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The Baltic air-policing mission is a NATO
NATO
air defence Quick Reaction Alert (QRA) in order to guard the airspace over the three Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia
Latvia
and Lithuania.

Contents

1 Mission 2 Deployments 3 Accidents 4 Gallery 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Mission[edit] Within the Alliance, preserving airspace integrity is conducted as a collective task jointly and collectively using fighter aircraft for Air Policing. Air policing is a purely defensive mission. Since the 1970s, NATO
NATO
has established a comprehensive system of air surveillance and airspace management means, as well as Quick Reaction Alert
Quick Reaction Alert
(QRA) assets for intercepts (QRA(I)) provided by its member nations. By means of radar sites, remote data transmission, Control and Reporting Centres (CRCs) and Combined Air Operations Centres (CAOCs) the Alliance ensures constant surveillance and control of its assigned airspace 24 hours a day and 365 days a year. NATO
NATO
exploits these facilities to react within seconds to air traffic incidents in the Allies’ airspace. This structure of weapon systems, control centres and procedures is referred to as the NATO
NATO
Integrated Air Defence System (NATINADS). NATINADS has been and remains one cornerstone of Alliance solidarity and cohesion. The responsible Allied Air Headquarters
Headquarters
are at Izmir, Turkey
Turkey
and Ramstein, Germany. The dividing line is the Alps. The Headquarters
Headquarters
Allied Air Command Ramstein’s air area of responsibility is divided in two Air Policing Areas (APAs):

APA 1 is controlled by the CAOC
CAOC
Finderup,[1] Denmark
Denmark
(deactivated in 2013); APA 2 is controlled by the CAOC
CAOC
Uedem, Germany.

NATO
NATO
members without their own Air Policing assets are assisted by other NATO
NATO
members. Luxembourg
Luxembourg
is covered by interceptors from Belgium, while Slovenia
Slovenia
and Albania
Albania
are covered by Italian and Greek aircraft.[2] Since March 2004, when the Baltic States joined NATO, the 24/7 task of policing the airspace of the Baltic States was conducted on a three-month rotation from Lithuania's First Air Force Base in Zokniai/ Šiauliai
Šiauliai
International Airport, near the northern city of Šiauliai, and starting 2014 at the Ämari Air Base
Ämari Air Base
in Harju County, Estonia. Starting with the Turkish deployment, rotations changed to a four-month basis. Usual deployments consist of four fighter aircraft with between 50 and 100 support personnel. To ensure Air Policing performance is conducted in a safe and professional way, adequate training was and still is required, as NATO member nations deploy their assets to Šiauliai
Šiauliai
Air Base, Lithuania, on a rotational basis. To standardize training across nations, Headquarters
Headquarters
Allied Air Command Ramstein
Allied Air Command Ramstein
introduced a series of training events formerly called Baltic Region Training Events, now referred to as Ramstein Alloy [2] to capitalize on experienced aircrews deployed to Šiauliai
Šiauliai
and to offer superior training for Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian air forces and control facilities.[3] The three host nations contributed €2.2 million in 2011 to cover the deployment expenses and are supposed to contribute €3.5 million yearly by 2015. In 2012, the Alliance allocated €7 million for Šiauliai
Šiauliai
airfield modernisation from the Security Investment Programme.[4] Hungary
Hungary
performed the mission for the first time in 2015,[5] also Italy
Italy
carried out the mission in January–April 2015,[6] with 14 members having participated in Baltic Air Policing so far. In 2013, the Baltic patrol was called in when the Swedish Air Force was unable to respond to a simulated attack by Russian bombers against Stockholm.[7] During the 2014 Crimean crisis, the U.S. Air Force
U.S. Air Force
deployed six F-15C Eagle fighter jets from US-run Lakenheath air base in eastern England to the Lithuanian Air Force Base near Šiauliai.[8][9] These aircraft will augment the present mission comprising four U.S. F-15C Eagle aircraft. The U.S. heightened its NATO
NATO
presence to increase the strength of the Baltic Air Policing mission. Another two U.S. KC-135 aerial refuelling aircraft brought aircraft service personnel.[10] In May 2014, NATO
NATO
established its second air base in Estonia's Ämari near Tallinn, beginning with a Danish deployment.[11] Additionally in May 2014, Polish Air Force
Polish Air Force
units at Malbork Air Base
Malbork Air Base
were reinforced by the French Air Force
French Air Force
[12][13] According to a former staff of the National Defence University of Finland the Baltic air bases are untenable in a war scenario as they lack hardened aircraft shelters which makes them vulnerable to attack.[14] Also Russia operates long-range AAA missiles in Kalinigrad and St Petersburg which would severely hamper or stop air operations from the area.[14] Deployments[edit]

