The Bakerian Medal is one of the premier medals of the Royal
Society that recognizes exceptional and outstanding science. It comes
with a medal award and a prize lecture. The medalist will be required
to give a lecture on any topic related to physical sciences. It is
awarded annually to individuals in the field of physical sciences,
including computer science.
2.1 21st century
2.2 20th Century
2.3 19th Century
2.4 18th Century
4 External links
The prize was started in 1775, when Henry Baker left £100 to
establish a spoken lecture given by a Fellow of the
Royal Society on
such part of natural history or experimental philosophy as the Society
shall determine. Clearly, this is to deliver a lecture of scientific
interests and importance, and encourage sharing of knowledge with
Source: Royal Society
Susan Solomon for her contributions in atmospheric science
especially on polar ozone depletion.
2017 Andrew Hopper for his work in computer networking and sentient
Andrea Ghez The monster at the heart of our galaxy
2015 John Ellis, The Long Road to the Higgs Boson - and Beyond
Lynn Gladden It’s magnetic resonance – but not as you know it
2013 David Leigh, Making the tiniest machines 
2012 Peter Edwards, Metals and the conducting and superconducting
states of matter
2011 Herbert Huppert, Carbon storage: caught between a rock and
2010 Donal Bradley, Plastic electronics: their science and
2009 James Murray, Mathematics in the real world: From brain tumours
to saving marriages.
2008 Robin Clark, Raman microscopy, pigments and the arts/science
2007 Joseph Silk, The dark side of the Universe
2006 Athene Donald, The mesoscopic world - from plastic bags to brain
disease - structural similarities in physics
2005 John Pendry, Negative refraction, the perfect lens and
2004 Michael Pepper, Semiconductor nanostructures and new quantum
2003 Christopher Dobson, Protein folding and misfolding: from theory
2002 Arnold Wolfendale, Cosmic rays: what are they and where do they
2001 David Sherrington, Magnets, microchips, memories and markets:
statistical physics of complex systems.
2000 Steve Sparks, How volcanoes work.
1999 Peter Day, The molecular chemistry of magnets and
1998 Richard Ellis, The morphological evolution of the galaxies.
1997 Steven Ley, Sweet dreams: new strategies for oligosaccharide
1996 Alastair Ian Scott, Genetically engineered synthesis of natural
1995 Anthony Kelly, Composites, towards intelligent materials design.
1994 John Polanyi, Photochemistry in the adsorbed state, using light
as a scalpel and a crystal as an operating table.
1993 Hans Bethe, Mechanism of supernovae.
1992 Thomas Benjamin, The mystery of vortex breakdown.
1991 John Houghton, The predictability of weather and climate.
1990 John Meurig Thomas, New microcrystalline catalysts.
1989 Jack Lewis, Cluster compounds, a new aspect of inorganic
1988 Walter Eric Spear, Amorphous semiconductors, a new generation of
1987 Michael Victor Berry, The semiclassical chaology of quantum
1986 Walter Heinrich Munk, Acoustic monitoring of ocean gyres.
1985 Carlo Rubbia, Unification of the electromagnetic and weak forces.
1984 Alan Rushton Battersby, Biosynthesis of the pigments of life.
1983 Alfred Edward Ringwood, The Earths core: its composition,
formation and bearing upon the origin of the earth.
1982 Martin John Rees, Galaxies and their nuclei.
1981 Robert Joseph Paton Williams, Natural selection of the chemical
1980 Abdus Salam, Gauge unification of fundamental forces.
1979 Michael Ellis Fisher, Multicritical points in magnets and fluids:
a review of some novel states of matter.
1978 Robert Lewis Fullarton Boyd, Cosmic exploration by X-rays.
1977 George Porter, In vitro models for photosynthesis.
1976 George Wallace Kenner, Towards synthesis of proteins.
1975 Michael Francis Atiyah, Global geometry.
1974 Desmond George King-Hele, A view of Earth and air.
1973 Frederick Charles Frank, Crystals imperfect.
1972 Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin, Insulin.
1971 Basil John Mason, The physics of the thunderstorm.
1970 Derek Harold Richard Barton, Some approaches to the synthesis of
1969 Richard Henry Dalitz, Particles and interactions: the problems of
1968 Fred Hoyle, Review of recent developments in cosmology
1967 Edward Crisp Bullard, Reversals of the Earth's magnetic field
1966 Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, The progress of photochemistry
exemplified by reactions of the halogens
1965 Melvin Calvin, Chemical evolution
1964 Frederic Calland Williams, Inventive technology: the search for
better electric machines
1963 Alan Howard Cottrell, Fracture
1962 John Desmond Bernal, The structure of liquids
1961 Michael James Lighthill, Sound generated aerodynamically
1960 Gerhard Herzberg, The spectra and structures of free methyl and
1959 Edmund Langley Hirst, Molecular structure in the polysaccharide
1958 Martin Ryle, The nature of the cosmic radio sources.
1957 Cecil Frank Powell, The elementary particles.
1956 Harry Work Melville, Addition polymerization.
1955 Marcus Laurence Elwin Oliphant, The acceleration of charged
particles to very high energies.
