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The terms BALTIC REGION, BALTIC RIM COUNTRIES (or simply BALTIC RIM), and the BALTIC SEA COUNTRIES refer to slightly different combinations of countries in the general area surrounding the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 Denotation * 3 See also * 4 External links

ETYMOLOGY

Main article: Baltic (name)

The first to name it the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
("Mare Balticum") was eleventh century German chronicler Adam of Bremen
Adam of Bremen
.

DENOTATION

Depending on the context the Baltic region
Baltic region
might stand for:

* The countries that have shorelines along the Baltic Sea: Denmark
Denmark
, Estonia
Estonia
, Latvia
Latvia
, Finland
Finland
, Germany
Germany
, Lithuania
Lithuania
, Poland
Poland
, Russia
Russia
, and Sweden
Sweden
. * The group of countries presently referred to by the shorthand Baltic states
Baltic states
: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. * Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
Lithuania
and Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia, exclaved from the remainder of Russia. * Historic East Prussia and the historical lands of Livonia , Courland and Estonia
Estonia
(Swedish Estonia
Estonia
and Russian Estonia
Estonia
). * The former Baltic governorates of Imperial Russia
Russia
: Today's Estonia
Estonia
and Latvia
Latvia
(excluding parts of modern Eastern Latvia
Latvia
that were part of Vitebsk Governorate ). * The countries on the historical British trade route through the Baltic Sea, i.e. including the Scandinavian Peninsula ( Sweden
Sweden
and Norway
Norway
). * The Council of the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
States , comprised by the countries with shorelines along the Baltic Sea, in addition to Norway
Norway
, Iceland and the rest of European Union . * The islands of the Euroregion B7 Baltic Islands Network , which includes the islands and archipelagos Åland (autonomous), Bornholm ( Denmark
Denmark
), Gotland
Gotland
( Sweden
Sweden
), Hiiumaa (Estonia), Öland ( Sweden
Sweden
), Rügen ( Germany
Germany
), and Saaremaa (Estonia). * On historic Scandinavian and German maps, the Balticum sometimes includes only the historically or culturally German-dominated lands, or provinces, of Estonia, Livonia , Courland and Latgale (corresponding to modern Estonia
Estonia
and Latvia), as well as sometimes Pomerania , Kashubia and East Prussia , while the historically less-Germanized Lithuania
Lithuania
is occasionally excluded.

SEE ALSO

* Baltic * Baltoscandia * Nordic Estonia
Estonia
* Northern Dimension * North Sea Region * Baltia (Roman mythology) * List of Intangible Cultural Heritage elements in Northern Europe

.