Starting Date[15] Country Air Force Aircraft Note Reference

30 March 2004  Belgium Belgian Air Component F-16AM Fighting Falcon

[16]

1 July 2004  Denmark Royal Danish Air Force F-16AM Fighting Falcon

[17]

30 October 2004  United Kingdom  Royal Air Force Panavia Tornado F.3

[18]

1 January 2005  Norway Royal Norwegian Air Force F-16AM Fighting Falcon

[19]

30 March 2005  Netherlands Royal Netherlands
Netherlands
Air Force F-16AM Fighting Falcon

[20]

30 June 2005  Germany  German Air Force F-4F Phantom II

[21]

12 October 2005  United States   United States
United States
Air Force F-16CJ Fighting Falcon

[22]

1 January 2006  Poland  Polish Air Force MiG-29A

[23]

31 March 2006  Turkey Turkish Air Force F-16C Fighting Falcon

[24]

1 August 2006  Spain Spanish Air Force Mirage F1M

[24][25]

1 December 2006  Belgium Belgian Air Component F-16AM Fighting Falcon

1 April 2007  France French Air Force Mirage 2000C

[26]

1 August 2007  Romania Romanian Air Force MiG-21
MiG-21
Lancer 'C' Based in Šiauliai, Lithuania [27]

1 November 2007  Portugal Portuguese Air Force F-16AM Fighting Falcon Based in Šiauliai, Lithuania [28][29]

16 December 2007  Norway Royal Norwegian Air Force F-16AM Fighting Falcon

[30]

15 March 2008  Poland  Polish Air Force MiG-29A

[31]

30 June 2008  Germany  German Air Force F-4F Phantom II

30 September 2008  United States   United States
United States
Air Force F-15C Eagle

[32]

2 January 2009  Denmark Royal Danish Air Force F-16AM Fighting Falcon

1 May 2009  Czech Republic Czech Air Force JAS 39C Gripen

[33]

1 September 2009  Germany  German Air Force Eurofighter Typhoon

[34]

3 November 2009  Germany  German Air Force F-4F Phantom II

[34]

4 January 2010  France French Air Force Mirage 2000C

[35]

1 May 2010  Poland  Polish Air Force MiG-29A

[36]

1 September 2010  United States   United States
United States
Air Force F-15C Eagle

[37]

5 January 2011  Germany  German Air Force F-4F Phantom II

[38]

28 April 2011  France French Air Force Mirage 2000C

[39]

2 September 2011  Denmark Royal Danish Air Force F-16AM Fighting Falcon

[40]

4 January 2012  Germany  German Air Force F-4F Phantom II

[41]

26 April 2012  Poland  Polish Air Force MiG-29A

[42]

1 September 2012  Czech Republic Czech Air Force JAS 39C Gripen

[43]

3 January 2013  Denmark Royal Danish Air Force F-16AM Fighting Falcon

[44]

30 April 2013  France French Air Force Mirage F1CR

[45]

3 September 2013  Belgium Belgian Air Component F-16AM Fighting Falcon

[46][47][48]

3 January 2014  United States   United States
United States
Air Force F-15C Eagle

[49][50]

28 April - 1 May 2014  Poland  Polish Air Force MiG-29A Based in Šiauliai, Lithuania [51]

 United Kingdom  Royal Air Force Eurofighter Typhoon Based in Šiauliai, Lithuania [52][53]

 Denmark Royal Danish Air Force F-16AM Fighting Falcon Based in Ämari, Estonia. [54]

 France French Air Force Rafale C, Mirage 2000C Based in Malbork, Poland. [55]

1 September 2014  Portugal Portuguese Air Force F-16AM Fighting Falcon Based in Šiauliai, Lithuania [56]

 Canada Royal Canadian Air Force CF-18 Hornet Based in Šiauliai, Lithuania [57]

 Germany  German Air Force Eurofighter Typhoon Based in Ämari, Estonia [56][58]

 Netherlands Royal Netherlands
Netherlands
Air Force F-16AM Fighting Falcon Based in Malbork, Poland [59][60]

1 January 2015  Italy Italian Air Force 4 x Eurofighter Typhoon Detachment had a strength of 96 personnel [61][62]

 Poland  Polish Air Force 4 x MiG-29A Based in Šiauliai, Lithuania [63]

 Spain Spanish Air Force 4 x Eurofighter Typhoon Based in Ämari, Estonia [64]