1954 Alexander Robertus Todd, Chemistry of the nucleotides.
1953 Nevill Francis Mott, Dislocations, plastic flow and creep in
1952 Harold Jeffreys, The origin of the solar system.
1951 Eric Keightley Rideal, Reactions in monolayers.
1950 Percy Williams Bridgman, Physics above 20 000 kg/cm2.
1949 Harold Raistrick, A region of biosynthesis.
1948 George Paget Thomson, Nuclear explosions.
1947 Harry Ralph Ricardo, Some problems in connexion with the
development of a high-speed diesel engine.
1946 Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, The more recent work on the
1945 Gordon Miller Bourne Dobson, Meteorology of the lower
1944 Walter Norman Haworth, The structure, function and synthesis of
1943 Richard Vynne Southwell, Relaxation methods: a mathematics for
1942 Albert Charles Chibnall, Amino-acid analysis and the structure of
1941 Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, The physical interpretation of quantum
Nevil Vincent Sidgwick & Herbert Marcus Powell,
Stereochemical types and valency groups.
1939 Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett, Penetrating Cosmic Rays.
1938 Christopher Kelk Ingold, The Structure of Benzene.
1937 Edward Victor Appleton, Regularities and Irregularities in the
1936 Frederic Stanley Kipping, Organic Compounds of Silicon.
1935 Ralph Howard Fowler, The Anomalous Specific Heats of Crystals,
with special reference to the Contribution of Molecular Rotations.
1934 William Lawrence Bragg, The Structure of Alloys.
1933 James Chadwick, The Neutron.
1932 William Arthur Bone, The Combustion of Hydrocarbons.
1931 Sydney Chapman, Some Phenomena of the Upper Atmosphere.
1930 Robert Robinson, The Molecular Structure of Strychnine and
1929 Edward Arthur Milne, The Structure and Opacity of a Stellar
1928 John Cunningham McLennan, The Aurora and its Spectrum.
1927 Francis William Aston, A New Mass-Spectrograph and the Whole
1926 Arthur Stanley Eddington, Diffuse Matter in Interstellar Space.
William Bate Hardy
William Bate Hardy & Ida Bircumshaw, Boundary Lubrication -
Plane Surfaces and the Limitations of Amontons Law.
1924 Alfred Fowler, The Spectra of Silicon at Successive Stages of
Geoffrey Ingram Taylor & Constance F. Elam, The Distortion of
an Aluminium Crystal during a Tensile Test.
1922 Thomas Ralph Merton & S. Barratt, On the Spectrum of
Thomas Martin Lowry
Thomas Martin Lowry & Percy Corlett Austin, Optical Rotatory
Dispersion. Part II. Tartaric Acid and the Tartrates.
1920 Ernest Rutherford, Nuclear Constitution of Atoms.
1919 Robert John Strutt, A Study of the Line Spectrum of Sodium as
Excited by Fluorescence.
1918 Charles Algernon Parsons, Experiments on the Artificial
Production of Diamond.
1917 James Hopwood Jeans, The Configurations of Rotating Compressible
1916 Charles Glover Barkla, X-rays and the Theory of Radiation.
1915 William Henry Bragg, X-rays and Crystals.
1914 Alfred Fowler, Series Lines in Spark Spectra.
1913 Joseph John Thomson, Rays of Positive Electricity.
1912 Hugh Longbourne Callendar, On the Variation of the Specific Heat
of Water, with Experiments by a new Method.
1911 Robert John Strutt, A Chemically-Active Modification of Nitrogen
Produced by the Electric Discharge.
John Henry Poynting
John Henry Poynting & Guy Barlow, The Pressure of Light
against the Source: the Recoil from Light.
1909 Joseph Larmor, On the Statistical and Thermo-dynamical Relations
of Radiant Energy.
1908 Charles Herbert Lees, The Effects of Temperature and Pressure on
the Thermal Conductivities of Solids.
1907 Thomas Edward Thorpe, The Atomic Weight of Radium.
1906 John Milne, Recent Advances in Seismology.
1905 Horace Tabberer Brown, The Reception and Utilization of Energy by
the Green Leaf.
