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This audio file was created from a revision of the "Bakkwa" article dated 2006-01-21, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. (Audio help ) MORE SPOKEN ARTICLES

BAKKWA, also known as ROUGAN (肉干), is a Chinese salty-sweet dried meat product similar to jerky . It originated from the Fujian
Fujian
province in China
China
where it is considered a Hokkien
Hokkien
delicacy.

Bakkwa
Bakkwa
is made with a meat preservation and preparation technique originating from China
China
. The general method for production have remained virtually unchanged throughout the centuries, but the techniques have been gradually improved. It is traditionally made of pork , beef , or mutton , which is prepared with spices, sugar, salt and soy sauce, while dried on racks at around 50 to 60 °C (122 to 140 °F).

Nowadays, products with a softer texture, lighter color and less sugar are preferred. The bakkwa products with the higher water content, thus having softer texture and lower sugar content are generally known as the _shafu_ type of bakkwa. Nevertheless, _shafu_ can have similar shelf life as other types of bakkwa. The meat is most commonly served plain and in square-shaped slices in the form of flat thin sheets.

Bakkwa
Bakkwa
is immensely popular in Singapore and Malaysia where it is usually eaten during Chinese New Year. When Chinese immigrants brought this delicacy over to Singapore and Malaysia, it began to take on local characteristics. A notable example lies in the preparation of bakkwa, where the meat once still being air-dried is instead grilled over charcoal. This imparts a smokier flavor to the meat. The Singaporean and Malaysian versions of bakkwa are also sweeter than its mainland China
China
counterpart with many different variations adapted to suit the local palate such as chilli bakkwa.

*

Different kinds of bakkwa on display, Hong Kong *

Bakkwa
Bakkwa
at a Bee Cheng Hiang
Bee Cheng Hiang
shop in Singapore

SEE ALSO

* Rousong ( Pork
Pork
floss) * Dried shredded squid * Jerky * Dendeng * List of dried foods * List of pork dishes

REFERENCES

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to BAKKWA _.

* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Guay Ee Ling (2010), National Library Singapore, Heritage and Culture, "Bak kwa". * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Leistner, Lothar (1999). Lund, Barbara M.; et al., eds. _The microbiological safety and quality of food: Volume 1_. Gaithersburg: Aspen Publishers. p. 306. ISBN 978-0-8342-1323-4 . * ^ International Commission on Microbiological Specifications for Foods, ed. (2005). _Micro-organisms in foods 6: Microbal ecology of food commodities_ (2nd ed.). New York: Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers. p. 68. ISBN 978-0-306-48675-3 .

* v * t * e

Malaysian cuisine by ethnicity

COMMON DISHES

MALAY

* Ambuyat * Ayam bakar * Ayam goreng * Ayam masak kicap * Ayam masak merah * Asam pedas

* Porridge

* Bubur asyura * Bubur kacang hijau * Bubur lambuk * Bubur pedas * Bubur pulut hitam

* Gulai * Ikan bakar
Ikan bakar
* Ikan goreng * Ketupat
Ketupat
* Lemang
Lemang
* Lontong * Mee bandung Muar * Nasi ambeng * Nasi dagang * Nasi goreng * Nasi goreng pattaya * Nasi kerabu
Nasi kerabu
* Nasi lemak
Nasi lemak
* Nasi tumpang * Nasi ulam * Pulot tartal * Rendang
Rendang
* Rojak * Sata

* Satay
Satay

* Satay
Satay
celup

* Sup Kambing * Ulam

CHINESE

* Bakkwa * Bak kut teh
Bak kut teh
* Banmian * Bean sprouts chicken * Char kway teow
Char kway teow
* Char siu * Chai tow kway
Chai tow kway
* Chee cheong fun * Chwee * Claypot chicken rice * Curry Mee * Duck soup noodles * Economy rice/Mixed rice * Fish ball
Fish ball
* Hainanese chicken rice
Hainanese chicken rice
* Heong peng * Hokkien
Hokkien
mee * Kangkung belacan * Kaya toast * Loh bak * Lor mee * Mee pok * Oyster omelette
Oyster omelette
* Pan mee
Pan mee
* Pao * Popiah * Tong sui * Wonton
Wonton
mee * Yong tau foo * Yusheng
Yusheng
* Yutiao