 Belgium Belgian Air Component 4 x F-16AM Fighting Falcon Based in Malbork, Poland [65]

1 May 2015  Norway Royal Norwegian Air Force 4 x F-16AM Fighting Falcon Based in Šiauliai, Lithuania [66][67][68]

 Italy Italian Air Force 4 x Eurofighter Typhoon Based in Šiauliai, Lithuania [66][68]

 United Kingdom  Royal Air Force 4 x Eurofighter Typhoon Based in Ämari, Estonia [66][67][68][69]

 Belgium Belgian Air Component 4 x F-16AM Fighting Falcon Based in Malbork, Poland [68]

1 September 2015  Hungary Hungarian Air Force 4 x JAS 39C Gripen Based in Šiauliai, Lithuania [70][71]

 Germany  German Air Force 4 x Eurofighter Typhoon Based in Ämari, Estonia [71]

7 January 2016  Belgium Belgian Air Component 4 x F-16AM Fighting Falcon Based in Ämari, Estonia [72]

 Spain Spanish Air Force 4 x Eurofighter Typhoon Based in Šiauliai, Lithuania [73]

28 April 2016  United Kingdom Royal Air Force 4 x Eurofighter Typhoon Based in Ämari, Estonia [74][75]

 Portugal Portuguese Air Force 4 x F-16AM Fighting Falcon Based in Šiauliai, Lithuania [74]

31 August 2016  France French Air Force 4 x Mirage 2000-5 Based in Šiauliai, Lithuania [76][77][78]

 Germany  German Air Force 4 x Eurofighter Typhoon Based in Ämari, Estonia [76]

5 January 2017  Netherlands Royal Netherlands
Netherlands
Air Force 4 x F-16AM Fighting Falcon Based in Šiauliai, Lithuania [79]

 Germany  German Air Force 4 x Eurofighter Typhoon Based in Ämari, Estonia [80]

1 May 2017  Poland  Polish Air Force 4 x F-16C Fighting Falcon Based in Šiauliai, Lithuania [81]

 Spain Spanish Air Force 5 x EF-18 Hornet Based in Ämari, Estonia

30 August 2017  United States   United States
United States
Air Force 4 x F-15C Eagle Based in Šiauliai, Lithuania

 Belgium Belgian Air Component 4 x F-16AM Fighting Falcon Based in Ämari, Estonia

10 January 2018  Italy Italian Air Force 4 x Eurofighter Typhoon Based in Ämari, Estonia [82]

Accidents[edit]

30 August 2011 a French Mirage collided with Lithuanian trainer jet L-39, which dived into a marsh. Both pilots ejected.[83] 29 April 2013 a Danish F-16
F-16
landed in Tallinn
Tallinn
after it suffered a bird strike, which caused minor engine damage.[84] 9 October 2015 a German Eurofighter's right external tank dropped "while taxiing to the start position" on the taxiway in Ämari airbase, Estonia. The necessary torque of the tightening bolts "was not present".[85]

Gallery[edit]

United States
United States
air force F-15C Eagle near Vilnius
Vilnius
(November 10, 2008)

Squadron of Belgian Air Component
Belgian Air Component
fighters F-16
F-16
Fighting Falcon

Royal Danish Air Force
Royal Danish Air Force
F-16
F-16
Fighting Falcon near Vilnius
Vilnius
(March 27, 2009)

French Mirage 2000s during a Baltic Air Policing deployment in 2010.

A German Luftwaffe McDonnell Douglas F-4F Phantom II landing at Zokniai airport (Lithuania, 4 January 2011).

Czech Saab Gripen fighters over the Curonian Spit
Curonian Spit
while participating in the Baltic Air Policing mission in 2012.

A U.S. Air Force
U.S. Air Force
F-15C Eagle aircraft assigned to the 493rd Expeditionary Fighter Squadron taxis to a runway March 18, 2014, as part of Baltic Air Policing in Šiauliai, Lithuania.

