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The BAJíO (lowlands) is a region of West North-Central Mexico that includes parts of the states of Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
, Jalisco
Jalisco
(Centro-Los Altos ), Guanajuato , and Querétaro
Querétaro
.

The Bajío
Bajío
has repeatedly been recognized as the region with the best quality of life and safest region in Mexico also the most dynamic in Latin America . Nowadays, the region is a vigorous services region that is experiencing an ongoing social and economic revitalization. It is a strong business and economic centre. The largest cities of Bajio are Guadalajara
Guadalajara
, León , Santiago de Querétaro
Querétaro
and Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History of Bajío
Bajío
culture * 2 Geography

* 3 States

* 3.1 State of Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
* 3.2 State of Guanajuato * 3.3 State of Jalisco
Jalisco
* 3.4 State of Querétaro
Querétaro

* 4 Demography

* 4.1 Largest cities

* 5 Economy * 6 Asian community * 7 High-speed rail in the Bajío
Bajío
* 8 Culture * 9 See also * 10 References

HISTORY OF BAJíO CULTURE

Bajío
Bajío
Occidente (West Bajio).

Recent archaeological studies of the Bajío
Bajío
have discovered an extensive, historic cultural tradition unique to the region, particularly along the flood plains of the Lerma and Laja rivers. The Bajío
Bajío
Culture flourished from 300 to 650CE , with cultural centers ranging from El Cóporo in the far north of Guanajuato to Plazuelas in the far south west. More than 1,400 sites have been discovered throughout the state of Guanajuato, with only the sites of Cañada de la Virgen , El Cóporo, Peralta , and Plazuelas having received extensive study. This region was also known as La Gran Chichimeca in later years. It was the epicenter of the historic Chichimeca War , the Northern Revolutionary States, and cradle of Mexican War of Independence .

GEOGRAPHY

In general usage, the region is usually associated with the States of Guanajuato and Querétaro, although it only forms a part of them. It is characterized by its highly mechanized agriculture, with mean precipitation in the order of 700 millimetres (28 in) per annum (one of the highest in the country). During the Viceroyalty of New Spain , the area was known as the breadbasket of the territory. As of 2014, the region produces sorghum , wheat and maize as its main crops.

The Bajío
Bajío
region lies in the basin of the Rio Lerma and Río Grande de Santiago .

STATES

The free and sovereign states of the Bajío
Bajío
are:

Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
GUANAJUATO JALISCO Querétaro
Querétaro

Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
Guanajuato Guadalajara
Guadalajara
Querétaro
Querétaro

STATE OF AGUASCALIENTES

* Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes

STATE OF GUANAJUATO

* Celaya
Celaya
* Irapuato * León * Salamanca * Uriangato * Moroleón

STATE OF JALISCO

* Guadalajara
Guadalajara
* Lagos de Moreno
Lagos de Moreno
* Tepatitlán de Morelos
Tepatitlán de Morelos
* San Juan de los Lagos * Arandas

STATE OF QUERéTARO

* Santiago de Querétaro
Querétaro
* San Juan del Río

Bajio

DEMOGRAPHY

Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes

LARGEST CITIES

RANK CITY STATE POPULATION METRO AREA

1 Guadalajara
Guadalajara
Jalisco
Jalisco
1,530,817 4,664,212

2 León Guanajuato 1,436,480 1,609,717

3 Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
934,424 1,025,432

4 Santiago de Querétaro
Querétaro
Querétaro
Querétaro
801,940 1,097,025

5 Irapuato Guanajuato 380,941 529,979

6 Celaya
Celaya
Guanajuato 310,413 468,387

7 Salamanca Guanajuato 160,169 260,732

8 Lagos de Moreno
Lagos de Moreno
Jalisco
Jalisco
153,817 164,212

9 San Juan del Río Querétaro
Querétaro
138,878 402,112

10 Tepatitlán de Morelos
Tepatitlán de Morelos
Jalisco
Jalisco
104,377 288,635

11 Silao Guanajuato 74,242 147,123

ECONOMY

Today, the region is one of the fastest-growing in the country. This has caused the metropolitan areas to attract many migrants from other parts of Mexico.

The region has had an outstanding industrial and economic development in the last 15 years. The cities of Bajío
Bajío
has one of the highest income per capita in Mexico.

The Bajío
Bajío
is home to numerous World Heritage Sites , attracting investors, tourists, and migrants. World Heritage Sites:

* San Miguel de Allende * Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco * Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda
Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda
* Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila
Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila
* Hospicio Cabañas
Hospicio Cabañas
* Guanajuato City * Zacatecas City
Zacatecas City
* Querétaro
Querétaro
City

ASIAN COMMUNITY

As of early 2014, there are more than three thousand Japanese immigrants in the Bajio area, and it's claimed that this population is larger than the historical Japanese community in Mexico City . The Guanajuato government believes that by 2016 there will be five thousand families living in the area. This immigration is being driven by foreign investment in the area, especially in the automotive sector.

