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BAISE (Chinese : 百色; pinyin : Bǎisè; local pronunciation: paːk˧˥ ɬɐk˥), or BOSE, is the westernmost prefecture-level city of Guangxi , China
China
bordering Vietnam
Vietnam
as well as the provinces of Guizhou
Guizhou
and Yunnan . The name is from Zhuang BAKSAEG, meaning "mountain pass".

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography and climate * 2 History * 3 Administration * 4 Demographics * 5 Economy * 6 Tourism * 7 Transportation * 8 References * 9 External links

GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE

Baise
Baise
is located in western-northwestern Guangxi bordering Qianxinan Buyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture ( Guizhou
Guizhou
) to the north, Qujing and Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan to the west, the Vietnamese provinces of Hà Giang and Cao Bằng to the south and southwest, and the Guangxi cities of Hechi to the northeast/east, Nanning
Nanning
to the east, and Chongzuo
Chongzuo
to the southeast. It is centrally located between three provincial capitals: Nanning, Kunming
Kunming
, and Guiyang . Its area is 36,252 km2 (13,997 sq mi) and is more than 55% forested.

Baise
Baise
has a monsoon -influenced, humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with short, mild, and dry winters, and long, very hot and humid summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 13.5 °C (56.3 °F) in January to 28.4 °C (83.1 °F) in July, for an annual mean of 22.12 °C (71.8 °F). Rainfall is low compared to more easterly locations in Guangxi, averaging around 1,067 mm (42 in) per annum, a majority of which occurs from June to August. There are 1,706 hours of bright sunshine annually. Significant temperature variation exists in the prefecture; the western parts, with an average elevation surpassing 500 m (1,640 ft), lie along the southeastern fringes of the Yunnan– Guizhou
Guizhou
Plateau , and hold a climate similar to that of central Yunnan, with much more moderate summer temperatures. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 25% in January and February to 49% in August, the city receives 1,706 hours of bright sunshine annually.

CLIMATE DATA FOR BAISE (1981−2010)

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 32.1 (89.8) 35.9 (96.6) 38.9 (102) 41.3 (106.3) 42.2 (108) 39.9 (103.8) 40.1 (104.2) 39.6 (103.3) 39.6 (103.3) 36.4 (97.5) 34.0 (93.2) 32.8 (91) 42.2 (108)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 18.3 (64.9) 20.6 (69.1) 24.5 (76.1) 29.4 (84.9) 31.9 (89.4) 33.1 (91.6) 33.7 (92.7) 33.8 (92.8) 32.1 (89.8) 28.6 (83.5) 24.5 (76.1) 20.4 (68.7) 27.58 (81.63)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) 13.5 (56.3) 15.6 (60.1) 19.1 (66.4) 23.7 (74.7) 26.4 (79.5) 27.9 (82.2) 28.4 (83.1) 28.1 (82.6) 26.3 (79.3) 23.0 (73.4) 18.7 (65.7) 14.7 (58.5) 22.12 (71.82)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 10.3 (50.5) 12.3 (54.1) 15.4 (59.7) 19.6 (67.3) 22.3 (72.1) 24.3 (75.7) 24.8 (76.6) 24.4 (75.9) 22.5 (72.5) 19.5 (67.1) 15.1 (59.2) 10.9 (51.6) 18.45 (65.19)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) 0.6 (33.1) 2.8 (37) 4.0 (39.2) 10.1 (50.2) 13.3 (55.9) 17.2 (63) 19.5 (67.1) 20.5 (68.9) 15.8 (60.4) 10.2 (50.4) 4.8 (40.6) 0.3 (32.5) 0.3 (32.5)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 20.0 (0.787) 23.0 (0.906) 35.5 (1.398) 59.6 (2.346) 148.4 (5.843) 192.6 (7.583) 197.9 (7.791) 166.1 (6.539) 109.1 (4.295) 59.0 (2.323) 39.5 (1.555) 16.0 (0.63) 1,066.7 (41.996)

AVERAGE RAINY DAYS (≥ 0.1 MM) 8.3 8.6 7.9 10.0 13.5 14.4 15.8 16.3 10.7 9.4 7.2 4.8 126.9

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 75 74 72 71 74 78 79 80 79 78 78 75 76.1

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 82.9 78.1 113.8 141.2 163.9 165.0 190.1 194.8 177.7 147.1 125.1 126.1 1,705.8

PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE 25 25 31 37 40 41 46 49 48 41 38 38 38.3

Source #1: China
China
Meteorological Data Service Center

Source #2: China
China
Meteorological Administration(precipitation days, sunshine hours 1971-2000)

HISTORY

The name of the city Baise
Baise
is a Chinese transliteration of its original name in Zhuang language, Baksaek, which probably means jammed (river) outlet. Baise
Baise
is young by Chinese standards and was founded as a town in 1730. It is the town where Deng Xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping
, Chen Haoren and other leaders of the Chinese Communist Party organized an uprising against the Nationalist
Nationalist
government on December 11, 1929. The uprising was also named Youjiang Rebellion.