1904 Ernest Rutherford, The Succession of Changes in Radio-active
Charles Thomas Heycock & F. H. Neville, On the Constitution
of the Copper-tin Series of Alloys.
1902 Lord Rayleigh, On the Law of the Pressure of Gases between 75 and
150 Millimetres of Mercury.
1901 James Dewar, The Nadir of Temperature and Allied Problems.
1900 William Augustus Tilden, On the Specific Heat of Metals and the
Relation of Specific Heat to Atomic Weight.
James Alfred Ewing
James Alfred Ewing & Walter Rosenhain, The Crystalline
Structure of Metals.
1898 William James Russell, Further Experiments on the Action exerted
by certain Metals and other Bodies on a Photographic Plate.
Osborne Reynolds & William Henry Moorby, On the Mechanical
Equivalent of Heat.
1896 William Chandler Roberts-Austen, On the Diffusion of Metals.
Augustus George Vernon Harcourt
Augustus George Vernon Harcourt & William Esson, On the Laws
of Connexion between the Conditions of a Chemical Change and its
Amount. III. Further Researches on the Reaction of Hydrogen Dioxide
and Hydrogen Iodide.
Thomas Edward Thorpe
Thomas Edward Thorpe & James Wyllie Rodger, On the Relations
between the Viscosity of Liquids and their Chemical Nature.
1893 Harold Baily Dixon, The rate of Explosion in Gases.
1892 Joseph John Thomson, On the Grand Currents of Atmospheric
1891 George Howard Darwin, On Tidal Prediction.
1890 Arthur Schuster, The Discharge of Electricity through Gases.
Arthur William Rucker
Arthur William Rucker & Thomas Edward Thorpe, A magnetic
Survey of the British isles for the Epoch January 1, 1886.
1888 J. Norman Lockyer, Suggestions on the Classification of the
various Species of Heavenly Bodies. A Report to the Solar Physics
1887 Joseph John Thomson, On the Dissociation of some Gases by the
William de Wiveleslie Abney
William de Wiveleslie Abney & Edward Robert Festing, Colour
1885 William Huggins, On the Corona of the Sun.
1884 Arthur Schuster, Experiments on the Discharge of Electricity
through gases. Sketch of a Theory.
1883 William Crookes, On Radiant Matter Spectroscopy: the Detection
and wide Distribution of Yttrium.
1882 Heinrich Debus, On the Chemical Theory of Gunpowder.
1881 John Tyndall, Action of free Molecules on Radiant Heat, and its
conversion thereby into sound.
1880 William de Wiveleslie Abney, On the Photographic Method of
Mapping the least refrangible end of the Solar Spectrum.
1879 William Crookes, On the Illumination of Lines of Molecular
Pressure and the Trajectory of Molecules.
1878 William Crookes, On Repulsion resulting from Radiation. Part V.
1877 William Crawford Williamson, On the Organization of the Fossil
Plants of the Coal Measures.
1876 Thomas Andrews, On the Gaseous State of Matter.
1875 William Grylls Adams, On the Forms of Equipotential Curves and
Surfaces and on Lines of Flow.
1874 J. Norman Lockyer, Researches in Spectrum Analysis in connexion
with the Spectrum of the Sun. Part III.
1873 Earl of Rosse, On the Radiation of Heat from the Moon, the Law of
its Absorption by our Atmosphere, and its variation in Amount with her
1872 William Kitchen Parker, On the Structure and Development of the
Skull of the Salmon.
1871 Charles William Siemens, On the Increase of Electrical Resistance
in Conductors with Rise of Temperature, and its Application to the
Measure of Ordinary and Furnace Temperatures.
1870 John William Dawson, On the Pre-Carboniferous Flora of
North-Eastern America, and more especially on that of the Erian
1869 Thomas Andrews, The Continuity of the Gaseous and Liquid States
1868 Henry Enfield Roscoe, Researches on Vanadium.
1867 Frederick Augustus Abel, Researches on Gun-Cotton. (Second
Memoir). On the Stability of Gun-Cotton.
1866 James Clerk Maxwell, On the Viscosity or Internal Friction of Air
and other Gases.
1865 Henry Enfield Roscoe, On a Method of Meteorological Registration
of the Chemical Action of Total Daylight.
1864 John Tyndall, Contributions to Molecular Physics: being the Fifth
Memoir of Researches on Radiant Heat.
1863 Henry Clifton Sorby, On the Direct Correlation of Mechanical and
1862 Warren De la Rue, On the Total Solar Eclipse of 18 July 1860,
observed at Rivabellosa, near Miranda de Ebro in Spain.
