1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Baliros is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Balirosiens or Balirosiennes.[1]


Baliros is located some 12 km south-east of Pau just west of Bordes. Access to the commune is by the D37 road from Narcastet in the north which passes through the centre of the commune and the village before continuing south to Pardies-Piétat. The village is served by bus routes 809, 810, and 811 of the Interurban Network of Pyrenees-Atlantiques which connect Pau with Arthez-d'Asson. The commune is forested west of the village with the eastern side farmland.[2]

The Gave de Pau flows north along the eastern border of the commune although it is not the communal border. The Luz river flows from the south-west of the commune north through the village to join the Gave de Pau at the northern border of the commune. The Gest joins the Luz in the south of the commune. The Escourre flows north from the south-eastern corner of the commune to join the Luz north of the village.

Places and hamlets

  • L'Arroundade de la Plaine
  • Cazaous
  • Claverie
  • Colomby (château)
  • L'Engoust
  • Hillou (part)
  • Hourcade
  • Monregard

Neighbouring communes and villages


Michel Grosclaude proposed the Latin etymology of the surname Valerus with the Aquitaine suffix -ossum giving "Domain of Valerus".

The following table details the origins of the commune name.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Baliros Baliros 1385 Grosclaude Census Village
Balliros 1515 Raymond
Baliroos 1538 Raymond
Baliros 1750 Cassini



  • Census: Census of Béarn[6]
  • Assat: Titles of Assat[7]
  • Reformation: Reformation of Béarn[8]


Paul Raymond noted on page 20 of his 1863 dictionary that in 1385 Baliros had 11 fires and depended on the bailiwick of Pau.


Arms of Baliros
The official status of the blazon remains to be determined.

Quarterly: at 1 Azure, a paschal lamb rear regardant bearing a standard charged with a cross couped all of Argent; at 2 Argent, three sticks of Sable in pale; at 3 Or, three escallops of Gules set 2 and 1; at 4 Argent, three bends Azure.


Baliros Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors[9]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2008 Jean-Claude Duprat
2008 2014 Jacques Robert
2014 2020 Jean-Claude Hourcq

(Not all data is known)


The commune is part of six inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of Pays de Nay;
  • the SIVU of RPI Baliros - Pardies-Piétat - Saint-Abit (headquarters in Baliros);
  • the drinking water and sanitation association of Pays de Nay (SEAPAN);
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for defence against floods of the Gave de Pau;
  • the inter-communal association for defence against floods of the Luz;


In 2010 the commune had 367 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
120 268 235 290 316 332 339 326 314
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
318 297 308 320 329 304 300 282 286
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
274 271 228 202 197 206 195 164 176
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
194 268 342 335 365 377 378 367 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Baliros Post Office
Population of Baliros


The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Ossau-iraty.

Sites and monuments

The Parish Church of Saint Peter (1658)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[10]


The Baliros Community Hall.

Baliros is a member of the Inter-communal Educational Grouping (RPI) of Baliros - Pardies-Piétat - Saint-Abit which runs the Baliros and Pardies-Piétat primary schools.

See also


  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.


  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  2. ^ Google Maps
  3. ^ Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3(in French)
  4. ^ Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
  5. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Baliros
  6. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  7. ^ Titles of Assat in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  8. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  9. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000599 Parish Church of Saint Peter (in French)

External links