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The BAJíO (lowlands) is a region of West North-Central Mexico that includes parts of the states of Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
, Jalisco
Jalisco
(Centro-Los Altos ), Guanajuato
Guanajuato
, and Querétaro .

The Bajío
Bajío
has repeatedly been recognized as the region with the best quality of life and safest region in Mexico also the most dynamic in Latin America
Latin America
. Nowadays, the region is a vigorous services region that is experiencing an ongoing social and economic revitalization. It is a strong business and economic centre. The largest cities of Bajio are Guadalajara
Guadalajara
, León , Santiago de Querétaro and Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History of Bajío
Bajío
culture * 2 Geography

* 3 States

* 3.1 State of Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
* 3.2 State of Guanajuato
Guanajuato
* 3.3 State of Jalisco
Jalisco
* 3.4 State of Querétaro

* 4 Demography

* 4.1 Largest cities

* 5 Economy * 6 Asian community * 7 High-speed rail in the Bajío
Bajío
* 8 Culture * 9 See also * 10 References

HISTORY OF BAJíO CULTURE

Bajío
Bajío
Occidente (West Bajio).

Recent archaeological studies of the Bajío
Bajío
have discovered an extensive, historic cultural tradition unique to the region, particularly along the flood plains of the Lerma and Laja rivers. The Bajío
Bajío
Culture flourished from 300 to 650CE , with cultural centers ranging from El Cóporo in the far north of Guanajuato
Guanajuato
to Plazuelas
Plazuelas
in the far south west. More than 1,400 sites have been discovered throughout the state of Guanajuato, with only the sites of Cañada de la Virgen , El Cóporo, Peralta , and Plazuelas
Plazuelas
having received extensive study. This region was also known as La Gran Chichimeca in later years. It was the epicenter of the historic Chichimeca War , the Northern Revolutionary States, and cradle of Mexican War of Independence .

GEOGRAPHY

In general usage, the region is usually associated with the States of Guanajuato
Guanajuato
and Querétaro, although it only forms a part of them. It is characterized by its highly mechanized agriculture, with mean precipitation in the order of 700 millimetres (28 in) per annum (one of the highest in the country). During the Viceroyalty of New Spain
New Spain
, the area was known as the breadbasket of the territory. As of 2014, the region produces sorghum , wheat and maize as its main crops.

The Bajío
Bajío
region lies in the basin of the Rio Lerma and Río Grande de Santiago .

STATES

The free and sovereign states of the Bajío
Bajío
are:

Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
GUANAJUATO JALISCO Querétaro

Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
Guanajuato
Guanajuato
Guadalajara
Guadalajara
Querétaro

STATE OF AGUASCALIENTES

* Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes

STATE OF GUANAJUATO

* Celaya
Celaya
* Irapuato * León * Salamanca * Uriangato
Uriangato
* Moroleón

STATE OF JALISCO

* Guadalajara
Guadalajara
* Lagos de Moreno * Tepatitlán de Morelos * San Juan de los Lagos * Arandas

STATE OF QUERéTARO

* Santiago de Querétaro * San Juan del Río

Bajio

DEMOGRAPHY

Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes

LARGEST CITIES

RANK CITY STATE POPULATION METRO AREA

1 Guadalajara
Guadalajara
Jalisco
Jalisco
1,530,817 4,664,212

2 León Guanajuato
Guanajuato
1,436,480 1,609,717

3 Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
934,424 1,025,432

4 Santiago de Querétaro Querétaro 801,940 1,097,025

5 Irapuato Guanajuato
Guanajuato
380,941 529,979

6 Celaya
Celaya
Guanajuato
Guanajuato
310,413 468,387

7 Salamanca Guanajuato
Guanajuato
160,169 260,732

8 Lagos de Moreno Jalisco
Jalisco
153,817 164,212

9 San Juan del Río Querétaro 138,878 402,112

10 Tepatitlán de Morelos Jalisco
Jalisco
104,377 288,635

11 Silao
Silao
Guanajuato
Guanajuato
74,242 147,123

ECONOMY

Today, the region is one of the fastest-growing in the country. This has caused the metropolitan areas to attract many migrants from other parts of Mexico.

The region has had an outstanding industrial and economic development in the last 15 years. The cities of Bajío
Bajío
has one of the highest income per capita in Mexico.

The Bajío
Bajío
is home to numerous World Heritage Sites
World Heritage Sites
, attracting investors, tourists, and migrants. World Heritage Sites:

* San Miguel de Allende * Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco * Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda * Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila * Hospicio Cabañas * Guanajuato
Guanajuato
City * Zacatecas City * Querétaro City

ASIAN COMMUNITY

As of early 2014, there are more than three thousand Japanese immigrants in the Bajio area, and it's claimed that this population is larger than the historical Japanese community in Mexico City . The Guanajuato
Guanajuato
government believes that by 2016 there will be five thousand families living in the area. This immigration is being driven by foreign investment in the area, especially in the automotive sector.

By the end of 2014, it is expected that there will be 100 families settled in Querétaro. In the capital of Querétaro there are 50 Japanese restaurants, 15 of which opened in 2013, mainly in the area of Juriquilla and new shopping centers. There are also talks of the Liceo Mexicano Japonés opening a campus in Querétaro. Bajío Shimbun is a monthly, Japanese-language newspaper founded in June 2015. The first Japanese consulate in Mexico was inaguarated in January 2016 in León and will serve the Bajío
Bajío
region. As of 2017, there were 1,143 Japanese in Aguascalientes, 43% of all foreigners in the state.

There is also a Korean community in the area that is likewise growing as a result of foreign investment. As of 2014, it was more common to see Korean students in private schools than it was to see Japanese.

HIGH-SPEED RAIL IN THE BAJíO

There are plans to build a high-speed rail Querétaro-Mexico City system, which would continue to Guadalajara. It would work as the main form of transportation in all the Bajío
Bajío
and its capital cities.

CULTURE

The Bajío