(JBIMS) SP Jain Institute of Management and Research NMIMS St. Xavier's College Sathaye College Ramnarain Ruia College DG Ruparel College Ramniranjan Anandilal Podar College of Commerce and Economics V. G. Vaze College of Arts, Science and Commerce

Schools

Bombay Scottish School Campion School Cathedral and John Connon School Dhirubhai Ambani International School Dr. Antonio Da Silva High School Jamnabai Narsee School Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan King George High School, Dadar(E) St. Theresa's Boys High School

Institutes for Science & Learning

Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
(TIFR) Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
(BARC) Nehru Planetarium Nehru Science Centre Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (UM-DAE CBS)

Civic

Mayor Police Commissioner Municipal Commissioner Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation Mumbai
Mumbai
Police Wards Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport Demographics Water sources Bombay High
Bombay High
Court Sheriff

Culture

Marathi Mumbaiya/Bombaiya/Bambaiya Dabbawalas Mumbaikar Street food Vada pav Bhelpuri Sevpuri Dahi puri Panipuri Ragda pattice Cultural centres Cinemas Kala Ghoda festival Mumbai
Mumbai
Marathon Tourist attractions Little Bombay, Jersey City, USA

Religion in Mumbai

Jainism in Mumbai Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bombay History of the Jews in Mumbai List of churches in Mumbai Anglican Diocese of Bombay Mumbai
Mumbai
Orthodox Diocese

Other topics

Bombay High Kamathipura Dharavi People from Mumbai

Category Commons Mumbai
Mumbai
portal

v t e

Modern Indo-Aryan languages

Dardic

Dameli Domaaki Gawar-Bati Indus Kohistani Kalami Kalash Kashmiri Khowar Kundal Shahi Mankiyali Nangalami Palula Pashayi Sawi Shina Shumashti Torwali Ushoji

Northern

Eastern

Doteli Jumli Nepali Palpa

Central

Garhwali Kumaoni

Western

Dogri Kangri Mandeali

North- western

Punjabi

Punjabi

dialects

Lahnda

Hindko Khetrani Pahari-Pothwari Saraiki

Sindhi

Jadgali Kutchi Luwati Memoni Sindhi

Western

Gujarati

Aer Gujarati Jandavra Koli Lisan ud-Dawat Parkari Koli Saurashtra Vaghri

Bhil

Bhili Gamit Kalto Vasavi

Rajasthani

Bagri Goaria Gujari Jaipuri Malvi Marwari Mewari Dhatki

Others

Domari Khandeshi Romani

list of languages

Central

Western

Braj Bhasha Bundeli Haryanvi Hindustani

Hindi

Bombay Hindi

Urdu

Dakhini Hyderabadi Urdu Rekhta

Khariboli Kannauji Sansi Sadhukadi

Eastern

Awadhi Bagheli Chhattisgarhi Fiji Hindi

Others

Danwar Parya

Eastern

Bihari

Angika Bhojpuri Caribbean Hindustani Vajjika Magahi Maithili Majhi Sadri

Bengali– Assamese

Assamese Bengali

dialects

Bishnupriya Manipuri Chakma Chittagonian Goalpariya Hajong Kamrupi Kharia Thar Kurmukar Rangpuri Rohingya Sylheti Tanchangya

Odia

Odia Kosli Bodo Parja Kupia Reli

Halbic

Halbi Bhatri Kamar Mirgan Nahari

Others

Mal Paharia

Southern

Marathi–Konkani

Konkani Kukna Marathi others..

Insular

Maldivian Sinhalese

Unclassified

Chinali Sheikhgal

Pidgins/ creoles

Andaman Creole Hindi Haflong Hindi Nagamese Nefamese Vedda

See also: Old and Middle Indo-Aryan; Indo-Iranian languages; Nuristani languages;

.