1861 John Tyndall, On the Absorption and Radiation of Heat by Gases
and Vapours, and on the Physical Connexion of radiation, Absorption
1860 William Fairbairn, Experimental Researches to determine the Law
of Superheated Steam.
1859 Edward Frankland, Researches on Organo-metallic Bodies. Fourth
1858 John Peter Gassiot, On the Stratifications and dark band in
Electrical Discharges as observed in Torricellian Vacua.
1857 Michael Faraday, Experimental Relations of Gold (and other
metals) to Light.
1856 William Thomson, On the Electro-dynamic Qualities of Metals.
1855 John Tyndall, On the Nature of the Force by which Bodies are
repelled from the Poles of a Magnet; to which is prefixed an account
of some experiments on Molecular Influences.
1854 Thomas Graham, On Osmotic Force.
1853 Edward Sabine, On the Influence of the Moon on the Magnetic
Declination at Toronto, St Helena, and Hobarton.
1852 Charles Wheatstone, Contributions to the Physiology of Vision.
Part II. On some remarkable and hitherto unobserved Phenomena on
Binocular Vision (continued).
1851 Michael Faraday, Experimental Researches in Electricity.
1850 Thomas Graham, On the Diffusion of Liquids.
1849 Michael Faraday, Experimental Researches in Electricity.
1848 Revd William Whewell, Researches on the Tides. Thirteenth Series.
On the Tides of the Pacific, and on the Diurnal Inequality.
1847 William Robert Grove, On certain Phenomena of Voltaic Ignition
and the Decomposition of Water into its constituent Gases by Heat.
1846 James David Forbes, Illustrations of the Viscous Theory of
1845 Charles Giles Bridle Daubeny, Memoir on the Rotation of Crops,
and on the Quantity of Inorganic Matters abstracted from the Soil by
various Plants under different circumstances.
1844 Richard Owen, A Description of certain Belemnites, preserved,
with a great proportion of their soft parts, in the Oxford Clay, at
1843 Charles Wheatstone, An Account of several new Instruments and
Processes for determining the Constants of a Voltaic Circuit.
1842 James David Forbes, On the Transparency of the Atmosphere and the
Law of Extinction of the Solar Rays in passing through it.
1841 George Newport, On the Organs of Reproduction and the Development
of the Myriapoda.
1840 George Biddell Airy, On the Theoretical Explanation of an
apparent new Polarity of Light.
1839 William Snow Harris, Inquiries concerning the Elementary Laws of
1838 James Ivory, On the Theory of the Astronomical Refractions.
1837 William Henry Fox Talbot, Further Observations on the Optical
Phenomena of Crystals.
1836 John William Lubbock, On the Tides of the Port of London.
1835 Charles Lyell, On the Proofs of a gradual Rising of the Land in
certain parts of Sweden.
1834 Not appointed
1833 Samuel Hunter Christie, Experimental Determination of the Laws of
Magneto-Electric Induction in different masses of the same metal, and
its intensity in different metals.
1832 Michael Faraday, Experimental Researches in Electricity; Second
1831 No record of lecture
1830 No record of lecture
1829 Michael Faraday, On the manufacture of Glass for Optical
1828 William Hyde Wollaston, On a Method of rendering Platina
1827 George Pearson, Researches to discover the Faculties of Pulmonary
Absorption with respect to Charcoal.
1826 Humphry Davy, On the Relations of Electrical and Chemical
1825 No record of lecture
1824 No record of lecture
1823 John F.W. Herschel, On certain Motions produced in Fluid
Conductors when transmitting the Electric Current.
1822 No record of lecture
1821 Edward Sabine, An Account of Experiments to determine the Amount
of the Dip of the Magnetic Needle in London, in August 1821; with
Remarks on the Instruments which are usually employed in such
1820 Henry Kater, On the best kind of Steel, and form, for a Compass
1819 William Thomas Brande, On the Composition and Analysis of the
inflammable Gaseous Compounds resulting from the destructive
Distillation of Coal and Oil; with some Remarks on their relative
heating and illuminating power.
1818 No record of lecture
1817 No record of lecture
1816 No record of lecture
1815 No record of lecture
1814 No record of lecture
1813 William Thomas Brande, On some new Electro-Chemical Phenomena.
1812 William Hyde Wollaston, On the Elementary Particles of certain
Humphry Davy (?)
1810 Humphry Davy, On some of the Combinations of Oxymuriatic Gas and
Oxygen, and on the Chemical Relations of these Principles to
1809 Humphry Davy, On some new Electro-Chemical Researches, on various
objects, particularly the Metallic Bodies from the Alkalies and
Earths; and on some Combinations of Hydrogen.