ADMINISTRATION

Baise
Baise
has 1 urban district ,1 County-level city , 9 counties , and 1 autonomous county . DISTRICT:

* 1 Youjiang District (右江区)

COUNTY-LEVEL CITY:

* 6 Jingxi (靖西市)

COUNTIES:

* 2 Tianyang County (田阳县) * 3 Tiandong County (田东县) * 4 Pingguo County (平果县) * 5 Debao County (德保县) * 8 Lingyun County (凌云县) * 7 Napo County (那坡县) * 9 Leye County (乐业县) * 10 Xilin County (西林县) * 11 Tianlin County (田林县)

AUTONOMOUS COUNTY:

* 12 Longlin Various Nationalities Autonomous County (隆林各族自治县)

MAP

DEMOGRAPHICS

Baise's population was 3,826,300(2010). 80% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group. The rest include Han , Yao , Miao , Hui , and other ethnic groups.

ENGLISH NAME SIMPLIFIED PINYIN ZHUANG AREA POPULATION(2010 )

Youjiang District 右江区 Yòujiāng Qū Yougyangh Gih 3,713 320,100( Zhuang people is 235,000, 2010)

Jingxi City 靖西市 Jìngxī Shì Cingsae Si 3,322 605,100 (99.71% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)

Tianyang County 田阳县 Tiányáng Xiàn Denzyangz Yen 2,394 338,300 (90.20% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)

Tiandong County 田东县 Tiándōng Xiàn Denzdoeng Yen 2,816 411,500 (85.22% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)

Pingguo County 平果县 Píngguǒ Xiàn Bingzgoj Yen 2,485 470,800 (90.62% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)

Debao County 德保县 Débǎo Xiàn Dwzbauj Yen 2,575 350,800 (97.82% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)

Napo County 那坡县 Nàpō Xiàn Nazboh Yen 2,230 195,600 (90.59% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)

Lingyun County 凌云县 Língyún Xiàn Lingzyinz Yen 2,053 193,600 (33.13% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)

Leye County 乐业县 Lèyè Xiàn Lozyez Yen 2,617 167,100 (50.09% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)

Tianlin County 田林县 Tiánlín Xiàn Denzlaem Yen 5,577 243,700 (63.06% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)

Xilin County 西林县 Xīlín Xiàn Saelaem Yen 2,955 151,200 (66.14% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)

Longlin Various Nationalities Autonomous County 隆林各族自治县 Lónglín Gèzú Zìzhìxiàn Xiàn Lungzlaem Gozcuz Swci Yen 3,542 378,500 (53.68% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)

* These figures are based on the following official statistics:

ECONOMY

Baise
Baise
is one of China's most important producers of aluminum with both aluminum ore mining and almuinum product manufacturing. Baise's tropical climate make it a major food producer, especially fruits. Other natural resources include forest products, petroleum, natural gas, copper, and quartz. Baise
Baise
is also Guangxi's third biggest producer of hydropower with 5 million kilowats produced annually.

TOURISM

Baise
Baise
is blessed with beautiful natural scenery. Forested mountains harbor numerous species of plants and animals. The border areas are some of the least developed lands left in China. These features along with unique ethnic minority culture and important historical sites make it a growing tourist destination.

TRANSPORTATION

* G69 Yinchuan–Baise Expressway

REFERENCES

* ^ Main data bulletin of the sixth national census in 2010/China Statistical Information Network Archived 2014-11-29 at the Wayback Machine .(in Chinese) * ^ Official website of Baise
Baise
Government(in Chinese) * ^ Main data bulletin of the sixth national census in 2010/China Statistical Information Network Archived 2014-11-29 at the Wayback Machine ., 2011-12-13(in Chinese) * ^ Baise
Baise
Tourism - Official website of Baise
Baise
Government(in Chinese)

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for BAISE .

Wikimedia Commons has media related to BAISE .

* Official website (in Chinese)

* v * t * e

Guangxi topics

Nanning
Nanning
(capital )

GENERAL

* History