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Bakkwa, also known as rougan, is a Chinese salty-sweet dried meat product similar to jerky. Bakkwa
Bakkwa
is made with a meat preservation and preparation technique originating from China.[1] The general method for production have remained virtually unchanged throughout the centuries, but the techniques have been gradually improved.[1] It is traditionally made of pork, beef, or mutton, which is prepared with spices, sugar, salt and soy sauce, while dried on racks at around 50 to 60 °C (122 to 140 °F).[2] Nowadays, products with a softer texture, lighter color and less sugar are preferred.[1] The shafu type of bakkwa products has a higher water content, and thus has a softer texture and lower sugar content.[1] Whereas the traditional bakkwa has a water activity below 0.7, shafu bakkwa tends to be closer to a water activity of about 0.79.[3] Nevertheless, shafu can have similar shelf life as other types of bakkwa.[1] Bakkwa
Bakkwa
is immensely popular in Singapore and Malaysia where it is usually eaten during Chinese New Year. When Chinese immigrants brought this delicacy over to Singapore and Malaysia, it began to take on local characteristics. A notable example lies in the preparation of bakkwa, where the meat once still being air-dried is instead grilled over charcoal. This imparts a smokier flavor to the meat. The Singaporean and Malaysian versions of bakkwa are also sweeter than its mainland China
China
counterpart with many different variations adapted to suit the local palate such as chilli bakkwa.

Different kinds of bakkwa on display, Hong Kong

Bakkwa
Bakkwa
at a Bee Cheng Hiang
Bee Cheng Hiang
shop in Singapore

See also[edit]

Rousong
Rousong
( Pork
Pork
floss) Dried shredded squid Dendeng

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bakkwa.

^ a b c d e Leistner, Lothar (1999). Lund, Barbara M.; et al., eds. The microbiological safety and quality of food: Volume 1. Gaithersburg: Aspen Publishers. p. 306. ISBN 978-0-8342-1323-4.  ^ International Commission on Microbiological Specifications for Foods, ed. (2005). Micro-organisms in foods 6: Microbal ecology of food commodities (2nd ed.). New York: Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers. p. 68. ISBN 978-0-306-48675-3.  ^ Leistner, L. (1995). "Principles and applications of hurdle technology". In G.W. Gould. New Methods of Food Preservation. Springer. p. 18. ISBN 978-1-4613-5876-3. 

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