See also[edit]

Icelandic Air Policing

References[edit]

Three years of NATO
NATO
Baltic Air Policing

^ CAOC
CAOC
Finderup 1993-2013 Archived July 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "L'A.M. assicura lo spazio aereo albanese" (in Italian). Retrieved 20 September 2011. L’Aeronautica Militare assicura già dal 2007, con i propri velivoli, l’"Air Policing" dello spazio aereo sloveno.  ^ Baltic Region Training Event. ^ A Mission in the Interest of the Whole Alliance. PISM Bulletin No 88 (421), September 21, 2012 ^ Hungary
Hungary
will join NATO's Air Policing mission in Baltics. ^ Italy’s Typhoon fighter jets secure airspace of Iceland. 10 June 2013 ^ Benitez, Jorge (22 April 2013). "Russian jets practiced attacks on Sweden". NATO
NATO
Source. Atlantic Council. Retrieved 22 April 2013.  ^ US sends six fighters for NATO
NATO
Baltics patrols: Lithuania
Lithuania
Archived March 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. ^ 6 F-15s, KC-135
KC-135
to augment NATO
NATO
mission in Baltics ^ The United States
United States
augment its participation in NATO's air policing mission in the Baltics ^ " NATO
NATO
opens an air base in Estonia". estonianworld.com. 2 May 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2014.  ^ NATO's tripled Baltic Air Policing Mission begins by Nicholas de Larrinaga Jane's Defence Weekly
Jane's Defence Weekly
29 April 2014 ^ [ http://aco.nato.int/alliance-solidarity-in-the-baltic-region-continues.aspx Alliance Solidarity in the Baltic Region Continues] Allied Command Operations 26 Aug 2014 ^ a b Gestrin-Hagner, Maria (2015-01-20). "(sv) Försvarsexpert: Flygövning fredstida spel för gallerierna". Hufvudstadsbladet. Retrieved 21 May 2015.  ^ NATO
NATO
Air - policing mission, Lithuanian Armed Forces ^ Belgium
Belgium
Baltic Air Policing ^ Air-police functions in the Baltic States to be taken over by Danish personnel ^ Hansard, 14/12/04 ^ Norwegian Ministry of Defence:Norwegian fighter aircraft on a temporary NATO
NATO
mission in the baltic ^ Air policing mission in the Baltic States to be taken over by Dutch troops ^ Germans takes over Baltic NATO
NATO
mission ^ 23rd EFS protects Baltic skies ^ Zakończenie misji AIR POLICING przez Siły Powietrzne RP. mon.gov.pl ^ a b Turkish Military Personnel to Take Over Execution of NATO
NATO
Air Policing Mission Over the Baltic States. ^ Spain
Spain
to carry out NATO
NATO
patrol in Baltic countries ^ Estonian Review, Volume 17 No 13 Mar28-Apr3, 2007, p.3: French Take over Baltic Air Policing Mission Archived 2008-02-27 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Romania
Romania
Performs Air Police Service In The Baltic Countries. ^ Portuguese F-16s to defend Baltic skies ^ A participação dos Jaguares na missão Baltics Air Policing 2007 ( Portuguese Air Force
Portuguese Air Force
301 Squadron) (in Portuguese) ^ Oro policijos misiją Baltijos valstybėse iš portugalų perima norvegai (in Lithuanian) ^ Gazeta.pl: Prezydent podpisał postanowienie o użyciu wojska w dwóch zagranicznych operacjach (in Polish) ^ U.S. Forces begin air policing mission in Baltics Archived 2008-10-14 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Air Contingent of the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
took over the NATO
NATO
Baltic Air-policing mission ^ a b German Air Force
German Air Force
to conduct once more NATO
NATO
Air Policing over Baltic States ^ Air Baltic 2010 – France
France
takes over Archived 2012-05-25 at Archive.is ^ Dalyvauti oro policijos misijoje atvyksta Lenkijos naikintuvai Archived 2012-01-11 at the Wayback Machine. (in Lithuanian) ^ US Air contingent take over Baltic Air-policing mission ^ Richthofengeschwader sichert baltischen Luftraum (in German) ^ Šiauliuose leisis Prancūzijos naikintuvai (in Lithuanian) ^ NATO
NATO
oro policijos misiją Baltijos šalyse perims Danijos kariai (in Lithuanian) ^ Šiauliuose nusileido Vokietijos karinių oro pajėgų naikintuvai (in Lithuanian) ^ Orlik 4 na posterunku, sp.mil.pl Archived 2012-10-18 at the Wayback Machine. (in Polish) ^ Czech Gripen Baltic Airspace Policing Encore ^ Baltijos erdvėje patruliuos Danijos karinių oro pajėgų naikintuvai (in Lithuanian) ^ NATO
NATO
oro policijos misijoje danus keičia Prancūzijos karinių oro pajėgų kariai (in Lithuanian) ^ Nicholas Fiorenza (17 June 2013). " Belgium