By the end of 2014, it is expected that there will be 100 families settled in Querétaro. In the capital of Querétaro
Querétaro
there are 50 Japanese restaurants, 15 of which opened in 2013, mainly in the area of Juriquilla and new shopping centers. There are also talks of the Liceo Mexicano Japonés
Liceo Mexicano Japonés
opening a campus in Querétaro. Bajío Shimbun is a monthly, Japanese-language newspaper founded in June 2015. The first Japanese consulate in Mexico was inaguarated in January 2016 in León and will serve the Bajío
Bajío
region. As of 2017, there were 1,143 Japanese in Aguascalientes, 43% of all foreigners in the state.

There is also a Korean community in the area that is likewise growing as a result of foreign investment. As of 2014, it was more common to see Korean students in private schools than it was to see Japanese.

HIGH-SPEED RAIL IN THE BAJíO

There are plans to build a high-speed rail Querétaro-Mexico City system, which would continue to Guadalajara. It would work as the main form of transportation in all the Bajío
Bajío
and its capital cities.

CULTURE

The Bajío
Bajío
is known for being the cradle of Mexican Independence from Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
and one of the most conservative bastions of Mexican Catholicism .

The Bajío
Bajío
is where in April 1915, during the Mexican Revolution , General Álvaro Obregón
Álvaro Obregón
provoked decisive battles against Pancho Villa . Villa's troops lost in June outside Celaya
Celaya
.

SEE ALSO

* Bajío dry forests * Geography of Mexico
Geography of Mexico

REFERENCES

* ^ http://libreriacide.com/librospdf/DTE-550.pdf * ^ "Entrada Group: at the heart of Mexico\'s thriving manufacturing industry". European CEO. January 10, 2014. Retrieved September 19, 2015. * ^ Ruiz Méndez, Karla (January 4, 2014). "Se afianza en el Bajío clúster de autopartes". Periódico AM (in Spanish). Retrieved September 19, 2015. * ^ "Caen 2.5% las remesas familiares en el Bajío". El Financiero (in Spanish). January 7, 2014. Archived from the original on January 16, 2014. Retrieved September 19, 2015. * ^ http://libreriacide.com/librospdf/DTE-550.pdf * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-21. Retrieved 2014-09-07. * ^ http://noticieros.televisa.com/economia/1308/region-bajio-el-detroit-mexicano-le-figaro/ * ^ http://t21.com.mx/opinion/bitacora/2013/08/16/bajio-nuevo-milagro-mexicano * ^ http://www.informador.com.mx/economia/2015/583574/6/estados-del-bajio-crecen-a-ritmo-asiatico-banamex.htm * ^ http://www.elfinanciero.com.mx/economia/el-bajio-crece-a-ritmo-de-tigre-asiatico.html * ^ http://www.stratfor.com/sample/image/developing-mexicos-bajio-region * ^ http://www.stratfor.com/sample/analysis/mexico-new-manufacturing-heartland * ^ http://www.nearshoreamericas.com/mexico-commercial-real-estate-technology-investment/ * ^ http://www.roughguides.com/destinations/north-america/mexico/baj%C3%ADo/ * ^ "Junto Con El Crecimiento De La Ciudad, Crecen También Los Servicios Públicos Municipales Con Calidad En Beneficio De Los Habitantes Del Municipio" (in Spanish). Querétaro: Municipality of Querétaro. 2007-07-30. Retrieved 2009-11-12. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-09-22. Retrieved 2013-09-08. * ^ http://www.excelsior.com.mx/nacional/2013/06/02/902058 * ^ http://www.datacenterdynamics.es/focus/archive/2013/02/quer%C3%A9taro-atrae-los-centros-de-datos * ^ "3 mil japoneses en Querétaro". El Universal. Retrieved November 9, 2014. * ^ A B C "Querétaro, el nuevo territorio japonés". El Financiero. Retrieved October 18, 2014. * ^ "Leoneses lanzan periódico en japonés". Unión Guanajuato. Retrieved 16 July 2016. * ^ "Japón abre consulado en León, Guanajuato". El Financiero. Retrieved 16 July 2016. * ^ "Japoneses en Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
y en la Región / El apunte - La Jornada Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
(LJA.mx)". La Jornada Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
(LJA.mx) (in Spanish). 23 May 2017. Retrieved 14 July 2017. * ^ http://eleconomista.com.mx/estados/2014/02/11/confirman-que-tren-df-queretaro-llegara-hasta-guadalajara

* http://www.cuentame.inegi.org.mx/territorio/rev/index.html * http://www.inegi.org.mx/sistemas/mexicocifras/default.aspx?e=11">Coordinates : 20°28′24″N 101°12′02″W / 20.473335°N 101.200562°W / 20.473335; -101.200562 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title= Bajío
Bajío
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