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Balatkara Gana
Balatkara Gana
is an ancient Jain
Jain
monastic order. It is a section of the Mula Sangh. It is often termed Balatkara Gana
Balatkara Gana
Sarasvati Gachchha.[1] Until the beginning of the 20th century it was present in a number of places in India.[2] However all its seats in North India became vacant in early 20th century. It survives only at Humbaj
Humbaj
in Karnataka, which is its ancient seat. The Bhattaraka
Bhattaraka
seat at Humcha was founded in the 8th century AD, during the reign of Jinadatta Rai, founder of the ruling dynasty of Santar. In 1048 AD, the Mahamandaleshwara Chandarayarus made a donation to a Bhattaraka
Bhattaraka
of Balagara-gana at Balligame near Banavasi in present-day Karnataka. Thus, the Bhattaraka
Bhattaraka
seat at Humcha (or Humbaj) may be one of the oldest of its kind. The current Bhattaraka Srimad Devendrakeerthi Bhattaraka
Bhattaraka
Maharaj has supervised 31 pratishthas outside India. Balatkara Gana
Balatkara Gana
arrived in North India
India
in the 13th century as attested by inscriptions at Un (Vikram 1218), Ahar (Vikram 1228) and Hoshangabad (Vikram 1271.[3] There exists a chronology (Pattavali) of the northern Indian tradition the early part of which was composed during the time of Bhataraka Prabhachandra
Prabhachandra
II. Early part of the chronology is supported by a 13th-century inscription associated with the building of the Kirti Stambh of Chittore.[4] The disciples of Bhattaraka
Bhattaraka
Prabhachandra founded several branches and sub-branches in several regions of India.

Contents

1 North India
India
Branches 2 Pattavalis (pontifical genealogies) 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

North India
India
Branches[edit] Prabhachandra
Prabhachandra
(1318–1368) is regarded to be the first Bhattaraka
Bhattaraka
of Delhi
Delhi
(see Jainism
Jainism
in Delhi) who reigned during 1318-1388. His pupil Padmanandi (1368–1418) had three disciples.

Sakalakirti (1420–1475), first Bhattakra of Idar
Idar
lineage. Devendrakirti, who had two disciples:

Vidyanandi, who founded the Rander- Surat
Surat
lineage. Tribhuvanakirti who founded the Chanderi
Chanderi
lineage.

Shubhachandra (1418–1450), whose disciple Jinachandra (1450–1514), both Bhattarakas of Delhi, had three pupils:

Ratnakirti, founder of Nagaur
Nagaur
lineage of 26 Bhattarakas into 20th century. Prabhachandra
Prabhachandra
II, who had two pupils:

Dharmachandra, founder of Chittore/Amer/ Jaipur
Jaipur
lineage Sumatikirti, founder of Gwalior
Gwalior
lineage. A branch of this later managed Sonagir
Sonagir
until 1974.

The dates for the Bhattarakas of Delhi
Delhi
were computed by Dr. Jyotiprasad Jain.[5] Pattavalis (pontifical genealogies)[edit] There exist several pattavalis of Mula Sangh-Balatkara Gana-Saraswati Gachchha.

By Dr. Hoerncle, published in The Indian Antiquary, Oct 1891, p341-361; March 1892, pp.57-85 .[6] These include Pattavalis

A (1840 CE Nagaur
Nagaur
includes Jnatis), B(1840 Chittor
Chittor
includes Jnatis ), C (1450CE), D(1822-1826 CE), E (1880CE, includes Jnatis).

Amer- Jaipur
Jaipur
Pattavali, given by Siddhantacharya Phulachandra Shastri [7] (referred to as Ujjain
Ujjain
Pattavali). Gwalior-Bateshwar Pattavali, given by Pt. Jhammanlal Jain Tarkatirtha.[8]

The pattavalis give the following segments[9]

Bhaddalpur, Dakshin Desh (South country) or Malwa, 26 Acharyas Ujjain, 18 Acharyas Baran (Near Kota), 12 Acharyas Gwalior
Gwalior
(or Chittor
Chittor
and Baghera), 14 Acharyas Ajmer
Ajmer
(From Vishalakirti to Prabhachandra, the last Acharya) Delhi
Delhi
(Bhattarakas Prabhachnadra, Padmanandi, Shubhachandra and Jinachandra

Because of occasional shifting, some of the monks may have lived in different places at different times, causing some disagreements in the pattavalis. Three inscriptions describing the construction of Kirti Stambha
Kirti Stambha
of Chittor
Chittor
have been found that mention Vishalakirti-Shubhakirti-Dharmachandra thus conforming the names going back to 13th century. See also[edit]

Kirti Stambha Mula Sangh Bhattaraka Acharya Jainism
Jainism
in Delhi

References[edit]

^ Jain
Jain
Shilalekh Samgrah, Part 4, Vidyadhar Johrapurkar, Bharatiya Jnanapith, 1961 ^ Vidaydhar Johrapurkar, Bhattaraka
Bhattaraka
Sampradaya, Solapur, 1958 ^ Bharatiya Digambar Jain
Jain
Abhilekh, Madhya Pradesh: 13th Shati Tak, Dr. Kasturchand Jain
Jain
Suman, 2001 ^ Jain
Jain
Shilalekh Samgrah, Part 5, Vidyadhar Johrapurkar, Bharatiya Jnanapith, 1971 ^ Chronology of the Bhattarakas of Delhi, Dr. Jyotiprasad Jain, Anekanta Oct. 1964, pp. 159-164 ^ Dr. Hoerncle, Sarasvati gachha pattavali, Indian Antiquary, Vol. XX, Oct 1891, March 1892. ^ Siddhantacharya Phulachandra Shastri, Parwar Jain
Jain
Samaj ka Itihas, 1990, Jabalpur ^ Pt. Jhammanlal Jain
Jain
Tarkatirtha, Shri Lamechu Samaj ka Itihas, Calcutta, 1952 ^ Kailash Chandra Jain, Malwa through the ages, 1972, Motilal Banarsidass

External links[edit]

Sri Humbaj
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Tirth Legends and brief history Swasti Sri Devendrakeerthi Bhattarakha Maharaj at the Bahubali statue on 29-09-2002

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