Belgium
To Take Over Baltic Air Policing". Retrieved 17 June 2013.  ^ Belgian Air Force (2 July 2013). "Baltic Air Policing" (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 August 2013.  ^ AIRheads/MB (26 July 2013). "Belgian F-16s take on Baltic Air Policing". Retrieved 3 August 2013.  ^ U.S. air contingent took over NATO’s Baltic Air Policing mission from Belgian troops ^ US to add six F-15 jet fighters to Nato Baltic patrols, Lithuania says ^ Lotnicza Polska (in Polish) ^ UK Sends Typhoon Fighters to Baltic States To Guard Against Russia ^ "RAF Typhoons Wow Lithuanian Crowds". www.raf.mod.uk. Retrieved 2016-12-29.  ^ Wammen: Danske F-16
F-16
klar til Baltic Air Policing (in Danish) ^ France
France
to send fighter jets to Baltics for NATO
NATO
Air Policing ^ a b UPDATE: France
France
sends Rafale fighters to Poland ^ Canadian fighter jets to help patrol Baltic skies ^ Ukraine-Krise: Nato verstärkt militärische Präsenz im Osten Europas (in German) ^ NATO
NATO
to triple Baltic air patrol from next month ^ Dutch Ministry of Defence (3 September 2014). "Baltic Air Policing" (in Dutch). Retrieved 4 September 2014.  ^ Italian Typhoons committed to watch for Russian aircraft in Baltics as NATO
NATO
air policing mission expands ^ http://www.ilprimatonazionale.it/esteri/ali-italiane-guardia-del-baltico-16127/ ^ NATO
NATO
airmen report growing Russian activity in Baltic airspace ^ Rotation of NATO
NATO
BAP Mission Gets Underway. 22 December 2014. ^ Nicholas Fiorenza (13 October 2014). " Belgium
Belgium
to deploy F-16
F-16
fighter jets to Poland". Retrieved 24 December 2014.  ^ a b c "The Royal Norwegian Air Force
Royal Norwegian Air Force
will, starting May and through August, guard Baltic air space". Archived from the original on 14 April 2015. Retrieved 28 April 2015.  ^ a b Gareth Jennings (22 April 2015). " Norway
Norway
to deploy F-16s for Baltic air policing". Retrieved 28 April 2015.  ^ a b c d " Norway
Norway
takes the lead in NATO's Baltic Air Policing mission". Retrieved 30 April 2015.  ^ Admin, News (2015-02-07). "Lossiemouth jets set for deployment to protect Baltic states". inside>Moray News. Retrieved 2016-12-29.  ^ NATO’s Baltic Air Policing down to eight aircraft. ^ a b Gareth Jennings (4 August 2015). " NATO
NATO
to scale back enhanced Baltic Air Policing Mission". Retrieved 16 August 2015.  ^ " Belgium
Belgium
to send F-16
F-16
fighter jets to protect airspace over Baltics". www.unian.info. Retrieved 2015-12-20.  ^ "El Ejército del Aire enviará de enero a mayo de 2016 cuatro Eurofighter a la misión". www.defensa.com. Retrieved 2015-12-20.  ^ a b "UK jets and warship to bolster Baltic security". Ministry of Defence. 3 April 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2016.  ^ "RAF Jets Fly on Baltic Policing Mission". www.raf.mod.uk. Retrieved 2016-12-29.  ^ a b Allies ready to continue NATO’s Baltic Air Policing ^ French fighters “Mirage 2000” will land in Šiauliai ^ En vol à bord d’un Mirage 2000
Mirage 2000
assurant la protection du ciel des pays Baltes (in French) ^ After four months of duty the French Air Force
French Air Force
detachment will be succeeded by the Royal Netherlands
Netherlands
Air Force detachment with four Fighting Falcon F-16
F-16
fighter aircraft. ^ Augmentation of the Air Policing Mission deployed in Amari Air Base (Estonia), a German air contingent with Eurofighter Typhoon
Eurofighter Typhoon
fighter jets, will stay for the second consecutive rotation. ^ Poland
Poland
new lead nation in NATO
NATO
Baltic Air Policing. ^ http://www.aeronautica.difesa.it/comunicazione/notizie/Pagine/20180110_Baltic-Eagle_continua-la-missione-dell-Aeronautica-Militare-italiana-nei-Paesi-Baltici.aspx ^ Lithuanian L-39 crashes after collision with French Mirage ^ Danish jets make unscheduled landing after bird collision in Estonian airspace. ^ [1]

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to NATO
NATO
Baltic air-policing mission.

Ministry of National Defence Republic of Lithuania
Lithuania
NATO
NATO
Air - policing mission Estonian Ministry of Defence Estonian Air Force Headquarters
Headquarters
Allied Air Command Ramstein
Allied Air Command Ramstein
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NATO
Air Policing NATO
NATO
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