1808 Humphry Davy, An Account of some new Analytical Researches on the
Nature of certain Bodies, particularly the Alkalies, Phosphorus,
Sulphur, Carbonaceous Matters, and the Acids hitherto undecompounded;
with some general Observations on Chemical Theory.
1807 Humphry Davy, On some new Phenomena of Chemical Changes produced
by Electricity, particularly the Decomposition of the fixed Alkalies,
and the Exhibition of the new Substances, which constitute their
1806 Humphry Davy, On some Chemical Agencies of Electricity.
1805 William Hyde Wollaston, On the Force of Percussion.
1804 Samuel Vince, Observations on the Hypotheses which have been
assumed to account for the cause of Gravitation from Mechanical
1803 Thomas Young, Experiments and Calculations relative to Physical
1802 William Hyde Wollaston, Observations on the Quantity of
Horizontal Refraction; with Method of measuring the Dip at Sea.
1801 Thomas Young, On the Theory of Light and Colours.
1800 Thomas Young, On the Mechanism of the Eye.
Samuel Vince (?)
1798 Samuel Vince, Observations upon an unusual Horizontal Refraction
of the Air; with Remarks on the Variations to which the lower Parts of
the Atmosphere are sometimes subject.
1797 Samuel Vince, Experiments upon the Resistance of Bodies moving in
Samuel Vince (?)
Samuel Vince (?)
1794 Samuel Vince, Observations on the Theory of the Motion and
Resistance of Fluids; with a Description of the Construction of
Experiments, in order to obtain some fundamental Principles.
1793 George Fordyce, An Account of a New Pendulum.
1792 Tiberius Cavallo, An Account of the Discoveries concerning
Muscular Motion, which have been lately made, and are commonly known
by the name of Animal Electricity.
1791 Tiberius Cavallo, On the Method of Measuring Distances by means
of Telescopes furnished with Micrometers.
1790 Tiberius Cavallo, A Description of a new Pyrometer.
1789 Tiberius Cavallo, Magnetical Experiments and Observations.
1788 Tiberius Cavallo, On an Improvement in the Blow Pipe.
1787 Tiberius Cavallo, Of the Methods of manifesting the Presence, and
ascertaining the Quality, of small Quantities of Natural or Artificial
1786 Tiberius Cavallo, Magnetical Experiments and Observations.
1785 Tiberius Cavallo, Magnetical Experiments and Observations.
1784 Tiberius Cavallo, An Account of some Experiments made with the
new improved Air Pump.
1783 Tiberius Cavallo, Description of an improved Air Pump.
1782 Tiberius Cavallo, An Account of some Experiments relating to the
Property of Common and Inflammable Airs of pervading the Pores of
1781 Tiberius Cavallo, An Account of some Thermometrical Experiments.
1780 Tiberius Cavallo, Thermometrical Experiments and Observations.
1779 John Ingen-Housz, Improvements in Electricity.
1778 John Ingen-Housz, Electrical Experiments to explain how far the
Phenomena of the Electrophorus may be accounted for by Dr Franklins
Theory of Positive and Negative Electricity.
1777 Peter Woulfe
1776 Peter Woulfe
1775 Peter Woulfe, Experiments made in order to ascertain the nature
of some Mineral Substances, and in particular to see how far the Acids
of Sea-Salt and of Vitriol contribute to Mineralize Metallic and other
^ "Premier Medals of the Royal Society, UK".
^ "Bakerian Medal".
Bakerian Lecture n- Royal Society". Royal Scociety. Retrieved 12
Bakerian Lecture n- Royal Society". Royal Scociety. Retrieved 12
^ "Bakerian Lecture: On the Relations between the Viscosity (Internal
Friction) of Liquids and Their Chemical Nature": 148–159.
JSTOR 115457. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
Bakerian Lecture page at official
Royal Society website
Awards, lectures and medals of the Royal Society
Armourers and Brasiers' Company Prize
Michael Faraday Prize
Royal Society Pfizer Award
Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award
Royal Society Prizes for Science Books
Rosalind Franklin Award
Rutherford Memorial Lecture
Fellow of the Royal Society
Royal Society University Research Fellowship
Leverhulme Trust Senior Research Fellowships
Newton Advanced Fellowships
Royal Society Research Professorship
Dorothy Hodgkin Fellowships
Esso Energy Award
Pilgrim Trust Lecture
UK-Canada Rutherford Lecture
Blackett Memorial Lecture
Humphry Davy Lecture