PERANAKAN

* Asam laksa/ Laksa
Laksa
lemak * Cap cai * Mee siam * Nyonya Bak Chang * Otak-otak

INDIAN

* Banana leaf rice * Chapati * Fish head curry * Fish
Fish
molee * Gulai * Idli

* Mee goreng

* Maggi goreng
Maggi goreng
* Mee goreng mamak

* Mee rebus * Mamak Rojak ( Rojak Klang ) * Murtabak * Nasi biryani * Nasi kandar * Pasembur
Pasembur
* Puri * Putu mayam
Putu mayam
* Roti canai * Roti prata * Roti tissue
Roti tissue
* Sup kambing * Thosai

INDIGENOUS

* Bosou * Hinava * Linatan * Linongot * Manok pansoh * Midin * Nasi kombos * Nasi laru * Nasik aruk * Tonokon * Tuhau * Umai

OTHER

* American fried rice
American fried rice
* Nasi paprik * Pecal * Ramly burger

* Soto

* Mee soto

* Tauhu goreng

SNACKS

CAKES

* Ang Ku/Ku * Batik cake
Batik cake
* Sarawak layer cake

KEROPOK

* Amplang * Lekor
Lekor
* Rempeyek

KUIH

* Apam balik * Bahulu * Bingka * Borasa * Cakoi * Cincin

* Cucur

* Jemput-jemput * Penyaram * Pisang goreng

* Dodol * Jala * Jelurut * Karipap * Kelupis * Kochi * Gelang * Goyang * Gulung * Kasturi * Lapis * Lidah * Makmur
Makmur
* Ondeh-ondeh * Otokon * Pais * Pie tee * Pulut inti * Pulut panggang

* Puto

* Putu bambu/Putu bumbong * Putu mangkuk/piring

* Sapit/Gulong/Kapit * Seri Muka
Seri Muka
* Tat/Tae

DESSERTS

* Lamban * Punjung * Roti john
Roti john
* Tapai * Wajid

DRINKS

NON-ALCOHOLIC

* ABC * Bandung * Cendol * Cincau * Chrysanthemum tea
Chrysanthemum tea
* Ginger tea * Ipoh white coffee

* Milo

* Milo Dinosaur

* Sarsi * Soy milk
Soy milk
* Teh tarik
Teh tarik
* Tenom coffee

ALCOHOLIC

* Bahar * Jaz * Lihing * Montoku * Sikat * Talak * Tapai * Tuak

CONDIMENTS

* Acar
Acar
* Kaya

* Sambal

* Belacan * Budu * Cincalok * Tempoyak
Tempoyak

* Taucu * Tuhau

SEE ALSO: List of Malaysian dishes
List of Malaysian dishes

* v * t * e

Hong Kong cuisine

FOOD

* Almond biscuit
Almond biscuit
* Almond jelly
Almond jelly
* Bakkwa * Banana roll * Bao yu * Beef
Beef
ball * Beef
Beef
bun * Beef
Beef
chow fun * Bird\'s nest soup * Biscuit roll
Biscuit roll
* Buddha\'s delight * Cart noodle * Cha siu bao * Char siu * Chinese herb tea * Chinese sausage * Cocktail bun * Coconut bar * Congee * Cream bun * Crispy fried chicken * Deuk Deuk Tong
Deuk Deuk Tong
* Dim sum * Douhua * Dried shredded squid * Egg tart * Egg waffle * Fish ball
Fish ball
* Fish slice * Flame on the iceberg * Got fan * Ham and egg bun * Haw flakes * Hong Kong-style milk tea * Hot pot
Hot pot
* Jerky * Jin deui * Kai-lan * Lai fun * Mango pomelo sago * Mango pudding
Mango pudding
* Nuomici * Ox-tongue pastry * Paper wrapped cake * Peanut butter bun * Pineapple bun * Poon choi * Put chai ko
Put chai ko
* Rapeseed
Rapeseed
* Red bean ice * Rice noodle roll * Rice roll * Roast goose
Roast goose
* Roasted pig * Rousong * Saang mein * Sausage bun * Sea cucumber * Seafood birdsnest * Shahe fen * Singapore style noodles * Siu mei * Steamed meatball * Steamed rice roll * Shrimp roe noodles * Stinky tofu
Stinky tofu
* Sweetheart cake * Swiss wing * Taro cake * Taro dumpling * Tea egg * Tofu skin roll * Water caltrop * Water chestnut cake * White boiled shrimp * White cut chicken * White sugar sponge cake
White sugar sponge cake
* Wonton
Wonton
* Wonton
Wonton
noodle * XO sauce
XO sauce
* Yeung Chow fried rice * Yi mein
Yi mein
* Yin Yang Fried Rice * Yuenyeung * Zha cai * Zhaliang
Zhaliang

FILMS

* _The Banquet _ (1991) * _ Shogun and Little Kitchen _ (1992) * _ The Chinese Feast _ (1995) * _ The God of Cookery _ (1996) * _ Kung Fu Chefs _ (2009)

TV SERIES

* _Magic Chef _ (2005)

CULTURE

* Hong Kong tea culture * Siu yeh * One bowl with two pieces * Private kitchens * Yum cha

PLACES

* Cha chaan teng
Cha chaan teng
* Dai pai dong

* Beijing cuisine * Cantonese
Cantonese
cuisine * Shanghai cuisine * Macanese cuisine * Chinese cuisine
Chinese cuisine
* History of Chinese cuisine
Chinese cuisine

* v * t * e

Macanese cuisine

* Almond biscuit
Almond biscuit
* Bacalhau
Bacalhau
* Bakkwa * Cabidela * Dried shredded squid * Egg tart * Galinha à Africana * Galinha à Portuguesa * Mango pudding
Mango pudding
* Minchi * Pastel de nata * Pork
Pork
chop bun * Portuguese sauce * Rousong

* Beijing cuisine * Cantonese
Cantonese
cuisine * Hong Kong cuisine * Shanghai cuisine * Chinese cuisine
Chinese cuisine
* History of Chinese cuisine
Chinese cuisine

* v * t * e

Taiwanese cuisine
Taiwanese cuisine

DISHES AND MEALS

* Beef
Beef
noodle soup * Bento
Bento
* Congee * Geng * Karasumi * Minced pork rice * Misua * Mongolian barbecue * Oyster vermicelli * Pork
Pork
ball * Rice vermicelli * Sanbeiji

XIAOCHI

* A-gei * Ba-wan
Ba-wan
* Chinese sausage * Curry beef triangle
Curry beef triangle
* Fish ball
Fish ball
* Gua bao * Hujiao bing * Iron egg * Moon shrimp cakes * Oyster omelette
Oyster omelette
* Popiah * Scallion pancake * Shuangbaotai * Small sausage in large sausage * Spring roll * Stinky tofu
Stinky tofu
* Tea egg * Tempura
Tempura
* Zongzi
Zongzi

SNACKS AND DESSERTS

* Aiyu jelly
Aiyu jelly
* Baobing * Bakkwa * Caozaiguo * Coconut bar * Douhua * Dried shredded squid * Grass jelly * Mochi * Suncake * Youtiao
Youtiao

BEVERAGES

* Bubble tea * Ginger tea * Tung-ting tea * High mountain tea * Kaoliang
Kaoliang
* Mr. Brown Coffee * Pouchong
Pouchong
* Soy milk
Soy milk
* Taiwan Beer

INGREDIENTS

* Black bean paste * Rousong * Shacha sauce

MISCELLANEOUS

* Night markets in Taiwan

* List

* Taiwan Tobacco and Liquor Corporation

CATEGORY INDEX COMMONS PORTAL WIKIPROJECT BOOKSHELF

* v * t * e

Chinese New Year
Chinese New Year

Culture of China
China

TOPICS

* Nian * Lion dance * Dragon dance * New Year picture * Red envelope * Reunion dinner * Fireworks
Fireworks
* Firecracker
Firecracker
* Chinese dragon * Fu

FOOD

* Nian gao * Spring pancake * Jiaozi
Jiaozi
* Bakkwa * Buddha\'s delight * Fa gao * Fat choy * Yau gok * Kralan * Kuih
Kuih
* Lotus seed
Lotus seed
* Pineapple tart * Squab * Taro cake * Turnip cake * Yusheng
Yusheng
* Melon seed * Mandarin orange
Mandarin orange
* Fish
Fish

OTHER

* CCTV New Year\'s Gala * Chinese calendar
Chinese calendar
* Chunyun * Color in Chinese culture * San Francisco Chinese New Year
Chinese New Year
Festival and Parade

Golden Week

* v * t * e

Barbecue
Barbecue

COOKING STYLES

* Asado
Asado
* Barbacoa * Char siu * Churrasco * Indirect grilling * Korean barbecue * Mangal * Mixed grill * Mongolian barbecue * Schwenker * Shao Kao * Shisa nyama * Siu mei * Yakiniku

REGIONAL VARIATIONS OF BARBECUE

* Barbecue
Barbecue
in the United States * Barbecue
Barbecue
in North Carolina * Barbecue
Barbecue
in Oklahoma * Barbecue
Barbecue
in Texas * Kansas City-style barbecue * Memphis-style barbecue * Santa Maria-style barbecue * St. Louis-style barbecue

COOKERS AND RELATED

* Barbecue
Barbecue
grill * Barrel barbecue * Briquette
Briquette
* Buccan * Charbroiler * Charcoal lighter fluid
Charcoal lighter fluid
* Chimney starter * Disposable grill * Flattop grill * Gridiron * Grilling
Grilling
* Hibachi
Hibachi
* Kamado * Pit barbecue * Propane
Propane
* Shichirin
Shichirin
* Skewer * Smoking

FOODS AND DISHES

* List of barbecue dishes * List of smoked foods * Anticuchos * Arrosticini * Bakkwa * Barbecue
Barbecue
chicken * Barbecue
Barbecue
sandwich * Barbecue
Barbecue
sauce * Brochette * Bulgogi * Bull roast * Burnt ends * Cha siu bao * Chuan * Churrasco * Cocoloşi * Corn on the cob * Espetada * Fatányéros * Frigărui * Galinha à Africana * Isaw
Isaw
* Jeok * Jujeh kabab * Kabab Barg
Kabab Barg
* Kai yang * Kebab * Khorkhog * Khorovats * Kofte kebab * Lechon
Lechon
* Mashawi * Méchoui * Meurav Yerushalmi * Mixiote * Mućkalica * Neobiani
Neobiani
* Pig pickin\' * Pig roast * Pinchitos * Provoleta * Pulled pork * Ražnjići * Red slaw * Satay
Satay
* Sausage sizzle * Shashlik
Shashlik
* Şiş kebap
Şiş kebap
* Shish taouk * Spare ribs * Sosatie * Souvlaki
Souvlaki
* Suckling pig * Suya * Tsukune * Yakitori

MISC.

* Barbecue
Barbecue
restaurant

* List of barbecue restaurants

* Churrascaria
Churrascaria

* FOOD PORTAL * CATEGORY * COMMONS * WIKIPROJECT FOOD AND DRINK

* Food portal * Asia portal

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Bakkwa
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